# Shared Flashcard Set

## Details

Maps, Scale, Space, and Place
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27
Geography
Pre-School
03/24/2011

Term
 Absolute Distance   Absolute location
Definition
 The distance that can be measured with a standard unit of lenth, such as a mile or kilometer. ___________________________________________________________ the exact position of an object or place, measured within the spatial coordinants of a grid system.
Term
 Expansion Diffusion   Friction of Distance
Definition
 The thing or process being spread remains in the area of origin as well as spreads to surrounding areas. _____________________________________________________________________________________ Distance itself hinders interaction between places.
Term
 Resolution Scale
Definition
 Refers to a map's smallest discernible unit.  Also smallest thing you can see on a map. _________________________________ Refers to the ratio between the distance on a map and the actual distance on Earth's surface.
Term
 reference maps   proportional symbols
Definition
 works well for location and navigating between places   the size of the chosen symbol indications the relative magnitude of some calue for a given geographic
Term
 Accessibility Azimuthal Projection
Definition
 The relative ease with which a destination may be reached my some other place. ____________________________________________________________ A map projection in which the plane is the most developable surface.
Term
 Location Charts   Preference Map
Definition
 convey a large amount of information by associating charts with a specific mapped location   shows people's ideas about the envriomental, social, or economic quality of life in various places
Term
 Fuller Projection   Geoid
Definition
 Maintains the accurate size and shape of landmasses but completely rearranges direction, so the directions no longer have any meaning. _____________________________________   Bumpy oblate spheroid.
Term
 Map Projections   Mercator Projection
Definition
 geographers use numerous different mathematical equations to produce ___ ______     preserves accurate compas directions, distorts the area of landmasses relative to each other
Term
 Site Situation
Definition
 Refers to the physical and cultural features of a place, independent of that place's relationship to other places around it. _______________________________________ Decribes a place's relationship to other places around it.
Term
 Breaking Point Cartograms
Definition
 The outer edge of a city's sphere of influence,  used in the law of retail gravitation to describe the area of a city's hinterlands that depend on that city for its retail supply. __________________________________________________________ Transform  space, such that the political unit-a state, or a country, for example-with the greatest value for some type of data is represented by the largest relative area.
Term
 Peters Projection   Robinson Projection
Definition
 cyndrical projection that retains the accurate sizes of all the world's landmasses   examplke of an attempt to balance projection errors
Term
 Preference Maps   Longitude
Definition
 show's people's ideas about the enviromental, social, or economic quality of life   east and west long lines
Term
 Gravity Model   Hazards
Definition
 The degree to which objects are attracted to each other by gravity is a result of the product of their respective masses, divided the square of their distance apart. _____________________________________________ Jammed intersections or dangerous parts of town are imprinted into people's cognitive maps.
Term
 Latitude   meridians
Definition
 North and South flat lines   another name for longitude
Term
 Prime Meridian   Parallels
Definition
 it is where the meridians originate   unlike meridians, lines of latitude never touch, as a result they are often refered to as this
Term
 Choropleth Maps Cognitive Maps
Definition
 Use colors or tonal shadings to represent categories of data for given geographic areas. ___________________________________________________________ (Sometimes called mental maps), an individual's internal, geogaphic understanding of a place.
Term
 Relative Location   Relative Distance
Definition
 describes a place's relationship to other places around it   measures are often much more meaningful
Term
 Small-Scale Spatial Diffusion
Definition
 Map with the ratio between map units and ground units is small, such as 1:100,000. _____________________________________ Important concept, describes the ways in which phenomena, such as technological innovations, cultural trends, or outbreaks of disease, travel over space.
Term
 Relocation Diffusion   Reference Maps
Definition
 occurs when people migrate from one place to another bringing with them cultural traditions from their previous homeland   Work as well for location and navigating between places
Term
 Complementarity Connectivity
Definition
 The degree to which one place can supply something that another place demands. ____________________________________________________________ (Or topological space), important in human geography because the absolute distance between places is often not an accurate characterization of their social, cultural, political, or economic connectivity.
Term
 Hierarchial Diffusion   International Date Line
Definition
 Involves the transmission of a phenomenon from one place to another because the level of interaction b/w places overcomes the actual distance b/w them. _________________________________________________   180 degrees, meridian, longitude.
Term
 Stimulus Diffusion Thematic Map
Definition
Term
 Contagious Diffusion Coordinate System
Definition
 Something is transmitted over space because people who carry are close to each other. _____________________________________________________________  (Or a standard grid)Where a precise location of any object on the Earth's surface can be pinpointed.
Term
 Intervening Opportunites Isolines
Definition
 Second idea from economic geography that helps to explain connectivity _______________________________ Lines that represent quantities of equal value
Term
 Large-Scale Latitude
Definition
 Maps have large large-scale ratios, such as 1:5,000, and cover much smaller regions ___________________________________ lines of latitude never touch, lat-flat, horizontal
Term
 Law of retail gravitation Location Charts
Definition
 large cities provide diverse opportunities, which smaller towns usually can't provide ____________________________________ convey a large amount of info by associating charts with specific mapped locations
Term
 Distance Decay Effect Dot Maps
Definition
 caused by the friction of distace, the farther away people are from a service, the less people there are that use it.   ____________________________________________________________ use points to show the precise locations of specific observations or occurences, such as crimes, car accidents, or births.
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