Term
Every computer game, program, picture, or sound is stored in the computer as a series of decimal digits. 

Definition


Term
Negative powers are used to represent the fractional portion of numbers. 

Definition


Term
The hexadecimal numbering system has seventeen unique digits. 

Definition


Term
The hexidecimal numbering system uses letters to represent digits beyond nine. 

Definition


Term
The term radix is synonymous with positional value. 

Definition


Term
For any quantity, there's a number in any base to represent it. 

Definition


Term
A counting table can be used to convert numbers from one base to another. 

Definition


Term
Adding numbers in other bases follows nearly the same steps as in decimal numbers. 

Definition


Term
The difference between adding numbers in base 10 and any other base lies in the carry process. 

Definition


Term
You cannot multiply or divide by any base. 

Definition


Term
Half of a byte is sometimes referred to as a nibble. 

Definition


Term
Computer scientists sometimes use hexadecimal as a shorthand method for representing binary values. 

Definition


Term
Whole numbers are sometimes but not always stored in a fixed number of bits. 

Definition


Term
Whole numbers, or integer numbers, can be represented internally in a computer as hexadecimal numbers. 

Definition


Term
Signed and unsigned numbers in a computer are designed to always take up a different number of bits. 

Definition


Term
Negative fractional numbers cannot be internally represented in a computer. 

Definition


Term
The Unicode character standard is compatible with the extended ASCII standard. 

Definition


Term
The Unicode method of character representation is fast becoming obsolete. 

Definition


Term
The number of pixels in each row and column defines a display device's resolution. 

Definition


Term
A common resolution on a PC monitor is 1024 x 768, which means the monitor is displaying 1024 rows with 768 dots, or pixels, in each row. 

Definition


Term
As the resolution numbers get larger for a monitor, the size of each pixel gets larger. 

Definition


Term
Sounds are stored in the computer in a manner very similar to images. 

Definition


Term
The number of words used for each sound sample determines how many unique amplitude levels can be represented. 

Definition


Term
Raw audio samples are often stored in uncompressed file formats, such as WAV files. 

Definition


Term
It is not possible to learn to program or to manage a database without understanding binary and hexadecimal number systems. 

Definition


Term
Displays containing the contents of a computer's memory or the hard disk are often referred to as ___ memory dumps. 

Definition


Term
The number 10^{4} evaluates to ___. 

Definition


Term
A ___ is identified by the number of digits a numbering system has, including the digit 0. 

Definition


Term
The concept of ___ value exists in all numbering bases. 

Definition


Term
According to positional value, the binary number 1001_{2} represents ___ things. 

Definition


Term
___ values are used to calculate how many of something a number represents. 

Definition


Term
A ___ value is calculated by raising the base to the power indicated by the position. 

Definition


Term
The letters ___ are used in hexadecimal to represent numberic values above 9. 

Definition


Term
To use the Windows calculator to convert between hex, binary, and decimal make sure the calculator is in the ___ view. 

Definition


Term
A group of 8 bits considered as one unit is known as a ___. 

Definition


Term
Each 1 and 0 (on and off) in a computer is referred to as a ___. 

Definition


Term
Larger groups of bits (more than 8) are referred to as ___. 

Definition


Term
When separating these binary digits into groups of four, you must begin grouping on the ___. 

Definition


Term
When converting from hex to binary, each hexadecimal digit corresponds to a(n) ___bit binary pattern. 

Definition


Term
___ complement is a method of representing negative numbers in a computer system. 

Definition


Term
To find the ___ of a given bit, flip it to the opposite state. 

Definition


Term
In scientific notation, the method of displaying numbers uses a(n) ___ and an exponent. 

Definition


Term
The eight bit extended ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) character set can be used to represent ___ characters. 

Definition


Term
A ___ is the smallest unit that can be displayed on a computer monitor. 

Definition


Term
Each pixel is stored in the computer as a(n) ___ pattern containing information about its color and brightness. 

Definition


Term
Unicode character representation uses a(n) ___bit standard. 

Definition


Term
JPG and GIF are examples of ___ image formats. 

Definition


Term
A sound consists of a waveform with amplitude (volume) and ___ (pitch). 

Definition


Term
The computer samples sounds at fixed intervals and each sample is assigned a binary value according to its ___. 

Definition

