# Shared Flashcard Set

## Details

LOGICAL REASONING
LETS DEW THIS
22
Law
09/03/2014

## Additional Law Flashcards

Term
 LR: Implication Family
Definition
 MBT, MSS, MBF
Term
 LR: Characterization Family
Definition
 MP, Method of Argument, Flaw, Role of Particular Claim
Term
 Def: Proceeds by
Definition
 Describe the formulation of the argument
Term
 Def: Most vulnerable to criticism
Definition
 Why is it an invalid argument?
Term
 LR: Operation Family
Definition
 Strengthen (+), Weaken (-), Prove (P), Explain (E)
Term
 Def: Propositions
Definition
 Statements
Term
 How to break down and evaluate an argument
Definition
 premisepremise+ (assumption)-------------.`. Conclusion
Term
 Def: Argument
Definition
 A set of propositions/statements intended to provide support for another proposition
Term
 Def: Premises
Definition
 Propositions upon which an argument is based. They are stated as facts and are intended to support the conclusion.
Term
 Def: Conclusion
Definition
 Propositions/statements supported by premises. Premises are designed to prove a certain conclusion but often fail.
Term
 Phrases that identify Premises
Definition
 Since After allBecauseFor AsIn AdditionGiven thatMoreover
Term
 Phrases that identify Conclusions
Definition
 ThereforeThusHenceSoAs a resultConsequentlyIt follows thatIt is clear thatIn conclusion
Term
 Def: Assumptions
Definition
 Claims that must be true in order for the conclusion to be inferred from the premises
Term
 How to break down an argument
Definition
 1. locate the conclusion2. find the relevant premises3. identify any assumption in the argument
Term
 Def: Absolute
Definition
 Asserts a fact
Term
 Def: Conditional
Definition
 the existence of a relationship based on another. If --> then
Term
 Def: Sufficient Conditions
Definition
 Its enough to guarantee that a necessary condition will follow
Term
 Def: Necessary Conditions
Definition
 Condition that is required for the sufficient condition to be satisfied
Term
 Def: Valid affirmation
Definition
 when the suff and nec are valid statement
Term
 Def: The contrapositive
Definition
 Logically equivalent to the original statement when switched and negated
Term
 Def: Fallacy of the Converse
Definition
 A --> BB --> A
Term
 Def: Fallacy of the Inverse
Definition
 A --> BNot A --> Not b
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