# Shared Flashcard Set

## Details

Final Exam Semester 2
Review/Quiz on all the learning targets
116
Environmental Studies
05/27/2013

Term
 Global Warming   Name an effect of Global Warming-
Definition
 Ozone Layer gets destroyed, air is polluted, temperatures increase, water level increase, animals like the polar bear lose their habitat, ect
Term
 Global Warming   What type of layer in the earth's atmosphere is destroyed due to the Greenhouse affect-
Definition
 The Ozone Layer
Term
 Global Warming   Name something that emits Carbon Dioxide-
Definition
 Cars and factories can emit Carbon Dioxide
Term
 Global Warming   Name different types of Greenhouse gasses-
Definition
 Carbon Dioxide, Nitrous Oxide, HFC's, Water Vapor
Term
 Energy   Can electrons pass through a conductor and name an example of one-
Definition
 Yes they can. Examples are gold, copper and aluminum.
Term
 Energy   Can electrons go through a insulator and give an example    of an insulator-
Definition
 No they can't. Examples of an insulator is wood, paper, and rubber.
Term
 Energy   In Ohm's Law, if opposite charges attract, what do charges that are the same do-
Definition
 They repel each other.
Term
 Energy   If the current of an object is 5 amps and the resistance is 5 ohms, what is the voltage of a circuit-
Definition
 1. V=RxI / 2. V= 5 amps x 5 ohms / 3. V= 25 volts
Term
 Energy   Find the Current of an object that's resistance is 4 and voltage is 2-
Definition
 1. I=V/R 2. I=2/4 3. 0.5 amps
Term
 Energy   Find the Resistance of a circuit where the Voltage is 4 and the Amps are 2-
Definition
 1.R=V/A 2.R=4Volts/2Amps 3. R=2 Ohms
Term
 Energy   If their are 2 bulbs in a series circuit and one goes out, will the other one stay lit-
Definition
 No, because the electrons have no other path to follow to the other bulb.
Term
 Energy   If their are two bulbs within a parallel circuit and one of the bulbs go out, what will happen to the other bulb.
Definition
 The other one will stay lit and be brighter than before.
Term
 Energy   Is current electricity potential energy or kinetic energy and why-
Definition
 Kinetic because the electrons in current electricity are always flowing.
Term
 Energy   Is static electricity potential energy or kinetic energy and why-
Definition
 Poetential because the electrons in static electricity are stored and not flowing.
Term
 Energy If your car has a velocity of 5 m/s and and a mass of 100 kg, what is it's kinetic energy.
Definition
 1. 1/2xmxvxv 2. 1/2x100kgx5m/sx5m/s 3. 1,250 J
Term
 Energy   If a car has a mass of 100kg and a height of 8 meters, what is its potential energy-
Definition
 1. mxgxh 2. 100kg x 9.8 g x 8 m 3. 7,840 J
Term
 Energy   What is potential energy and give an example of potential energy-
Definition
 Potential energy is stored energy within an object and an example of potential energy is when you stretch out a rubber band.
Term
 Energy   What is Chemical Energy stored within and give and example of Chemical Energy-
Definition
 Chemical Energy is stored within bonds of atoms and moleules. An example of chemical energy is natural gas.
Term
 Energy Where is Nuclear Energy stored within an atom and give an example of nuclear energy.
Definition
 Is found within the Nucleus of an atom and an example would be uranium
Term
 Energy   What is Mechanical Energy and give and example of Mechanical Energy-
Definition
 Energy stored within mechaniancal obejects and an example of mechanical energy would be a stetched rubberband.
Term
 Energy Electrical energy is the movement of what and give an example of electrical energy-
Definition
 Of electrons and lightning is an example of electrical energy.
Term
 Energy Thermal Energy is enery that pertains to what and give an   example of Thermal Energy
Definition
 Pertains to heat and an example would be geothermal energy.
Term
 Violent Weather   Which layer of the atmosphere is closest to the earth and how high is it-
Definition
 The Troposphere and is between 17km-20km
Term
 Violent Weather Which layer is after the Troposphere and how close is it to the high is it.
