Shared Flashcard Set

Details

MAT Vocab Various
MAT Vocab Various
1302
General Vocab
Graduate
10/31/2012

Additional General Vocab Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
slake
Definition
to quench one's thirst
Term
Ethiopia
Definition
used to be Abyssinia
Term
Iran
Definition
used to be Persia
Term
abdication
Definition
monarch voluntarily steps down
Term
Dromedary
Definition
one humped camel
Term
Bactrain
Definition
two humped camel
Term
Geranimo
Definition
leader of Apache tribes
Term
Sitting Bull
Definition
leader of the Lakota tribes
Term
stevedore
Definition
employee that works at a port
Term
lope
Definition
running in a slow drawn-out manner
Term
au courant
Definition
up-to-date
Term
au pair
Definition
domestic
Term
Oak
Definition
desiduious tree that losses its leaves
Term
yew
Definition
coniferious tree like like a pine and a spruce (needles) or cones
Term
silicate
Definition
basic ingredient in making glass
Term
Gatwick
Definition
London airport
Term
Orly
Definition
Paris airport
Term
abe lincoln
Definition
on a penny
Term
Thomas Jefferson
Definition
on a nickel
Term
tessera
Definition
constituent piece of a mosaic
Term
banger
Definition
means sausage in British English
Term
dirndl
Definition
traditional women's garment from Germany
Term
plumb line
Definition
used to measure verticality (caliper measures width)
Term
elephant
Definition
pachyderm
Term
endo
Definition
within
Term
actuary
Definition
assesses risk
Term
appraiser
Definition
assesses worth
Term
scabbard
Definition
type of sheath
Term
cudgel
Definition
type of club
Term
bellicose
Definition
someone who fights
Term
mendacious
Definition
someone who likes to decieve
Term
Lydon B. Johnson
Definition
domestic program the Great Society
Term
clio
Definition
advertising award
Term
polymath
Definition
knowledgeable
Term
leviathan
Definition
large
Term
fletcher
Definition
makes arrows
Term
dogma
Definition
violation of grammar
Term
mealymouthed
Definition
not direct
Term
churlish
Definition
not refined
Term
Thoreau
Definition
Civil Disobedience
Term
Paine
Definition
Common Sense
Term
Calder
Definition
mobiles
Term
Braque
Definition
collages
Term
profligate
Definition
wasteful
Term
precipitate
Definition
sudden
Term
redolent
Definition
fragrant
Term
refractory
Definition
unruly
Term
duodenum
Definition
part of the intestine
Term
vena cava
Definition
part of the heart
Term
Meese
Definition
Attorney General during Reagan administration
Term
complain
Definition
grouse
Term
cower
Definition
quail
Term
ecru
Definition
shade of beige
Term
Ankara
Definition
capitol of Turkey
Term
Moriarty
Definition
archenemy of Sherlock Holmes
Term
Faust
Definition
Johann Goethe created this character
Term
Tartuffe
Definition
Jean-Baptiste Moliere created this character
Term
sidereal
Definition
relating to the stars
Term
brocade
Definition
raised pattern on fabric
Term
filigree
Definition
raised pattern on metal
Term
deliquesce
Definition
to become liquid
Term
sybarite
Definition
hedonist
Term
sycophant
Definition
lacky
Term
Boston
Definition
Globe newspaper
Term
Detroit
Definition
Free Press newspaper
Term
junk
Definition
type of ship
Term
sword
Definition
falchion
Term
George Eliot
Definition
writer of Silas Marner and Adam Bede
Term
formicary
Definition
nest for ants
Term
warren
Definition
nest for rabbits
Term
eohippus
Definition
ancient ancestor of modern horse
Term
australopithecus
Definition
ancient ancestor of modern man
Term
terpsichore
Definition
art of dancing
Term
homiletics
Definition
art of preaching
Term
femur
Definition
upper leg (thigh) bone
Term
humerus
Definition
upper arm bone
Term
quisling
Definition
traitor
Term
zlotty
Definition
unite of currency in poland
Term
dinar
Definition
unit of currency in jordan
Term
etc (et cetera)
Definition
and the like
Term
viz
Definition
that is
Term
I. M Pei
Definition
architect born in China
Term
Frank Gehry
Definition
architect born in Canada
Term
diurnal
Definition
relating to the day
Term
faulkner
Definition
wrote about Yoknapatawpha county
Term
Anderson
Definition
wrote about winesburg, ohio
Term
XIII
Definition
abolition of slavery
Term
XIX
Definition
women's suffrage
Term
procrustean
Definition
not accommodating
Term
slavic language
Definition
polish
Term
romance languag
Definition
French
Term
Gardner
Definition
multiple intelligences in children
Term
Piaget
Definition
cognitive developement in children
Term
Gold Coast
Definition
today is Ghana
Term
Rhodesia
Definition
Zimbabwe
Term
Presbyterian
Definition
Scotland based
Term
Shinto
Definition
Japan based
Term
John Coltrane
Definition
saxophonist
Term
Miles Davis
Definition
trumpet
Term
Sn
Definition
symbol for tin
Term
ascetic
Definition
self-denying
Term
vasco da gama
Definition
water route to India
Term
Dias
Definition
water route around Africa
Term
ennui
Definition
boredom
Term
border
Definition
abut
Term
habituate
Definition
tolerance
Term
vernal
Definition
relating to spring
Term
dregs
Definition
remains of winemaking
Term
slags
Definition
remains of metal production
Term
foible
Definition
fault
Term
aphorism
Definition
characterized by being pithy
Term
platitude
Definition
compliment being banal
Term
cupidity
Definition
greed
Term
dererence
Definition
respect
Term
meritocracy
Definition
government by the talented
Term
mead
Definition
beverage made by honey
Term
spiracle
Definition
grasshoppers breath through this
Term
tilt
Definition
gyroscope offsets
Term
drift
Definition
anchor offsets
Term
sri lanka
Definition
formerly known as ceylon
Term
Burkina Faso
Definition
formerly known as Upper Volta
Term
nickelodeon
Definition
used to purchase music
Term
automat
Definition
used to purchase food
Term
linchpin
Definition
holds together a wheel
Term
keystone
Definition
holds together an arch
Term
bemussed
Definition
nonplussed
Term
tympanum
Definition
reptiles hear through
Term
ears
Definition
birds hear through
Term
phrenology
Definition
study of cranium
Term
antediluvian
Definition
before the flood
Term
paradigm
Definition
example of model
Term
serendipitous
Definition
happens without warning
Term
abe lincoln
Definition
shot in Ford's Theatre in DC
Term
Kennedy
Definition
shot in ealy Plaza Dallas
Term
canard
Definition
falsehood
Term
Napoleon
Definition
born in Corsica
Term
Alexander
Definition
born in Macedonia
Term
reed
Definition
part that delivers sound in a bagpipe
Term
bombardier
Definition
type of beetle
Term
pilot
Definition
type of fish
Term
coulomb
Definition
measure of electric charge
Term
hertz
Definition
measure of frequency
Term
schadenfruede
Definition
taking pleasure in the pain of others
Term
chocolate
Definition
Quetzalcoatl ate this
Term
ambrosia
Definition
Zues ate this
Term
exegesis
Definition
examination of text
Term
Beaufort
Definition
judges wind speed
Term
Castro
Definition
overthrew Batista
Term
Lenin
Definition
overthrew Nicholas
Term
Grant
Definition
president when 15th ammendment (civil rights)
Term
Wilson
Definition
president with 19th ammendment (suffrage)
Term
Artemis
Definition
Diana
Term
Chicago
Definition
borders Lake Michigan
Term
quartz
Definition
principle mineral in granit
Term
calcite
Definition
principal mineral in limestone
Term
Mao Zedong
Definition
Great Leap Forward
Term
protons
Definition
bosons
Term
electrons
Definition
fermions
Term
racecar
Definition
example of palindrome
Term
dogmatic
Definition
determined
Term
elephant
Definition
can't jump
Term
ultra
Definition
over
Term
infra
Definition
under
Term
vidi
Definition
I saw
Term
vici
Definition
I conquered
Term
skinner
Definition
used a rat
Term
mendel
Definition
used a pea
Term
zeppelin
Definition
ship in the air
Term
trireme
Definition
ship in the water
Term
marsupial
Definition
koala
Term
placental
Definition
dog
Term
adam smith
Definition
wrote Wealth of Nations
Term
Thomas More
Definition
wrote Utopia
Term
Ezekiel
Definition
vision of a wheel
Term
Thither
Definition
there
Term
wherefore
Definition
why
Term
Battle of Hasting
Definition
Harold Godwinson lost what battle
Term
carbon dioxide
Definition
dry ice
Term
pen/pun
Definition
to pay, to compensate
Term
pend/pens
Definition
to hang, to weight, to pay
Term
per
Definition
completely
Term
peri
Definition
around
Term
pet/pit
Definition
to go, to seek, to strive
Term
phil
Definition
love
Term
plac
Definition
to please
Term
ple
Definition
to fill
Term
plex/plic/ply
Definition
to fold, twist, tangle, bend
Term
pon/pos/pound
Definition
to put, to place
Term
port
Definition
to carry
Term
post
Definition
after
Term
pre
Definition
before
Term
prehend/prise
Definition
to take, to get, to seize
Term
pro
Definition
much, for a lot
Term
prob
Definition
to prove, to test
Term
pug
Definition
to fight
Term
punc/pung/poign
Definition
to point, to prick
Term
que/quis
Definition
to seek
Term
qui
Definition
quiet
Term
rid/ris
Definition
to laugh
Term
rog
Definition
to ask
Term
sal/sil/sault/sult
Definition
to leap, to jump
Term
sacr/sanct/secr
Definition
sacred
Term
sci
Definition
to know
Term
scribe/scrip
Definition
to write
Term
se
Definition
apart
Term
sec/sequ
Definition
to follow
Term
sed/sess/sid
Definition
to sit, to be still, to plan, to plot
Term
sens/sent
Definition
to feel, to be aware
Term
sol
Definition
to loosen, to free
Term
spec/spic/spit
Definition
to look to see
Term
sta/sti
Definition
to stand, to be in place
Term
sua
Definition
smooth
Term
sub/sup
Definition
below
Term
super/sur
Definition
above
Term
tac/tic
Definition
to be silent
Term
tain/ten/tent/tin
Definition
to hold
Term
tend/tens/tent/tenu
Definition
to stretch, to thin
Term
theo
Definition
god
Term
tract
Definition
to drag, to pull, to draw
Term
trans
Definition
across
Term
us/ut
Definition
to use
Term
ven/vent
Definition
to come or to move toward
Term
ver
Definition
truth
Term
verd
Definition
green
Term
vers/vert
Definition
to turn
Term
vi
Definition
life
Term
vid/vis
Definition
to see
Term
vil
Definition
base, mean
Term
voc/vok
Definition
to call
Term
vol
Definition
to wish
Term
vor
Definition
to eat
Term
Coleridge, Samuel Taylor
Definition
One of the first ENG Romantics widely remembered for "The Rime o the Ancient Mariner." With William Wordsworth he published Lyrical Ballads in 1798
Term
Colette, Sidonie-Gabrielle
Definition
Late 19th century FR female author who published the Claudine novels as well as THE INNOCENT WIFE
Term
Conrad, Joseph
Definition
Polish-born BR writer whose most famous books are the novella Heart of Darkness and the novel UNDER WESTERN EYES
Term
Crane, Stephen
Definition
American author of the Civil War novel Red Badge of Courage
Term
Dickens, Charles
Definition
ENG writer immensely popular with his Victorian audience. A Tale of Two Cities Great Expectations A Christmas Carol
Term
Dickenson, Emily
Definition
One of American's great 19th century poets whose emotional poems were never published in her lifetime
Term
Donne, John
Definition
ENG writer, essayist, and religious scholar considered the greatest of the metaphysical poets sdue to his highly original poems, including "The Flea" and "Death Be Not Proud."
