# Shared Flashcard Set

## Details

Giancoli Physics - Chapter 16
Electric Charge and Electric Field
7
Physics
07/05/2008

Term
 Law of Conservation of Charge
Definition
 The net amount of electric charge produced in any process is zero; no net electric charge can be created or destroyed.
Term
 Insulator
Definition
 Material with electrons bound very tightly to the nuclei.
Term
 Conductor
Definition
 Material with some electrons (free or conduction) bound very loosely and can move about freely within the material (note, they can not leave the object easily)
Term
 Coulomb's Law
Definition
 The force one object exerts on a second object is proportional to the product of the magnitudes and inversely proportional to the sqaure of the distance: F=k (Q1 Q2)/r2
Term
 Proprotionality Constant k
Definition
 8.988 x 10^9 N x m2/C2
Term
 Elementary Charge
Definition
 1.602 x 10^-19 C
Term
 Electric Field
Definition
 Any point in space is defined as the force F exerted on a tiny positive test charge placed at that point divided by the magnitude of the test charge q, where E = F/q E may be described as the force per unit charge and has the units N/C
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