Shared Flashcard Set

Details

intro world architecture
vocab + images for sacred architecture + funerary architecture
32
Art History
Undergraduate 4
02/07/2010

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Cards

Term
propylaeum
Definition
entrance from the street (Christian)
Term
atrium
Definition
colonnaded open courtyard (Christian)
Term
narthex
Definition
entry way on the fa├žade of the main building (Christian)
Term
aisles
Definition
along perimeter walls (Christian)
Term
nave
Definition
open central chamber (Christian)
Term
transept
Definition
transverse aisle (Christian)
Term
apse
Definition
most sacred area for the altar, usually found off chapels + nave (Christian)
Term
westwork
Definition
replaces narthex, large structure on the west side of basilica churches for royalty, officials, etc to sit (Christian)
Term
apsidial/radiated chapels
Definition
small chapels radiating out of the main apse/nave (Christian)
Term
tympanum
Definition
semi-circular area over portals often containing relief sculpture-- usually of the last judgement (Christian)
Term
flying buttresses
Definition
external supports for walls (Christian)
Term
rayonnant style
Definition
incorporates thin walls and windows to let the light in (Christian)
Term
jingu/jinja/taisha
Definition
generic terms for Shinto shrines (Shinto)
Term
haniwa
Definition
figures that are buried with, and protect, the dead (Shinto)
Term
kami
Definition
shinto deity; spirits; superior or mysterious force of nature, either creative or destructive (Shinto)
Term
shintai
Definition
kami body; somewhere the kami can inhabit (Shinto)
Term
shimenawa
Definition
rice straw ropes that demarcate shintai (Shinto)
Term
gohei
Definition
sacred paper attached to shimenawa
Term
torii
Definition
gate to Shinto shrines (Shinto)
Term
matsuri
Definition
Shinto festival when the kami is brought out; power of kami is brought to the community (Shinto)
Term
mikoshi
Definition
portable shrine for matsuri (Shinto)
Term
jichinsai ceremony
Definition
pacifying kami of a building site (Shinto)
Term
shoden
Definition
main building at Ise (Shinto)
Term
Amatersasu
Definition
Sun Goddess (Shinto)
Term
honden
Definition
main hall at most Shinto shrines (Shinto)
Term
naiku
Definition
Ise's inner-and most important-shrine (Shinto)
Term
gekku
Definition
Ise's outer shrine (Shinto)
Term
mitarashi
Definition
place for water purification (Shinto)
Term
kirizuma
Definition
cypress bark roof at shoden (Shinto)
Term
chigi
Definition
decorated gables at shoden (Shinto)
Term
katsuogi
Definition
logs along ridge of roof at shoden (Shinto)
Term
torana
Definition
gate to stupa (Buddhism)
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