Term
Dostoevsky, Fyodor
Definition
RUS novelist whose major words include CRIME and PUNISHMENT and THE IDIOT
Term
Dreiser, Theodor
Definition
AMER writer of the naturalist school (Sister Carrie and An American Tragedy)
Term
Eliot, George (Mary Ann Evans)
Definition
Victorian ENG female novelist who wrote the realist novels Middlemarch and Adam Bede
Term
Eliot, TS
Definition
American born British Modernist poet who wrote the obscure and referential poems "The Wasteland" and the "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock."
Term
Emerson, Ralph Waldo
Definition
American Transcendentalist writer and philosopher (mentor to Thoreau)
Term
Euripedes
Definition
Along with Sophocles and Aeschylus, a preemiment Ancient Greek dramatist
Term
Faulkner, William
Definition
American Southern who had a major influence on contemporary literature. The Sound and the Fury, Absolom! Absolom!, and As I Lay Dying.
Term
Fitzgerald, F. Scott
Definition
One the 20th cent novelist in the Jazz Age (Great Gatsby)
Term
Flaubert, Gustave
Definition
FR writer who coined the phrase le mot juste (the perfect word) and had a notoriously meticulous style
Term
Frost, Robert
Definition
American poet from the 20th century "Stopping the the Woods on a Snowy Evening," "Mending Wall."
Term
Ginsberg Allen
Definition
Amer Beat poet and active political figure who became the face of a generations's underground HOWL
Term
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von
Definition
Prominent German writer, critic, and scientist is most famous for his classic FAUST
Term
caste
Definition
one of the four hereditary classes of society in Hinduism
Term
Code of Hammurabi
Definition
Babylonian legal code that establishd govt responsiblity for criminal justice
Term
colony
Definition
a territory under direct control of a stronger country
Term
communism
Definition
economic system in which the workers control the means of production
Term
Communist Manifesto
Definition
Seminal work by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engel in which the basic principles of communism are outlined
Term
constitution
Definition
The Law of the Land was drafted in 1787 and ratified 1789
Term
cultural revolution
Definition
campaign carried out by the Chinese Red Guards 1966-1976 with the goal of revitalizing the Chinese Communist Party and consolidating Mao Zedong's leadership
Term
predestination
Definition
belief that those who will achieve Salvation are a select few who are preordained prior to birth.
Term
Presbyterianism
Definition
Protestant faith that originated in Scotland
Term
proselytize
Definition
to attempt to convert others to a faith or religion
Term
Shintoism
Definition
Japanese religion based on the polytheistic worship of nature and ancestors
Term
Taoism
Definition
Patheistic religion and philosophy originating in China focused on principles that allow people to live in harmony with the natural order. Founded by Lao-tzu
Term
NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)
Definition
A 1949 defense alliance initiated by the US, Canada, and 10 Western European nations
Term
New Deal
Definition
Set of domestic programs set foth by FDR's administration to help the US overcome the Great Depression
Term
Prussia
Definition
Old name for current-day Germany. Ruled by Frederick the Great at its height of pwer
Term
republic
Definition
govt in which citizens are ruled by elected representatives
Term
suffrage
Definition
the right or privilege of voting franchise
Term
teetotaler
Definition
one pledged to abstinence from all intoxicating drinks
Term
totalitarianism
Definition
one-party political system with the goal of supporting the welfare of the state above all else
Term
Versailles
Definition
Palace near Paris that was the seat of power for many French kings, including Louis XIV. Conclusion of WWI (Treaty of Versailles)
Term
Warsaw Pact
Definition
a 1955 defense alliance organized by the Soviet Union and several Eastern EUR nations
Term
Waterloo
Definition
site where Napoleon suffered his greatest defeat
Term
Yalta
Definition
Island where Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin met to discuss the partitioning of EUR at the conclusion of WWII.
Term
clandestine
Definition
secretive, concealed for darker purposes, covert, underground
Term
clod
Definition
a chunk of earth or clay; a stupid person, lump, dolt, oaf, dullard
Term
coister
Definition
to confine, seclude, isolate, sequester
Term
cloying
Definition
sickly sweet, saccharine, excessive, folsome
Term
coddle
Definition
to baby, treat indulgently
Term
coerce
Definition
to compel by force or intimidation, domineer, constrain
Term
cogent
Definition
locially forceful, compelling, convincing, persuasive, winning
Term
colloquial
Definition
characteristic of informal speech
Term
collusion
Definition
collaboration, complicity, conspiracy, intrigue, machination
Term
commute
Definition
to change a penalty to a less severe one
Term
conjugal
Definition
pertaining to marriage, connubial,
Term
connive
Definition
to conspire, collude, plot, contrive
Term
consecrate
Definition
to declare sacred; dedicate to a goal, sanctify, devote
Term
consonant
Definition
consistent with, in agreement with
Term
consummate
Definition
accomplished, complete, perfect, thorough,
Term
contemptuous
Definition
scornful, derisive, disdainful
Term
contentious
Definition
quarrelsome, disagreeable, belligerent,
Term
contrite
Definition
deeply sorrowful and repentant for a wrong
Term
contumacious
Definition
stubbornly disobient
Term
contumelious
Definition
insolently abusive and humiliating
Term
convoluted
Definition
twisted, complicated, involved
Term
copious
Definition
abundant, plentiful
Term
corporeal
Definition
having to do with the body; tangible, material
Term
corpulence
Definition
obesity, fatness, bulkiness
Term
coterie
Definition
small group of persons with a similar purpose
Term
countenance
Definition
to favor, support
Term
cryptic
Definition
puzzling
Term
cudgel
Definition
a short, heavy club
Term
cupidity
Definition
greed
Term
curmudgeon
Definition
cranky person, grouch
Term
cursory
Definition
hastily done, superficial
Term
daunt
Definition
to discourage, intimidate
Term
dearth
Definition
lack, scarcity, insufficiency
Term
deferential
Definition
respectful and polite in a submissive way
Term
defunct
Definition
no longer existing, dead, extinct
Term
delegate
Definition
to give powers to another
Term
deleterious
Definition
harmful, often in a subtlew or unexpected way
Term
demagogue
Definition
leader, rabble-rouser, usually using appeals to emotion or prejudice
Term
demur
Definition
to express doubts or objectives
Term
denigrate
Definition
to slur or blacken someone's reputation
Term
depravity
Definition
sinfulness, moral corruption
Term
deprecate
Definition
to belittle, disparge, minimize
Term
despot
Definition
tyrannical leader
Term
Christianity
Definition
monotheistic faith (trinity),
Term
Confucianism
Definition
system of codes and ethics originating under Confucius. fulfilling roles in society
Term
disciple
Definition
one who accepts and assists in the spreading of doctrines of another
Term
Episcopalianism
Definition
Protestant faith that recognizes teh Church of England
Term
heathen
Definition
An unconverted member of a people or nation that does not acknowledge the God of the Bible
Term
Hinduism
Definition
Polytheistic based in South Asia. Caste system
Term
infidel
Definition
An unbeliever in respect to a particular religion
Term
Islam
Definition
Faith based on the teachings of the prophet Muhammad. Monotheistic worship of Allah centers around the holy cities of Mecca and Medina.
Term
John Calvin
Definition
Founder of Calvinism, a strict Protestant faith centered around teh concept of predestination
Term
Judaism
Definition
monotheistic religion worshiping Yahweh or Jehovah. Based on Torah and the Talmud texts
Term
Koran
Definition
The holy book of Islam
Term
Martin Luther
Definition
Founder of Lutheran faith. Began the Reformation with his posting of the 95 Theses on the church door in Wittenberg, Germany
Term
pagan
Definition
a follower of a polytheistic relgion
Term
pagoda
Definition
A Far Eastern tower generally erected as a temple or memorial
Term
pariah
Definition
outcasts (untouchables) lowest part of caste in Hindu society
Term
Dashiell Hammett
Definition
Popular American writer of noir, or detective, fiction. Many of his novels, including Maltese Falcon and The Thin Man, became successful movies.
Term
Thomas Hardy
Definition
One of the great English writers of the 19th century; his popular novels include Far from the Madding Crowd and Tess fo teh D'Urbervilles.
Term
Nathaniel Hawthorne
Definition
Important 19th century American writer who wrote celebrated novels and short stories, including The Scarlet Letter and "The Minister's Black Veil."
