Shared Flashcard Set

Details

FA207 Test 2
University of Portland
87
Fine Art
Undergraduate 1
03/22/2009

Additional Fine Art Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
Greek Orders
Definition
Styles of construction and ornamentation first used in Greek buildings; adopted by the Romans; most easily identified by the capitals; commonly used today as historical references.
Term
Capital
Definition
A decorative structure at the top of a column; this design is the easiest way to identify the Greek orders.
Term
Doric
Definition
The simplest of the Greek orders; the capital includes a round pillow-like stone topped by a flat, rectangular stone.
Term
Ionic
Definition
A Greek order; the capital consists of large scrolls.
Term
Corinthian
Definition
The most complex Greek order; the capital includes stylized leaves and scrolls.
Term
Post-and-Lintel
Definition
A structural system with a post spanned by a single piece (e.g. stone columns spanned by a single piece of stone); in wood this is called post and beam.
Term
Column
Definition
A free-standing vertical structural support.
Term
Fluting
Definition
The vertical grooves carved into columns.
Term
Arch
Definition
A curved structure that spans an opening.
Term
Roman Arch
Definition
An arch in the shape of a half circle; widely used by the Romans and again in the middle ages (identified as Romanesque).
Term
Gothic Arch
Definition
A pointed arch. Developed in the middle ages.
Term
Arcade
Definition
A series of arches side by side.
Term
Vault
Definition
A series of arches, one behind the next, that enclose a space, producing an arched ceiling.
Term
Tunnel Vault
Definition
The simplest of vaults, a continuous arched ceiling, with either round or pointed arches.
Term
Groin Vault
Definition
Occurs where two tunnel vaults of the same size intersect at a right angle.
Term
Dome
Definition
A structure that encloses a space by using a series of continuous arches on a continuous round base.
Term
Bearing-wall Construction
Definition
A structural method in which the building is held up by the outside walls, which must be thick and strong.
Term
Steel Cage Construction
Definition
A modern structural method that holds up a building with an internal frame of steel; the walls do not hold up the building as in earlier structural systems.
Term
Cantilever
Definition
An overhanging structure supported only on one side.
Term
Fa├žade
Definition
The front of a building, often given special architectural design.
Term
Fenestration
Definition
The pattern of windows in a building.
Term
Scale
Definition
Building size as compared to the human body.
Term
Proportion
Definition
Comparative size of parts of a building measured against other parts of the building.
Term
Materials
Definition
Stone, brick, masonry, concrete, wood, steel, glass.
Term
Masonry
Definition
Brick or stone held together by mortar, a substance similar to concrete.
Term
Four Elements of Drama
Definition
Plot, live actor, theatrical space, theatrical event.
Term
Plot, live actor, theatrical space, theatrical event
Definition
Four elements of drama
Term
Plot
Definition
Series of closely related events.
Term
Live Actor
Definition
Live actor in the same space as the audience.
Term
Theatrical Space
Definition
Formal theater space or informal such as garage, basement, street corner.
Term
Theatrical Event
Definition
Actors and audience react to each other.
Term
Suspension of Disbelief
Definition
Audience is able to fully immerse themselves in the story taking place on stage; accepting improbability within the framework of the work of art.
Term
Aristotle Devices or Components of a Play
Definition
Plot, character, thought, diction, music and spectacle.
Term
Plot, Character, Thought, Diction, Music, and Spectacle
Definition
Aristotle devices or components of a play.
Term
Plot
Definition
Series of closely related events; story structure.
Term
Character
Definition
People of the play, vehicle through which the story is told.
Term
Thought
Definition
Theme, message, moral, central idea playwright is trying to get across.
Term
Diction
Definition
Language of the play: imagery, tone, and articulation.
Term
Music
Definition
All sound; rhythm of sounds and vocal tones.
Term
Spectacle
Definition
All visual aspects of the production.
Term
Proscenium
Definition
A stage framed by a large rectangular arch that divides playing space from the audience.
Term
Thrust
Definition
