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Velocity as function of time 

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Velocity as function of Δx 

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Draw a vector and its components 

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Combing A_{x }and A_{y }to yield vector A is accomplished by what means? 

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Force = mass x acceleration 


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Define Work from this picture: [image] 

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[image] Work= (Fcos(θ))Δx 


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Weight= Mass x Acceleration Due to Gravity 


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Find the maximum frictional force for a stationary object with mass m on a level surface. 

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The force of kinetic friction, f_{k} = 

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Conservation of Energy is stated in this formula: 

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The units of power are expressed in the ... 

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Given momentum and time, find the net force which acts upon a system. 

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Impulse, I, is given by... 

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Describe how momentum and kinetic energy are affected by the following collisions: (1) Elastic (2) Perfectly Inelastic (3) Inelastic 

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(1) Momentum and Kinetic Energy are conserved [image] (2) Momentum is conserved but kinetic energy is not and the two object stick together. [image] [image] (3) Same as a perfectly inelastic collision except the two objects don't stick together. 


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Given this diagram list the formulas needed to determine the final momentum for each object. Then consider how a diagram would look and where the formulas would be placed [image] 

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Instantaneous thrust of a rocket= 

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Given this diagram find Θ [image] 

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Angular Acceleration, [image], = 

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Angular velocity as a function of time 

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Angular displacement as a function of time 

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Angular velocity as a function of displacement 

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Tangential acceleration = 

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Centripetal acceleration can equal... 

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Total acceleration is given by 

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The centripetal Force, F_{c=} 

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PE of an object with significant distance from Earth= 

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The formula for escape speed = 

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The period, T, of an obriting planet is given by 

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Given this picture find [image] [image] 

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The center of gravity, for x in this case is given by 

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The moment of Inertia, I = 

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The rotating kinetic energy of an object is 

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The angular momentum, L, is found by 

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If we know the change of L and t, we can find... 

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Is the force per unit area that causes deformation 


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Measure of deformation of an object 


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Stress is calculated how? 

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Stress= Elastic modulus x strain 


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The measurement of elasticity of length is given by ... modulus and ... formula 

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The measurement of elasticty of shape uses what modulus and is given by what formula? 

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Measuring elasticity of volume this modulus is used in the formula. 

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A large modulus for a given object means what for its resistance to change? 

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A large modulus means the object resists change very well. 


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The density, [image], of an object is given by 

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Given a pressure at a certain depth, find a second pressure knowing only [image]g and h 

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State Archimede's Principle 

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Any object completely or partially submerged in a fluid is buoyed up by a force with magnitude equal to the weight of the fluid displaced by the object. 


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For a completely submerged object, determine the upward buoyant force as well as the downward force due to gravity. Then determine whether it will sink or float. 

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Buoyant [image] Downward [image] Net Force [image] Result [image] [image] 


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For a floating object what formula should be used to find a buoyant force? How do the object and fluid relate 

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We know... [image] and [image] so, [image] 


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The equation of continuity states that... and is given by... 

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The mass that flows through the end of a pipe with Area_{1 }in time Δt must equal the mass that flows through Area_{2} in the same interval. [image] However this assumes that the fluid is incompressible. 


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Given a two openings on one pipe, the larger opening, O_{1}, will allow for a [image] fluid speed compared to the smaller opening, O_{2.} 

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While the same volume and mass flows through both ends in a time interval, the larger opening will allow for a slower flow rate than the smaller opening. 


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Bernoulli's equation states... 

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...that the sum of the pressure P, the kinetic energy per unit volume, [image], and the potential energy per unit volume, [image], has the same value at all points along a streamline. 


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Expressed mathematically Bernouli's equation states... 

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[image] From this equation we can conclude that swiftly moving fluids exert less pressure than slower moving ones. 


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The zeroth law of thermodynamics states 

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If objects A and B are separately in thermal equilbrium with a third object C, then A and B are in thermal equilibrium with each other. 


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The conversion from Degrees Farenheit to Celsius Degrees is done by Celsius to Farenheit... Celsius to Kelvins... 

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The thermal expansion of an object, ΔL, is given by... 

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The change in area to due thermal expansion is given by... 

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[image] where [image] is called the coeffiecient of thermal expansion. 


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The change in volume of an object due to thermal expansion is given by... 

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[image] where [image] is equal to 3[image] 


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The number of moles, n, is given by... 

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Avogadro's Number, N_{A} is 

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The Universal Gas Constant, R, is 

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The Force on the container of an ideal gas 

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The Pressure of an Ideal Gas 

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The average kinetic energy per molecule 

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The Internal Energy for a monatomic gas. 

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Specific heat of a substance 

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The Energy required to raise a system by ΔT 

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The Energy, Q, needed to change the phase of a given pure substance 

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[image] Where L is the latent heat of the substance. 


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The heat required to change water to steam is (greater, less than) the heat required to required to change water to ice. 

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The Rate of Energy Transfer, P in a rod. 

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[image] Where k is the thermal conductivity. Substances with that insulate have low k values. 


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The transfer of energy by the movement of a substance is 

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The process of transferring energy without a medium is 

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The rate at which an object radiates energy is proportional to the fourth power of its absolute temperature. The exact value is found by 

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[image] P is in watts, [image] is constant and = 5.669 x 10^{8} .e varies from 0 to 1. 


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The Work done on a gas at constant pressure is 

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The Change in Internal Energy, ΔU= 

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In an isobaric system,____ stays constant 

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The Q of a gas at constant pressure 

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In an adiabatic process, what stays constant. 

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In an adiabatic process, ΔU= ? 

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The adiabatic index of a gas 

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In an isovolumteric process, ΔU= ? and Q=? 

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The Work done by a heat engine = 

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The efficieny of an engine 

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The coefficient of performance for a fridge or A/C 

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The coefficient of performance for a heater is 

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[image] Where Q_{r }is the energy expelled or absorbed. 


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The equation for acceleration of an object undergoing simple harmonic motion is 

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Velocity as function of position 

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Period of an object moving with simple harmonic motion. 

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Frequency of an objectspring 

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[image] Given the equation find Amplitude, frequency, and period. Find velocity and accel max. 

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Amplitude [image] Frequency [image] [image] Period [image] V_{max} [image] [image]



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Draw a picture of a pendulum 

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Speed of waves on strings 

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Speed of sound in a fluid 

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Speed of sound in a medium 

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To find level of intensity (decibel) 

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What is the decibel level of a machine with intensity 1.00 x 10^{5}? 

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For a spherical wave, find the Intensity 

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What is the formula for the doppler effect? 

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The angle of the shock wave 

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The condition of constructive interference occurs when 

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Destructive interference occurs when 

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The formula for finding the fundamental frequencies 

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Compare the fundamental harmonics of a pipe open at two ends, and another open only at one. 

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Both Open: [image] One Closed: [image] 


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Snell's law of refraction 

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Define total internal reflection and give a formula for the critical angle 

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Occurs only when light attempts to move from a medium of higher index of refraction to a lower index of refraction [image] 


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The lateral magnification, M 

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Name two properties of a flat mirror 

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1. The image is far behind the mirror as the object is in front 2. The image is unmagnified, virtual and upright. 3. Left right reversal. 


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v_{s/}v v_{s }is speed of source 

