# Shared Flashcard Set

## Details

Electrostatics
Definition
19
Physics
12/02/2019

Term
 NEGATIVE
Definition
 the conceptual charge of an electron
Term
 positive
Definition
 the conceptual charge of a proton
Term
 CONDUCTORS
Definition
 charges are loosely bound to the nucleus and free to move from atom to atom
Term
 INSULATORS
Definition
 charges are tightly bound to one nucleus
Term
 CHARGING BY FRICTION
Definition
 the transfer of a charge by rubbing electrons of one object and putting it on another; occurs between insulators
Term
 CHARGING BY CONDUCTION
Definition
 charging a conductor by contact (no rubbing necessary) [complete transfer]
Term
 CHARGING BY INDUCTION
Definition
 charging through polarization without contact (separates charges); then grounding
Term
 GROUNDING
Definition
 the act of allowing charges to move off or onto a conductor by touching it
Term
 ELECTROSTATICS
Definition
 the study of static electricity or stationary electrical charges
Term
 CHARGED
Definition
 an object that has an unbalanced amount of electricity is said to be this (either positive or negative)
Term
 COULOMB
Definition
 SI unit for charge
Term
 ELECTRICAL POLARIZATION
Definition
 when one side of the atom or molecule is induced to be slightly more positive or negative than the opposite side
Term
 ELECTRICAL FORCE
Definition
 attractive and repulsive forces acting on and object.
Term
 COULOMB'S LAW
Definition
 electrical force is indirectly proportional to the square of the distance between charges and directly proportional to the amount of charge on each
Term
 -1.6 x 10^(-19) C
Definition
 the actual charge of an electron
Term
 +1.6 x 10^(-19) C
Definition
 the actual charge of a proton
Term
 ELECTRIC FIELDS
Definition
 the force per charge at a given location in space; points in the direction of a force experienced by a positive test charge (vector)
Term
 ELECTRIC FIELD LINES
Definition
 point in the direction of the electric field vector (away from positive, and towards negative)
Term
 LAW OF CONSERVATION OF CHARGE
Definition
 the net charge of a system remains constant
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