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goal 11
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121
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11th Grade
04/27/2011

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Term
25th Amendment
Definition
has to do with the succession to the Presidency and establishes procedures both for filling a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, as well as responding to Presidential disabilities
Term
Affirmative Action
Definition
Policy designed to redress past discrimination against women and minority groups through measures to improve their economic and educational opportunities
Term
Anwar el-Sadat
Definition
Egyptian statesman who negotiated a peace treaty with Menachem Begin
Term
Apartheid
Definition
A social policy or racial segregation involving political and economic and legal discrimination against people who are not Whites
Term
Ayatollah Khomeini
Definition
Islamic religious leader who led a fundamentalist revolution in Iran in 1979
Term
Bob Woodward
Definition
One of America's preeminent investigative reporters and non-fiction authors. He has worked for The Washington Post since 1971.
Term
Carl Bernstein
Definition
merican journalist who, as a reporter for The Washington Post along with Bob Woodward, broke the story of the Watergate break-in and consequently helped bring about the resignation of United States President Richard Nixon.
Term
Camp David Accords
Definition
he landmark 1978 agreement between Israel and Egypt that paved the way for peace between the two countries.
Term
Clarence Thomas
Definition
American jurist who has served as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States since 1991. Thomas is the second African American to serve on the Court, after Thurgood Marshall, whom he succeeded.
Term
Department of Energy
Definition
The federal department responsible for maintaining a national energy policy of the United States; created in 1977
Term
D├ętente
Definition
The easing of tensions or strained relations
Term
Election of 1976
Definition
The United States presidential election of 1976 followed the resignation of President Richard Nixon in the wake of the Watergate scandal.
Term
Energy Crisis
Definition
Any great bottleneck (or price rise) in the supply of energy resources to an economy.
Term
Environmental Protection Agency
Definition
An independent federal agency established to coordinate programs aimed at reducing pollution and protecting the environment
Term
Equal Rights Amendment
Definition
A proposed amendment to the United States Constitution which was intended to guarantee that equal rights under any federal, state, or local law could not be denied on account of sex.
Term
Food Stamps
Definition
Coupons issued by the US government for the purchase of food
Term
Helsinki Accords
Definition
Final act of the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe held in Helsinki, Finland during July and August of 1975
Term
Iran-Contra Affair
Definition
A political scandal in the United States which came to light in November 1986, during the Reagan administration, in which senior US figures agreed to facilitate the sale of arms to Iran
Term
Iranian Hostage Affair
Definition
A diplomatic crisis between Iran and the United States where 53 Americans were held hostage for 444 days from November 4, 1979 to January 20, 1981, after a group of Islamist students and militants took over the American Embassy in support of the Iranian Revolution
Term
Jimmy Carter
Definition
Created the Department of Energy and the Department of Education
Term
John Dean
Definition
White House Counsel to United States President Richard Nixon from July 1970 until April 1973
Term
Menachem begin
Definition
Israeli politician and the sixth Prime Minister of the State of Israel
Term
Minorities in Politics
Definition
TO where it was mostly whites in office; rarely would you see African Americans or other races in occupations involving politics.
Term
National Energy Act
Definition
Legislative response by the U.S. Congress to the 1973 energy crisis
Term
Nelson Mandela
Definition
South African statesman who was released from prison to become the nation's first democratically elected president in 1994
Term
New Federalism
Definition
Political philosophy of devolution, or of transfer of certain powers from the United States federal government to the states
Term
Nuclear Power
Definition
Power (generally electrical) produced from controlled nuclear reactions
Term
Presidential Pardon
Definition
Forgiveness of a crime and the penalty associated with it. It is granted by a head of state, such as a monarch or president, or by a competent church authority
Term
Regents of the University of California v. Bakke (1978)
Definition
"Affirmative action"
Term
Reverse discrimination
Definition
Discrimination against members of a dominant or majority group, or in favor of members of a minority or historically disadvantaged group
Term
Roe v. Wade (1973)
Definition
Abortion
Term
S.A.L.T. I and II
Definition
Term
Sam Ervin
Definition
Democratic United States Senator from North Carolina from 1954 until 1974
Term
Senate Watergate Committee
Definition
Special committee convened by the United States Senate to investigate the Watergate burglaries and the ensuing Watergate scandal after it was learned that the Watergate burglars had been directed to break into and wiretap the headquarters of the Democratic Party.
