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Intro to Nursing Final Exam Review
Jesus Christ has done marvelous things!
120
Nursing
Undergraduate 3
07/27/2011

Additional Nursing Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
flexible line of defense
Definition
accordion like barrier that protect the integrity of the normal line of defense; the things the client does everyday to protect or enhance their NLOD (normal line of defense)
Term
normal line of defense
Definition
usual state or wellness or status quo of the system
Term
lines of resistance
Definition
serve to maintain the integrity of the basic structure; are activated when stressors disrupt the normal line of defense
Term
basic structure
Definition
innate energy sources required for the survival of the client
Term
what are the 5 variables of Neuman's model?
Definition
physiological, psychological, developmental, spiritual, and sociocultural
Term
describe the 3 types of stressors in Neuman's model
Definition
intrapersonal-occur between the subsystems with the inner boundaries

interpersonal- occurs outside the client at a proximal range (2 companies across the street from each other arguing)

extrapersonal- outside client boundary at a distal range
Term
primary prevention
Definition
involves prevention and the reduction of risk factors associated with environmental stressors
Term
secondary prevention
Definition
involves treatment of symptoms
Term
tertiary prevention
Definition
where reconstitution takes place as client returns to a state of wellness
Term
critical thinking
Definition
active, organized, and conceptual process in which one examines their own thinking and the thinking of others
Term
what is the nursing process?
Definition
ADPIE: Assess, Diagnose, Plan, Implement and Evaluate
Term
what is the purpose of the nursing process?
Definition
used to identify, diagnose and treat human responses to actual or potential health problems
Term
a complete physical examination includes
Definition
height, weight, vital signs, and head to toe examination
Term
what is the final step of a complete assessment?
Definition
documentation
Term
assessment
Definition
data collection to serve as baseline for diagnosis
Term
diagnose
Definition
identify client's problems
Term
planning
Definition
making goals and outcomes
Term
implementation
Definition
nursing interventions
Term
implementation
Definition
performing nursing interventions
Term
evaluations
Definition
determining outcome of interventions
Term
what are the parts to a diagnosis statement?
Definition
problem-nursing diagnosis
etiology- r/t statement
signs and symptoms- defining characteristics
Term
goal
Definition
statement about pts status
Term
outcome
Definition
realistic statement that is measurable and has a time frame
Term
when planning goals and outcomes for a patient what should your outcomes be?
Definition
SMART: Specific, Measurable, Appropriate, Realistic, and Timely
Term
a nursing intervention should be based on evidence based knowledge and be SSI
Definition
specific, safe, and individualized
Term
implementation
Definition
performing interventions and beginning plan of care
Term
evaluation
Definition
should be done after each phase of nursing process and determine if outcomes were met
Term
SBAR; is an example of what type of intervention?
Definition
situation, background, assessment, and recommendations; collaborative
Term
LPN or LVN
Definition
1 year program
Term
Diploma
Definition
2-3 year training provided in hospital programs
Term
Associate ASN
Definition
2 year degree
Term
Bachelors
Definition
4 year degree
Term
licensure (NCLEX-RN)
Definition
make sure nurses have a standardized
minimum knowledge base and are
adequately prepared to provide safe care to
patients.
Term
is the process of licensure the same for each state?
Definition
no
Term
how often must you renew your RN licensure? In what way?
Definition
every 2 years by maintains CEU including 25 contact hours
Term
help nurses remain current in
nursing skills, knowledge and theory.
Definition
continuing education
Term
Instructions or training provided by a
health care agency or institution.
Definition
in service education
Term
what is the goal of patient education?
Definition
promote optimal health and wellness
Term
the cognitive learning domain deals with
Definition
thinking
Term
the affective learning domain deals with
Definition
feeling
Term
the psychomotor learning domain deals with
Definition
skills
Term
is this characteristic of an adult learner correct?
Adults are dependent learners.
Definition
No, they are independent learners
Term
is this characteristic of an adult learner correct? Readiness to learn arises from mindset changes.
Definition
No, Readiness to learn arises from life's changes.
Term
is this characteristic of an adult learner correct?
Current experiences are resources for learning.
Definition
No,Past experiences are resources for learning.
Term
is this characteristic of an adult learner correct?Adults learn best when the topic is of past or future value.
Definition
No, Adults learn best when the topic is of immediate value.
Term
is this characteristic of an adult learner correct? Adults approach learning as stress solving.
Definition
No, Adults approach learning as problem solving.
Term
is this characteristic of an adult learner correct? Adults see themselves as thinkers.
Definition
No,Adults see themselves as doers.
Term
is this characteristic of an adult learner correct? Adults resist learning when conditions are congruent with their self-esteem
Definition
No, Adults resist learning when conditions are incongruent with their self-concepts
Term
whose theory linked a client's health status with the need for a clean environment?
Definition
Florence Nightingale
Term
who was the first nurse epidemiologist?
Definition
Florence Nightingale
Term
who is linked to the Crimean War and was known as the "Lady with the Lamp"
Definition
Florence Nightingale
Term
Clara Barton
Definition
founded the American Red Cross
Term
Mary Ann Ball (Mother Bickerdyke)
Definition
organized ambulance services supervised nurses, and walked battlefields at night to search for soliders
Term
Dorethea Dix
Definition
superintendent of the female nurses of the Union Army
Term
Harriet Tubman
Definition
led over 300 slaves to freedom
Term
Mary Mahoney
Definition
first professionally trained African American nurse
Term
Isabel Hampton
Definition
founded what would become the ANA in 1911
Term
Lillian Wald and Mary Brewster
Definition
opened Henry Street Settlement in NYC
Term
what do the state boards of nursing overseen?
Definition
nurse practice acts (NPA)
Term
nurse practice acts
Definition
protect public from unqualified nurses, regulate scope of nursing practice
Term
NCLEX-RN
Definition
same in all states and provides a minimum knowledge base for nurses
Term
