Shared Flashcard Set


Group Presentation Notes - Various Artist and their Styles
These are for the Group Presentations during Tuesday's class.
Not Applicable

Additional Photography Flashcards





Social Documentary-

How the World is Opposed to Seeing

Addresses Issues to Make Change

Evokes Emotion

Forces People to See Things


First Artist

Jacob Riis - Police reporter- wrote a book called 

"How The Other Half Lives"

Pieces of art are - Lodgers In Bayard Street Tenement

- Knee Pants  at 45 cents/dozen

- Bandits Roost

Second Artist

Milton Rogovin - Published in Aperture - Librarian for the Communist Party at Buffalo Library- Never Posed His Subjects - He would return to photograph his subjects in later years

Pieces of Art are - Storefront Churches - Had First Timothy Baptist Church on the door

- Vern and Jimmy Webster - they were father and son

- Joseph Kemp - about working people - at the Hannah furnace

Third Artist

Lewis Hine - sociologist - national child labor committee - american red cross - educator - intsrumental in changing child labour laws

Pieces of Art are - Noon Hour In the Ewen Breaker, Pennsylvania Coal Co.

- Italian Immigrants Looking for Lost Baggage - Mother, Son, and 2 daughters - Ellis Island 

- Sadie Pfeiffer - she was 48 inches tall - he had the Keating-Owen Act passed but it was later ruled unconstitutional - his efforts led to the children's bureau being transferred to the department of labour - there is now the Lewis Hine Award for outstanding service to children and youth





 Pointillism -

Definition by ArtCyclopedia -

Pointillism is a form of painting in which tiny dots of primary-colors are used to generate secondary colors. It is an offshoot of Impressionism, and is usually categorized as a form of Post-Impressionism. It is very similar to Divisionism, except that where Divisionism is concerned with color theory, Pointillism is more focused on the specific style of brushwork used to apply the paint.



First Artist

Henri Edmond Cross - 

Pieces of art are - L'air du Soir

- La Chevelure - was his future wife

- Les Iles D'or - South France

Second Artist

Paul Signac - painted actual places

Pieces of Art are - The Papal Palace, Avignon 

- Women at the Well - Saint-Tropez

- Opus 217 - Museum of Modern Art - painting of his friend Felix Feneon - abstract - kaleidoscopic depiction

Third Artist

Georges Seurat - originated pointillism using small dot like strokes

Pieces of art are - A Sunday on La Grande Jatte - over 3 million dots

- Circus

- Man Painting His Boat - on wood

POP ART - American

First Artist

Roy Lichtenstein - Famous for Look Mickey - Did recreations of premade images


Pieces of Art are - WHAAM! - from the dc comic men of war - created the explosion from the art work into a scupture - it was a joke about freedom - a parody pertaining to love and war


- Drowning Girl - from run for love - similar to pointillism - uses benday dots - they are equal in size and distribution in an area - still used today including in clothing


- OH JEFF I love you too, but - writing was drawn free hand - he was not a comic book lover he used them for inspiration


Second Artist


Keith Haring - In 1989 the Keith Haring Foundation for Aids was founded

Pieces of Art are - Radiant Baby (LOGO) -

is his main or signature tag - also called Radiant Christ or Radiant Child - name is derived from Christianity - the symbol of Christ in a crawling baby


-Ignorance = Fear -

created after his diagnosis of aids - represents hear, see and speak no evil - pink triangle established as a pro-gay symbol in the 70's - silence = death


Andy Mouse - 

met Andy Warhol - represents Andy Warhol on the dollar bill - Andy Warhol as Mickey Mouse


Third Artist


Andy Warhol - an ad illustrator - became a leading artist of the pop movement

Pieces of Art are-  100 Cans - reflects mass-production and consumerism of America

- Marilyn -

silk screen painting


- Orange Car Crash 14 Times -

silk screen image of a tragic car crash - silk screened 14 times-  




Putting Objects Together That Don't Belong


First Artist

Salvador Dali

He was suspended from school for criticizing teachers. He started painting when he was 6.