Definition
 The Stratosphere and is about 20 to 50 km.
Term
 Violent Weather What layer protects us from ultra-violet rays and is getting weakend by Greenhouse gasses.
Definition
 The Ozone layer
Term
 Energy The Law of Conseration says that-
Definition
 Energy can neither be created or destroyed, but tranformed to a different type of energy.
Term
 Energy When mechanical energy changes into motin energy, this process is known as what-
Definition
 Transformation
Term
 Energy What does voltage measure-
Definition
 The potential difference of electrons within a circuit.
Term
 Energy What is alternative energy and give and example of a type of alternative energy.
Definition
 Energy that is reusable and is cleaner for the environment. An example would be solar energy.
Term
 Energy   What is non-renewable energy and give an example of one-
Definition
 Is energy that was created long ago and cannot be replenishd because it takes millions of years to make. An example would be oil or coal.
Term
 Energy   What is renewable energy and give an example of one-
Definition
 Energy that never runs out and is an alternative to non-renewable energy. An example would be wind energy.
Term
 Violent Weather The temperature of Chicago in a day was 73 degrees. This would be an example of what-
Definition
 Weather
Term
 Violent Weather The temperature of the east coast was about 80 degrees for the summer in the past 30 year. This is an example of-
Definition
 Climate
Term
 Violent Weather Plant, animals, and climate all pertain to characteristics of what-
Definition
 Biomes
Term
 Violent Weather   What type of biome is dry and has little to no vegetation-
Definition
 Desert Biome
Term
 Violent Weather   This biome has many trees and the climate of this area is temperate-
Definition
 Forest Biome
Term
 Violent Weather This Biome is very cold and has very little vegetation.
Definition
 Tundra Biome
Term
 Violent Weather This Biome contains a lot of grass vegetation and the weather is temperate.
Definition
 Grassland Biome
Term
 Violent Weather Alternative Energy source that use wind to make electric energy-
Definition
 Wind Power
Term
 Energy What is a static charge-
Definition
 The build up of electric charge on the surface of an object.
Term
 Energy What is energy in motion and give an example-
Definition
 KInetic energy and a roller coaster going down a hill.
Term
 Energy   What is a coulomb-
Definition
 A charge transported by a steady electrical current.
Term
 Energy What is an electrons-
Definition
 An electric charge.
Term
 Energy When electrons do not want to go through a insulator, this  is because of-
Definition
 Resistance
Term
 Energy Is coal, oil, and natural gas a renewbale resource(true or false)-
Definition
 False
Term
 Violent Weather   What scale measures the the damage of a tornado-
Definition
 Fujita scale
Term
 Violent Weather States like Texas, Oklahoma, and Nebraska are a part of what
Definition
Term
 Active Earth   What does the Richter Scale measure-
Definition
 Energy Wave realeased from an earthquake.
Term
 Violent Weather When when their is a electrical discharge from a cloud is known as what-
Definition
 Lightning
Term
 Thunder   The sound of lightning expanding after being discharged is known as-
Definition
 Thunder
Term
 Violent Weather   What are the characteristics of a single-cell thunderstorm-
Definition
 Very light rain, little to no wind, last less than an hour, no chance of tornado.
Term
 Violent Weather What are the characteristics of a Multi-Cell thunderstorm-`
Definition
 Strong Rain, last 2-4 hours, some wind, slight chance of tornado
Term
 Violent Weather Characteristics of a Super-Cell thunderstorm
Definition
 Heavy rain, strong winds, last more than 5 hours, huge possibility of a tornado.
Term
 Energy Fossil Fuels are the remains of what-
Definition
 Prehistoric Plants and Animals
Term
 Energy How are fossil Fuels Formed-
Definition
 Dead Plants or animals die in swampy water and gets burried in with dead sod and water sediments. Then it is aplied with heat and pressure and after millions of years form fossil feuls.
