Term
Define the symbols, units of measurement and limitations of the equation
F_{x} = F Cos θ
F_{y} = F Sin θ 

Definition
F is the original force measured in N
F_{x} is the component of F in the horizontal direction
F_{y} is the component of F in the vertical direction
θ is the angle between the force vector F and the horizontal. 


Term
Define the symbols, units of measurement and limitations of the equation
a=Δv/Δt 

Definition
a is acceleration measured in ms^{2}
Δv is the change in velocity and is measured in ms^{1}
Δt is the change in time measured in seconds 


Term
Define the symbols, units of measurement and limitations of the equation
v = u + at 

Definition
v is the final velocity measured in ms^{1}
u is the initial velocity measured in ms^{1}
a is the constant acceleration in ms^{2}
t is the time taken measured in seconds
This equation only works if the acceleration is constant 


Term
Define the symbols, units of measurement and limitations of the equation
s = 0.5(u + v)t 

Definition
s is the distance moved in the direction of the acceleration measued in metres
v is the final velocity measured in ms^{1}
u is the initial velocity measured in ms^{1}
t is the time taken measured in seconds
The acceleration must be constant for this equation to work 


Term
Define the symbols, units of measurement and limitations of the equation
v^{2} = u^{2} + 2as 

Definition
s is the distance moved in the direction of the acceleration measued in metres
v is the final velocity measured in ms^{1}
u is the initial velocity measured in ms^{1}
a is the constant acceleration
The acceleration must be constant for this equation to work 


Term
Define the symbols, units of measurement and limitations of the equation
F = ma 

Definition
F is the resultant force (in Newtons) acting on an object of mass, m. (measured in kg) which causes the object to accelerate (measured in ms^{2})
If the object is moving very fast then the object mass will increase (relativistic effect) making this equation not work. 


Term
Define the symbols, units of measurement and limitations of the equation
W = mg 

Definition
W is the weight of an object measured in N
m is the mass of the object measured in kg
g is the gravitational field strength measured in ms^{2} or Nkg^{1} 


Term
Define the symbols, units of measurement and limitations of the equation
Moment = Fx 

Definition
Moment is the turning effect of a force (F measured in N) on a pivotted object
x is the perpendicular distance between the force and the pivot 


Term
Define the symbols, units of measurement and limitations of the equation
Torque 

Definition
Two equal but opposite forces (both F) act an equal distance (d/2) from the pivot, one either side[image]of the pivot produce a torque 


Term
Define the symbols, units of measurement and limitations of the equation
ρ = m/V 

Definition
The density (ρ) of a material measured in kgm^{3}
is the mass (m) in kilograms divided by the volume (V) the mass occupies in m^{3}. 


Term
Define the symbols, units of measurement and limitations of the equation
P = F/A 

Definition
P is the pressure acting on a surface measured in Nm^{2} or Pa. (1 Pa = 1 Nm^{2}) due to a force ,F, measured in N acting on a surface area, A, measured in m^{2}. 


Term
Define the symbols, units of measurement and limitations of the equation
W = FxCosθ 

Definition
W is the work done in Joules when a force, F, measured in N pushes an object a distance x.
The angle θ is the angle between the force and the direction moved 


Term
Define the symbols, units of measurement and limitations of the equation
E_{k} = 0.5mv^{2} 

Definition
The kinetic energy of an object measured in joules is half the product of the objects mass,m, (measured in kg) and velocity in ms^{1} squared.
If the object is moving very fast then the mass of the object will increase and the equation will not work. 


Term
Define the symbols, units of measurement and limitations of the equation
E_{p} = mgh 

Definition
The graviational potential energy, Ep, measured in Joules of an object is the product of its mass,m, (measured in kg), its height above the Earths surface,h, in metres and the grsavitational field strength,g, measured in Nkg^{1} or ms^{2}. 


Term
Define the symbols, units of measurement and limitations of the equation
F= kx 

Definition
A force, F, measured in Newtons will cause an extension, x, (in metres) in a wire or spring of stiffness/force constant/spring constant, k, measured in Nm^{1}.
This equation only works for elastic springs and wires 


Term
Define the symbols, units of measurement and limitations of the equation
E = 0.5Fx = 0.5kx^{2} 

Definition
Energy stored (measured in Joules) in a material under tension or compression, F, (measured in Newtons)
x is the the extension of the material in metres and k is the force constant/spring constant/hooke's constant measured in Nm^{1}
These equations only work for elastic materials 


Term
Define the symbols, units of measurement and limitations of the equation
stress = F/A 

Definition
Stress is measured in Nm^{2}
Force acting through the material in Newtons
A is the cross sectional area of the material measured in m^{2}. 


Term
Define the symbols, units of measurement and limitations of the equation
Strain = x/L 

Definition
Strain describes the change in shape of a material as a fraction
x is the extension of the material in metres
L is the original length of the material measured in metres. 


Term
Define the symbols, units of measurement and limitations of the equation
Young Modulus = stress/strain 

Definition
Youngs modulus describes the stiffness of a material in Nm^{2}.
Stress is the force ating perunit area through a material measured in Nm^{2}.
Strain describes how the shape of the ibject changes and has no units.
This equation only works for elastic materials 