He had an older brother also named Salvador who died. His parents told him he was his brother's reincarnate. He loved Chupa Chups.

Pieces of Art are - Persistence of Memory - 

also known as just clocks - illustrates the erratic passage of time as we sleep - may symbolize Einstein's theory of relativity


- Temptation of St Anthony -

represents the temptations face by the Christian monk Saint Anthony the Great - example of surrealist ideas and Christina iconography


- The Elephants - 



Second Artist


Frida Kahlo


Pieces of Art are - Without Hope - 

reflected on her forced feedings while she was ill - her arms were pinned to show she had no ability to change the situation - moon and sun represent day and night - the funnel was full of skulls and other bad things to represent all she hated about the feedings


- Love Embrace of the Universe - 

the roots signify growth and support - the rat is how she felt of her husband because she felt he cheated on her - 


- The Wounded Deer -

the deer was her favourite pet - many tree branches and arrows - the deer is far away from the sky - depicts the deers inability to reach freedom because of the pain - the deer is Frida



Third Artist


Pablo Picasso - he created 22,000 pieces of art - 

Pieces of Art are - Guernica (The Horrors of War) - 

Dora Maar was the only person allowed to photograph his work as he progressed


- Weeping Woman - With Handkerchief - 

He painted Dora in tortured forms


- Figures at the Seaside -

He said "Give me a museum and I will fill it."




Originated in Italy

Represented Youth, Technology, Violence and Speed


First Artist

Umberto Boccioni

Pieces of Art are - The City Rises - 

depicts the building of a power plant in Milan -


- The Laugh -

creates a scene that is broken apart - 

forces the audience to notice each piece individually and what it's contribution to the whole is


- Elasticity -

shows vigorus sequential movement -

 a literal demonstration of horsepower



Second Artist


Luigi Ruzzolo - shows a flow of movement

Pieces of Art are - Dynamism of a Car - 

attempts to show motion by the compression of sound waves in front of the car



- The Revolt - 

used to red to show aggression and angle/triangles to show movement


- Solidity of Fog - 

as a night scene it depicts the futuristic delight in electric lighting



Third Artist


Carlo Carra


Pieces of Art are - The Funeral of the Anarchist Galli -

The subject of the work is the funeral of Italian anarchist Angelo Galli, killed by police during a general strike in 1904

- Rhythms of Objects - 

oriented himself to French Cubism

- Woman on the Balcony - 



Based in Paris France


First Artist

Pierre-Aufuste Renoir

after he developed arthritis he strapped a brush to his hand so he could continue to paint

Pieces of Art are - Dance at Le Moulin de la Galette - 

painted on 4x6 foot canvas

one of the few paintings that showed faces


- Le Grenouillere -

Renoir and Monet painted this side by side to show different perspectives

there were no details in faces


- Luncheon of the Boating Party - 

the awning was added at the end to fill in areas when he couldn't get models 

repeated patterns in the hats



Second Artist


Claude Monet


Pieces of Art are - Impression, Sunrise -


- Water Lilies - 

250 in the series

with a Japanese bridge 

painted in portrait mode which is unusual

painted with very short brush strokes


- Bain a la Grenouillere -




Conveyed realistic and dramatic scenes


Peter Paul Rubens


Landscapes and historical, royal painter


Raising of the Cross

Oil on wood

Cathedral of Our Lady of Anthwerp



Anne of Austria, The Queen of France

Oil on Canvas


The Immaculate Conception





The Calling of Saint Mathew

The Martyrdom of Saint Mathew

Conversion of St. Paul

Oil on Wood

Jesus was pictured on a horse here when usually it’s a donkey







bankruptcy in 1756


The Abduction of Europa

Oil on wood (single panel)