Term
 Energy What are the primary uses of fossil fuels-
Definition
 To create energy and fuel machines like cars and air planes
Term
 Energy How does Geothermal Energy form electricity-
Definition
 A pipe full of water goes underground where it forms steam and rises back up to the earth where it powers a motor. Then electricity is formed.
Term
 Energy How does hydroelectricity forms electrical energy-
Definition
 A damn with running water goes down a pipe to a turbine that forms electricity.
Term
 Energy How does Biomass form Electricity-
Definition
 Plant material take energy from the sun and is then converted and transformed into re-newable energy.
Term
 Energy How does tidal energy form electricity-
Definition
 Turbine under coast is powered by movement of tides and electricity is then formed.
Term
 Active Earth   What layer is between the outer core and crust and is made of rocky substances-
Definition
 The Mantle
Term
 Active Earth   The thinnest layer of the earth and the farthest one from the center.
Definition
 Crust
Term
 Active Earth   Two other layer that are near the center of the earth-
Definition
 Inner Core and Outer Core
Term
 Active Earth   Where is the earth's asthenosphere located-
Definition
 Located by the upper mantle.
Term
 Active Earth   Where is the lithophere located-
Definition
 Between the earth's crust and upper mantle.
Term
 Active Earth   How does the process of convection currents occur-
Definition
 Magma from the ocean floor rises and sinks and does this over and over which results in the sea florr spreading.
Term
 Active Earth   Who is Alfred Wegner and what did he discover-
Definition
 A German Scientist who made advancements on his theory of continental drift.
Term
 Active Earth   What Evidence supports the Theory of Continental Drift-
Definition
 Africa and South America look like they were together, simmilar plants and animals were found on other continents, borders of continents appear to have same rock patterns.
Term
 Active Earth   What happens when there are Convergent Plate Boundries-
Definition
 One plate goes over another
Term
 Active Earth   What happens during a divergent plate boundry-
Definition
 One plate goes underneath another plate.
Term
 Active Earth   What is occuring during a Transform Fault Plate Boundry-
Definition
 Two plates are rubbing against each other.
Term
 Active Earth   The theory that plates are always moving is known as what-
Definition
 The theory of Plate tectonics
Term
 Active Earth When two plates collide or move along side each other, this creates what-
Definition
 An Earthquake
Term
 Active Earth   What is the Elastic Rebound Theory-
Definition
 When a Plate recieves too much energy, it will break, and an earthquake will form.
Term
 Active Earth   What graph is used to locate an earthquake-
Definition
 A seismograph
Term
 Active Earth   What Earthquake waves can travel through solids and liquids-
Definition
 Primary Waves
Term
 Violent Weather A symbol that is used to represent the weather that is occuring is in a day and the wind direction is a-
Definition
 Surface Observation Scale
Term
 Violent Weather A scale that measures windspeed of a hurricane is known as a-
Definition
 Saffir-Simpson Scale
Term
 Violent Weather What is  A type of tropical cyclone or severe tropical storm that forms in the southern Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, and in the eastern Pacific Ocean.
Definition
 A Hurricane
Term
 Violent Weather What is a violently rotating column of air that is in contact with both the surface of the earth and a cumulonimbus cloud.
Definition
Term
 Violent Weather   What is a narrow band of high winds and storms associated with a cold front.
Definition
 A Squall Line
Term
 Violent Weather   What are the ingedient for a thunderstorm
Definition
 Instability, Wind Shear, Lifting Mechanism, and Moisture
Term
 Violent Weather   What are the three stages of a thunderstorm-
Definition
 Cumulus Stage, Mature Stage, and Dissipating stage
Term
 Violent Weather Tropical, Temperate and Polar are the three main what-
Definition
 Climate Zones of the world.
Term
 Violent Weather   What is the third highest layer of the earth atmosphere and how high is it-
Definition
 The Mesosphere and is 80 km high.
Term
 Active Earth What are secondary waves-
Definition
 They are waves that are slower than primary waves and can travel through solids, but not liquids.
