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Additional Psychology Flashcards





techniques for psychoanalysis     

  Therapist as Blank Slate- 


Free Association-


Dream Analysis- 



1.      Therapist as Blank Slate- therapist is not saying or doing anything in the session. Just taking notes on what client is saying.

2.      Transference- patient begins to behave towards the therapist as if the therapist was an important person in their life. Like a father.

3.      Free Association- says whatever comes to their mind without censoring. Unconscious will spill out.

4.      Hypnosis- frame in where unconscious is more accessible.

5.      Dream Analysis- dreams can be one of the windows into our unconscious. Manifest content- what dream actually contains like a tree. Latent content- what it actually means to you like what the tree symbolized to you.


Treating mental disorders, who goes,    Who practices therapy?


20% of Americans receive some sort of psychological treatment at some point. At any time, about 4% of Americans are in therapy. Women are more likely to go therapy than men.

 counseling psychologists and clinical psychiatrist.


Historical roots of psycholanalysis
practice of sigmund frued, used to uncover the unconcious factors that are causing problems in adult lives, problems - not a lot of research very expensive not covered by insurance. 

Post Frued Psychoanalysis

1. psychodynamic psychotherapy

2. object relations therapy

3. interpersonal therapy

4. criticism



1. actually licensed professional. more in line with other pyschotherapies

2. how a patient mentally represents themselves and how they mentally represent important people in their lives.

3. most practiced, focuses on interpersonal problems, and early childhood stuff

4. poor external validity meaning small pop, lack of testing, and rely on memories can be distorted


Humanistic-Existenial Therapy

1. Carl Rogers

2. Motivational Interviewing

3. Criticism


1. client has everything needed to solve problem therapist guides them, this therapy is genuine, unconditional positive regard, empathy

2. one to two session techniques designed to help patient figure out what is stopping them from stopping problematic behavior

3. difficult to falsify and overuse of case study large study scale.


1. behavioral therapies

2. Steps


1. focus on specific problematic behavior including aspects of situation and figuring out what is mantaning behavior. 

2. identify problem, define the behavioral issue, focus on the situation that causes it


Types of behavioral therapies

1. Exposure therapy

2. Systematic Desensitization

3. flooding

4. Participant Modeling



1. exposing the patient to what they are afraid of

2. develop a heirachy of things from the least anxiety provoking to the most and teach relaxing

3. skip heirachy and go straight to feared consequence

4. therapist would model for the patients way to handle problems



1. Cognitive behavioral therapy 

2. Core Assumptions


1. builds on basic therapy by challengin destructive thoughts that a patient might have

2. we can measure and identify negative thoughts, our conscious thoughts are most important, irrational beliefs can be changed



1. Group therapies 

2. family therapy

3. strategic family therapy


1. more eefiecent see 15 ppl at once clients arent really helped, alcoholics anonymous

2. way entire family needs to operate changes

3. ways that all of the people in the family can interact helps with communication


1. child therapy

2. adolescent


1. play therapy child feelings observed by playing in enviroment

2. based on changing problematic behavior is called multisystemic

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