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Math 119 Flashcards
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25
Mathematics
09/10/2010

Term
 negative
Definition
 the odd root of a negative will always be a _________.
Term
 No real Number
Definition
 The even root of a negative is ____________.
Term
 Constant Term
Definition
 A term with no variables (1)
Term
 Degree
Definition
 the highest power of x
Term
Definition
 coefficient of a term with the highest power of x
Term
 difference of squares
Definition
 u^2-v^2=(u+v)(u-v)
Term
 Perfect square trinomials
Definition
 u^2+2uv+v^2=(u+v)^2
Term
 perfect square trinomials
Definition
 u^2-2uv+v^2=(u-v)^2
Term
 natural numbers
Definition
 "counting numbers"- 1,2,3
Term
 whole numbers
Definition
 natural numbers plus zero
Term
 integers
Definition
 natural numbers and their opposites
Term
 Rational number
Definition
 Any number that can be made by dividing one integer by another.
Term
 Irrational number
Definition
 Any real number that cannot be expressed as a ratio between two integers; have infinite non-repeating decimal representations.
Term
 origin
Definition
 the point zero on the real number line is called the ________.
Term
 absolute value
Definition
 the distance between the origin and the point representing the real number on the real number line
Term
 commutative property of addition
Definition
 a+b=b+a
Term
 associative property of addition
Definition
 (a+b)+c=a+(b+c)
Term
 distribution property
Definition
 a(b+c)=ab+ac
Term
Definition
 a+0=a
Term
 standard form
Definition
 polynomial written with descending powers of x
Term
 factoring
Definition
 the process of writing a polynomial as a product
Term
 terms
Definition
 the _____ of an algebraic expression are those parts separated by addition.
Term
 square root
Definition
 one of the two equal factors of a number is called the ______ ______ of the number.
Term
 exponent; base
Definition
 in the exponential form a^n, n is the _________ and a is the _______.
Term
 power; index
Definition
 In the expression b^m/n, m denotes the ______ to which the base is raised and n denotes the _____ or root to be taken.
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