# Shared Flashcard Set

## Details

Creative Design Term 1 - 2016
Fanshawe College - Photography- Level 1 Creative Design
65
Photography
Not Applicable
12/14/2016

Term
 F-Stops
Definition
 1, 1.4, 2, 2.8, 4, 5.6, 8, 11, 16, 22, 32, 45, 64
Term
 Example of An Aspect Ratio is...
Definition
 8 x 10    is     8:10                                      (8 by 10   is   8 to 10)
Term
 How to Determine an Equivalent Ratio
Definition
 Reduce the smaller number to 1 and then divide the larger number by the smaller number.                                                                                                    8 x 10 becomes 1 x (10/8) or 1 x 1.25 or 1:1.25
Term
 What is the Golden Ratio or Mean?
Definition
 1:1.618 is the perfect proportion or the Golden Ratio or Mean [image]
Term
 What is Gestalt?
Definition
 -"The whole is more than, or different than the sum of the parts"-It is a person's perception of a complete image when only viewing parts of a whole image
Term
 Photography is...
Definition
 2 dimensional. It deals with length and width.
Term
 In Photography Depth is....
Definition
 An Illusion
Term
 What are Parameters?
Definition
 Boundaries or limits.
Term
 Some Parameters or Limits are....
Definition
 14mm, 24mm, 50mm, 70mm, 125mm, 200mm
Term
 The Best Way to Frame an Image is to....
Definition
 Choose the perspective and then figure out where to stand rather than zooming in or out.
Term
 The Human Vision is Considered to be....
Definition
 Panoramic or vaguely defined as some times unaware of edges or limits.
Term
 How Do We (the western world) Typically View Things?
Definition
 Left to right. Eyes will follow lines or go directly to what is definitely in focus.
Term
 What is Aerial Perspective?
Definition
 Objects closer to you have a heavier contrast. Images farther away have a softer contrast. It gives and illusion of depth.
Term
Definition
 They guide the viewer through the image.
Term
 What are Crossing Diagonals?
Definition
 They are leading lines coming in from the 4 corners.
Term
 What is a Single Point?
Definition
 It is where the lines in your rules of thirds intersect.   A point indicates a position, where 2 lines connect. No lines…no length or width [image]
Term
 What is a Symmetrically Balanced Split Composition?
Definition
 The image is balanced when split down the middle even if the elements are different. [image]
Term
 What is a Linear Pattern?
Definition
 Many objects that fall along one line. [image]
Term
 Diamonds and Triangles are....
Definition
 Used to offset people and to divide an image into two contrasting sides. [image]   [image]
Term
 A Very Low or No Horizon Line is Known as?
Definition
 A hidden horizon.
Term
 In Photography Diagonal Lines Are What?
Definition
 True 45 degrees.
Term
 In Photography Angled Lines That Are Not 45 Degrees Are Called?
Definition
 Oblique Lines
Term
 What is Asymmetrical?
Definition
 It is a 2 to 3 ratio. There is some balance but it is offset.   [image]
Term
 What Are the Extremities of a Line?
Definition
 They are the tips or the ends of a line.
Term
 What is a Plane?
Definition
 It is 2 dimensional. Perfectly flat with no illusion of depth. A surface. Has no measurable length, width or thickness. Has position, and direction. Bound by lines [image]
Term
 What is the Definition of a Line?
Definition
 It has a prominent width and depth.
Term
 What are Geometric Shapes?
Definition
 They are mathematical shapes. Like triangles, circles and squares.
Term
 What are Organic Shapes?
Definition
 They are free shapes. Found in nature. They are irregular and complex. Abstract.
Term
 What is Rectilinear?
Definition
 All the lines are straight but they are not geometrical!   [image]
Term
 What are Irregular Shapes?
Definition
 They combine straight and curved lines. They are rectangular, parallelograms, octagons etc.   [image]
Term
 What is an Example of Points in a Row?
Definition
 There are so many points they appear to be lines. The lines are densely spaced but form shapes.    [image]
Term
 What is White Considered?
Definition
 Negative or unoccupied space.
Term
 What is Black Considered?
Definition
 Positive or occupied space.
Term
 Positive (Black) on Negative (White) Appears to Be?
Definition
 Constrained. No where to go.   [image]
Term
 Negative (White) on Positive (Black) Appears to?
Definition
 Have some where to go.   [image]
Term
 When You're Seeing Black on Black You're Seeing...
Definition
 Highlights   [image]
Term
 When You're Seeing White on White You're Seeing?
