# Shared Flashcard Set

## Details

logic 1
quiz
25
Art/Design
02/01/2012

Term
 For
Definition
 Premise
Term
 So
Definition
 Conclusion
Term
 For this reason
Definition
 Conclusion
Term
 In that
Definition
 Premise
Term
 Hence
Definition
 Conclusion
Term
 As
Definition
 Premise
Term
 Since
Definition
 Premise
Term
 Accordingly
Definition
 Conclusion
Term
 For the reason that
Definition
 Premise
Term
 May be inferred from
Definition
 Conclusion
Term
 Premise(s)
Definition
 Evidence, support and reasons in an argument
Term
 Conclusion
Definition
 What the argument is arguing
Term
 What is a conditional statement?
Definition
 An if_____then______ statement containing an antecedent and a cosequent.
Term
 What two conditions are expressed in a conditional statement?
Definition
 1. Necessary2. Sufficient
Term
 What are some argument patterns?
Definition
 1. Vertical Pattern2. Horizontal Pattern3. Conjoint Premises Pattern4. Multiple Conclusion Pattern
Term
 Horizontal Pattern
Definition
 consists of one single argument in which two or more premises provide independent support for a single conclusion.
Term
 Vertical Pattern
Definition
 consists of a series of arguments in which a conclusion of a logically prior argument becomes a premise of a subsequent argument.
Term
 Structure of an explanation
Definition
 explanandum and explanans
Term
 Explanandum
Definition
 An explanandum is that which is to be explained
Term
 Explanans
Definition
 An explain is that which does the explaining
Term
 Logic
Definition
 organized body of knowledge, or science, that evaluates arguments
Term
 Argument
Definition
 Group of statements, one or more of which (the premises) are claimed to provide support for one of the others (the conclusion).
Term
 Who is known as the father of Logic?
Definition
 Aristotle
Term
 Types of nonarguments
Definition
 explanations and conditional statements
Term
 Being a tiger is a _________ condition for being an animal
Definition
 Sufficient. Because if something is a tiger then it's an animal
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