Term
What are the 3 types of similitude 

Definition
1. Dynamic 2. Kinetic 3. Geometric 


Term
Properties involving heat flow 

Definition
1. Specific heat 2. Specific internal energy 3. Enthalpy 


Term
What causes a pressure change in a flowing fluid 

Definition
1. Depth/elevation 2. Head loss 3. Acceleration 4. Viscous resistance 5. Size of flow path 


Term
Who are the 2 people who made the greatest contribution to the fundamental principles of fluid mechanics 

Definition


Term
The 6 ways flow patterns can be classified 

Definition
1. Steady 2. Nonsteady 3. Uniform 4. Nonuniform 5. Turbulent 6. Laminar 


Term
What forces do fluid exert on surfaces they are in contact with 

Definition
1. Shearing Forces 2. Normal Forces 


Term
The 3 types of methods to develop flow patterns 

Definition
1. Numerical 2. Analytical 3. Experimental 


Term
Pipes in parallel have the same ________, but different _______ 

Definition
1. Same head losses 2. Different flow rates 


Term
What is the normal force for a fluid at rest 

Definition


Term
Devices to measure change in pressure 

Definition
1. Manometer 2. Bourden gauge 3. Strain gauge 4. Stagnation tube 


Term
What are the dimensions of Force 

Definition


Term
What are the dimensions of Velocity 

Definition


Term
What are the dimensions of Density 

Definition


Term
What are the dimensions of Viscosity 

Definition


Term
What are the dimensions of Diameter 

Definition


Term
What are the dimensions of Surface Tension 

Definition


Term
Kinetic energy correction factor for turbulent and laminar flow 

Definition
Laminar = 2 Turbulent = 1.05 


Term
Pipes in series have the same ________ but different ________ 

Definition
1. The same Flow Rates 2. Different head losses 


Term
What are the chemicals added to fluids to reduce head loss called 

Definition


Term
In a flow system, what is flow work usually a result of 

Definition


Term
What is the concept used in hydraulic lift and hydraulic press 

Definition


Term
What are full scale structures used for experimental tests 

Definition


Term
What are small scale structures used for design 

Definition


Term
How does temperature effect gas viscosity 

Definition
The viscosity of gas increases with increasing temperature 


Term
What are some applications of Fluid Mechanics 

Definition
1. Kitchen faucets 2. Hydroelectric 3. Thermal Power 4. Car suspension 5. Road shocks 6. Manufacturing 7. Waste disposal 8. Blood circulation 


Term
What are the limits of dimensional analysis 

Definition
1. Inclusion of variables already accounted for 2. Omission of significant variables 


Term
What is velocity distribution in a pipe directly linked to 

Definition
Shear stress distribution 


Term
How is the pressure drop in a model related to pressure drop in a prototype 

Definition
They are related by the pressure coefficient 


Term
The 2 categories that Fluid Mechanics can be divided into 

Definition
1. Hydrodynamics 2. Gas dynamics 


Term

Definition
It can be a liquid or a gas 


Term
What are the common dimensionless numbers 

Definition
1. Euler' number 2. Reynold's number 3. Mach number 4. Weber number 5. Froude number 


Term
What is the object of dimensional analysis 

Definition
To reduce the number of separate variables involved in a problem to a smaller number of independent dimensionless groups of variables 


Term
What does gas dynamics deal with 

Definition
It deals with fluids that undergo significant density changes 


Term

Definition
Accreditation Board for Engineering Technology 


Term
What are the fundamental SI units 

Definition
1. Meter 2. Kilogram 3. Second 4. Kelvin 


Term
What are the fundamental US units 

Definition
1. Foot 2. Slug 3. Second 4. Ranking 


Term
What utilizes the change in pressure with elevation to evaluate pressure 

Definition


Term
2 roles of pressure in engineering 

Definition
1. Designing a building 2. Designing a fluid pump 


Term
What type of magnitude does a static fluid exhibit 

Definition
The pressure at any point in a static fluid will have the same magnitude 


Term
What can momentum be divided into 

Definition


Term
3 assumptions made for the derivation of Bernoulli's equation from Euler's equation 

Definition
1. Steady state 2. Incompressible 3. Nonviscous 


Term
One common dimensionless number used frequently in fluidflow studies 

Definition


Term
What 2 things is shaft work usually a result of in the flow system 

Definition
Shaft work is usually the result of a pump or turbine in the flow system 


Term
What types of problems is the momentum equation used to analyze 

Definition
The momentum equation is used to analyze problems involving forces and flow 


Term
What is the momentum accumulation for nonsteady flow 

Definition


Term
What is the buoyancy force dependent on regarding a displaced fluid 

Definition
Buoyancy force is dependent on the density of the displaced fluid 


Term
How does the hydrostatic pressure vary with depth in an incompressible fluid 

Definition
it varies linearly with depth 


Term
Does stress in a Newtonian fluid depend on fluid viscosity 

Definition


Term
What is the pressure in a vacuum called 

Definition


Term
How will a hydrometer change as the specific gravity of the liquid increases 

Definition


Term
Classify the following according to whether they are intensive or extensive: 1. Specific weight 2. Density 3. Surface tension 4. Vapor pressure 5. Weight 6. Velocity 7. Specific gravity 8. Momentum 9. Force 10. Specific heat 

Definition
1. Specific weight (I) 2. Density (I) 3. Surface tension (I) 4. Vapor pressure (I) 5. Weight (E) 6. Velocity (I) 7. Specific gravity (I) 8. Momentum (E) 9. Force (E) 10. Specific heat (I) 


Term
Where are energy grade lines in relation to hydraulic lines 

Definition
The energy grade lines (EGL) are either greater than or equal to the hydraulic grade lines (HGL) 


Term

Definition
1. Gravitational 2. Electrostatic 3. Magnetic 


Term
What are the surface forces 

Definition
1. Structural elements(weight) 2. Pressure elements 3. Shear stress 


Term
When is momentum accumulation zero 

Definition
When the flow is steady and other materials in the control volume are stationary 


Term
4 Common applications of the momentum equation 

Definition
1. Fluid jets 2. Nozzles 3. Vanes 4. Pipes 


Term
What does the energy equation allow to be incorporated 

Definition
The energy equation allows the incorporation of thermal energies (thermal forces) on a fluid 


Term
What is Q if heat is transferred to the system 

Definition


Term
What is W if work is done by the system 

Definition


Term
What are the different forms of energy 

Definition
1. Kinetic 2. Potential 3. Internal 


Term
What can work be divided into 

Definition
1. Shaft work 2. Flow work 


Term

Definition
It is the irreversible conversion of mechanical energy to thermal energy through the viscous action of the fluid 


Term

Definition
It is the theory and art of predicting prototype performance from model observations 


Term
What are the 3 basic dimensions in dimensional analysis 

Definition
1. Mass [M] 2. Length [L] 3. Time [T] All other dimensions are derived dimensions 


Term
What is the basic and obvious requirement of similitude 

Definition
It requires that the model be an exact geometric replica of the prototype 


Term
Where is the maximum velocity located in a pipe for laminar flow 

Definition
The center due to its parabolic velocity distribution 


Term
Who was the first person to develop the basic laws of turbulent flow 

Definition


Term
What chart is the friction factor 'f' obtained from 

Definition


Term
Is there an exact solution or equation for turbulent flow 

Definition
No, there is no exact solution or equation for turbulent flow 


Term
What kind of chart is provided by the manufacturer for a pump 

Definition
A head vs. discharge (Q) is usually provided for a pump 

