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Marriage & Family
Chapter 4-5 Vocab
41
Social Work
Undergraduate 1
03/03/2017

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Term
agape love style
Definition
love style characterized by a focus on the well-being of the love object, with little regard for reciprocation; the love of parents for their children is agape love
Term
arranged marriage
Definition
mate selection pattern whereby parents select the spouse of their offspring
Term
attachment theory of mate selection
Definition
emphasizes the drive toward psychological intimacy and a social and emotional connection
Term
compassionate love
Definition
emotional feelings toward another that generate behaviors to promote the partner's well-being
Term
complementary-needs theory
Definition
tendency to select mates whose needs are opposite and complementary to one's own needs
Term
conjugal(married) love
Definition
the love between married people characterized by companionship calmness, comfort, and security.
Term
endogamy
Definition
the cultural expectation to select a marriage partner within one's social group
Term
eros love style
Definition
love style characterized by passion and romance
Term
evolutionary theory of love
Definition
theory that individuals are motivated to emotionally bond with a partner to ensure a stable relationship for producing and rearing children
Term
exchange theory
Definition
theory that emphasizes that relations are formed and maintained between individuals offering the greatest rewards and least costs to each other
Term
exogamy
Definition
the cultural expercation that one will marry outside the family group.
Term
five love languages
Definition
identified by Gary Chapman and now part of American love culture, these are gifts, quality time, words of affirmation, acts of service, and physical touch
Term
homogamy
Definition
tendency to select someone with similar characteristics.
Term
infatuation
Definition
emotional feelings based on little actual exposure to the love object
Term
ludic love style
Definition
love style that views love as a game in which the love interest is one of several partners, is never seen too often, and is kept at an emotional distance
Term
lust
Definition
sexual desire
Term
mania love style
Definition
an out-of-control love whereby the person "must have" the love object obsessive jealousy and controlling behavior are symptoms of manic love.
Term
marriage squeeze
Definition
the imbalance of the ratio of marriageable age men to marriageable age women
Term
polyamory
Definition
open emotional and sexual involvement with three or more people
Term
pragma love style
Definition
love style that is logical and rational; the love partner is evaluated in terms of assets and liabilities
Term
role theory of mate selection
Definition
emphasizes that a son or daughter models after the parent of the same sex by selecting a partner similar to the one that the parent selected as a mate.
Term
romantic love
Definition
an intense love whereby the lower believers in love at first sight, only one true love, and love conquers all
Term
storge love style
Definition
a love consisting of friendship that is calm and nonsexual
Term
amae
Definition
expecting a close other's indulgence when one behaves inappropriately
Term
catfishing
Definition
process whereby a person makes up an online identity and an entire social fa├žade to trick a person into becoming involved in an emotional relationship
Term
close-ended questions
Definition
questions that allow for a cone-word answer and do not elicit much information
Term
communication
Definition
the process of exchanging information and feelings between two or more people
Term
congruent message
Definition
one in which verbal and nonverbal behaviors match
Term
defense mechanisms
Definition
unconscious techniques that function to protect individuals from anxiety and minimize emotional hurt.
Term
displacement
Definition
shifting one's feelings, thoughts, or behaviors from the person who evokes them onto someone else
Term
empathy
Definition
the ability to emotionally experience and cognitively understand another person and his or her experiences.
Term
escapism
Definition
the simultaneous denial of and withdrawal from a problem
Term
nomophobia
Definition
the individual is dependent on virtual environments to the point of having a social phobia
Term
nonverbal communication
Definition
the "message about the message" using gestures, eye contact, body posture, tone, volume, and rapidity of speech
Term
open-ended questions
Definition
questions that encourage answers that contain a great deal of information
Term
principle of least interest
Definition
principle stating that the person who has the least interest in a relationship controls the relationship
Term
projection
Definition
attributing one's own feelings, attitudes or desires to one's partner while avoiding recognition that these are one's own thoughts, feelings, and desires
Term
rationalization
Definition
the cognitive justification for one's own behavior that unconsciously conceals one's true motives
Term
reflective listening
Definition
paraphrasing or restating what a person has said to indicate that the listener understands
Term
sexting
Definition
sending erotic text and photo images via a cell phone
Term
"I" statements
Definition
statements that focus on the feelings and thoughts of the communicator without making a judgement on others.
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