Term
Ernest Hemingway
Definition
Holds a place as one of American's most influential writers due to a terse style he honed as a journalist. Best known among his works are the novels The Sun Also Rises and A Farewell to Arms.
Term
Hermann Hesse
Definition
Swiss-born German writer who wrote often abou the duality of life. His novels include Siddhartha and Steppenwolf.
Term
Homer
Definition
Ancient Greek writer sometimes called the father of literature. His epics Iliad and Odyssey are two of history's most important achievements.
Term
Langston Hughes
Definition
20th century AA poet who helped shape the Harlem RENN. Weary Blues and selected poems.
Term
Victor Hugo
Definition
Victorian French novelist who wrote Les Miserables.
Term
Henry James
Definition
Expatriate American writer and critic at the turn of the 19th century whose novels include The Turn of the Screw and Daisy Miller.
Term
Samuel Johnson
Definition
The leading thinker of his era, this English writer wrote the first modern dictionary in 1755,
Term
James Joyce
Definition
Irish author is one of the towering figures of modern literature due to his groundbreaking narratives, shown most spectacularly in novels Ulysses and Finnegan's Wake.
Term
Franz Kafka
Definition
German existentialist novelist who penned the classic The Metamorphosis.
Term
John Keats
Definition
English Romantic poet who wrote "Ode to a Nightingale" and "Ode on a Grecian Urn."
Term
Jack Kerouac
Definition
American Beat poet and novelist and voice of the counterculture who wrote On the Road.
Term
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Definition
19th century American Romantic poet who wrote "Songs of Hiawatha."
Term
Christopher Marlowe
Definition
English playwright was Shakespeare's contemporary and is often thought ot have influenced him greatly. He wrote Tamburlain the Great as well as Dr. Faustus.
Term
Herman Melville
Definition
One of the greatest American novelists, his works include the master piece Moby Dick and the short story "Bartleby the Scrivener."
Term
Arthur Miller
Definition
Death of a Salesman and The Crucible were two of this playwright's works.
Term
Henry Miller
Definition
20th Century American writer who wrote several controversial wordsk including Tropic of Cancer.
Term
John Milton
Definition
Great English language poet. Outspoken essayist during the Reformation; Paradise Lost and Paradise Regained.
Term
Jean-Baptists Moliere
Definition
French playwright and actor who helped define modern theater with plays named Tartuffe and The Misanthrope.
Term
Toni Morrison
Definition
AA novelist whose fiction is widely acclaimed. Nobel Peace Prize in 1993. Her major works include Beloved and Song of Solomon.
Term
Vladimar Nobokov
Definition
Russian American writer and essayist who is probably best known for his novel Lolita (Humbert Humbert <--protagonist)
Term
Eugene Oneill
Definition
20th Century playwright. Desire Under the Elms, The Hairy Ape, and The Iceman Cometh.
Term
George Orwell
Definition
English author who penned satirical political novels: 1984 and Animal Farm.
Term
Ovid
Definition
Roman poet whose poems including the crucial Metamorphoses were a major source of inspiration for Ren and Baroque writers.
Term
Petrach
Definition
Ren Italian poet whose love poems and writings were widely translated and had great influence on 16th and 17th century BR writers
Term
Sylvia Plath
Definition
American poet and novelist of the confessional school whose tempestuous life was the subject of many of her poems. "Daddy," "The Bell Jar." She commited suicide.
Term
Plutarch
Definition
Greek essayist and biographer whose monumental tome, The Parallel Lives, influenced many scholars and writers, including Shakespeare.
Term
Edgar Allen Poe
Definition
Forefather of modern horror genre. The Raven, The Tell-Tale Heart, The Cask of Amontillado.
Term
Ezra Pound
Definition
American poet and editor (of TS Eliot and others) who typtified the Modernist movement.
Term
Marcel Proust
Definition
FR novelist who wrote complex novels and stories, among which is the series of books that make up Remembrance of Things Past.
Term
Salman Rushdie
Definition
BR novelist most notable for the death sentence imposed on him by the Ayatollah Khomeini, who thought his novel The Satanic Verses to be blashemous.
Term
Sappho
Definition
Greek female poet of whose work little remains today except fragments of love poems
Term
Sir Walter Scott
Definition
Scottish novelist whose historical novels were extremely popular. IVANHOE
Term
William Shakespeare
Definition
master of playwrights in English language. influenced much of modern literature from poetry to tragedy. Romeo and Juliet, Othello, Hamlet, Macbeth King Lear
Term
George Bernard Shaw
Definition
Irish playwright and Nobel Prize winner wrote many notable plays, including Pygmalion and Saint Joan.
Term
Percy Bysshe Shelley
Definition
English poet during the Romantic movement who also the husband of Mary Shelley. A vocal social critic who published Promethan Unbound.
Term
Sophocles
Definition
Greek dramatist who along with Aeschylus and Euripedes wrote some of the greatest Greek tragedies. Oedipus Rex
Term
Edmund Spencer
Definition
master of epic poetry adn friend of British a statemen , he is known for The Faerie Queen.
Term
John Steinbeck
Definition
20th century American novelist whose stories often centered around the plight of the worker. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1962 and wrote The Grapes of Wrath and East of Eden.
Term
Robert Louis Stevenson
Definition
English writer who wrote Treasure Island and the Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde.
Term
Jonathan Swift
Definition
Irish-born English writer (satirist) Gullivers Travels and A Modest Proposal.
Term
Henry David Thoreau
Definition
was a mentor of Ralph Waldo Emerson and champioed Transcendentalism. He wrote Walden. (American)
Term
Count Leo Tolstoy
Definition
Russian novelist and philosopher who wrote some of the most famous novels. War and Peace and Anna Karenina.
Term
Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens)
Definition
Huckleberry Finn and Tom Sawyer (American literature)
Term
John Updike
Definition
Contemporary American novelist who wrote many popular novels including Rabbit, Runn and Bech at Bay.
Term
Virgil
Definition
Roman poet who wrote the epic Aeneid.
Term
Voltaire
Definition
French philosopher and author whose achievments helped shape the Age of Englightenment, Principal among his work is the masterpiece Candide.
Term
Alice Walker
Definition
AA novelist who wrote The Color Purple
Term
Walt Whitman
Definition
One of the greatest American poets, whose seminal collection, Leaves of Grass, is still considered among the greatest of American poetical works.
Term
Oscar Wilde
Definition
Controversial Irish writer whose works included The Importance of Being Earnest and Salome.
Term
Tennessee Williams
Definition
Major American playwright from the South who wrote A Streetcar Named Desire and The Glass Menagerie.
Term
Virginia Woolf
Definition
British novelist and major influence in modern fiction (stream-of-consciousness) To the Lighthouse and Mrs. Dalloway.
Term
William Wordsworth
Definition
Poet of the English Romantic movement who published Lyrical Ballads.
Term
William Butler Yeats
Definition
Irish playwright and poet who penned The Winding Stair.
Term
Emile Zola
Definition
French writer and essayist from the naturalist school whose most famous work is "J'Accuse" an article decrying teh French govenment's role in the Dreyfus Affair.
Term
vim
Definition
energy, enthusiasm, vitality, animation, brio, esprit
Term
viscous
Definition
thick, syrupy, sticky, adhesive, gelatinous
Term
voracious
Definition
having a great appetite
Term
wag
Definition
a humorous or droll person, wit, joker, jester
Term
wan
Definition
sickly pale, ashen, pallid, pasty
Term
wanton
Definition
undisciplined, unrestrained, reckless
Term
wax
Definition
to increase gradually, begin to be, enlarge, expand, swell
Term
welter
Definition
a chaotic mass or jumble
Term
whet
Definition
to sharpen, stimulate
Term
wizened
Definition
withered, shriveled, wrinkled, wasted
Term
xenophobia
Definition
fear or hatred of foreigners or strangers, prejudice, bigotry
Term
yoke
Definition
to join together
Term
zenith
Definition
highest point, summit
Term
zephyr
Definition
gentle breeze
Term
cuneiform
Definition
sumerian writing
Term
cryillic alphabet
Definition
Russian alphabet also Slavic
Term
czar
Definition
Russian emperor
Term
Declaration of Independence
Definition
written by Thomas Jefferson in 1776; proclaimed American colonies independence from GB
Term
detente
Definition
A cooling of Cold War tensions initiated during the adminstrations of Nixon and Brezhnev
Term
disaspora
Definition
scattering of ethnic groups
Term
dictator
Definition
sole ruler with absolute power
Term
domino theory
Definition
idea prevelant during the Cold War that if one nation fell to communism neighborning nations would likewise fall.
Term
5 Year Plans
Definition
Economic plans to increase industrial and agricultural productivity in the Soviet Union, China, and India
Term
14 Points
Definition
Post WWI peace plan (Woodrow Wilson); points included self-determinations and the establishment of an association of nations
Term
Geneva Conference
Definition
1954 conference that divided Vietnam and the 17th parallel
Term
glasnost
Definition
Soviet policy introduced in 1985 by M. Gorbechev about "openness" in the sharing of ideas and information
Term
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
Definition
Resolution passed by US Congress in 1964 authorizing President Johnson to send troops into Vietnam
Term
hieroglyphics
Definition
Ancient Egyptian picture writing
Term
Huns
Definition
nomadic group from central Asia who undertook a mass migration to the Roman Empire in the 400s C.E.
Term
imperialism
Definition
political, economic, and social denomination of a strong nation over another nation or territory
Term
laissez-faire capitalism
Definition
ecnomic system in which no govt regulation of the market is advocated
Term
Lend-Lease Act
Definition
policy passed by the US Congress in 1941 allowing President Roosevelt to give arms and other supplies to any nation considered vital to the security of the US
Term
Magna Carta
Definition
document drafted in 1215 tha specifies English political and civil liberties. It forms teh basis of English common law
Term
Manhattan Project
Definition
US plan to develop an atomic bomb during WWII
Term
Manifest Destiny
Definition
Belief first articulated in teh mid-1800s that it was the destiny of the US to contine to expand to the west and Pacific Ocean
Term
Marshall Plan
Definition
plan put forth by US Sec of State George c Marshall describing how to rebuild EUR after the conclusion of WWII.