Stage that goes out into the audience area and is surrounded on three sides by seats.
Term
Arena (or Theater in the Round)
Definition
Stage is surrounded on all sides by seats.
Term
Black Box
Definition
Flexible space that can be configured for requirements of the production.
Term
Tragedy, Drama, Comedy, Melodrama, Farce, Musical
Definition
Theater genres
Term
Tragedy
Definition
Oldest form of recorded genre; serious play with protagonist of high social stature who has a flaw.
Term
Drama
Definition
A play with serious intent, but not universal significance; usually people of everyday type, but ending is often unhappy or at least serious.
Term
Comedy
Definition
A funny play often about serious human conflict.
Term
Melodrama
Definition
Stereotypical and sentimental drama.
Term
Farce
Definition
Play written purely for entertainment.
Term
Musical
Definition
Play combining dialogue, music, and often dance.
Term
Exposition, Conflict, Climax, Denouement
Definition
Dramatic Structure
Term
Exposition
Definition
Background information; introduces the characters, situation and problem.
Term
Conflict
Definition
Drama requires this; mechanism by which a situation becomes dramatic; begins with an inciting incident.
Term
Climax
Definition
The moment of maximum tension in the play when the primary conflict is resolved.
Term
Denouement
Definition
Resolution of conflict; new harmony or understanding has been reached.
Term
Dramatic Time
Definition
Things happen on stage faster than they do in real life and audience accepts this.
Term
Protagonist
Definition
Principal character in a dramatic action.
Term
Antagonist
Definition
The character who opposes the action.
Term
Director
Definition
Responsible for casting, rehearsal process, mounting of the play; communicates their vision for approach to the play to actors and designers.
Term
Designers
Definition
Provide the visual elements for the production including setting, costumes, lighting, props, and sound.
Term
Actors
Definition
People who bring the characters to life.
Term
Playwright
Definition
The author of the script.
Term
Concept or Production Approach
Definition
Vision of the entire production formulated and shared by the director.
Term
Representational
Definition
Plays that present life in a realistic manner; characters talk to each other without regard for the audience.
Term
Presentational
Definition
Characters deliver the material out to the audience in a less than realistic manner.
Term
Theatricality
Definition
Style of theater in which design and approach to the play is highlighted and not necessarily a historical representation; style is removed from observable reality.
Term
Acting
Definition
To behave truthfully under an imaginary set of circumstances.
Term
Blocking
Definition
Major movement on stage, usually predetermined and set by the director.
Term
Stage Business
Definition
Small actions performed by each character, necessary for specifically defining each character and for creating reality on stage.
Term
Monologue
Definition
A long speech, delivered by one character, which may be heard but not interrupted by other is his/her presence.
Term
Soliloquy
Definition
A speech wherein a character verbalizes his/her thoughts aloud while alone.
Term
Direct Performance
Definition
Presentational in intent, meaning that the character(s) acknowledge the presence of the audience by speaking directly to them.
Term
Aside
Definition
A speech wherein a character expresses his/her thoughts in words audible to the audience but supposedly unheard by the other characters on stage.
Term
Fourth Wall
Definition
The imaginary wall between the actors and the audience.
Term
Rhythm
Definition
Energy, long or angular, fast or slow
Term
Theme/Image/Storyline
Definition
What the dance is trying to communicate.
Term
Mise-en-Scene
Definition
Everything around the dance; stage, props, etc.
Term
On Point
Definition
On the toes.
Term
Divertissement
Definition
Dancing for dancing's sake.
Term
Corps de Ballet
Definition
All the backup dancers.
Term
Labanotation
Definition
Pictures and words that describe what a dancer does.
Term
Blind Arcades
Definition
Arches that have something behind them that you can't see through.
Term
Character Simulation
Definition
Actor looks like the character.
Term
Character Embodiment
Definition
Actor becomes the character.
Term
Pacing
Definition
Rate of the play.
Term
Dialogue
Definition
Conversation between two or more people.
Supporting users have an ad free experience!