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Energy
Energy vocabulary
26
Science
6th Grade
11/19/2017

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Cards

Term
energy
Definition
the ability to do work, powers Earth's processes
Term
thermal transfer
Definition
movement of heat energy from one source to another
Term
mechanical transfer
Definition
movement of energy from one object in motion to another
Term
electrical transfer
Definition
movement of electrical energy from one source to an other´╗┐
Term
equilibrium
Definition
a state of equality or balance between two things
Term
conduction
Definition
the transfer of energy through a solid substance or by direct contact
Term
convection
Definition
the transfer of energy through a liquid or gas
Term
radiation
Definition
the transmission of energy in electromagnetic waves
Term
light
Definition
made of electromagnetic waves capable of warming objects
Term
absorption
Definition
occurs when when the energy from a wave is taken up by another object
Term
transmission
Definition
occurs when the energy from a wave is moved through an object without being absorbed or scattered
Term
refraction
Definition
occurs when a wave bends around an object
Term
reflection
Definition
occurs when a wave is bounced off of an object
Term
wavelength
Definition
the measure of the length of a wave; used to classify different types of electromagnetic waves
Term
ultraviolet(UV) light
Definition
light with a shorter wavelength than visible light(causes sunburns)
Term
infrared light
Definition
light with a longer wavelength than visible light(heat imaging)
Term
electrical conductor
Definition
moves electrical energy from place to place through direct contact
Term
thermal conductor
Definition
moves heat energy from place to place through direct contact
Term
wave
Definition
transmits energy
Term
electrical circuit
Definition
provides a complete path for an electrical current
Term
ultraviolet(UV) rays
Definition
given off by the sun; causes sunburns
Term
insulator
Definition
keeps heat or electricity from transferring
Term
conductor
Definition
transfers heat or electricity from one place to another
Term
thermal energy
Definition
felt as heat
Term
scattering
Definition
the process in which a wave is diffused or deflected by collisions with particles of the medium that it traverses
Term
expansion
Definition
to increase in size, volume; to spread or stretch out
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