Term
Mohandas Gandhi (Mohatma)
Definition
Indian leader who achieved independence for India from the BR through an organized campaign of nonviolent resistance and civil disobedience
Term
William Garrison
Definition
Noted AMER abolionist
Term
Ulysses Grant
Definition
US President after being general of the Union forces during the US Civil War
Term
Che Guevara
Definition
Famous communist revolutionary in S and C America
Term
Henry VIII
Definition
BR monarch who began the Church of England in the 16th century
Term
Thomas Jefferson
Definition
US president and author of the Declaration of Independence to 1776
Term
JFK
Definition
US president during the Cuban Missle Crisis and the beginning of the Civil Rights Movement. Lee Harvey Oswald assasinated him
Term
Robert E Lee
Definition
The most successful general of the Confederate forces during the Civil War
Term
Vladimir Lenin
Definition
Leader of the Russian Revolution of 1917. First leader of the Soviet Union. Bolshevik and Communist
Term
Abe Lincoln
Definition
US president who goverened during the US Civil War. Issued the Emancipation Proclamation. Was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth
Term
Louis XIV
Definition
Sun King. Rule that represented the height of the French monarchy at Versailles. absolute monarch of divine right
Term
Louis XVI
Definition
French monarch who ruled until the French Revolution
Term
Mao Tse Dung
Definition
Chinese revolutionary who established communism in mainland China
Term
Karl Marx
Definition
Philosopher who first artculated teh ecnomic principles of communism.
Term
Helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon, radon
Definition
noble or inert gases
Term
flourine, chlorine, bromine, iodine, astatine
Definition
halogens (free state molecules)
Term
hydrogen
Definition
lightest element on periodic table (nonmetal) in IA group
Term
Nitrogen, oxygen, sulfur
Definition
other nonmetals
Term
lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium, cesium, francium
Definition
alkali metals (basics of IA group)
Term
Magnesium, calcium, strontium, barium, radium
Definition
alkaline earth metals
Term
29 metalic elements that have valence elctrons in two shells instead of one
Definition
chromium, iron, nickel, copper, silver gold mercury (transition metals)
Term
boron, carbon, silcon, germanium, arsenic, antimony, polonium astatine
Definition
metalloids (intermediates between typical metals and nonmetals)
Term
aluminum, gallium, indium, tin, thallium, lead, bismuth
Definition
other metals (ductile and malleable) outer shell presence of electrons
Term
uranium and einsteinium
Definition
rare earth metals (30 elements)
Term
cat
Definition
kitten, tom, queen, clutter/clowder, feline
Term
cattle
Definition
calf, bull, cow, drove/herd, bovine
Term
chimp/monkey
Definition
infant, male, female, cartload, simian
Term
crocodile
Definition
crocklet, bull, cow, congragation/bask, crocdilian
Term
crow
Definition
chick, cock, hen, murder/hoarde, corvine
Term
dolphin
Definition
pup, bull, cow, pod
Term
donkey
Definition
foal, jack, jenny, herd/drove, asinine
Term
ferret
Definition
kit, hob, jill, business, ferrety
Term
fox
Definition
kit/cub, pup, dog/todd, vixen, leash/skulk, vulpine
Term
goat
Definition
kid, billy, nanny, trip/tribe/flock, goatish
Term
goose
Definition
gosling, gander, goose, gaggle
Term
horse
Definition
foal, stallion/colt, mare/filly, herd, equine
Term
kangaroo
Definition
joey, buck/jack, doe/jill/, mob/troup
Term
lion
Definition
cub, lion, lioness, pride, leonine
Term
pig
Definition
piglet/shoat, boar, sow, prickle
Term
porcupine
Definition
pup, boar, sow, prickle
Term
rabbit
Definition
bunny/kitten, buck, doe, nest/warren, rabbity
Term
shark
Definition
pup, bull, female, school/shiver, sharklike
Term
sheep
Definition
lamb, ran, ewe, flock/drove, ovine
Term
swan
Definition
cygnet, cob, pen, bevy/wedge, swanlike
Term
barrell
Definition
measure of liquid volume equal in the US to 31.5gallons; also half a hogshead and 1/4 of a butt
Term
beaufort
Definition
a scale that measures wind speed; measures hurricanes
Term
bit
Definition
smallest unit of information used incomputer engineering; equal to 1.8 of a byte
Term
bolt
Definition
large roll of cloth
Term
bucket
Definition
2 pecks or 16 quarts
Term
bushel
Definition
2 buckets or 4 pecks
Term
butt
Definition
2 hogsheads or 4 barrels (126 gallons)
Term
byte
Definition
unit of info used in computers equal to 8 bits
Term
caliber
Definition
measure of diameter of a bullet or shell
Term
carat
Definition
jewelers measure of weight (gold and diamonds)
Term
Celsius
Definition
temperature scale, also called centigrade that places the freezing point of water at 0 degress and boiling at 100 degrees
Term
coulomb
Definition
measure of electric charge
Term
cord
Definition
quantity of logs measuring 128 cubic feet
Term
cubit
Definition
an ancient unit of length equal to about 18 inches
Term
curie
Definition
unit of radioactivity
Term
decibel
Definition
customary logarithimic measure most commonly used for measuring sound
Term
dram
Definition
1/16 of an ounce
Term
elite
Definition
unit of type measurment
Term
Fahrenheit
Definition
temp scale that places the freezing point of water at 32 degress and boiling point at 212 degrees
Term
fathom
Definition
measure of water depth equal to 6 feet
Term
flagon
Definition
traditional unit of liquid measurement equal to a gallon
Term
furlong
Definition
unit of distance equal to 220 yards of 1/8 of a mile
Term
gill
Definition
4oz liquid measure
Term
grain
Definition
1/7000 of a pound
Term
hectare
Definition
unit of land equal to 2.47 acres
Term
hertz
Definition
frequency measure
Term
hogshead
Definition
2 barrels 1/2 butt or 63 gallons
Term
joule
Definition
quantity of energy
Term
Kelvin
Definition
temp scale 0 degrees is absolute freezing
Term
knot
Definition
measure of speed at sea
Term
league
Definition
unit of distance (3 miles or 4.8 kilometers)
Term
ohm
Definition
electracal resistance
Term
peck
Definition
8 quarts or 1/4 bushel
Term
pH
Definition
scale that measures (acid or alkaline) 0 = acid 14 = base 7= neutral
Term
pica
Definition
unit of type measurment
Term
quintal
Definition
unit of weight equal to 100 kg
Term
Richter
Definition
logarithimic scale that measure tremors, earthquakes, and the like
Term
rod
Definition
16.5 feet or 5.5 yards
Term
Saffir-Simpson
Definition
scale that measures intensity of earthquake
Term
score
Definition
unit equal to 20
Term
stone
Definition
14 pounds or 6.4 kg
Term
troy
Definition
12 oz (avoirdupos scale)
Term
volt
Definition
electrical output
Term
watt
Definition
measurement of power
Term
composite number
Definition
more factors than 1 and itself (4, 6, 8, 10....)
Term
complementary angles
Definition
2 angles that add up to 90 degrees
Term
cone
Definition
solid right triangle (circular)
Term
cube
Definition
rectangular solid whose faces are all squares
Term
edge
Definition
line segment formed by the intersection of two faces of 3-d shape
Term
dividend
Definition
number to be divided
Term
divisor
Definition
number that divides into another
Term
ellipse
Definition
oval shape
Term
equilateral triangle
Definition
each angle is 60 degees
Term
face
Definition
polygon formed by edges of solid
Term
imaginary number
Definition
number that cannot be represented on the number line because it contains factor of i
Term
integer
Definition
natural numbers, the negatives of these numbers, or zero
Term
Classicism
Definition
art of or in the style of ancient Greek and Roman art
Term
Cubism
Definition
early 20th century artistic movement predicted on the fragmentation of reality; a direct reaction to Impressionism (Picasso)
Term
Dada
Definition
absurdist movement of the early 20th century (Duchamp)
Term
Futurism
Definition
early 20th century Italian art movement that emphasized the machine as art
Term
Gothic
Definition
architectural style of 12th - 16th century (arches and stained glass) Norte Dame in Paris
Term
Impressionism
Definition
late 19th century French school of art that emphasized the artists visual impressions over realism (Monet, Renior)
Term
lithograph
Definition
print technique in which plates are pressed onto a crayon drawing
Term
Minimalism
Definition
art movement in late 20 century that stressed cold restraint over emotional expression
Term
motif
Definition
in an artistic work, a reoccuring theme or element
Term
Neoclassicism
Definition
late 18th century art movement that rejected the ornate rococo style and returned to a Greek and Roman model
Term
performance art
Definition
contemporary theatrical art techniquie intended to shock viewers
Term
pointillism
Definition
artistic style characterized by use of tiny dots of paint that when seen together make up a whole image (Seurat)
Term
Pop art
Definition
contemporary art movement that borrows heavily from popular culture and commerical art sources (Warhol)
Term
Realism
Definition
19th century art movement that borrows in which reality of vision is emphasized over idealization or romanticization
Term
Rococo
Definition
18th century art movement that was typified by playful and intricate design
Term
Surrealism
Definition
movement begun in the 1920s that sought to show the world through fantastic landscapes and dream imagery. (Magritte, dali)
Term
Hieronymus Bosch
Definition
Flemish painter - The Garden fo Earthly Delights and Mocking of Christ
Term
Sandro Botticelli
Definition
Florentine painter - Fortitude (refined figures brilliant colors)
Term
Mechelangelo Bournarroti
Definition
Sculptor, painter, archtect - Ren artist Italian - David, Pieta, Sistine Chapel
Term
Peter Bruegel
Definition
Known as "The Elder" - flemish - landscapes and characters - The Fall of the Rebel Angels.