The bull was Zeus in disguise


The Storm on the Sea of Galilee


Stolen in 1883


The Night Watch


Chicken on the girls waist

The shield was added after men had passed to remember them




Jagged geometric shapes,


Picasso and Braque true originators of cubism


something that is unclear or unrecognizable



a new way to reflect on popular art


Artillery by Roger de la Fresnaye


African and tribal art were influential as well as sculptures


Portrait of Ambroise Vollard by Picasso


Georges Braque

cubism rejects single point perspective

Bottle of Vieux Marx by Picasso


Le Gouter (Tea Time) by Jean Metzinger


unorthodox placement of objects


L’Homme Au Balcon (Man on a Balcony) Albert Gleizes 



Bottle newspaper and fruit bowl Juan Gris

Music was a big part of themes

synthetic cubism lasted past world war 1




George Braque


Man with a Guitar  Oil on Canvas


Violin and Candlestick Oil on Canvas


Houses L’Estaque



Pablo Picasso


Les Demoiselles D’Avignon

Still Life with Chair Caning Oil on Canvas

The Three Musicians inspired by the Theatre

More than 2 meters in width



Paul Klee


Zeichen in Gelb (signs in yellow)


Walpurgis Night on fabric with plywood support


Senecio head of a man going senile on canvas


Group f/64

Group F64 was a group of 7 photographers, namely Ansel Adams, Imogen Cunningham, John Paul Edwards, Sonya Noskowiak, Henry Swift, Willard Van Dyk and Edward Weston, who were known for their work around the 20th century. They were noted for their sharp, crisp, detailed photographs. Each member of the group brought a different style to the table in the way they shot their photographs. Their chosen style and subject matter. They were in the company of one of the greatest photographers in the world Ansel Adams.


First Artist


Ansel Adams 


Group f/6


sharp-focused and carefully framed images seen through a particularly Western (U.S.) viewpoint


4 original members- Ansel Adams, Imogen Cunningham, Brett Weston and Willard Van Dyke.


Artist- Ansel Adams


Adams founded the group f/64, devoted to what they termed “straight photography,” as opposed to staged or embellished images.


particularly in reference to his striking images of the American wilderness.


carefully evaluating gradations of light in the image, manipulating degree of exposure, and constantly experimenting with new techniques.


Adams was also pivotal in the establishment of the Department of Photography at the Museum of Modern Art.

In the early 40's Adams created what is known as his 'zone system', which is a system that helps photographers determine the correct exposure and a desired development time to help optimize for the most ideal gradation of grey values. More specifically the zone system is a technique which allows photographers to translate light into specific densities and negatives which gives the photographer much more control over the look of their final product.

Art 2 - Close Up of Leaves




Art 1- Moonrise, Hernandez, New Mexico



Moonrise, Hernandez, New Mexico, by Ansel Adams. This photograph is a 10x 8 black and white landscape showcasing the night scene of a cemetery. As most the field is vacant, your attention draws immediately to the cemetery, and all the details of the gravestones, and small buildings. The majority of the sky is empty with a small moon surrounded by darkness. Meanwhile below this, the clouds and snowcapped mountain tops show a high contrast by reflecting the remaining light from the sunset. This demonstrates Ansel Adams’ skill by using minimal light, and still bringing out a strong image, with various levels. 


No doubt much of the appeal of this picture lies in its pious sentimentality, with the last rays of sunlight gilding the cemetery's rude crosses. But even this treacly work demonstrates Adams's sophisticated use of modernist form and painstaking craft to accentuate his otherwise romantic imagery. The skies that tower above the village are in effect a giant canvas punctuated by the pale shapes of the moon and a few streaky clouds, and the whole image is masterfully printed to wring every bit of emotion from it.




Art 3- The Tetons and the Snake River (1942)


-brought detail to photography that was not commonly seen

-wanted to remind people of the beauty in the natural landscape

-limited palette in this photograph helps Ansel Adams to draw the eye towards the main focal point





QUOTE- U.S. Camera Annual 1943





use red or orange filters when shooting images, to block out the blue light from the sky so that when printed, the sky wouldn’t come out white, and instead a darker grey to help show contrast from the white puffy clouds and such

Second Artist

Edward Weston -

Born March 24, 1886  Highland Park, Illinois


Died January 1, 1958   Carmel, California

Edward Weston was the first photographer to receive Guggenheim fellowship in 1937.



