# Shared Flashcard Set

## Details

math Vocab cards topics 1-4
important math terms for pearson math series
26
Mathematics
11/18/2008

## Additional Mathematics Flashcards

Term
 Fact Family
Definition
 A group of related facts using the same set of numbers.
Term
 Period
Definition
 In a number, a group of three digits, seperated by commas, starting from the right.
Term
 Standard Form
Definition
 A way to write a number showing only its digits.
Term
 Expanded Form
Definition
 A number written as the sum of the values of its digits.  Example: 40,000 + 2,000 + 100 + 50 +2
Term
 Word Form
Definition
 A number written only in words. Example: four thousand, six hundred, fifty-one.
Term
 Hundredth
Definition
 One part of 100 equal parts of whole.
Term
 Tenth
Definition
 One of ten equal parts of a whole.
Term
 Decimal Point
Definition
 A dot used to seperate dollars from centsorones from tenths in a number.
Term
 Breaking Apart
Definition
 A mental math method used to rewrite a number as the sum of numbers to form an easier problem. example: 102 x 3 = (100 x 3) + (2 x 3) = 300 + 6 = 306
Term
 Compensation
Definition
 Adding and subtracting the same number to make the sum or difference easier to find.
Term
 Associative Property of Addition
Definition
 Addends can be regrouped and the sum (answer)remains the same.Example:3 + 2 = 2 + 3
Term
 Counting On
Definition
 Counting up from the smaller number to find the difference of the two numbers.Example:16 - 9= ___1_2__3__4_5__6_ 7_ 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16  16-9=7
Term
 Identity Property of Addition
Definition
 The sum, answer, of any number and zero is that number. Example:5 + 0 = 59 + 0 = 9
Term
 Cummutative Property of Addition
Definition
 Numbers can be added in any order and the sum remains the same.
Term
 Inverse Operations
Definition
 Two operations that undo each other. Addition and subtraction are inverse operations. Multiplication and division are inverse opoerations.
Term
 Array
Definition
 A way of displaying objects in rows and columns.  5 x 4 = X X X X XX X X X XX X X X XX X X X X
Term
 Multiple
Definition
 The product of any two hole numbers
Term
 Product
Definition
 The answer to a multiplication problem.
Term
 Factors
Definition
 The numbers multiplied together to find a product. example: 3 x 6 = 18 3 and 6 are the factors.
Term
 Identity Property of Multiplication
Definition
 The product of any number and one is that number. Example: 5 x 1 = 5
Term
 Commutative Property of Multiplication
Definition
 Numbers can be multiplied in any order and the product remains the same.
Term
 Distributive Property
Definition
 Breakng apart problems into two simplier problems. Example: 3 x 21= (3x20) + (3x1) =
Term
 Zero Property of Multiplication
Definition
 The product of any number and zero is zero. example: 1000 x 0 = 0 55 x 0 = 0
Term
 Dividend
Definition
 The number to be divided in a division problem.example:40 divided by 4 = 10 40 is the dividend
Term
 Quotient
Definition
 The number that results from the division of one number by another number. Example:40 divided by 4 = 10 10 is the quotient.
Term
 Divisor
Definition
 The number by which another number is divided. example:40 divided by 4 = 10 4 is the divisor.
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