Term
Silicon Valley
Definition
A region in California to the south of San Francisco that is noted for its concentration of high-technology industries
Term
Solar Energy
Definition
Energy from the sun that is converted into thermal or electrical energy
Term
Stagflation
Definition
A period of slow economic growth and high unemployment (stagnation) while prices rise (inflation)
Term
Sunbelt States
Definition
A region of the United States generally considered to stretch across the South and Southwest
Term
Swan v. Charlotte Mecklenburg Schools (1971)
Definition
Term
Three Mile Island
Definition
NUCLEAR
Term
Title IX
Definition
Term
US v. Nixon (1974)
Definition
Unanimous 8-0 ruling involving President Richard Nixon and was important to the late stages of the Watergate scandal
Term
Watergate Scandal
Definition
Political scandal involving abuse of power and bribery and obstruction of justice; led to the resignation of Richard Nixon in 1974
Term
WIN (Ford)
Definition
Term
Yom Kipper War
Definition
Egypt and Syria attacked Israel in October 1973 (on Yom Kippur); Israel counterattacked and drove the Syrians back and crossed the Suez Canal into Egypt
Term
Technological Changes:
Mass Media
Communication
Military
Science
Medicine
Electronics
Data Storage
Transportation
Energy
Definition
Term
Airline deregulation
Definition
process of removing entry and price restrictions on airlines affecting, in particular, the carriers permitted to serve specific routes. In the United States, the term usually applies to the Airline Deregulation Act of 1978
Term
Challenger Disaster
Definition
occurred on January 28, 1986, when Space Shuttle Challenger broke apart 73 seconds into its flight, leading to the deaths of its seven crew members
Term
Election of 1980
Definition
ntest between incumbent Democrat Jimmy Carter and his Republican opponent, Ronald Reagan, as well as Republican Congressman John B. Anderson, who ran as an independent
Term
Election of 1984
Definition
President Ronald Reagan, the Republican candidate, and former Vice President Walter Mondale, the Democratic candidate. Reagan was helped by a strong economic recovery from the deep recession of 1981-1982
Term
Election of 1988
Definition
Ronald Reagan, the incumbent President, was vacating the position after serving the maximum two terms allowed by the Twenty-second Amendment
Term
Fall of the Berlin Wall
Definition
(1989) END OF COLD WAR
Term
Famine
Definition
Widespread scarcity of food that may apply to any faunal species
Term
Flag Burning
Definition
An act of protest at that nation's activities
Term
Gay Rights Movement
Definition
Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender social movements share inter-related goals of social acceptance of sexual and gender minorities.
Term
Geraldine Ferraro
Definition
merican attorney, a Democratic Party politician and a former member of the United States House of Representatives. She was the first female Vice Presidential candidate representing a major American political party.