Term
Alexander Calder
Definition
American - 20th century - mobels and motorized pieces
Term
Mary Cassatt
Definition
American - figure painting and etching - seveal versions of Mother and Child
Term
Paul Cezanne
Definition
french artist who was a prominent early figure in the Impressionist movement
Term
Marc Chagall
Definition
Russian painter whose work strongly presaged the Surrealist movement. stained glass windows and illustrated books
Term
Salvador Dali
Definition
Spanish Surrealist painter of 20th century - The Persistence of Memory
Term
Edgar Degas
Definition
Late 19th century French painter and sculptor known for his paintings of ballet dancers and sculptors of horses. Influcenced Picasso
Term
Donatello
Definition
Italian sculptor who made major innovations to art in the 15th century REN
Term
Albrecht Durer
Definition
German artist whose woodcuts adn engraving are among greatest in history - Four horseman of the Apocalypse and Melencolia I
Term
Fra Angelico
Definition
Florentine mont and painter who supervised and created the making of frescoses in the St. Mark's convent in Florence
Term
Max Ernst
Definition
German painter of the Dada movement who later shaped Surrealist movement - collages and painting - Two Children Are Threatened by a Nightingale
Term
Thomas Gainsborough
Definition
English painter of portraits and landscapes
Term
Paul Gauguin
Definition
French post-Impressionist painter influence modern art. Many of his most famous pieces are of life on the islands of Tahiti and Marquesas
Term
chord
Definition
two or more notes played together
Term
coda
Definition
the conclusion; the concluding portion of a musical composition
Term
concerto
Definition
a classical piece written for an orchestra and one or more soloists, most often in 3 movements
Term
consonance
Definition
comfort brought about in tone or playing
Term
contralto
Definition
lowest female vocal range
Term
crescendo
Definition
gradually becoming louder
Term
diminuendo
Definition
gradually become softer
Term
dissonance
Definition
discord brought about in tone or playing
Term
etude
Definition
musical piece written to display of specific talent or technique
Term
forte
Definition
loud volume
Term
fortissimo
Definition
extreme loud volume
Term
grave
Definition
extremely slow and moody
Term
jazz
Definition
distinctly American form of music with a basis in African American folk traditions
Term
largo
Definition
extremely slow tempo
Term
lento
Definition
slower tempo
Term
libretto
Definition
text of an opera
Term
madrigal
Definition
musical piece utilizing poetry and stanzas
Term
messo forte
Definition
moderately loud volume
Term
mezzo piano
Definition
moderately soft volume
Term
nocturne
Definition
a composition, especially for piano, of a slow and dreamy nature
Term
oratorio
Definition
religious music composed for orchestra, chorus, and soloist
Term
pianissimo
Definition
exceptionally soft music
Term
piano
Definition
soft volume
Term
polyphony (-ic)
Definition
with 2 or more lines of melody
Term
presto
Definition
very fast tempo
Term
rondo
Definition
musical piece of alternating and contrasting themes
Term
soprano
Definition
highest female vocal range
Term
sonata
Definition
piece written for more than one soloist and usually consisting of three or more movements
Term
staccato
Definition
playing or singing of tones or chords marked by short, clear sounds
Term
symphony
Definition
musical composition for full symphony orchestra; an orchestra with full wind and brass accompaniment
Term
tempo
Definition
pace of music
Term
tenor
Definition
highest adult male vocal range
Term
timbre
Definition
quality that allows tones to be discerned from each other
Term
vivace
Definition
up-tempo and upbeat
Term
classical conditioning (Pavlovian)
Definition
form of conditioning first discussed by Russian Pavlov in which a neutral, conditioned stimulus is paired with an unconditional stimulus until the conditioned stimulus prompts the same response as teh unconditioned stimulus
Term
collective unconscious
Definition
Jungian psychology, a part of the unconscious mind, shared by a society, a people, or all humankind, that is the product of ancestral experience and contains such concepts as science, religion, and morality
Term
ego
Definition
Freudian theory, conscious component of the psyche that urges teh id with the limitations of conscious and the superego
Term
id
Definition
the division of the psyche that is totally unconscious and serves teh source of instinctual impulses and demands for immediate satisfaction of primitive needs
Term
operant conditioning
Definition
form of conditioning in which operator acts independently and desirable behaviors are reinforced
Term
phenomenology
Definition
method inquiry based on inspection of one's own conscious thought process
Term
superego
Definition
the division of the unconscious that is formed thorugh the interanalization for moral standards of parents and society; censors and restraints the ego
Term
Noam Chomsky
Definition
American philosopher adn linguist. Believes in an innate "deep structure" to language
Term
Sigmund Freud
Definition
Austrian founder of psychoanalytic thought, which presupposes the existence of an unconscoius that exists independent of conscious thought
Term
Carl Jung
Definition
swiss psychoanalyst who departed from Freud's emphasis on the sexual nature of unconscious thought. Developed theories of personality ytpes and teh collective uncocscious
Term
BF Skinner
Definition
american behaviorist who believed all behavior could be understood in terms of operant conditioning
Term
John Broadus Watson
Definition
American psychologist who first developed behaviorist thought
Term
abash
Definition
to embarras (disconcert, discomfit, faze, mortify)
Term
abate
Definition
to decrease, reduce (dwindle, ebb, recede, flag, wane)
Term
aberration
Definition
something different from the usual (anomaly, irregularity, abnormality, deviation)
Term
abet
Definition
to aid, act as accomplice (help, succor, assist)
Term
abject
Definition
miserable, pititful (pathetic, lamentable, sorry)
Term
abridge
Definition
to condense, shorten (abbreviate, cut, prune)
Term
abscond
Definition
to depart secretly (flee, decamp, fly, bolt)
Term
abstemious
Definition
marked by restraint, especially in the consumption of food or alcohol (moderate, temperate, sparing)
Term
abstinent
Definition
abstaining (forbearing, refraining, ascetic)
Term
accede
Definition
to express approval; agree to (assent, acquiesce, consent, concur)
Term
accolade
Definition
priase, distinction (praise, acclaim, approbation, commendation, kudos)
Term
accretion
Definition
growth in size or increase in amount (buildup, accumulation, accrual)
Term
accurue
Definition
to accumulate, grow by additions (augment, enlarge, expand, burgeon, wax)
Term
acerbic
Definition
bitter, sharp in taste or temper (tart, biting, caustic, cutting)
Term
acme
Definition
highest point, summit (apex, crown, peak, pinnacle, zenith)
Term
a
Definition
without
Term
ab/abs
Definition
off, away from, apart, down
Term
ac/acr
Definition
sharp, bitter
Term
act/ag
Definition
to do, to drive, to force, to lead
Term
ad/al
Definition
to, toward, near
Term
al/ali/alter
Definition
other, another
Term
am
Definition
love
Term
amb
Definition
to go, to walk
Term
amb/amph
Definition
both, more than one, around
Term
anim
Definition
of the life, mind, soul, spirit
Term
annui/enni
Definition
year
Term
ante
Definition
before
Term
anthro/andr
Definition
man, human
Term
anti
Definition
against
Term
apo
Definition
away
Term
arch/archi/archy
Definition
chief, principal, ruler
Term
auto
Definition
self
Term
be
Definition
to be, to have a particular quality, to exist
Term
bel/bell
Definition
war
Term
acronym
Definition
a word made up of the first letters of other words it describes
Term
adjective
Definition
a word that serves as a modifier of a noun to denote a quality of the thing named
Term
adverb
Definition
a word serving as a modifier of a verb, an adjective, another adverb a preposition, etc., which often but not always ends in an --ly
Term
alliteration
Definition
repetition of the same sound beginning several words in dequence
Term
anagram
Definition
a word that is formed when the letters of a word or phrase are rearranged
Term
article
Definition
one of a small set of words or affixes used with nouns to limit or give definiteness to the application
Term
conjuction
Definition
a word that joins together sentences, clauses, phrases, or words. There are two kidn of conjuctions: coordinating conjuctions (and/or/but...) and subordinating (although, because....)
Term
consonance
Definition
recurrence or repetition of consonats, especially at the end of stressed syllables without the similar correspondence or vowels.
