Shared Flashcard Set


Leadership Midterm
Leadership Midterm Study
Health Care
Undergraduate 4

Additional Health Care Flashcards





Six Key Trends in the HC Industry

(what do they do?)

Quality and performance expectations
Asset allocation
Uses of technology necessitating interdependence
Care needs and facility designs
Effective leaders will be part policymaker and part entrepreneur
Managing clinical staff will require new thinking and methods.
*highlight need for quality, competent, and enthusiastic leadership
Why Study Leadership?
Comes up in everyday work environment
Decisions can have lasting consequences
Many theories; important to find one that fits
Good leadership is ongoing learning process
Ever changing field of health care
Four States of Knowing
Unconscious Incompetence : “we don’t know that we don’t know”
Conscious Incompetence : “we know that we don’t know”
Conscious Competence: we know how to perform a skill but must consciously think about it”
Unconscious Competence: performance of a skill is second nature.”
What is most of our current literature influenced by?
Western culture and the documentation of history through the leaders’ exploits such as during the time of the Roman Empire.
Common Components across Leadership Theories
Vision & inspiration,
role modeling,
intellectual stimulation,
appeals to higher order needs,
setting of high expectations, and
fostering collective identity
Leadership Art vs. Science
The leadership art encompasses relationships, interpersonal skills, timing and tempo, power, and intuition.  The science of leadership embodies technical knowledge, skills and principles along with expertise of the business of health

Historical Definitions of Leadership


1961, 1974, 1982, 1984

oIn 1961, Tannenbaum, Weschler, and Massarik defined leadership as Leadership is interpersonal influence, exercised in a situation, and directed through the communication process, toward the attainment of a specified goal or goals. 
oIn 1974, Stogdill stated that leadership is the initiation and maintenance of structure in expectation and interaction.
oIn 1982 in a bestselling book, In Search of Excellence, Peters and Waterman (1982) defined leadership as guiding an organization towards success.
oAn 1984 version, Rauch and Behling suggest that leadership is the process of influencing the activities of an organized group toward goal achievement.
Historical Definitions of Leadership 1990, 1994, 1999

In 1990, Jacobs and Jacques stated that, leadership is a process of giving purpose (meaningful direction) to collective effort, and causing willing effort to be expended to achieve purpose.

In 1994, Yukl offered, most definitions of leadership reflect the assumption that it involves a social influence process whereby intentional influence is exerted by one person over other people to structure the activities and relationships in a group or organization.”

In 1999 it was suggested that [Leadership] ”is, the unique and important function of leadership, contrasted with management or administration, is the conceptualization, creation and management of organizational culture.”


Historical Definitions of Leadership

2000, 2004, 2005

In 2000, Blanchard and Hersey suggested that leadership is the ability to foster and succeed in obtaining good outcomes and that leadership is the result of training and not just the consequence of an accident or good fortune
Covey (2004) stated that leaders catalyze commitment to and vigorous pursuit of a clear and compelling vision while at the same time inspiring the leading the group to achieve high performance standards.
In 2005 Gupta suggested that Leadership is a discipline and the ability to effectively discipline the structure and habits consistently is a positive technique

 Historical Definitions of Leadership

2008, 2009



Ling suggested in 2008 that leadership requires an individual’s ability to motivate and instill pride in followers so that followers operate beyond self-interest and do what is necessary for the good of the organization. and
In 2009, Ledlow and Coppola defined leadership as the ability to assess, develop, maintain and change the organizational culture and strategic systems to optimally meet the needs and expectations of the external environment.
Supporting users have an ad free experience!