Term
Glasnost
Definition
a policy of the Soviet government allowing freer discussion of social problems
Term
Intermediate-Ranges Nuclear Forces Treaty
Definition
Term
Internet
Definition
mputer network consisting of a worldwide network of computer networks that use the TCP/IP network protocols to facilitate data transmission and exchange
Term
Microsoft
Definition
A large multinational software company best known for its Windows operating system. (BILL GATES)
Term
Mikhail Gorbachev
Definition
t statesman whose foreign policy brought an end to the Cold War and whose domestic policy introduced major reforms
Term
New Right Coalition
Definition
Term
Perestroika
Definition
economic policy adopted in the former Soviet Union; intended to increase automation and labor efficiency but it led eventually to the end of central planning in the Russian economy
Term
Persian Gulf War
Definition
war fought between Iraq and a coalition led by the United States that freed Kuwait from Iraqi invaders; 1990-1991
Term
Ronald Reagan
Definition
Term
Saddam Hussein
Definition
raqi leader who waged war against Iran; his invasion of Kuwait led to the Gulf War (born in 1937)
Term
Texas v. Johnson (1989)
Definition
invalidated prohibitions on desecrating the American flag in force in 48 of the 50 states
Term
Tiananmen Square
Definition
June 1989, Protest with Chinese student took places where violence occured
Term
US Invasion of Lebanon
Definition
Term
William Renquist
Definition
United States jurist who served as an associate justice on the United States Supreme Court from 1972 until 1986, when he was appointed chief justice (born in 1924)
Term
Yasser Arafat-Palestine nationalism (PLO)
Definition
Term
Sandra Day O'Connor
Definition
merican jurist who was the first female member of the Supreme Court of the United States. She served as an Associate Justice from 1981 until her retirement from the Court in 2006. O'Connor was appointed by President Ronald Reagan in 1981
Term
Shah of Iran
Definition
former hereditary monarch of Iran
Term
Strategic Defense Initiative (Star Wars)
Definition
US research and development program designed to create an effective defense against nuclear-missile attack, initiated by President Reagan in 1983
Term
Supply-Side economics (Reagonomics)
Definition
school of economic theory that stresses the costs of production as a means of stimulating the economy; advocates policies that raise capital and labor output by increasing the incentive to produce
Term
1990s "Trickle-Down" Theory
Definition
theory that financial benefits given to the wealthy will somehow be passed down to the poor
Term
27th Amendment
Definition
prohibits any law that increases or decreases the salary of members of the Congress from taking effect, until the start of the next set of terms of office for Representatives
Term
AIDS
Definition
a serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles
Term
Al Gore
Definition
former Vice President of the United States (1993-2000), has played a leading role in communicating about the science, policy, and solutions related to climate change to large audiences around the globe
Term
Americans with Disabilities Act
Definition
a law that was enacted by the U.S. Congress in 1990. Its long title is "An Act to establish a clear and comprehensive prohibition of discrimination on the basis of disability
Term
Amnesty
Definition
a period during which offenders are exempt from punishment
Term
Bill Clinton
Definition
Term
Bill Gates
Definition
MICROSOFT
Term
Computer Revolution
Definition
the related history of computers and history of computer science.
Term
Election of 1992
Definition
Incumbent Republican President George H. W. Bush; Democrat Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton, and independent Texas businessman Ross Perot.
Term
Election of 1996
Definition
contest between the Democratic national ticket of President Bill Clinton of Arkansas and Vice President Al Gore of Tennessee and the Republican national ticket of former Senator Bob Dole of Kansas for President and former Housing Secretary
Term
Graying of America
Definition
Baby Boomers starting to get Social Security
Term
John McCain
Definition
enior United States Senator from Arizona. He was the Republican nominee for president in the 2008 United States election
Term
NAFTA
Definition
North American Free Trade Agreement: an agreement for free trade between the United States and Canada and Mexico; became effective in 1994 for ten years
Term
NASDAQ in the 1990s
Definition
National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations: a computerized data system to provide brokers with price quotations for securities traded over the counter
Term
National Debt
Definition
the debt of the national government (as distinguished from the debts of individuals and businesses and political subdivisions)
Term
New Democrat
Definition
ideologically centrist faction within the Democratic Party that emerged after the victory of Republican George H. W. Bush in the 1988 presidential election
Term
Newt Grigrich
