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Geoterms
1st Quiz - Geoterms
27
Geography
09/13/2010

Term
 Cartograph
Definition
 A person who makes maps.
Term
 Geologist
Definition
 One who studies the orgin, history and structure of earth.
Term
 Longitude
Definition
 Measured East to West
Term
 Latitude
Definition
 Measured North to South
Term
 Relative Location
Definition
 Where a place is located relative to another location
Term
 Compass Rose
Definition
 A diagram that shows North, South, East and West
Term
 Cardinal Direction
Definition
 (North, East, South and West)    Two short lines that cross as right angles (plus sign)  The points at the end are labeled North, East, South, West.    These are the four main directions.
Term
 Intermediate Direction
Definition
 A more complicated compass rose has lines between the cardinal points.  These lines show intermediate directions.    They are northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest.
Term
 map legends
Definition
 A box or other display on a map that explains the meanings of the symbols used on the map.
Term
 Map Key
Definition
 Another name for a map legend.  Describes the pictures/symbols that are used on a map.
Term
 Global Grid
Definition
 The system of imaginary lines (called parallels of latitude and meridians of longitude) used to divide the surface of Earth on maps and globes.
Term
 Prime Meridian
Definition
 Labeled 0 degrees from which all other degrees of longitude are measured.  The prime meridian passes through Greenwich, Englad.
Term
 International Date Line
Definition
 The meridian of longitude located at 180 degrees.  By international agreement, the date is one day earlier to the east of this line.
Term
 Coordinates
Definition
 a set of numbers that together describe the exact location of something, such as a place on a map.
Term
 Map Scale
Definition
 An element of a map that shows how a unit of distance on a map (such as an inch) relates to actual distance on the surface of earth.
Term
 Hemisphere
Definition
 One half of a sphere. Earth can be divided into eastern and western hemispheres or into northern and southern hemispheres.
Term
 Landmass
Definition
 A very long unbroken section of land
Term
 Revolution and the Seasons
Definition
 How the earth's tilt creates the seasons during our planet's year long trip around the sun.  Notice that the seasons are reversed in the Northern and Southern hemispheres.
Term
 Tropic of Cancer
Definition
 The northernmost line of latitude where the sun's rays ever beat down straight.  This line marks the northern limit of the tropical zone.
Term
 Tropic of Capricorn
Definition
 The southernmost line of latitude where the sun's rays ever beat straight down.  This line marks the southern limit of the tropical zone.
Term
 Tropic Zone
Definition
 The area between the equator and the Tropic of Cancer and between the equator and the Tropic of Capricorn, where the climate is generally hot.
Term
 Antarctic Circle
Definition
 The line of latitude at 60 degrees/30 degrees that marks the boundary of the southern polar zone.
Term
 Polar Zones
Definition
 The area between the Arctic Circle and the North Pole  or between the Antarctic Circle and hte South Pole, where the climate is generally cold.
Term
 Temperate Zone
Definition
 The area between earth's tropical zones and polar zones, where the climate is relatively mild.
Term
 Lambert Projections
Definition
 A circular map that shows size accurately at its center, but not distance or shape.  Good for showing areas around the North or South pole.
Term
 Mercator Projections
Definition
 Show directions, but distort size.
Term
 Map Projection
Definition
 A way to deal with distortion. This is a particular way of showing Earth on a flat surface.
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