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Ikebana
midterm review
9
Art/Design
Graduate
04/10/2011

Additional Art/Design Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
shin-gyo-so
Definition

shin: formal- being straight, correct, genuine, true

gyo: semi formal-to go, movement, to act

so: informal-grasses

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based on writing. subdivision used as classification within various forms of traditional Japanese arts.

 

Term
Shinto: kami, torii, ise shrine
Definition

The Way of Gods

indigenous; animism, nature worship. 

 

kami-all natural objects, phenomena inspire feelings of awe. 

 

torii-marks entrance to shinto shrine

 

ise shrine-most important.  Amaterasu-┼Źmikami,sun goddess. rebuilt every 20 years. emperor family worships

 

characteristics:

1. Nature:developed with rice growing agricultural society when life depended on natural power (sun, rain, wind, water.)

 2. Natural Order: God's wishes. interference considered sin. 

3. Ritual Purification: baths, splashing water, throwing salt to receive kami blessings. 

4. Observation/appreciation for growing process of rice plants and humans. 

 

Term
Butsudo (Buddhism)
Definition

The Way of Buddha

Four Noble Truths: Life is suffering, Suffering is caused by desire, elimination of desire is the cure for suffering, the desire can be suppressed by the Eightfold Path: Right understanding, Right intention, Right speech, Right action, Right means of livelihood, Right effort, Right mindfulness, Right meditation 

Term
Zen: zazen/mu/muga
Definition

"see into your own mind" all have buddha-nature. noting to gain from enlightenment, nothing to realize. lies in the fact of being, not outside it. en-no right and wrong. 

zazen: seated mediation

mu: nothingness

muga: 

Term
characteristics of Zen Arts
Definition

chado, kado, noh, haidu, rock garden, chabana.

 

the most of the essence with the least possible means. spiritual mastery over technical mastery. interpreting spirtis. cosmocentric. man and nature. great economy of means, inherent nature of aesthetic object. inner nature, buddha nature. 

not an illusion of reality. suggests reality in its essence. 

Term
Tea Ceremony: Four Spirits
Definition

wa (harmony): evanescence of all things and the unchanging in the changing. transient quality of tea gathering. free of pretensions.

kei(respect): sincerity of heart. innate dignity of environment, fellow humans, nature. 

sei(purity): cearling the "dust of the owrld" or worldly attachments, from one's heart and mind. cleaning enables one to sense the pure and sacred essence of things, man, and nature. 

jaku(tranquility): aesthetic concept. alone, away from world, at one with nature, free from material world attachments. contemplation over a bowl of tea. tranquility within our own selves in the company of others is the paradox. 

Term
Tea Ceremony: Takeno Jo-o, Sen Rikyu, wabi-sabi, tokonoma, soan
Definition

Takeno Jo-o: develped style of tea practice, wabi tea. small rustic hut, quiet, humle character. modest without ostentation, aestheics of zen with egaliarianism of democracy 

Sen Rikyu: disciple of jo-o. four basic principles. 

toconoma: empty space art. spiritual focal point for occupant of house. 

soan


Term
chabana
Definition

chabana: wabi form of arranging. aesthetic zen expression. intuitive. flowers in season, branch, only as much as neaded, eromove dirt, fresh the day of the visit. 

1. tall slender bottle vessel, tree branches and grassy flowers in veritcal postion closte to rim. 

wide container. flowers will be flared, short

2. keep stems uncrowded. remove leaves, never rest on vases's mounth. 

3. odd number of flowers. 2 are OK 


Term
Ikebana
Definition

make flowers come alive, make flowers active, make flowers fresh

characteristics: asymmetry, empty space, concept of dominant, subdominant, and subordinate. 

history: geo-ecological conditions, climate, religion.

Buddhism, 6th c., floral offerings for dead. beginning of nageire, simple arrangement in tall vase. simple, naturalistic. (turned into chabana)

17th c., rikka: centering sacred mountain and dividing seven natural features.

demand for smaller simplified forms for house shoka, combined nageire and rikka."living flower" illustrates plant growth toward sun, effected by weather, dies. shin, soe, tai. 



 

 

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