Shared Flashcard Set


Exercise Physiology
Early History of Fitness
Undergraduate 3

Additional Physiology Flashcards





1. What is the name of the British physiologist who won the Nobel Prize along with Otto Meyerhof?

2. When decade did he conduct his studies?

3. What measurement did he establish?

4. What is this a measure of?


1. A.V. Hill

2. 1920's

3. VO2 max

4. Maximal capacity to transport and utlize oxygen during exercise. Expressed in L O2/min or ml O2/ kg x min (when adjusted for body mass).



1. What was the Harvard Fatigue Laboratory and what did it study?

2. Why is it significant?


1. Dr. D.B. Dill conducted physiological research on industrial hazards from 1927-1947.

2. Model of the the research investigations into exercise and environmental physiology.


1. Who invented the cycle ergometer?

2. What did J.S. Haldane create?


1. August Krough

2. Haldane respiratory "gas mask"


1. What did Dr. Barb Ainsworth contribute?

2. What did Dr. Chris Economos contribute?


1. Helped figure out the caloric cost of daily activities

2. Addressed the interaction between exercise, diet, and body composition. Osteoporosis and obesity.


1. How was exercise physiology influenced by WWI & WWII?

2. What discovery during the Korean War also influenced exercise physiology?

3. What was the significance of Krus' discovery?


1. 1 out of 3 draftees were deemed unfit for combat. This led to the introduction of PE programs at schools. 1 out of 2 were unfit during WWII because of the after effects of the Great Depression.

2. In the early 1950s, autopsies on young Korean War soldiers showed significant development of coronary artery disease. Also, Hans Krus shoowed American children performed poorly compared to European children.

3. It led to President Eisenhower's Presidents Council on Youth Fitness. Eventually to JFK's version.


1. Who is Dr. Ken Cooper?

2. What was his theory?


1. Father of modern fitness and developer of aerobics

2. It's easier to prevent disease and maintain health than to try to regain health after it is lost. Challenged Americans to take personal charge of their lifestyles.


1. What findings were reported in the Surgeon General's report of 1996?


1. Physical inactivity is killing us. 60% do not get enough physical activity with 25% of individuals not being active at all.

1. Who claimed "we're supposed to be such a sports-loving society, but, in fact, fewer and fewer of us are playing sports...."

1. Frank Deford


1. What does ACSM stand for?

2. What does NSCA stand for?

3. What's the purpose of these organizations?


1. American College of Sports Medicine

2. National Strength and Conditioning Association

3. Develop certification programs to establish a standard of knowledge and skill for practitioners.


1. What is Exercise Physiology

2. Which is responsible for more health benefits: acute or chronic?


1. The study of how our bodies structure and function changes when exposed to acute and chronic bouts of exercise of physical activity.

2. Chronic is responsible for the most health benefits even though just one bout of exercise alone can decrease blood pressure.


1. What is the difference between Physical Activity and Exercise?


1. Physical activity is any form of muscular movement whereas exercise is physical exertion of sufficient intesity, duration, and frequency to achieve or maintain fitness or other health or athletic objectives.

Exercise is intended. Physical Activity is present in everything you do.

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