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History Of Math Final
Flash Cards for History of Math
42
Mathematics
04/30/2012

Term
 Father Martin Mersenne
Definition
 1588-1648 led meetings of famous mathmaticians and disseminated information between Fermat, Galileo, Both Pascals and descartes. occupied with perfect numbers
Term
 Pierre De Fermat
Definition
 Amature mathmatician who wrote many of his theorems and proofs in the margin of Diophantus's work. He invented analitic and coordinate geometry as well as probability studies with Pascal.
Term
 Denis Diderot
Definition
 Compiled the first Encyclopedia
Term
 Jean d'Alembert
Definition
 Compiled the first encyclopedia
Term
 Leonhard Euler
Definition
 One of the most prolific mathmaticians ever. Wrote on modern analysis and graph theory.
Term
 Goldbach's Conjecture
Definition
 every number greater than 2 is the sum of two primes.
Term
 Joseph Lagrange
Definition
 laid down the theory for analytic functions. worked in number theory.
Term
 Sophie Germain
Definition
 A female student of Lagrange
Term
 Carl Gauss
Definition
 The Prince of Mathmaticians. Gauss was a child progigy who impacted all branches of Mathmatics, who worked with number theory and astronomy. invented non-Euclidian geometry
Term
 Girolama Saccheri
Definition
 Studied the results of denying the parallel postulate. Believed incorectly that he had found a contradition
Term
 Johann Lambert
Definition
 Studied the results of denying the parallel postulate, could not find a contradiction. Proved that Pi was irrational.
Term
Definition
 Competed with Gauss. Determined the length of a meter. Clarified Euclid's elements.
Term
 John Bolyai
Definition
 Independent Inventor of Non-Euclidian Geometry.
Term
 Nicolai Ivanovitch Lobachevsky
Definition
 Independent inventor of Non-Euclidian geometry.
Term
 Bernhard Riemann
Definition
 Studied under Gauss, developed his own Non-Euclidian geometry
Term
 Felix Klein
Definition
 Showed that Riemann Non-Euclidian geometry could be represented on a sphere.
Term
 Grace Young
Definition
 Studied under Klein, was the first woman to get her PHd in Germany.
Term
 Augustine Cauchy
Definition
 Made the concept of a calculus limit more rigerous.
Term
 Karl Weierstrass
Definition
 concidered the father of modern analytics. Reduced Calculus to inequalities and equations.
Term
 Sonia Kovalevsky
Definition
 A student of Weierstrass's who learned calculus from wall paper in her bedroom
Term
 David Hilbert
Definition
 German mathmatician who wrote Grundlagen Der Geometrie. Reconstructed Euclid's axioms
Term
 Charles Babage
Definition
 designed the two forerunners of the computer, the difference engine and the analitical engine
Term
Definition
 Considered to be the inventor of Computer Programing
Term
 William Rowan Hamilton
Definition
 expanded the idea of complex numbers as an ordered pair
Term
 Arthur Cayley
Definition
 co-developed Matrix Algerbra
Term
 James Sylvester
Definition
 co-developed Matrix Algerbra, lead the mathmatics department at Johns Hopkins University.
Term
 George Boole
Definition
 co-developed symbolic logic
Term
 Augustus DeMorgan
Definition
 co-developed symbolic Logic
Term
 Winifred Edgerton
Definition
 First American woman to obtain a doctorate
Term
 Elbert Cox
Definition
 First African American to obtain a doctorate
Term
 Marjorie Brown
Definition
 First African American woman to obtain a doctorate
Term
 Evelyn Granville
Definition
 First African American woman to obtain a doctorate.
Term
 Charlotte Scott
Definition
 First Brittish Woman to earn a doctorate, became head of mathmatics department at Bryn Mawr.
Term
 Thomas Fiske
Definition
 Founded the American Mathmatical Society
Term
 Benjamin Finkel
Definition
 Founded the first math journal, the American Mathmatical Monthly.
Term
 Georg Cantor
Definition
 Worked with Set theory, first to propose that there are sizes of "infinite"
Term
 Bertrand Russell
Definition
 Worked with paradoxes in set theory
Term
 Godfrey Harold Hardy
Definition
 Worked with the Riemann zeta function and gambeled with fate by declairing that he had solved the Riemann hypothesis before a trecherous atlantic crossing.
Term
 John Littlewood
Definition
 Worked with Hardy on number theory and analysis
Term
 Srinivasa Ramanujan
Definition
 India's greatest mathmatician, worked with Littlewood and Hardy on infinite sets of Pi
Term
 Maurice Frechet
Definition
 Conceptualized distance in abstract space, or a metric function.
Term
 Emmy Noether
Definition
 was one of the founders of abstarct algebra, worked with rings and ideals.
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