Term
alology
Definition
algae
Term
anthropology
Definition
human beings
Term
apiology
Definition
bees
Term
archeology
Definition
remains of past human life and activities
Term
axiology
Definition
values adn value judbements
Term
bacteriology
Definition
bacteria
Term
biology
Definition
life and living organisms
Term
cartology
Definition
map and mapmaking
Term
cetology
Definition
whales
Term
conchology
Definition
shells
Term
cosmology
Definition
nature and origins of the universe
Term
cryptology
Definition
codes and ciphers
Term
cytology
Definition
cells and functions
Term
deontology
Definition
ethics
Term
enology
Definition
wines and wine making
Term
entomology
Definition
insects
Term
epistemology
Definition
the nature, grounds, and limits of knowledge
Term
eschatology
Definition
the end of the world
Term
ethology
Definition
animal behavior in the wild
Term
etiology
Definition
causes of phenomena
Term
etymology
Definition
the origins of words
Term
geology
Definition
the earth and its history
Term
gerontology
Definition
aging and problems of the aged
Term
graphology
Definition
handwritting
Term
hagiology
Definition
saints and revered persons
Term
herpetology
Definition
reptiles and amphibians
Term
hippology
Definition
horses
Term
histology
Definition
living tissue
Term
horology
Definition
measurement of time
Term
hydrology
Definition
water
Term
a posteriori
Definition
based on inductive reasoning
Term
a priori
Definition
based on deductive reasoning
Term
ad hoc
Definition
for a specific purpose
Term
alter ego
Definition
a second self
Term
amicus curiae
Definition
friend of the court
Term
alga
Definition
algae (p)
Term
alunma
Definition
alumnae (p)
Term
alumnus
Definition
alumni (p)
Term
analysis
Definition
analyses (p)
Term
antenna
Definition
antennae (p)
Term
allegory
Definition
written peices in which ideas or morals are respresented by individual characters or things
Term
allusion
Definition
a reference within an artistic work to another artistic work
Term
antagonist
Definition
in a literary work, the character whose actions oppose those of the hero
Term
Aeschylus (535-456 BCE)
Definition
ancient Greek dramatist speicialized in tragedies, among them Promethus Bound
Term
Aesop (620-560 BCE)
Definition
ancient Greek fabulist whose allegorical fables have inspired many writers
Term
Aligheri, Dante (1265-1321)
Definition
Early REN Italian writer is called the father of modern literature (Divine Comedy)
Term
Anderson, Sherwood (1876-1941)
Definition
American short-story writer whose most famous collection is Winesburg, Ohio
Term
Austen, Jane (1775-1817)
Definition
19th century English author whose novels include Sense and Sensibility, Pride and Prejudice, Emma
Term
Aphrodite
Definition
Greek goddess of love (Venus)
Term
Apollo
Definition
Greek sun god. (Apollo)
Term
Ares
Definition
Greek god of war (Mars)
Term
Atehna
Definition
Greek warrior goddess of wisdom (Minerva)
Term
apostate
Definition
one who abandons his or her religious loyalty
Term
apostle
Definition
one of an authoratative New Testament group sent forth by Christ to preach the gospel
Term
13th Ammendment
Definition
aboloish slavery 1865
Term
14th Ammendment
Definition
restored and protected teh rights of freed slaves 1868
Term
18th Ammendment
Definition
enforced the prohibition of alcohol in 1919
Term
19th Ammendment
Definition
granted women the right to vote 1970
Term
abolitionism
Definition
movement to abolish slavery in US
Term
Allies
Definition
nations that unite against the Germans, Italians, and Japanese AXIS forces during WWII
Term
apartheid
Definition
a former policy of S. Africa in which the races were separated by law
Term
Axis
Definition
nations opposed to the Allies during WWII (GER, ITAL, Japan)
Term
Balfour
Definition
GB 1917 proclamation supporting the establishment of a separate homeland for Jews and Palestine
Term
Anthony, Susan B (1820-1906)
Definition
American leader of the suffrage movement to grant women the right to vote
Term
Aquinas, St. Thomas (1225-1274)
Definition
13th century Christian philosopher wrote The Five Ways which outlined five proofs for the existence of God
Term
Aristotle
Definition
Plato's student who criticized teh theory of Forms and developed a systematized logic
Term
Augustine of Hippo (354-430)
Definition
4th adn 5th century bishop, philsopher and neoplatonist
Term
abstract Expressionism
Definition
20th century American movement based on nonfigurative, dramitic expressiveness (Pollock, Rothko)
Term
art deco
Definition
art and architecture stule of the 20s and 30s that used abstraction, distortion, and simplification, particularly geometric shapes and highly intense colors. (Chrysler building)
Term
art nouveau
Definition
early 20th century art movement that emphasized nature in art and often featured floral motifs
Term
adagio
Definition
slow tempo; a slow movement
Term
allegro
Definition
fast tempo; not as fast as presto
Term
alto
Definition
the singing range between tenor and soprano
Term
andante
Definition
moderate tempo
Term
aria
Definition
a solo song for voice in an opera and oratorio
Term
Aldrin, Edwin (Buzz) 1930
Definition
astronaut and 2nd man to walk on the moon
Term
Armstrong, Neil Alden 1930
Definition
astronaut and 1st person to walk on moon.
Term
agriculture
Definition
the purposeful tending of cxrops and livestock in order to produce food
Term
aquifer
Definition
and underground reservoir of water contained within a porous, water-bearing rock layer
Term
arable
Definition
literally clutivable. Land fit for cultivation by one farming method or another
Term
allotrope
Definition
a substance created when an element combines with itself to become a compound (O3-ozone) to (O6-diamond)
Term
alloy
Definition
a metal that, unlike iron, gold, silver, and aluminum is a mixture composed of metal elements.
Term
amber
Definition
petrified sap; many early fossils have been found perserved in amber
Term
ambergris
Definition
a waxy substance found floating in or on the shores of tropical waters; originates in the intestines of the sperm whale
Term
annual
Definition
plant that grows over only one season; examples include many common flowers such as impatients, zinnias, and sunflowers
Term
apiary
Definition
place where bees are kept
Term
arthropod
Definition
huge animal phylum that includes insects, cxrustaceans, and arachnids (spiders)
Term
avian
Definition
birds
Term
ampere
Definition
measure of electrical current
Term
avogardo's number
Definition
unit of relative quantity equal to number of atoms or molecules per mole of a substance
Term
avoirdupos
Definition
fancy name for the weight scale based on a pound containing 16 oz.
Term
absolute value
Definition
magniturde of a number and its irrespective sign
Term
acute angle
Definition
90 degree (3 acute angles is an acute angle)
Term
angle
Definition
2 line segments coming together at a point called the vertex
Term
area
Definition
a measure in square unites of the size of a region in a plane
Term
Ampere, Andre-Marie
Definition
french teacher and physicist whose name was given to the unite by which we measure electrical current
Term
Avogadro, Amedeo
Definition
Italian scientist after whom is named avogadro's law which states "Equal volumes of different gases, pressure, and temperature being equal, contain same number of molecules."
Term
acquiesce
Definition
to agree, comly quietly (accede, consent, submit)
Term
acrid
Definition
harsh, bitter
Term
acrimony
Definition
bitterness, animosity
Term
acumen
Definition
sharpness of insight
Term
adage
Definition
old saying or proverb
Term
admonish
Definition
to caution or reprimand
Term
adroit
Definition
skillful, accomplished, highly competent
Term
adulation
Definition
high praise
Term
adulterate
Definition
to corrupt or make impure
Term
aesthetic
Definition
pertaining to beauty or art
Term
alacrity
Definition
cheerful readiness, promptness in response
Term
allusion
Definition
indirect reference
Term
altercation
Definition
noisy dispute
Term
altruism
Definition
unselfish concern for others' welfare
Term
amalgamate
Definition
to mix, combine
Term
ambivalence
Definition
attitude of uncertainty, conflicting emotions
Term
ambulatory
Definition
of, relating to, or adapted to walking, moving about from place to place
Term
ameliorate
Definition
to make better, improve
Term
amulet
Definition
ornament worn as a charm against evil spirits
Term
anachronistic
Definition
outdated
Term
anthema
Definition
ban, curse; something shunned or dislike
Term
ancillary
Definition
accessory, subordinate, helping
Term
anecdote
Definition
short, usually funny account of an event
Term
ben/gon
Definition
good
Term
bi
Definition
twice double
Term
cad/cid
Definition
to fall, to happen by chance
Term
cant/cent/chant
Definition
to sing
Term
cap/cip/cept
Definition
to take, to get
Term
cap/capit/cipit
Definition
head, headlong
Term
card/cord/cour
Definition
heart
Term
carn
Definition
flesh
Term
cast/chast
Definition
cut
Term
ced/ceed/cess
Definition
to go, to yield, to stop
Term
centr
Definition
center
Term
cern/cert/cret/crim/crit
Definition
to seperate, to judge, to distinguish, to decide
Term
chron
Definition
time
Term
circu
Definition
around, on all sides
Term
cis
Definition
to cut
Term
cla/clo/clu
Definition
shut, close
Term
claim/clam
Definition
to shout, to cry out
Term
cli
Definition
to lean toward
Term
co/col/com/con
Definition
with together
Term
cre/cresc/cret
Definition
to grow
Term
cred
Definition
to believe; to trust
Term
diaeresis
Definition
two dots placed side by side over a vowel
Term
diphthong
Definition
a gliding, monosyllabic speech item that starts at or near the articularoty position for one vowel and moves to or toward to postion for another
Term
hyperbole
Definition
exaggeration for emphasis or for rhetorical effect
Term
zoology
Definition
animal
Term
vulcanology
Definition
volcanos
Term
virology
Definition
viruses
Term
thanatology
Definition
death and dying
Term
teratology
Definition
malformations or serious deviations from the norm in organisms; monsters and monstrosities
Term
teleology
Definition
final causes or purpose in nature
Term
speleology
Definition
caves
Term
seismology
Definition
earthquakes
Term
pyrology
Definition
fire
Term
physiology
Definition
functions and activities of living organisms
Term
philology
Definition
language, speech, linguistics, and literature
Term
petrology
Definition
rocks
Term
pedology
Definition
children
Term
pathology
Definition
diseases
Term
paleontology
Definition
fossils
Term
otology
Definition
ears
Term
orithology
Definition
birds
Term
opthalmology
Definition
structure, function, and diseases of the eye
Term
ophiology
Definition
snakes
Term
ontology
Definition
nature of existence
Term
oncology
Definition
tumors
Term
numismatology
Definition
coins
Term
nephology
Definition
clouds
Term
myrmecology
Definition
ants
Term
mycology
Definition
fungi
Term
morphology
Definition
structure and forms of plants and animals
Term
meteorology
Definition
climate and weather
Term
mammalogy
Definition
mammals
Term
limnology
Definition
fresh waters
Term
kinesiology
Definition
human movement
Term
ichthyology
Definition
fishes
Term
beau geste
Definition
noble gesture
Term
bete noire
Definition
someone or something particularly disliked; literally, black beast
Term
bon mot
Definition
witty remark or comment; literally, good word
Term
bona fide
Definition
in good faith; genuine
Term
bacillus
Definition
bacilli (p)
Term
basis
Definition
bases (p)
Term
cactus
Definition
cacti (p)
Term
ballad
Definition
a story-poem often sung aloud
Term
Beat movement
Definition
group of American poets and artists whose expressions of alienation in the 50s became a calling card of the underground
Term
blank verse
Definition
nonrhyming verse consisting of 10-syllable lines
Term
canto
Definition
a subdivision of an epic poem
Term
Balzac, Horore de
Definition
early 19th century French writer best known for his series La Comedie Humaine
Term
Beckett, Samuel
Definition
Irish born French novelist and playwright whose existentialist works include teh novels Herzog and Humboldts Gift
Term
Blake, William
Definition
Brit artist, poet, and engraver who wrote Songs of Innocence and Experience
Term
Bronte, Charlotte
Definition
English (sister of Emily) who wrote under pen name Currer Bell; wrote Jane Eyre and Shirly
Term