Definition
Term
 What is Repetition in Photography?
Definition
 Repeating a particular element in a photo to enhance or contrast.
Term
 What is Proportion?
Definition
 Comparative relation between things or magnitudes (size, quantity, numbers etc.) usually expressed as a ratio x:y. Proper relation between things or parts
Term
 What is a Ratio?
Definition
 Comparison of two numbers often used to express the notion of proportion. Often also called Aspect Ratio. Used to describe picture shape in photography. More commonly known as Format
Term
 Formats or Ratios Are?
Definition
 The comparison of the short side to the long side Such as 1:2, 2:3, 3:4 etc.
Term
 What is Composition?
Definition
 The placement or arrangement of visual elements Intrepreting a 3 dimensional scene into a 2 dimensional design It has balance, structure, visual effect and a purpose
Term
 What is the Rule of Thirds?
Definition
 An essential compositional photography technique where the subject is placed along one of 2 horizontonal or vertical lines at one of 4 points of intersection
Term
Definition
 They are rigid and non-flexible Finite Things are made to fit within the basic shapes
Term
 What Was Sister Wendy's Famous Line in The Mists of Time?
Definition
 Art changes but it doesn't get better.
Term
 What are Conceptual Elements?
Definition
 They are thoughts or ideas in your mind. They are not visible.
Term
 Visual Elements Are?
Definition
 Becomes visual once it’s stated verbally When elements have size, shape, colour and texture
Term
 What Are Relational Elements?
Definition
 They are the placement and interrelationships of the shapes Some are perceived such as position and direction Some are felt such as space and gravity
Term
 Practical Elements Are Known To....
Definition
 Convey the content and meaning of the design Be realistic shapes (representational) or can be stylized (abstract) Contribute to the function, purpose, message of the design Answers the question "Did it serve it's purpose?"
Term
 What is Volume?
Definition
 It is the path of a plane in motion. Has position and space and is bound by planes. Is an illusion in 2 dimensions   [image]
Term
 Points As Forms Are?
Definition
 Recogonized because they are small They have shapes such as circles, or hexagons and other irregular shapes
Term
 What Are Pixels?
Definition
 Is is a mosaic of points that make up our images
Term
 What is Pixellation?
Definition
 It is when the pixels that make up an image are visible Not wanted
Term
 How is Pixellation Fixed?
Definition
 Can try to conceal them Subdue them or enhance them You can even try to exaggerate them
Term
 What is Impressionism?
Definition
 An abstract image with a clear "Impression" of an image Considered clear but with no distinction No detail in faces Considered to be unfinished France in the 1860's Light was important and was captured through the colours they used Claude Monet was a central artist Impression Sunrise   [image]
Term
 What is Pointillism?
Definition
 Was created with all points and no lines Georges Seurat was the founder 1880's He preferred the name "Divisionism" Critics gave it the name "Pointillism" Most pieces take considerable time even years When viewed from a distance the human eye blends the dots Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte contains over 3 million dots
Term
 Hand Drawn Shapes Are?
Definition
 Unaided and drawn by hand Calligraphic
Term
 Unit Forms Are?
Definition
 Identical or similar in design Promote unity, symmetry, harmony, rhythm and balance Synonymous with repetition
Term
 Using Larger or Bigger Objects Promotes What?
Definition
 Simplicity and boldness
Term
 Using Smaller Objects Promotes What?
Definition
 Texture and pattern as more can be fit in
Term
 What Are The Types of Repetition?
Definition
 Shape Size Colour Texture Direction Position Space  Gravity
Term
 What are Sub-Unit Forms?
Definition
 Composed  of smaller, repeated elements that can't be held in your hand Such as the petals in this flower   [image]
Term
 What Are Super-Unit Forms?
Definition
 Forms that are larger that can be repeated Can be held in your hand Such as a whole rose   [image]
Term
 How Can Items Be Composed/Arranged?
Definition
 Linear - In a Line Square or Rectangular Rhombic - Diamond Shapes - Straight Lines Connected at 4 Points Circular Triangular Random
Term
 What Is Repetitions Best Friend?
Definition
 Reflection
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