# Shared Flashcard Set

## Details

Heindenreic
Final Vocab
119
Mathematics
06/15/2009

Term
 Simple Components
Definition
 components that cannot be broken down any less
Term
 Matrix
Definition
 rectangular arrangment of rows and columns used to organize info
Term
 Composite product
Definition
 simple components put together
Term
 requiremnt graph
Definition
 a tree diagram that shows each products components at each level as its assembly
Term
 dimensions of a matrix
Definition
 measured by rows and columns
Term
 total requiremnt matrix
Definition
 a matrix where each item sold is represented in a clumn heading while each simple component or composite product is represented in a row heading
Term
 equal matrices
Definition
 2 matrices with same dimensions and corresponding elements are equal
Term
Definition
 adding together elements in the same spot when the matrices have the same dimensions
Term
 matrix subtraction
Definition
 subtracting elements in the same spot when the matrices have the same dimensions
Term
 scalar multiplication
Definition
 multiply in each numner in a matrix by the same number
Term
 transpose
Definition
 a matrix formed by turning all the rows of a given matrix into columns and vice versa
Term
 product matrix
Definition
 a matrix withh dimensions k*m in multiplied by a matrix with dimensions m*n the product of dimensions are k, n
Term
 genetics
Definition
 study of heredity
Term
 heredity
Definition
 the process by which characteristics are passed from one generation to the next
Term
 genes
Definition
 the biological structures that define heredity
Term
 mid digit hair
Definition
 the middle section of each finger has hair on it
Term
 widows peak
Definition
 when the hair on the head is pulled back a sdistinct point in the hairline cane be seen in the middle of the forhead
Term
 free earlobes
Definition
 the bottom part of the earlobes are not attahed to the side of the head
Term
 rolled tongue
Definition
 the tongue can be rolled to form a u shape
Term
 folded hands
Definition
 when the hands are folded the fingurs intlock the left thun naturally falls on top
Term
 sample space
Definition
 set of all possible outcomes
Term
 event
Definition
 subset of all possible outcomes
Term
 experimental probability
Definition
 results of trials
Term
 complements
Definition
 given that event e occurs the event of e does not occur is its complement
Term
 venn diagram
Definition
 a methematical model that shows relationshops among different sets of data
Term
 allele
Definition
 member of a pair of traits
Term
 chromosome
Definition
 the genes you inherit from your parents
Term
 genotype
Definition
 pair of alleles that detemine the presence or absence of a trait
Term
 phenotype
Definition
 trait that appears
Term
 dominant
Definition
 if allel are different its the trait taht appears
Term
 recessive
Definition
Term
 cross
Definition
 act if combining genes
Term
 punnet square
Definition
 graph that helps identify the possible combos from a trait
Term
 theoretical probability
Definition
 what should happen
Term
 tree diagram
Definition
 a mathematical model that shows all the possible outcomes for a series of events or decisions
Term
 independant event
Definition
 2 events that have no effect on each other
Term
 dependant events
Definition
 2 events that effect each other
Term
 mutually exclusive
Definition
 2 events that cannon happen at the same time
Term
 prime number
Definition
 number that has only 2 factors, 1 and itself
Term
 composite number
Definition
 number that has more than 2 factors
Term
 inscribed polygon
Definition
 a polygon where each vertex is on the same circle
Term
Definition
 the radius of a circle in whic a polygon can be inscribed
Term
 cantral angle
Definition
 angle formed by rays drawn from the central point of a circumscribed bircle to its 2 consecutive vertives of a polygon dividing a polygon into congruent isoceles triangles
Term
 trangent(to a circle)
Definition
 line segment or ray in the plane of the circle that intersects the circle in exactly 1 point and is perpendicular to a radius at that point
Term
 circumsribed
Definition
 circle inside the polygon
Term
 apothem
Definition
 a segment whos measure is the perpendicular distance from the center of a regular polygon to 1 of its sides
Term
 volume
Definition
 mass of a 3d figure (b*h*w)
Term
 height of a pyramid
Definition
 the distance from the vertex to the base
Term
 slant height
Definition
 the height of its lateral face
Term
 arc of a circle
Definition
 apart of the circle whos endpoints are the intersections w/ the circle of the side on a central angle
Term
 measure of an arc
Definition
 measure of its c entral angle
Term
 minor arc
Definition
 has a measure less than 180
Term
 major arc
Definition
 measure more than 180
Term
 semi circle
Definition
 arc measure is exactly 180
Term
 lenth of an arc
Definition
 the distance on the circle between the area o...idk what it says :P
Term
 lateral surface area
Definition
 surface area with out the base
Term
 sector of a circle
Definition
 a region bound by the sides of a central angle and arc of the circle
Term
 intervals
Definition
 set of all real numbers between 2 fixed endpoints; each endpoint may or may not be invluded in the interval
Term
 inequality
Definition
 a math sentence using 1 or moreof the symbols; 1 way to describe a real number interval
Term
 interval notation
Definition
 in interval notaion a square bracket [ or ] indicates that the endpoin is included in an interval while ( or) means the number is not
Term
 function
Definition
 a realation in which each elemnt of the domain is pared with an element of the range and each elemnt of the domain occurs in only 1 ordered pair
Term