basis for nursing practice
Definition
research
Term
true or false; the nursing process is not a form of research but of intuition
Definition
FALSE: the nursing process is a form of research
Term
like the nursing process the research process involves
Definition
Observation
Gathering information
Identifying problems
Set goals
Implement and evaluate goals
Term
unlike the nursing process, the research process is
Definition
more complex, rigorous, broader focus, findings are disseminated
Term
is the nursing process or the research process or both precise and controlled?
Definition
no, the research process is precise and controlled
Term
what is the most reliable and objective means to acquire and conduct research?
Definition
the scientific method
Term
you have to make sure that the research data is applicable to yourĀ ________ which is called ________.
Definition
you have to make sure that the research data is applicable to your patient which is called generalizability.
Term
what are the 5 characteristics of the scientific method?
Definition
1. problem or area of study is identified.
2. steps of planning and conduction occur in a systematic and orderly way
3. try to control factors that can influence area of study
4. gather empirical data through observation and assesment. this is the basis for new knowledge
5. goal is to understand phenomena in order to apply it generally to a broad scope of patients
Term
list the steps of the research process
Definition
IDCAU:
Identify the problem
Design the study
Conduct the study
Analyze the data
Use the findings
Term
formal, objective, systematic research, numerical data
Definition
quaNtitative N is for NUMBERS or NUMERICAL
Term
systematic, subjective data that describes life experiences and gives them meaning
Definition
quaLitative data L stands for LOVE or mushy mushy data
Term
what are the parts of a reseach report?
Definition
Abstract
Introduction
Methodology
Findings
Dicussion
Conclusion
References
Term
what part of a research report includes a short review of the entire report?
Definition
abstract
Term
what part of a research report includes the problem, hythesis, and review of literature?
Definition
introduction
Term
what part of a research report includes the research design, the sample and setting, and methods and measurements of data collection?
Definition
methodology
Term
what part of a research report includes data analysis procedure and results?
Definition
findings
Term
what part of a research report includes major findings, limitations, and recommendations for further research?
Definition
discussion
Term
what part of a research report includes a synthesis of findings, critiques, and tells if more research is warranted?
Definition
conclusion
Term
what part of a research report includes the references cited and sources of additional research?
Definition
references
Term
self determination
Definition
being capable of determining your own destiny
Term
privacy
Definition
private information will not be given to others
Term
anonymity
Definition
identity cannot be linked to responses
Term
confidentiality
Definition
private information cannot be seen without consent
Term
informed consent
Definition
patient is informed of benefits and harm
patient is voluntarily able to consent and understands risks and benefits
Term
any study involving live subjects must be reviewed and approved by the
Definition
IRB: Institutional Review Board
Term
evidence based practice
Definition
incorporates best evidence, clinical expertise, and client's values
Term
what are the different levels of communication?
Definition
intrapersonal-within self
interpersonal- one-to-one
transpersonal- spiritual domain
small group- committee
public- audience
Term
motivates one to communicate with another; such as sights, sounds, or time schedule
Definition
referent
Term
in communication is the one who encodes
Definition
the sender
Term
in communication, is the one who decodes a message
Definition
reciever
Term
in communication is the actual content of the communication
Definition
message
Term
in communication is the means of conveying messages, can be face to face or through the telephone, etc
Definition
channel
Term
in communication is the message the receiver gives to the sender
Definition
feedback
Term
factors that influence how the same meeage can be percieved diffrently
Definition
interpersonal variables
Term
setting for sender and reciever interaction in communication
Definition
environment
Term
form of communication that uses spoken or written words
Definition
verbal
Term
form of communication that uses postures and gestures
Definition
nonverbal
Term
form of communication that uses nonverbal symbolism like art and music
Definition
symbolic
Term
all the factors that affect communication
Definition
metacommunication
Term
true or false: the communication process deals with the same steps as the nursing process?
Definition
YES! ADPIE
Term
what must be filled out if a patient or visitor fell? What about if patient recieved the wrong medication? Who is it given to?
Definition
incident report and is given to risk management
Term
minor crime that results in jail time less than a year
Definition
misdemeanor
Term
major crime that results in a year or more of jail time
Definition
felony
Term
civil infraction of the law where there is damage to property or reputation, etc
Definition
civil tort
Term
standards of care
Definition
legal guidelines of nursing practice
Term
where do standards of care come from?
Definition
state board of nursing, nurse practice acts, federal and state laws, and facility policy
Term
nurse practice acts
Definition
serve to protect public from unsafe nurses
Term
state board of nursing
Definition
serve to punish nurses who fail to meet standards of care; are on the side of the public
Term
largest political body mass of nurses
Definition
ANA
Term
JCAHO
Definition
Joint Commission of Accreditation of Health Care Organizations; give health facilities the license to operate
Term
libel
Definition
written defammation of character
Term
slander
Definition
spoken defamation of character
Term
assault
Definition
verbally threatening to touch someone without their consent
Term
battery
Definition
physically touching someone without their consent
Term
nondisclosure of information except to authorized individuals only
Definition
confidentiality
Term
HIPAA
Definition
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
Term
protects RN that are off duty that provide basic life support (BLS)
Definition
Good Samaritan Law of 1998
Term
is the patient's bill of rights a legally binding contract?
Definition
no
Term
malpractice
Definition
a form of negligence where you fail to perform or duty or perform it incorrectly causing injury or damage as a direct result of that negligence
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