Shared Flashcard Set


Fundamentals of L.E.
Origins of L.E. Early L.E. in the U.S.
Criminal Justice

Additional Criminal Justice Flashcards





Describe the Origins of Contemporary Law Enforcement ?


Roman Republic



English Law and Structure


Roman Military 

- How it fluenced the model of for L.E.-

1.Patrol the streets.

2. Act as Arm of the government.

3. Symbol of Authority / Uniformed.

4. Professional unit.


Early Roman Concepts still used today?


1.) Equality before the Law

2.) Due Process

3.) Rules of Evidence

4.) Right to Jury Trial

5.) Eqaul punishment to Crime

ENGLISH LAW influenced current structure:
  • Sheriff came from "Shire Reeve"
  • Bailiff was the chief city Police Officer
  • Sergeants were assit. to the baliff
  • Merchants hired private police
  • Walled cities were grounded day + night

Summarize / Issues  L.E. in Early America:

1.A great deal of political influence and control by the bosses.

 2.There were few employment guidelines for hiring or terminating individuals.
 3.Family or political ties often determined who made up the police force.
 4.Corruption and brutality were everyday occurrences.
 5.The police role was to maintain order and yet was ill equipped to respond readily.
 6.There was little formal training or supervision.
7. Service, proactive policing, and crime prevention were non-existent.
Sir Robert Peele's 9 principles
1.LE must be stable, efficient, and organized along military lines.
2.LE must be under governmental control.
3.Absence of crime proves the efficiency of law enforcement.
4.Distribution of crime news is essential.
5.Deployment of LE strength, both by time and area, is essential.
6.The qualities of a peace officer (such as control of temper, quiet, and determined manner) are more effective than violent action.
7.Good appearance demands respect.
8.Securing and training or proper persons in law enforcement is efficient.
9.Public security requires each peace officer be assigned a number.
10.LE should be centrally located and accessible to citizens.
11.Peace officers should be hired on a probationary period.

12.Records are necessary to the correct distribution of law enforcement strength.


Expectations of L.E by the Public

1.Equal access/equal treatment: balance the protection of life or property and the maintenance of order without bias. 
2.Justified and legally defensible actions by law enforcement.
3.Actions by law enforcement will preserve life (all citizens).
4.Law enforcement will not privately gain, receive a benefit, or an advantage because of the authority granted to them. 
5.Must take action when appropriate and possible to do so.


6.An effective system of checks and balances depends on every individual in the system.

Government Expectations of L.E.

  1. Be Trained
  2. Maintain Public Trust
  3. Decision Makers
  4. Act Reasonably
  5. Be Fair / Eqaul 

Social Construct Theory 


Citizens give up certain rights as a community to L.E., in order for L.E. to be able to serve.


SIR Robert Peel

Qoute - "Social Construct Theory"


"The Police are the public and the public are the police; the police being only members of the public who are paid to give full time attention to duties which are incumbent on every citizen in the interests of community welfare and existence."


Role of the Sheriff


1.) Take charge and custody of the county jail.

2.) Keep a true and exact register of all prisoners committed to any jail under the sheriff’s charge.

3.) Attend upon the circuit court held in the sheriff’s county during its session.
4.) Serve or execute all processes, writs, precepts, and orders issued or made by lawful authority and delivered to the sheriff.
5.) Deliver all property and prisoners to the sheriff’s successor.
6.) Generaly considered the chief L.E. Officer in the county.

Community Oriented Policing 


a philosophy that promotes organizational strategies, which support the systematic use of partnerships and problem-solving techniques, to proactively address the immediate conditions that give rise to public safety issues such as crime, social disorder and fear of crime"

Policing Strategies 

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