Bronte, Emily
Definition
One of the three literary sisters (pen name Ellis Bell) Withering Heights
Term
Bunyan, John
Definition
English preacher and writer of allegorical stores (The Pilgrims Process)
Term
Byron, Lord George
Definition
Romantic poet (Don Juan and Childe Harold'd Pilgrimage)
Term
Calliope
Definition
greek muse of epic poetry and eloquence
Term
Centaurs
Definition
half-man, half horse creature
Term
Clio
Definition
greek muse of history
Term
Dionysus
Definition
Greek god of wine and pleasure. (Bacchus)
Term
Bhagavad Gita
Definition
The sacred book of Hinduism
Term
Brahmin
Definition
highest of Hindu castes reserved for priests, spiritual leaders, etc
Term
Buddhism
Definition
Faith centered religion of elightenment
Term
Bill of Rights
Definition
first 10 amendments to the US Constitution
Term
Blitzkrieg
Definition
lightening war
Term
bourgeoise
Definition
Marx and Engels; the middle class
Term
Bolivar, Simon
Definition
South and Central American general and liberator. (Venezuela, Panama, Colombia, Eduador, Bolivia, Peru
Term
Berkeley, George
Definition
Irish idealist philosopher who viewed mental representations and impressions as fundamentals
Term
Baroque
Definition
heavily stylized movement prominent in Europe in the late 16th to early 18th centuries characterized by lavish ornamentations
Term
Bauhaus
Definition
important archtecture and design school in the early 20th century that emphasized many geometrical motifs
Term
The Brish Museum
Definition
London, England
Term
Frick Collection
Definition
NYC
Term
Solomon R. Guggenheim
Definition
NYC
Term
Hagia Sophia
Definition
Istanbul, Turkey
Term
Hermitage
Definition
St. Petersburg, Russia
Term
The Louvre
Definition
Paris, France
Term
The Met
Definition
NYC
Term
MOMA (modern art)
Definition
NYC
Term
Musee d'Orsay
Definition
Paris, France
Term
Pergamon
Definition
Berlin, Germany
Term
Prado
Definition
Madrid, Spain
Term
Rijksmuseym
Definition
Amsterdam Netherlands
Term
Tate Britian
Definition
London, England
Term
Tate Modern
Definition
London, England
Term
Tretyakov
Definition
Moscow, Russia
Term
Uffizi
Definition
Florence, Italy
Term
Whiney Museum of American Art
Definition
NYC
Term
baroque
Definition
17th century movement ornamentation and flourishment
Term
buffo
Definition
comic operative bass vocialist
Term
bass
Definition
lowest male voice
Term
behaviorims
Definition
psychological school of thought that focuses entirely on observable behaviors. Does not presume the existence of a mind independent of observable behavior
Term
Alder, Alfred
Definition
American psychoanalyst who focused on birth order and feelings of inferiority and superiority as unconscious drives
Term
bryophyta
Definition
category of plants that includes all mosses
Term
bear
Definition
cub/boar/sow/sleuth/sloth/ursine
Term
bee
Definition
larva/drone/queen-worker/clutter/clowder;feline
Term
bakers's dozen
Definition
13 units
Term
bi
Definition
2
Term
cent
Definition
100
Term
dec
Definition
10
Term
di/dy
Definition
2
Term
dodec
Definition
12
Term
duo
Definition
2
Term
duode
Definition
12
Term
ennea
Definition
9
Term
hecato
Definition
100
Term
carpe diem
Definition
seize the day
Term
carte blanche
Definition
unrestricted power; literally, "blank document"
Term
causus beli
Definition
pretext for war
Term
caveat emptor
Definition
let teh buyer beware
Term
corpus delicti
Definition
body of the crime; substantial fact necessary to prove the commssion of a crime
Term
de facto
Definition
actual
Term
de jure
Definition
actual
Term
deus ex machina
Definition
contrived device to resolve a situation; literally, "god from a machine"
Term
dies irae
Definition
day of wrath; Judgement Day
Term
dolce vita
Definition
the sweet life; a life of indulgence
Term
ecce homo
Definition
behold the man
Term
ex cathedra
Definition
by virtue of one's office
Term
ex parte
Definition
from a partisan point of view
Term
ex post facto
Definition
after the fact; retroactively
Term
fait accompli
Definition
after the fact; retroactively
Term
faux pas
Definition
social blunder; literally, a "false step"
Term
hoi polloi
Definition
the common people
Term
idee fixe
Definition
obsession; literally, "fixed idea"
Term
in camera
Definition
in private; secretly
Term
in extremis
Definition
near death
Term
Descartes, Rene
Definition
Important FR rationalist philosopher and mathematician. I think; therefore, I am.
Term
Hegel, George
Definition
GER idealist philosopher known for his theory of dialectic: "The thesis combine withthe antithesis to form the synthesis of the two." Also known for his teleological orientation.
Term
Heidegger, Martin
Definition
GER philosopher who had a major influence on existentialism
Term
Hobbes, Thomas
Definition
BR materialist philsopher who viewed human existence as "Nasty, brustish, and short."
Term
Hume Davide
Definition
Scottish empiricists philsopher. Questioned cause and effect
Term
Husserl, Edmund
Definition
GER phil known as fatehr of phenomenology
Term
James, William
Definition
AMER empiricist phil ofn psychologist. Know for his description of the flow of ideas as "Stream of consciousness."
Term
Kant, Immanuel
Definition
GER idealist philo best known for the CATAGORIAL IMPERATIVE which states that a moral agent acts only in ways that could become universal law
Term
kierkgaard, Soren
Definition
Danish existentialist philosopher
Term
Leibnitz, Gottfried Wilhelm von
Definition
German rationalist phil and mathematician
Term
Locke, JOHN,
Definition
English empiricist phil who put forth many of th ebasic ideas of empiricism (tabula rasa) Age of Enlightenment.
Term
Mill, John Stuart
Definition
ENGLish empiricist phil known for his ethical writings on Utilitarianism
Term
Nietzche, Friedrich
Definition
GER philosopher best known for his concept of UBERmench (superman)
Term
Occam, William of
Definition
14th Cent English philosopher who developed teh motion of "parsimony." simple are better than complex (explanations)
Term
Pascal, Blaise
Definition
French philosopher, matehmatician, and theologian best known for "Pascals Bargain" which argues for belief in the existence of God.
Term
Plato
Definition
Greek philo who studied under Socrates and developed a theory of Forms in which things in this world are mere reflections or shadows of objects of knowledge, which are universals.
Term
Pythagorus
Definition
Pre-socrative philosopher and mathematician
Term
Rousseau, Jean Jaqcues
Definition
French Romantic philosopher/education
Term
Russell, Betrand
Definition
British phil and liguist
Term
Ryle, Gilbert
Definition
British philosopher of language and logical positivist
Term
Sartre, Jean Paul
Definition
FR existentialist philosopher
Term
Socrates
Definition
GR philosopher whose oral teachings were transcribed in part by his student Plato
Term
St. Anselm of Canterbury
Definition
Christian philo who develeoped an ontological arugment for the existence of God
Term
Wittgenstein, Ludwig
Definition
Austrian philo who began as a logical positivist and later developed important ideas in the philosophy of language.
Term
empiricism
Definition
belief that all knowlege is derived from experience
Term
existentialism
Definition
beleif that existence only aquires value and meaning through active reflection on one's own existence
Term
idealism
Definition
belief that the so-called external world exists first and foremost in the perceiver's mind
Term
logical positivism
Definition
belief that a concept is meaningful only if it can be empirically verified
Term
neoplatonism
Definition
rebirth of patonic thought (incorporated ideas of Aristotle, Pythagorus, and plato)
Term
rationalism
Definition
belief that the world can be known through reason alone
Term
tabula rasa
Definition
human mind begins as a blank slate.
Term
utilitarianism
Definition
system of ethics based on maximizing the collective good
Term
Napoleon Bonaparte
Definition
Emperor who ruled FR and EUR following FR REV. Lost EUR at Battle of Waterloo and waged unsuccessful campaign in Russia
Term
Nation, Carry
Definition
Leader of the temperance movement (banning alcohol)
Term
Robespierre, Maximilien
Definition
FR revolutionary who ruled brutally during the early years of the FR REV
Term
FDR
Definition
US president elected four terms of office. President during New Deal and for most of WWII
Term
Smith, Adam
Definition
BR encommist and author; wrote The Wealth of Nations which oulined free market (laissez-faire) capitalism
Term
Stalin, joesph
Definition
SOV leader during WWII and Cold War years
Term
Stanton, Elizabeth Cady
Definition
American leader of the women's rights movement
Term
Washington, BT
Definition
AA of late 19th and early 20th cent
Term
Washington, George
Definition
1st prez and gernal of American Colonies' revolutional army
Term
Castro, Fidel
Definition
Cuban communist revolutionary and dictator
Term
Churchill, Winston
Definition
BR PM during WWII
Term
Cromwell, Oliver
Definition
BR general, member of Parliament, and revolutionay who ruled as Lord Protector without king during the mid-1600s
Term
Davis, Jefferson
Definition
Pres of Confederacy duing Civil War
Term
Douglass, Frederick
Definition
AA abolistionist
Term
calf
Definition
calves (P)
Term
cherub
Definition
cherubium (p)
Term
child
Definition
children (p)
Term
cod
Definition
cod (p)
Term
coprs
Definition
coprs (p)
Term
corpus
Definition
copora (p)
Term
crisis
Definition
crises (p)
Term
criterion
Definition
criteria (p)
Term
curriculum
Definition
curricula (p)
Term
datum
Definition
data (p)
Term
deer
Definition
deer (p)
Term
desideratum
Definition
desiderata (p)
Term
diagnosis
Definition
diagnoses (p)
Term
die
Definition
dice (p)
Term
elf
Definition
elves (p)
Term
elk
Definition
elk (p)
Term
erratum
Definition
errata (p)
Term
fauna
Definition
faunae (p)
Term
fish
Definition
fish(p)
Term
flora
Definition
florae (p)
Term
foot
Definition
feet (p)
Term
funus
Definition
fungi (p)
Term
genus
Definition
genera (p)
Term
goose
Definition
geese (p)
Term
grouse
Definition
grouse (p)
Term
hake
Definition
hake (p)
Term
half
Definition
halves (p)
Term
hypothesis
Definition
hypotheses (p)
Term
knife
Definition
knives (p)
Term
larva
Definition
larvae (p)
Term
leaf
Definition
leaves (p)
Term
life
Definition
lives (p)
Term
loaf
Definition
loaves (p)
Term
louse
Definition
lice (p)
Term
magus
Definition
magi (p)
Term
man
Definition
men (p)
Term
memorandum
Definition
memoranda (p)
Term
metamorphosis
Definition
metamorphoses (p)
Term
millennium
Definition
millennia (p)
Term
moose
Definition
moose (p)
Term
mouse
Definition
mice (p)
Term
nebula
Definition
nebulae (p)
Term
neurosis
Definition
nueroses (p)
Term
nucleus
Definition
nuclei (p)
Term
oasis
Definition
oases (p)
Term
offspring
Definition
offspring (p)
Term
ox
Definition
oxen (p)
Term
passersby (p)
Definition
passerby
Term
phenomenon
Definition
phenomena (p)
Term
radius
Definition
radii (p)
Term
roe
Definition
roe (p)
Term
salmon
Definition
salmon (p)
Term
self
Definition
selves (p)
Term
seraph
Definition
seraphim (p)
Term
series
Definition
series (p)
Term
sheaf
Definition
sheaves (p)
Term
sheep
Definition
sheep (p)
Term
shelf
Definition
shelves (p)
Term
son-in-law
Definition
sons-in-law (p)
Term
species
Definition
species (p)
Term
stimulus
Definition
stimuli (p)
Term
stratum
Definition
strata (p)
Term
swine
Definition
swine (p)
Term
thesis
Definition
theses (p)
Term
trout
Definition
trout (p)
Term
wildebeest
Definition
wildebeest (p)
Term
in loco parentis
Definition
in the place of a parent
Term
in vino veritas
Definition
in whine there is truth
Term
ipso facto
Definition
by the fact itself; as an inevitable result
Term
joie de vivre
Definition
joy of living; buoyant enjoyment of life
Term
mea culpa
Definition
I am to blame
Term
memento mori
Definition
a reminder that you must die
Term
modus operandi
Definition
method of operating
Term
mot juste
Definition
teh appropriate word
Term
nolo contendere
Definition
no contest
Term
non sequitur
Definition
something that does not logically flow
Term
nota bene
Definition
note well
Term
persona non grata
Definition
unwelcome person
Term
prima faci
Definition
on the face of it
Term
pro bono
Definition
free of charge
Term
pro forma
Definition
done as a matter of form; perfunctory
Term
quid pro quo
Definition
an equal exchange; literally, "this for that"
Term
quo vadis
Definition
where are you going?