Definition
an politician who served as the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives from 1995 to 1999
Term
Political Action Committee
Definition
committee formed by a special-interest group to raise money for their favorite political candidates
Term
Ross Perot
Definition
American businessman from Texas best known for running for President of the United States in 1992 and 1996. Perot founded Electronic Data Systems (EDS) in 1962, sold the company to General Motors in 1984, and founded Perot Systems in 1988
Term
"Axis of Evil"
Definition
term initially used by the former United States President George W. Bush in his State of the Union Address on January 29, 2002 and often repeated throughout the rest of his stay in office, describing governments that he accused of helping terrorism and seeking weapons of mass destruction
Term
Afghanistan
Definition
landlocked country in central Asia; bordered by Iran to the west and Russia to the north and Pakistan to the east and south
Term
Airport Security
Definition
the techniques and methods used in protecting airports and aircraft from crime
Term
Al-Quaeda
Definition
Islamist group founded sometime between August 1988. and late 1989
Term
Bilingual education
Definition
hing academic content in two languages, in a native and secondary language with varying amounts of each language used in accordance with the program model
Term
Bush Doctrine
Definition
phrase used to describe various related foreign policy principles of former United States president George W. Bush
Term
Colin Powell
Definition
United States general who was the first African American to serve as chief of staff; later served as Secretary of State under President George W. Bush
Term
Department of Homeland Security
Definition
Cabinet department of the United States federal government with the primary responsibilities of protecting the territory of the U.S. from terrorist attacks and responding to natural disasters.
Term
Embassy bombings
Definition
Term
George W. Bush
Definition
son of former President George Bush, was elected governor of Texas in 1994. A popular politician, he was reelected in 1998 to become the first Texas governor to serve two consecutive four-year terms. In 1999 he announced his candidacy for the Republican Party presidential nomination in 2000
Term
Green Card
Definition
a card that identifies the bearer as an alien with permanent resident status in the United States
Term
Immigration Policy Act
Definition
Term
Joe Lieberman
Definition
junior United States Senator from Connecticut. First elected to the Senate in 1988, Lieberman was elected to a fourth term on November 7, 2006
Term
Multiculturalism
Definition
doctrine that several different cultures (rather than one national culture) can coexist peacefully and equitably in a single country
Term
Nativist
Definition
vors the interests of certain established inhabitants of an area or nation as compared to claims of newcomers or immigrants
Term
No Child Left Behind
Definition
attempts to improve performance of American K-12 schools by increasing the standards of accountability for states, school districts, and schools, as well as providing parents more flexibility in choosing which schools their children will attend
Term
Nuclear Proliferation
Definition
term now used to describe the spread of nuclear weapons, fissile material, and weapons-applicable nuclear technology and information, to nations which are not recognized as "Nuclear Weapon States" by the Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons
Term
Osama Bin Laden
Definition
Arab terrorist who established al-Qaeda
Term
Patriot Act
Definition
An act swiftly passed in the US after the terrorist attack on the World Trade Center. There are provisions to prevent money laundering, which may affect any transfers of funds into, and ownership of assets in the USA.
Term
Pre-emptive Strikes
Definition
waged in an attempt to repel or defeat a perceived inevitable offensive or invasion, or to gain a strategic advantage in an impending (allegedly unavoidable) war before that threat materializes
Term
Republican Election 2000
Definition
controversial elections in the nation's history
Term
September 11th, 2001
Definition
eries of coordinated suicide attacks by al-Qaeda upon the United States on September 11, 2001. On that morning, 19 al-Qaeda members hijacked four commercial passenger jet airliners.
Term
Taliban Regime
Definition
slamic Emirate of Afghanistan was founded in 1996 when the Taliban began their rule of Afghanistan and ended with their fall from power in 2001
Term
Terrorist Network
Definition
Term
War on Iraq
Definition
an ongoing military campaign which began on March 20, 2003, with the invasion of Iraq by a multinational force led by troops from the United States and the United Kingdom
Term
World Trade Center
Definition
Twin skyscrapers 110 stories high in New York City; built 1368 feet tall in 1970 to 1973; destroyed by a terrorist attack on September 11, 2001
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