Weston developed Parkinson's disease in the late 40's.  In 1950 his last photo was published with the help of his son, Brett.

On his way to New York to meet Alfred Steiglitz, the most influential photographer of the time,  

Edward was distracted by the ARMCO Steel Mills in Ohio. 


This was the turning point in Edward’s photographic career.

This is when he decided to give up the soft images of pictorialism    

and create the sharp, contrasty 

and completely in focus photographs of things as they are. 


Without manipulation.

This was the year 1922 and when  Edward Weston burned all negatives of his work prior to this year. He did this so that people would only remember him for his more recent work. 


It was in 1923 Weston moved to Mexico to start his life over and begins his new view on photography

““To record the quintessence of the object or element before my lens, rather than an interpretation, a superficial phase, or passing mood—this is my way in photography,” he once said.” 

He was very successful in showing the simple beauty in natural, unaltered forms. He enjoyed finding that beauty in the simplest of things    


such as lines in sand or the details and textures in close-ups of the vegetables he would photograph. 

For example, one of his most famous series were his shells.  

First Image is Nautilus. A 1927 Gelatin Silver Print

Briefly…Gelatin silver prints are a general term describing the most common process for making black and white photographs since the 1890s. A variety of photographic print papers were introduced in the 1880s.  They included various developing-out and printing-out papers. Developing out prints are cool black and white images. Printing out prints usually have warm tones.



These were influenced by artist Henrietta Shore.   


“He wrote in a 1927 journal entry: "I was awakened to shells by the painting of Henry [Henrietta Shore]. I never saw a Chambered Nautilus before.

"If I had, my response would have been immediate. If I merely copy Henry's expression, my work will not live. If I am stimulated and work with real ecstasy it will live.”"  So while Weston infers that his photography was not sexual, that last quote makes me believe that he did feel they were sensual and stimulating. I’m not alone in that opinion.   


“Tina Modotti and their friends in Mexico City reacted to the shell images with phrases like “They make me think of lilies and of embryos. They are mystical and erotic.” In a biography of Edward Weston on induction to The International Photography Hall of Fame, Jozef Gross is quoted: The image is not at all about a nautilus shell but about those elements in the object which conjure up other organic phenomena or functions, mainly human and sexual.”

 I believe he thought all sculptures, because of the curves and lines, to be sensual. That he considered his photography of his Shells and Peppers to be sculpturesque. His intent, in my opinion, throughout his photography, was to take even the mundane. like vegetables and make them beautiful. 


Such as the Pepper No. 30, my 2nd image, which was given to him by his lover, Sonya Noskowiak. He loved the curving lines and the smoothness of it. He thought all the flaws including the rot at the  bottom to be just as important as the perfections. 

So while there may be no definite rule of thirds in these images of Edward’s, he did fill the frame with them. He also used great contrast and form. Your eyes follow the curves of the pepper through the entire image. It’s a smooth continuity throughout the image until, perhaps you reach the rot at the bottom of the pepper. This definitely causes my eye to pause.

In his style of photography, lines were also very important. The crispness of the lines and the definition were vital to his idea of all sharp. I don’t think any of our lenses today, that I am aware of, even achieve f/64.

Weston was so precise and exact in his work, that what he saw in his mind he attained through the lens and then was able to finalize in print.

”“I start with no preconceived idea – discovery excites me to focus – then rediscovery through the lens – final form of presentation seen on ground glass,” he said, “The finished print pre-visioned completely in every detail of texture, movement, proportion, before exposure – the shutter’s release automatically and finally fixes my conception, allowing no after manipulation – the ultimate end, the print, is but a duplication of all that I saw and felt through my camera.””


