Shared Flashcard Set

Details

Living Language Swahili
Chapter 10
137
Language - Other
Beginner
03/03/2020

Additional Language - Other Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
I want to see a doctor.
Definition
Nataka kuonana na daktari.
Term
to be troubled
Definition
kusumbuliwa
Term
What's troubling you?
Definition
Unasumbuliwa na nini?
Term
to burn, to be on fire
I've burned myself.
Definition
kuungua
Nimeungua.
Term
cut, divide, chop, break
I've cut myself.
Definition
kukata
Nimejikata.
Term
to be broken, be wrecked
I think I have broken my arm.
Definition
kuvunjika
Nafikiri nimevunjika mkono
Term
"to feel"
How do you feel?
Definition
kuhisi
Unahisi vipi?
Term
to hurt
Definition
kuuma
Term
I feel like my whole body hurts.
Definition
Nahisi mwili wote unaniuma.
Term
I feel weak (without strength).
Definition
Nahisi sina nguvu.
Term
I have a headache.
Definition
Kichwa kinauma.
Term
I feel dizzy.
Definition
Nahisi kizunguzungu.
Term
fever
I have a fever.
Definition
homa
Nina homa.
Term
I have diarrhea.
Definition
Ninaharisha.
Term
I have a stomach ache (my stomach hurts).
Definition
Tumbo linauma.
Term
Does your stomach hurt?
Definition
Tumbo lako linaumia?
Term
to vomit
I'm throwing up.
She is throwing up.
Definition
kutapika
Ninatapika.
Yeye anatapika.
Term
I have chest pains (my chest hurts).
Definition
Kifua kinauma.
Term
to cough
I am coughing.
Are you coughing?
Definition
kukohoa
Ninakohoa.
Je, unakohoa?
Term
use, utilize, apply
Definition
kutumia
Term
Are you taking any medication?
Definition
Unatumia dawa yoyote?
Term
to hurt, damage, injure, impair
Definition
kudhuru
Term
Do you have any allergies?
Definition
Kuna kitu kinakudhuru?
Term
I am allergic to penicillin.
Definition
Ninadhuriwa na penisilini.
Term
She is a skinny girl.
Definition
Ni msichana mwembamba
Term
I have a black cat and two white dogs.
Definition
Nina paka mweusi na mbwa wawili weupe.
prefixes before vowels mw, w
Term
Juma has one red book and two white books.
Definition
Juma ana kitabu kimoja chekundu na vitabu viwili vyeupe.
Term
three black books
Definition
vitabu vitatu vyeusi
Term
one white chair
Definition
kiti kimojo cheupe
Term
four red chairs
Definition
viti vinne vyekundu
Term
a large white bed
Definition
kitanda kubwa cheupe
Term
The hotel has narrow, white beds
Definition
Hoteli ina vitanda vyembamba vyeupe.
Term
Susan has black hair.
Definition
Susan ana nywele nyeusi.
Term
I see a red house and a black house.
Definition
Ninaona nyumba nyekundu na nyumba nyeusi.
Term
This tree has black fruit and thin leaves.
Definition
Mti huu una matunda meusi na mijani membamba.
Term
I don't have a red car. I have a white car.
Definition
Sina gari jekundu. Nina gari jeupe.
Term
The house has a narrow white door.
Definition
Nyumba ina mlongo mweupe mwembamba.
Term
You have thin arms.
Definition
Una mikono myembamba.
Term
Ali is bringing back (returning)the books.
(Ali is causing the books to be returned.)
Definition
Ali ana rudisha vitabu.
kirudi kurudisha
Term
to read, to study
to cause to study, teach
Definition
kusoma
kusomesha
Term
This teacher teaches Swahili.
Definition
Mwalimu huyu anasomesha Kiswahili.
Term
to borrow
to make borrow (lend)
Definition
kukopo
kukopesha
Term
I have lent Ali some money.
Definition
Nimemkopesha Ali pesa.
Term
to remember
to cause to remember (remind)
Definition
kukumbuka
kukumbusha
Term
This picture reminds me of the past.
Definition
Picha hii inanikumbusha zamani.
Term
This song reminds me of you.
Definition
Wimbo huu unanikumbusha wewe.
Term
Your face reminds me of someone.
Definition
Uso wako unanikumbusha mtu.
Term
to burn, to be on fire
to light on fire.
Definition
kuwaka
kuwasha
Term
Who has set the leaves on fire?
Definition
Nani amewasha majani?
