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Health and Safety
Safety
44
Other
Graduate
10/16/2010

Additional Other Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
NEER (New experimental Experience rating plan
Definition
Over 25 k annual assessment) rebate
Term
CAD-7 – Council Amended Draft (No. 7)
Definition

-          (Applies to construction industry only; annual assessment over 25 k ) ex. construction

Term
MAP- Merit Adjusted Premium
Definition

-          (under 25 k annual assessment): smaller companies

Term
What are the three rebates?
Definition

-          NEER (New experimental Experience rating plan (Over 25 k annual assessment)

-          CAD-7 – Council Amended Draft (No. 7) (Applies to construction industry only; annual assessment over 25 k ) ex. construction

-          MAP- Merit Adjusted Premium (under 25 k annual assessment): smaller companies

Term

Assesments

-          Three Categories of Employers

Definition

o   Those who contribute to the accident fund and benefit from its collective liability

o   Those who are individually liable

o   Employers (low risk) excluded from the act

Term

Stress-related Disabilities

-          Three Categories

Definition

o   Mental Disability, resulting from injury/disease

§  Clinical depression, suicide

§  Compensated as per injury

o   Physical disability resulting from mental stress

§  Board does not compensate for stress

§  Stomach ulcers, heart attacks, drug/alcohol abuse

§  Selectively compensated

o   Mental Disability resulting from mental stress

§  Clinical depression, psychosis

§  Rarely compensated at this time

Term

Pre: Contact Control

Definition

Engineering controls

-          1st      level control

-          The modification of work processes, equipment  and materials in order to reduce exposure to hazards

-          Examples:

o   Design of tools

o   Substitution (less hazardous)

o   Workstation Design

o   Process Modficiation (Industrial Engineering)

o   Isolation or segregation

Term

Risk Assessment

Definition

Risk=Probability x consequences x exposure

-          Probability of an injury expressed as a percentage

-          Determined by calculating:

o   Probability of occurrence

o   Consequences

R=PxCxE

Term

Westray Disaster

Definition

-          In 1992 the mine was destroyed, 26 workers were killed

-          Methane gas explosion

-          Nova Scotia charged employer and the charges were dismissed

-          Led to many legal proceedings, amendment of bill C-45 making it easier for corporations to be criminally charged for disregarding safety warnings

-          Beforehand corporate officers could be charged with negligence, however only when it was of a directing mind to engage in personally criminal misconduct

Term

Occupational Disease

Definition

Any disease that ensures after a workplace exposure and that has been demonstrated to be associated with that type of exposure


Term
Occupational Health and Safety Act
Definition

an Ontario Statute that regulates the promotion of worker health and safety in most Ontario workplaces


Term
MSDS: (Materials Safety Data Sheets)
Definition

-          A document made available in the workplace that is designed to describe, to workers, the risks associated with a hazardous material and the appropriate safety precautions that should be followed in handling the material

-          Valid for three years from the date of preparation

-          Supplier and employer labels

-          Need to put it on when you decant or when the label falls off

Term

Think of cost for compensation as a triangle (iceberg)

Definition

-          Cost is the top third of the iceberg, hidden costs is 2/3s

-          There is retraining, benefits, loss of productivity, financial cost of compensation with increased premiums, with dangerous work there are higher wages

Term
Employer offences Under the WSIA
Definition

- failing to register within ten days of becoming an employer

- deducting workers' compensation expenses from worker's wages

- failing to notify WSIB within 3 days of learning of a worker's accident that requires health care or causes to earn less than full wages

- making a false statement or representation to the wsib relating to benefit entitlement

- failing to inform the Board of a material change in circumstances within ten days

- failure of accurate or to produce records of wages paid

Term

Hazordous Materials  

Six Hazard Classes

Definition

Six Hazard Classes

A. Compressed Gasses

-          Any material or substance contained under pressure

-          Hazardous because of potential sudden or

-          Compressed air is involved

B. Flammable and Combusticle Material

C.      Oxidizing Materials: Class C

-          Any product material or substance if: It causes

D.  Poisonous and Infectious Material

-          If 50 percent can die it is lethal, carcinogenic

Divison 3: Biohazordous and Infectious

E.       Corrosive

F.       Dangerously reactive Material

Term
Internal Responsibility System:
Definition
A Scheme, created under the OHSA that assigns health and safety responsibilities to each workplace party
Term
Workplace Hazordous Materials Imformation System
Definition