 vertical line test
Definition
 given a graph on a coordinate plane with the doain represented on the horizontal axis. if a vertical line can be drawn that intersects the graph in more than 1 point the graph does not represent a function
Term
 step function
Definition
 a function that has different constant values of the range over adjacent intervals of the domain
Term
 greatest integer function
Definition
 assign every real number x in the domain to the greatest integer less thank or equal to x
Term
 feasibility study
Definition
 study if something is possible
Term
 feasible region
Definition
 all the points that satisfy the limitations of constraints of a linear programming problem
Term
 contraints
Definition
 conditions that limit the number of possible solutions to a problem
Term
 corner points
Definition
 an intersection of 2 or more boundry lines of a feasible region, vertex
Term
 linear programming
Definition
 a method used to maximize or minimizw an objective subject to linear contraints
Term
 objective function
Definition
 the fuction between 2 sets that pair each elemnt in the doain with exactly 1 element of the range
Term
 substitution method
Definition
 used to solve a system of linear equations a+b=c
Term
 corner principle
Definition
 the max and min values of an objective function occurs at the conver poin of a feasible region
Term
 coefficient matrix
Definition
 the matrix that represents the coefficient of the variable when a system of linear equations is written as a matrix equations
Term
 variable matrix
Definition
 matric that represents the variable when a system of linear equations is written as a matrix equation m*x=c
Term
 constant matrix
Definition
 the matrix that represents the constant when a system of linear equations is written as a matrix equation m*x=c
Term
 multiplication inverse
Definition
 has property that ....
Term
 determinate
Definition
 difference of 2 determinants of the matrixm=ad-bc
Term
 minor determinate
Definition
 determinat of smaller matrices
Term
 cofactor
Definition
 profuct of the correspinding element and -1 raised to the power
Term
 line symmetry
Definition
 object is its own image in the reflction in a line
Term
 line of symmetry
Definition
 line in line symetry
Term
 perpendicular distance
Definition
 distance from a point to a linear plan
Term
 similar
Definition
 there is a one to one correstpondence between their vertecis so that corresponding sides are proportional and corresponding angles are congruent
Term
 confitional statment
Definition
 one that is written in if then form
Term
 verticle angles
Definition
 2 nonstraight none ajacent angles formed by 2 intersecting lines, verticle angles are congruent
Term
 rep tiles
Definition
 shap that can be partitioned into congruent shapes, each one similar to the original
Term
 corresponding angles
Definition
 congruent angles formed when paralled lines are cut by a ttransversal
Term
 Alternating interior angles
Definition
 congruent angles formed when 2 paralled lines are cut by the transversal
Term
 Alternating exterior angles
Definition
 congruent angles formed when 2 paralled lines are cut by the transversal on the exterior
Term
 concentric circles
Definition
 circles with the same centrer
Term
 rotation
Definition
 transformeation that pairs one point c , the centr, with itself and every other point that lies on the circle with center c
Term
 rotational symmetry
Definition
 when rotated each point coincides with points in pre image
Term
 chord
Definition
 line segment joining any 2 points on a circle
Term
 secant
Definition
 line that interseects o in 2 points
Term
 tangent
Definition
 line, segment or ray in the plane of the circle that intersects the o in exactly 1 point and is perpendicular to the radius
Term
 point of tangency
Definition
 the intersection
Term
 isometry
Definition
 transforation fro which the preimage is congruent to its image
Term
 composite of transformation
Definition
 result of 2 or more trans preformed on figure
Term
 dialation
Definition
 transformation that makes a figure smaller or bigger by x amount
Term
 acioms
Definition
 accepted truths
Term
 theorems
Definition
 must be proven
Term
 congruent
Definition
 same size and shape
Term
 aaa
Definition
 congruent triangles
Term
 conditional statement
Definition
 one written in if then form
Term
 conclusion
Definition
 "then" part of conditional statement
Term
 hypothesis
Definition
 "if" part of conditional statement
Term
 SAS (side angle side)
Definition
 2 sides and 1 angle are the same on 2 tringles therfore the triangles are congruent
Term
 SSS
Definition
 3 sides known to be the same on 2 triangles proves the triangles congruent
Term
 Plumb
Definition
 walls perpendicular to the ground
Term
 square
Definition
 angles formed are right angles
Term
 corresponding angles
Definition
 congruent angles fromed when 2 parallel lines are cut by a transversal
Term
 proof
Definition
 creating a convincing argument based on logical reasoning
Term
 direct proof
Definition
 consists of a series of connected factual statements that are supported def. axioms to proven theorems
Term
 distributive property
Definition
 a (b+c) = ab+ac
Term
 pythagorean theorem
Definition
 states that in a right triangle the swuare of the lenght of the longest side equals the sums of the square of the other sides a (squared) +b (squared)= c (squared)
Term
 binomeal multiplication
Definition
 math expression (a+b) (c+d)
Term
 scale factor
Definition
 of 2 similiar figures is the ratio of their corresponding sides
Term
 isosceles triangel
Definition
 2 congruent sides
Term
 vertex angle
Definition
 angle included between the 2 congruent sides
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