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Details

Medical Terms
Definitions of different medical terms
30
Health Care
Graduate
10/20/2011

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Cards

Term

Anticipatory guidance

Definition

the psychologic preparation of a person to help relieve the fear and anxiety of an event expected to be stressful.

Term

Addiction

Definition

physical and psychological dependence on

psychoactive substances

Term

Off-label use

Definition

the practice of prescribing pharmaceuticals for an unapproved indication or in an unapproved age group, unapproved dose or unapproved form of administration

Term

Abuse

Definition

(over a 12 month period), One or more manifestations of harm due to substance use

Term

Dependence

Definition

At least 3 of 7 manifestations of repetitive

harm due to substance use

Term

Tolerance

Definition

experiencing lesser subjective effects with same amount of use; 
or need to use more to experience same subjective effects

Term

Withdrawal

Definition

the group of symptoms that occurs upon the abrupt discontinuation/separation or a decrease in dosage of the intake of medications, recreational drugs, and alcohol

Term

Abstinence

Definition

a voluntary restraint from indulging in bodily activities that are widely experienced as giving pleasure

Term

“Trigger”

Definition

something that prompts one to think about, crave and

ultimately relapse on drugs/alcohol.


Or, anything -- a sight, a sound, a smell, a feeling --

that can inspire cravings, usually

by reminding the user of past drug or alcohol experiences.

Term

Intervention

Definition

an orchestrated attempt by one, or often many, people (usually family and friends) to get someone to seek professional help with an addiction or some kind of traumatic event or crisis, or other serious problem

Term

12step program

Definition

a set of guiding principles outlining a course of action for recovery from addiction, compulsion, or other behavioral problems

Term

Organogenesis

Definition

the production and development of the organs of an organism

Term

Adverse pregnancy outcomes

Definition

doing things like not taking folic acid, not receiving proper pre-natal care and things like smoking cause things such as stillbirth, mental retardation and death of both the fetus and the mother.

Term

Neural tube defects

Definition

birth defects of the brain and spinal cord

Term

Informed consent

Definition

the process whereby the physician informs the patient about the options for the diagnosis and treatment of the patient's illness. In addition, the risks of the procedure as well as the benefits are described to the patient so that the patient can make a rational decision regarding what he/she wants to be done

Term

Informed declination

Definition

the process by which the practitioner informs the patient of the risks and benefits of a procedure or treatment and the patient has the right to decline/refuse treatment

Term

Lead abatement

Definition

the treatment and/or removal of building

materials containing ingestible lead

Term

Encephalopathy

Definition

disorder or disease of the brain

Term

Pica

Definition

medical condition characterized by eating non-food materials

Term

Nephropathy

Definition

damage to or disease of the kidney

Term

PLISSIT model

Definition

a model for sex therapy/sexual counseling, it stands for permission(practitioner creates a climate of comfort that gives the patient permission to talk about their sexual experiences) limited information (practitioner addresses specific sexual concerns and attempts to correct myths and misinformation), specific suggestions (practitioner compiles a sexual history or profile of the client. Subsequently, after definition of the issues and how they have evolved over time, the therapist will assist the patient with very specific directions on how to address the problem. The patient is an active participant in the process, many times given the responsibility, with the therapist's guidance, of finding a solution that becomes internalized), and intensive therapy (therapist provides specialized treatment in cases that are complicated by the coexistence of other complex life issues that may also include psychiatric diagnoses such as depression, anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, personality disorders, or substance abuse, or by interpersonal or intrapersonal conflict).

Term

Dyspareunia

Definition

painful sexual intercourse, due to medical or psychological causes    

Term

Vaginissimus

Definition

a condition which affects a woman's ability to engage in any form of vaginal penetration, including sexual intercourse, insertion of tampons and menstrual cups and the penetration involved in gynecological examinations  

 

a condition where there is involuntary tightness of the vagina during attempted intercourse



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Term

Erectile dysfunction

Definition

a sexual dysfunction characterized by the inability to develop or maintain an erection of the penis during sexual performance

Term

Rapid ejaculation

Definition

a condition in which a man ejaculates earlier than he or his partner would like him to, also known as premature ejaculation

Term

Female sexual arousal disorder

Definition

a disorder characterized by a persistent or recurrent inability to attain sexual arousal or to maintain arousal until the completion of a sexual activity, or an adequate lubrication-swelling response that otherwise is present during arousal and sexual activity

Term

Sexual orientation

Definition

sexual attraction to another person, including fantasies and the desire for sex, affection, and love

Term

Sexual behavior

Definition

the manner in which humans experience and express their sexuality

Term

Sexual identity

Definition

how you see your sexual self and how you express that part of yourself to others

Term