Term
rara avis
Definition
rare bird; unusual speciman
Term
sangfroid
Definition
self-possession "cold blood"
Term
schadenfreude
Definition
enjoyment obtained from the troubles of others
Term
sic transit glora mundi
Definition
thus passes away the glory of the world
Term
sine qua non
Definition
something indispensible; without which not
Term
sui generis
Definition
one of a kind
Term
tout le monde
Definition
all the world; everyone of importance
Term
veni, vidi, vici
Definition
I came, I saw, I concquered
Term
vox populi
Definition
voice of the people
Term
weltanschauung
Definition
a comprehensive apprehension of the world
Term
welschmerz
Definition
sorrow over the evils of the world; world pain
Term
prep phrase
Definition
phrase that starts with a prep.
Term
pronoun
Definition
word used as a substitute for a noun or noun equivalent
Term
similie
Definition
comparison between 2 things using like or as
Term
superlative
Definition
degree of grammatical comparison that denotes an extreme or unsurpassed level or extent
Term
tautology
Definition
repetition of an idea in a different word, phrase, or sentence.
Term
transitive verb
Definition
verb that can act upon an object
Term
carpe diem
Definition
seize the day
Term
carte blanche
Definition
unrestricted power; literally, "blank document"
Term
causus beli
Definition
pretext for war
Term
caveat emptor
Definition
let the buyer beware
Term
corpus delicti
Definition
body of the crime; substantial fact necessary to prove teh commission of a crime
Term
de facto
Definition
actual
Term
de jure
Definition
by right; technically true
Term
deus ex machina
Definition
contrived device to resolve a situation; literally, "god from a machine."
Term
dies irae
Definition
day of Wrath; Judgement Day
Term
intransitve verb
Definition
verb that does not act on an object. ex: I sleep
Term
irony
Definition
expression of something that is contrary to the intended meaning; the words say one thing but mean another
Term
metaphor
Definition
implied comparison achieved through a figurative use of words;
Term
noun
Definition
a word that is the name of something
Term
oxymoron
Definition
apparent paradox achieved by the juxtaposition of words that seem to contradict one another
Term
palindrome
Definition
a word spelled the same forwards as backwards radar-kayak
Term
paradox
Definition
an assertion seemingly opposed to common sense but that may have some truth to it
Term
portmanteau
Definition
word created by blending two words together to form a new word- breakfast and lunch = brunch
Term
cryp
Definition
hidden
Term
cub/cumb
Definition
to lie down
Term
culp
Definition
blame
Term
cour/cur
Definition
running; a course
Term
de
Definition
away, off, down, completely, reversal
Term
dem
Definition
people
Term
di/dia
Definition
apart, through
Term
dic/dict/dit
Definition
to say, to tell, to use words
Term
dign
Definition
worth
Term
dis/dif
Definition
away from, apart, reversal, not
Term
dac/doc
Definition
to teach
Term
dog/dox
Definition
opinion
Term
dol
Definition
suffer, pain
Term
don/dot/dow
Definition
to give
Term
dub
Definition
to doubt
Term
duc/duct
Definition
to lead
Term
dur
Definition
hard
Term
dys
Definition
faulty, abnormal
Term
epi
Definition
upon
Term
equ
Definition
equal, even
Term
err
Definition
to wander
Term
esce
Definition
becoming
Term
eu
Definition
good well
Term
e/ef,ex
Definition
out, out of, from, former, completely
Term
extra
Definition
outside, beyond
Term
fab/fam
Definition
speak
Term
fac/fic/fig/fait/feit/fy
Definition
to do to make
Term
fer
Definition
to bring; to carry/ to bear
Term
ferv
Definition
to boil, to bubble
Term
anomaly
Definition
irregularity or deviation from the norm
Term
antediluvian
Definition
prehistoric, ancient beyond measure
Term
antipathy
Definition
dislike, hostility, extreme opposition or aversion
Term
antithesis
Definition
exact opposite or direct contrast
Term
apex
Definition
highest point, summit
Term
aphorism
Definition
old saying or short, pithy statement
Term
apocryphal
Definition
not genuine; fictional
Term
apostate
Definition
one who renounces a religious faith
Term
appropriate
Definition
to take possession of
Term
aquaitic
Definition
belonging or living in water
Term
arable
Definition
suitable for cultivation
Term
arcane
Definition
secret, obscure, known only to a few
Term
arch
Definition
mischievous, roguish
Term
archipelago
Definition
large group of islands
Term
arrogate
Definition
to demand, claim arrogantly
Term
ascetic
Definition
self-denying, abstinent, austere
Term
ascribe
Definition
to attribute to, assign
Term
ashen
Definition
resembling ashes; deathly pale
Term
aspersion
Definition
false rumor, damaging report, slander
Term
assiduous
Definition
diligent, persistent, hard-working
Term
assonance
Definition
resemblance in sound, especially in vowel sounds; partial rhyme
Term
assuage
Definition
to make less severe, ease relieve
Term
astringent
Definition
harsh, severe, stern
Term
asylum
Definition
refuge, sanctuary
Term
atrocious
Definition
monstrous, shockingly bad, wicked
Term
atrophy
Definition
to waste away, wither from disuse
Term
attenuate
Definition
to make thin or slender; weaken
Term
augury
Definition
prophecy, prediction of events
Term
august
Definition
dignified, awe-inspiring, venerable
Term
auspicious
Definition
having favorable prospects
Term
austere
Definition
stern, strict, unadorned
Term
autocrat
Definition
dictator
Term
autonomous
Definition
seperate, independent
Term
avarice
Definition
greed
Term
aver
Definition
to delcare to be true, affirm
Term
aviary
Definition
large enclosure housing birds
Term
awry
Definition
crooked, askew, amiss
Term
axiom
Definition
premise, postulate, self-evident truth
Term
baleful
Definition
harmful, with evil intentions
Term
balk
Definition
to refuse, shirk; prevent
Term
banal
Definition
trite, overly common
Term
bane
Definition
something causing death, destruction or ruin
Term
banter
Definition
playful conversation
Term
bastion
Definition
fortification, stronghold
Term
bawdy
Definition
obscene, lewd
Term
bay
Definition
to bark, especially in a deep prolonged way
Term
behemoth
Definition
huge creature
Term
belabor
Definition
to insist repeatedly or harp on
Term
bellicose
Definition
warlike, aggresive
Term
belligerent
Definition
hostile, tending to fight
Term
benighted
Definition
unenlightened
Term
fid
Definition
faith, trust
Term
fin
Definition
end
Term
flag/flam
Definition
to burn
Term
flect/flex
Definition
to bend
Term
flu/flux
Definition
to flow
Term
fore
Definition
before
Term
fort
Definition
chance
Term
fort
Definition
strength
Term
fra/frac/frag/fring
Definition
to break
Term
fus
Definition
to pour
Term
gen
Definition
birth, creation, race, kind
Term
gn/gno
Definition
know
Term
grat
Definition
pleasing
Term
grad/gress
Definition
to step
Term
her/hes
Definition
to stick
Term
hetero
Definition
different
Term
homo
Definition
same
Term
idio
Definition
one's own
Term
im/in/em/en
Definition
in, into
Term
im/in
Definition
not, without
Term
inter
Definition
between
Term
join/junct
Definition
to meet; to join
Term
jur
Definition
to swear
Term
lect/leg
Definition
to select, to choose
Term
lev
Definition
lift, light, rise
Term
loc/log/loqu
Definition
word, speech
Term
luc/lum/lus
Definition
light
Term
lud/lus
Definition
to play
Term
lav/lut/luv
Definition
to wash
Term
mag/maj/max
Definition
big
Term
mal/male
Definition
bad, ill, evil, wrong
Term
man
Definition
band
Term
min
Definition
small
Term
min
Definition
to protect, to hang over
Term
mis/mit
Definition
to send
Term
misc
Definition
mixed
Term
mon/monit
Definition
to remind, to warn
Term
morph
Definition
shape
Term
mort
Definition
death
Term
mut
Definition
change
Term
nat/nas/nai
Definition
to be born
Term
nic/noc/nox
Definition