Term
to hurt, to be painful
to hurt, to cause pain
Definition
kuuma
kuumiza
Term
My shoes are hurting me.
Are your shoes hurting you?
Definition
Viatu vyangu vinaniumiza.
Je, viatu vyako vinakuumzia?
Term
to sleep
to cause to sleep, to put to bed
Definition
kulala
kulaza
Term
The drugs make you sleepy.
Definition
Dawa zinalaza.
Term
to get better, recover
to make better, to cure
Definition
kupona
kuponya
Term
Does this medicine cure malaria?
The medicine will make you better (will cure you).
Definition
Dawa hii inaponya malaria?
Dawa zitakuponya.
Term
clean
to clean
Definition
safi
kusafisha
Term
the woman is cleaning the house.
The woman cleaned the house.
Definition
Mwanamke anasafisha nyumba.
Mwanamke aliisafisha nyumba.
Term
better
to make better (to improve)
Definition
bora
kuboresha
Term
The student improved his grades.
Definition
Mwanafunzi aliboresha darasa lake.
Term
The new colors improve the house.
Definition
Rangi mpya inaboresha nyumba
Term
easy
to make easy (to simplify)
Definition
rahisi
kurahisiha
Term
The teacher simplified the test.
Definition
Mwalimu alirahisisha mtihani.
Term
Good teachers make learning easy.
Definition
Walimu wazuri wanarahisisha kujifunza.
Term
Microwaves make it easy to cook.
Definition
Microwaves inarahisisha kupika
Term
meaning (noun)
to mean
Definition
maana
kumaanisha
Term
He means well.
Definition
Anamaanisha vizuri.
Term
I meant what I said.
Did you mean to say that?
Definition
Nilimaanisha kile nilisema.
Ulimaanisha kusema hivyo?
Term
reason, cause (noun)
to cause
Definition
sababu
kusababisha.
Term
The wet road caused an accident.
Definition
Barabara ya mvua ilisababisha ajali
Term
His harsh words caused an argument.
Definition
Maneno yake makali yalisababisha hoja.
Term
Harsh words cause trouble.
Definition
Maneno makali yanasababisha shida.
Term
What does this word mean?
Definition
Neno hii linamaanisha nini?
Term
The deer caused an accident.
Definition
Paa alisababisha ajali.
Term
Subjunctive
If verb ends in -a, change to -e
Drop tense and "ku".
Definition
anasoma asome she should read
Term
he is reading
he should read
Definition
anasoma
asome
Term
we go
let's go
Definition
tunaenda
tuende or twende
Term
you are trying
you should try
Definition
unajaribu
ujaribu
Term
I eat
I should eat
Definition
ninakula
nile
Term
it's better that ...
Definition
bora
Term
It's better to call later.
Definition
Ni bora kupiga simu baadaye
Term
it's better to come tomorrow than today
Definition
Ni bora kuja kesho kiliko leo.
Term
It's better to arrive on time.
Definition
Ni bora kufika kwa wakati
Term
You should visit more often.
Definition
Utembelee mara nyingi zaidi
Term
It's better that ...
Definition
afadhali
Term
It's better that we go to the hospital.
Definition
Afadhali twende hospitali.
Term
It's necessary that you use a mosquito net.
Definition
Ni lazima utimie chandarua.
from kutumia
Term
Have a seat.
Definition
Karibu ukae.
from kukaa
Term
It's necessary that you drink (take) some medicine.
Definition
Ni lazima unywe dawa.
Term
To form negative subjunctive, insert "si" between subject prefix and verb stem. Used for negative suggestions, commands, etc.
Definition
Twende becomes tusiende.
Term
Let's not go to Mombasa.
Definition
Tusiende Mombasa.
from kuenda
Term
Don't take pictures here.
You shouldn't take pictures here.
Definition
Usipige picha hapa.
from kupiga
Term
Do not smoke.
Definition
Usivute sigara.
from kuvuta (to smoke)
Term
You shouldn't eat meat.
Definition
Usile nyama.
Term
Do not lose (give up) hope. God sees you.
Definition
Usikate tamaa. Mungu anakuona.
Term
in order to + subjunctive
Definition
ile + subjunctive
Term
He is studying Swahili (in order to ) work in Kenya.
Definition
Anajifunza Kiswahili ile afanye kazi Kenya.
Term
He is working in order to earn (get) money.
Definition
Anafanya kazi ili apate pesa.
Term
I'm studying to (in order to) learn.