Term
 Active Earth What are Surface waves-
Definition
 Slow waves that travel on the surface of the earth instead of through. Examples would be Love waves and Rayleigh waves.
Term
 Active Earth What does a Seismograph measure-
Definition
 They meaure the arrival time of an earthquake, height of the lines is equal to the aplitude.
Term
 Violent Weather What is the fourth layer of the earth's atmosphere and is  very hot-
Definition
 Thermosphere
Term
 Violent Weather What is the fifth highest layer and last layer of the earth's atmosphere and is extremely cold-
Definition
 Ionosphere
Term
 Violent Weather What type of cloud is a stratus cloud-
Definition
 Very low cloud that look blanket like. No serious rain but can have a little drizzle.
Term
 Active Earth What does a Mercalli scale measure-
Definition
 The intensity of an earthquake
Term
 Active Earth What are volcanic hazards-
Definition
 Lahars, Valcano Landslides, Volcanic Gases, Pyroclastic Flows and Lava Floes
Term
 Active Earth How is an earthquake formed-
Definition
 Opening in earth's crust where magma has reached the earth's surface due to vents.
Term
 Active Earth What are some earthquake hazards
Definition
 Ground Motion, Aftershock, Fire and Tsunami
Term
 Violent Weather What is a cumulus cloud look like and what weather can be associated with it-
Definition
 Looks like a puffy cotton candy and the weather associated is clear weather with little to no chance of rain
Term
 Violent Weather What is humidity and explain relative humidity-
Definition
 Humidity is the amount of water vapor in the atmosphere. Relative humidity is the amount of humidity in the atmosphere over how much it can actually can hold.
Term
 Violent Weather What do cirrus cloud look like and what weather can be expected with it-
Definition
 A thin wispy cloud that has little to no rain affilitated with it.
Term
 Violent Weather Define Condensation, Evaporation, Transpiration, Run Off and Precipitation -
Definition
 Condensation is when water vapor turns back to a liquid. Evaporation is when water is turned into water vapor because of heat from the sun. Transpiration is when the heat from the sun evaporates water from plants. Run off is when water from mountains flow into streams that go into oceans. Precipitation is any sort of release of water vapor from clouds whether is be sleet, snow, rain or hail.
Term
 Active Earth   Describe what a epicenter is and how it has to deals with an earthquake-
Definition
 An epicenter is the location on the earth center directly above an earthquake.
Term
 Active Earth   What is the focus of an earthquake-
Definition
 The point where a fault in the earth snaps and an earthquake begins
Term
 Active Earth What and where is the ring of fire-
Definition
 The Ring of Fire is an area by the pacific plate  where a large number of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur.
Term
 Active Earth What are composite volcano made of-
Definition
 Made up of ash, lava, silica and magma.
Term
 Active Earth What is a shield volcano and what is it made of-
Definition
 A gentle sloping mountain, it is full of magnesium and iron.
Term
 Active Earth Describe a cinder cone volcano-
Definition
 A small volcano that only has short eruptions.
Term
 Violent Weather What is Dew Point-
Definition
 When water vapor molecules turn back in a liquid state.
Term
 Violent Weather What happen in a high pressure area during a hurricane developement-
Definition
 With a mix of hot and cold wind, violent waves are formed.
Term
 Violent Weather What happens in a low pressure area during a hurricane development-
Definition
 Cold air mixes with Warm air to form violent waves.
Term
 Violent Weather What do isobars measure-
Definition
 The air pressure in our sky and atmosphere.
Term
 Violent Weather What do isotherms measure-
Definition
 The difference in climate between two regions.
Term
 Violent Weather What are the four main types of air masses-
Definition
 The four main types of air masses are Maritime Tropical, Maritime Polar, Continental Tropical, and Continental Polar.
Term
 Violent Weather What is a warm front-
Definition
 When warm air displaces cold air.
Term
 Violent Weather What is a cold front-
Definition
 When cold air displaces warm air.
Term
 Violent Weather What is a stationary front-
Definition
 When two fronts collide and it is neither cold or warm.
Supporting users have an ad free experience!