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Exam 2
Archaic, Geometric, Hellenistic, Roman and Classical Art
76
Art History
Undergraduate 2
10/31/2011

Additional Art History Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term

Dipylon Vase

[image]

Definition
Late Geometric Period 750 BCE From Kerameikos Cemetery Ceramic 5' center of the amphora is a narrative scene represents a prothesis - athenian funerary ritual monumental size, stylized human figures, used as a tomb maker over burials holes in its base allowed mourners to pour liquid offerings which filtered down to the dead below width is half the length tall built in sections animal friezes at the base of the neck
Term

Mykonos Pithos

Definition

Oriental Period 675 BCE

Mykonos, Greece

Ceramic 4.5'

Shows scenes from Sack of Troy and Trojan Horse Episodes in comic format

Figures have large eyes

Term

Temple of Hera II

Definition

460 BCE

Paestum, Italy

Limestone

Example of Doric architecture: heavy entablature, colonnades almost equal has alternating metopes and triglyphs

2 rows of colums support a smaller set of colums in a way to make tapering seem continuous

Term

Siphnian Treasury

[image]

Definition

525 BCE

Delphi

Marble

Ionic-style architecture note caryatids as front colums and continous frieze of Gigantomachy (Giants vs. Gods)

Porch supported by caryatids

2 lions pull the chariot of Themis and tear apart a giant

introduced a variety of poses for figures, made great strides in depicting the human body in naturalistic motion

Term

Exekias Athenian Black-Figure

 

[image]

Definition

540-530 BCE

Ceramic 61 cm

Athenian Black-figure neck amphora

Achilles and Ajax playing a game

Exekias also signed his work

wealth of detail focuses on the warrior's cloaks

Term

Orientalizing Art

Definition

Such is the variety of new materials, techniques and styles introduced from eastern lands to Greece during the 8th and 7th c. BC

(tripods with griffins)

Term

The Birth of the Polis

Definition

6th 7th cent, once merely a place of refuge in times of trouble, city came to represent a community and an identity

Term

Greek Temple plan

Definition

nnucleus of the building – its very reason for existing – cella or naos – housed the gods image

Interior columns lined the cella walls

·         Peristyle – colonnade – surrounds cella and porches

Term

Doric Order

Definition

building rests on stylobate, approached by 3 steps – stereobate

Term

·         flutes

Definition

Consists of a shaft, marked by vertical groves

Term

Flaring

Definition

echinus and a square tablet – abacus

Term

Entablature

Definition

all the horizontal elements that rest on the column

Term

Architrave

Definition

·         row of stone block directly supported by the columns. This supports the pediment – roof elements

Term

frieze

Definition

·         made up of alternating triple – grooved triglyphs and smooth or sculpted metopes

Term

Opisthodomos

Definition

false porch

Term

metope

Definition
a rectangular architectural element that fills the space between two triglyphs in a doric frieze
Term

triglyph

Definition
an architectural term for the vertically channeled tablets of the doric frieze, so called because of the angular channels in them, two perfect and one divided
Term

Ionic Order

Definition

ornate base maybe to protect the bottom from rain

·         More slender

·         Capital has a double scroll – volute below the abacus

·         Above the architrave, the frieze is continuous- not broken up into triglyphs and metopes

·         Double colonnade around perimeter

Term

Frieze

Definition

widespread animal motifs used in 7th century BCE

Term

Entasis

Definition

application of a convex curve to the surface of the columns for aesthetic purposes 

Term

Black-Figure vase painting

Definition

·         Figures painted using slip (clay slurry)

·          Incised with tools to create details

·            (face, texture of lion skin, etc.)

·          Fired in two steps:

·          oxidizing (open vent) atmosphere to bring out red

·          reducing (closed vent) atmosphere to bring out black

Term

Sophilos (Dinos)-


Definition

600-570 BCE

Athens

71 cm

Wedding of Peleus and Thetis

Term

Propylaia

Definition

Monumental entrance to Acropolis, 437-432 BCE          

Term

Erechtheion

Definition

the real Temple of Athena, 421-405 BCE

                        Ionic style, Karyatid porch (south)

Term

Temple of Athena Nike (Victory)

Definition

427-424 BCE

                        Sculpture from balustrade of temple = Nike  (42” ht.)

Term

Temple of Artemis, Ephesu

 

  • Sculpture on the temple is confined to the pediment, a triangle between the ceiling and the roof that serves as a screen to protect the wooden rafters behind it from moisture
  • Sculpture undercut the figures on the relief so strongly that they are nearly detached from the background
  • The figure in the center of the pediment representds medusa – served to represent the power of divinity and dominance over nature
  • The sculpture fused two separate moments from a single story to bring the story to life – synoptic narrative
Term