Definition
Ninasoma ili nijefunze.
Term
in order to sleep
Definition
ile kulala.
Term
In order to learn, it is important to read.
(In order to be educated........)
Definition
Ile kuelimika, ni muhimu kusoma.
Term
In order to eat, it is necessary (or, important) to work.
Definition
Ile kula, ni muhimu kufanya kazi.
Term
He is working in order to earn (get) money.
Definition
Anafanya kazi ili apate pesa.
kupata apate
Term
They went to the hospital (in order) to see the doctor.
Definition
Wao walienda hospitali ili wamuone daktari
Term
He's studying Swahili (in order) to work in Kenya.
Definition
Anajifunza Kiswahili ile afanye kazi Kenya.
Term
Someone is smoking a cigarette and coughs. Use subjunctive (kuvutu sigara) to give advice
Definition
Afadhahli usivute sigara.
Term
Use subjunctive: Someone is planning to go to Kenya and Tanzania. Advise them to learn Swahili.(It's better that ...)
Definition
Ni bora ujifunze Kiswahili.
Term
Someone is tired. Use subjunctive form of kupumzika.
Definition
Afadhali bora upumzike.
Term
Someone is not feeling well today. use subjunctive of kuenda hospital.
Definition
Ni bora uende hospitali.
Term
It's better that you go to the drug store now (in order) to get medicine.
Definition
Ni bora uende duka la dawa sasa ile upate dawa.
Term
Your friend is about to take a photo where pictures are prohibited. Use subjunctive of kupiga picha
Definition
Usipige picha hapa.
Term
Change to causative:
kuanguka (to fall)
Definition
kuangusha (to cause to fall)
Term
The wind caused the fruit to fall from the tree.
Definition
Upepo iligusha matunda kutoka kwenye mti. OR
Upepo ulisababisha matunda kuanguka kutoka kwenye mti.
Term
Causitive of kuchemka (to be boiling)
Definition
kuchemsha (to boil)
Term
kugeuka (to turn)
Definition
kugeuza (to make turn around, to turn something around)
Term
One idea turned his life around.
Definition
Wazo moja liligeuza maisha yake.
Term
One good book turned his life around.
Definition
Kitabu kimoja kizuri kiligeuza maisha yake.
Term
Causitive of kuamka (to wake up)
Definition
kuamsha (to wake someone up, to rouse from sleep)
Term
The sound of music woke him up.
The sound of music woke me up.
Definition
Sauti ya muziki ilimuamsha.
Sauti ya muziki iliniamsha.
Term
Why did you wake me up so early?
Definition
Kwa nini uliniamsha mapema sana?
Term
hakika (noun: certainty)
He assured me.
Definition
kuhakikisha (to ensure, make certain).
Alinihakikisha.
Term
He works late (in order) to ensure his future with the business.
Definition
Anafanya kazi kuchelewa kuhakikisha maisha yake ya baadaye na biashara.
Term
Make sure you're right.
Definition
Uhakikisha wewe ni sahihi.
Term
to dry
to cause to dry, to dry something off
Definition
kukauka
kukausha
Term
The heavy wind dried the clothes quickly.
The heavy wind has dried the clothes quickly.
Definition
Upepo mkali ulikausha nguo haraka.
Upepo mkali umekausha nguo haraka.
Term
The girl dried her hair.
Definition
Msichana alikausha nywele yake.
Term
obligation
to compel, to obligate
Definition
lazima
lazimisha
Term
Hunger forced him to steal.
Hunger forced me to steal.
Definition
Njaa ilimlazimisha kuiba.
Njaa ilinilazimisha kuiba.
Term
to sleep
to cause to lie down, to put to sleep
Definition
kulala
kulaza
Term
The music puts me to sleep.
Definition
Muziki unanilaza.
Term
Too much sugar puts me to sleep.
It puts me to sleep.
Definition
Sukari nyingi inanilaza.
Inanilaza.
Term
to stop
to stop something
Definition
kusimama
kusimamisha
Term
He stopped the music.
Definition
Alisimamisha muziki.
Term
The medicine stopped the pain.
Definition
Dawa ilisimamisha maumivu.
Term
to hear
to make listen
Definition
kusikia
kusikiliza
Term
black handbag
white handbag
Definition
mkoba mweusi
mkoba mweupe
Term
thin bread
thin cakes
Definition
mkate mwembamba
mikate myembamba
Term
white car
white cars
Definition
gari nyeupe
magari meupe
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