The image, which is my 3rd main image, and the next few images were his last photos in his series of Point Lobos.


There he took many shots and created more images of crisp, detailed beauty. Some of his favourites were of cypress trees. He loved the formation of rocks and the flow of water through them. Even pieces of kelp were an inspiration to Edward. During his time of photographing in Point Lobos, it was considered an renewal of life for Weston. A new beginning. I think it was also this for Point Lobos. For the way he photographed all it has to offer had never been done before. He showed it in a whole new clear and distinct fashion.

Third Artist

Imogen Cunningham

Imogen Cunningham was one of the first professional female photographers in America, she known for her photography of flowers and plants, however, she also shot images of nudes, industrial landscapes, and street scenes. (America. (1976) retrieved from



 Imogen was born in Portland, Oregon in 1883.  She grew up in Seattle, Washington where she attended University of Washington in Seattle.  She majored in chemistry as a professor told her that she should have a science background in order to be a photographer. When she graduated with a major in chemistry her thesis was called “Modern Processes of Photography” (Meg Partridge.(2011) Imogen Cunningham Biography. Retrieved from



After graduation she got a job at the Edward S. Curtis’ portrait studio. In this studio she learned how to do platinum  printing.  In 1909, her college sorority gave her a grant to study photographic chemistry in Germany.  She published a thesis called “About Self-Production of Platinum Papers for Brown Tones.” “In this paper she urged the use of hand-coated paper for platinum prints, as much more convenient and easier to handle than commercial paper.” (Meg Partridge.(2011) Imogen Cunningham Biography. Retrieved from



Imogen saved all of her money which added up to $15.00 and bought her first camera in 1901.Her first camera was a 4x5 camera with a box of glass plates.

In a video of Imogen discussing her photography , Imogen states “To take a good photograph you need to think about it like a poet would”  (Meg Partridge (Excerpts  from a film by Meg Partridge (May 19, 2013). Imogen Cunningham: Portrait of Imogen, YouTube)





After returning from Germany she opened a portrait studio in Seattle.  She had her first one person exhibition in 1914 at the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences.

She later married and had children.  During this time she moved to California with her family.  Having three young children her photography consisted of  photographs of her children and the plants in her garden.



Her first commercial shoot was photographing the  Adolph Bohm Ballet InTime.   During this time she also started to take sharp focus plant photographs.  Her first double-exposure photo was  of her mother with a crown of silver spoons.  



Her photos were exhibited in Germany and San Francisco.  Imogen’s photo of dancer, Martha Graham were published in Vanity Fair.  This resulted in the editors hiring her to take photos of famous Hollywood people.



Imogen had one of the longest careers in the history of photography.  In the 1920’s she began photographing nudes of friends and family and plant forms from her garden.  “The results are staggering; an amazing body of work comprised of bold, contemporary forms.” (Meg Partridge. (date unknown) Imogen Cunningham. Retrieved from  Her floral photos are what she was most famous for.

Two Callas - Two Callas was taken in 1925. This is one of Imogen’s most striking photographs, with its flowing form and intimate details. This image was originally displayed in Germany.  Imogen’s  images of flowers which is seen in this photo was one of the images that helped define Imogen as one of America’s most respected photographers (Meg Partridge. (date unknown) Imogen Cunningham. Retrieved from

Magnolia Blossom - “Imogen took this photo of Magnolia Blossom in 1925 for her own pleasure. With three small children in the house, she said she had “one hand in the dishpan, the other in the darkroom” 

(Meg Partridge. (date unknown) Imogen Cunningham. Retrieved from

Triangles - “This image was taken in 1928, in Los Angeles, when Imogen was photographing her friends, Jackie and Helen Greaves, both alone and together.  Triangles has become one of Imogen’s well-known nudes. After developing the negative, she wrote on the file folder, “The One!” ” (Meg Partridge. (date unknown) Imogen Cunningham. Retrieved from

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