A coordinated system, supported by legislation at both the federal and provincial levels, for the safe managementof hazardous materials in workplaces

Term
Health and Safety Representative
Definition

- where the workplace exceeds 5 people

- in small workplaces and individual is assigned enhance health and safety rights and responsibilities to be exercised on behalf of workers

Term
Joint Health and Safety Committee
Definition
In medium and large workplaces, a team of individuals from management and workers, that exceeds 20 people are assigned h and s responsibilities
Term

Employers in a workplace must:

 

Definition

1.       Duty of Care: All employers must:

-          Take every precaution reasonable under the circumstances for the protection of a worker; and

-          Assist in emergencies involving workers (which can mean providing any requested information, even confidential business information, to qualified medical professionals

2.       Human Resources management and training

-          Ensure that underage workers are not hired

-          Hire only competent people to act as supervisors

-          Provide information, instruction and supervision to workers to help protect their health and safety

3. Maintenance of facilities and Equipment

4. Occupational health and safety program

5. Post-incident Compliance

Term
Worklplace Safety and Insurance Board
Definition

An ontario tribunal charged with the mediation or ajudication of disputes arising under employment-related legislation, like the OHSA

- if there is an occupational illness the employer must notify the mol, jhsc, or health and safety rep

Term
Workers that cannot refuse unsafe work include
Definition

- police officers

- firefighters

- correctional workers

- hospital workers

nursing home workers

- ambulance workers

- some lab workers

- certain support workers (food service)

 

Term
How premiums are calculated?
Definition

The wsib groups industriies that are similar from an injury/illness risk perspective into classification units (CU's) Each CU is assigned to a rate group. Basic premiums are assessed annually for each rate group, with group, with groups with a higher risk of injury being assigned higher base premiums

 

 

Term

Purpose of WSIB

Definition

-          Prevention of accident/illness as major objective

-          Ensure medical treatment

o   First aid at job site or nearest treatment facility

o   Long term treatment for injuries

o   Ohip sends the board a bill every year, initially funded by ohip

-          Rehabilitation

-          Benefits while recuperating from injuries

o   Loss of earning; future economic loss; non-economic loss

Term
Three types of Rehabilitation under WSIB
Definition

-          Vocational Rehab

o   Return to work in the same or similar work

-          Physical Rehab

o   Restoration of physical function

-          Social Rehab

o   Helping severely disabled cope with daily life

Term

 Injured worker entitled to under WSIB

Definition

o   Payments while off work

o   Medical bills paid (ohip)

o   Pension if injury or illness is permanent

o   Partial benefits if worker’s salary affected by injury

o   Family benefits if killed on the job

o   Employers classified according to risk

Term

3 Components of WHMIS System

Definition

1.      Labels,

2.       Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS

3.      Training

Term

     Contact control

Definition

a.       Seek to ensure that workers and/or emergency personnel are protected

                                                               i.      Suppression: accident or fire

                                                             ii.      Barriers : in case of a possible leak

                                                            iii.      Modification of the workplace

                                                           iv.      Substitution:

                                                             v.      Isolation

Term

Post-contact control

Definition

-          Ensure immediate medical attention for injured workers

-          Lock out machinery involved

-          Restrict access

-          Determine what can be salvaged and what can be safely disposed of

-          Apprise JOHSC, affected managers and government agencies

Term
Hoggs Hollow
Definition
Five immigrant Italian construction workers died of carbon monoxide poisoning and drowning at Hoggs Hollow. This tragedy became something of a press spectacle. The Toronto Telegram headlined "Bravery, Drama and Death in the Floodlit Glare" on the morning of March 18, 1960. Responses to the tragedy included a coroner's inquest and a separate police investigation. No criminal charges were laid, but the recommendations of the coroner's jury, combined with a strike by (mostly) Italian-Canadian construction workers, led to a major overhall in Ontario's workplace health and safety laws. The young men of Hoggs Hollow did not die in vain.
Term
Workplace Safety and insurance act promotes
Definition

1.       Health and safety in workplaces to prevent and reduce the occurrence of workplace injuries and occupational disease

2.       Facilitate the return to work and recovery of workers who sustain personal injury over the course of employment or occupational disease

3.       Facilitate re-entry into the labour market of workers and spouses of deceased workers

4.       Provide compensation and benefits to the survivors of deceased workers

Term

Some Key Features of a WHMIS compliant label are as follows

Definition