# Shared Flashcard Set

## Details

CPL Air Tech NZ Syllabus
CPL Air Tech NZ Syllabus (Work in progress)
164
Aviation
01/06/2011

## Additional Aviation Flashcards

Term
 Explain the basis of an electrical current, and the direction of the current.26.8.1 Electricity and Magnetism
Definition
Term
 Describe the basic characteristics of an electrical flow using the terms [amps,volts, electromagnetic force (emf) and ohms].26.8.2 Electricity and Magnetism
Definition
Term
 State Ohm’s law.26.8.3 Electricity and Magnetism
Definition
Term
 With the aid of diagrams, describe simple ‘two-wire’ and ‘single wire’grounded electrical circuits.26.8.4 Electricity and Magnetism
Definition
Term
 Distinguish between direct and alternating current, and explain the terms‘Hertz’ and ‘rectification’.26.8.5 Electricity and Magnetism
Definition
Term
 Describe the properties of magnetism, including polarity, attraction andrepulsion.26.8.6 Electricity and Magnetism
Definition
Term
 Distinguish between temporary and permanent magnets, and the properties of‘soft iron’ and ‘hard iron’.26.8.7 Electricity and Magnetism
Definition
Term
 Describe the terms magnetic field, magnetic flux, and permeability.
Definition
Term
 Explain ‘electromagnetism’ and with the aid of diagrams, show the lines ofmagnetic force around a straight conductor and a coil.26.8.9 Electricity and Magnetism
Definition
Term
 With the aid of diagrams, describe the principle of operation of anelectromagnetic switch (or relay) and a solenoid switch. Describe typicalexamples of their use in aircraft electrical circuits.26.8.10 Electricity and Magnetism
Definition
Term
 Explain the principle of electromagnetic induction.26.8.11 Electricity and Magnetism
Definition
Term
 With the aid of a diagram, describe the principle of operation of a simplealternator (a magnet rotating inside a loop conductor).26.8.12 Electricity and Magnetism
Definition
Term
 Show the features of a practical alternator, and explain how the AC output is normally rectified to provide DC.26.8.13 Electricity and Magnetism
Definition
Term
 With the aid of a diagram, describe the principle of operation of a simplegenerator (a loop conductor rotating inside a magnet).26.8.14 Electricity and Magnetism
Definition
Term
 Show the features of a practical generator, and explain how the output is passed through a commutator to provide DC.26.8.15 Electricity and Magnetism
Definition
Term
 Explain the need for voltage regulation for both alternators and generators, andhow a generator also requires a current regulator and a reverse current relay.26.8.16 Electricity and Magnetism
Definition
Term
 Explain the principle of operation of a battery.26.8.17 Electricity and Magnetism
Definition
Term
 Distinguish between primary and secondary cells, wet-cells and dry cells, leadacidand nickel-cadmium (and similar) types.26.8.18 Electricity and Magnetism
Definition
Term
 Explain the meaning of battery capacity26.8.19(a) Electricity and Magnetism
Definition
Term
 Explain the meaning of thermal runaway.26.8.19(b) Electricity and Magnetism
Definition
Term
 Explain the basic features and operation of a lead-acid battery26.8.20(a) Electricity and Magnetism
Definition
Term
 Explain the basic features and operation of a a nickel-cadmium (nicad) battery.26.8.20(b) Electricity and Magnetism
Definition
Term
 State the advantages of NiCad batteries26.8.21 Electricity and Magnetism
Definition
Term
 State Pascal’s principle.26.11.1 Hydrodynamics
Definition
Term
 Define arm26.28.1(a) Weight and Balance
Definition
Term
 Define datum26.28.1(b) Weight and Balance
Definition
Term
 Define moment (including the units used)26.28.1(c) Weight and Balance
Definition
Term
 Define centre of gravity (CG)26.28.1(d) Weight and Balance
Definition
Term
 Define CG range and limits26.28.1(e) Weight and Balance
Definition
Term
 Define station26.28.1(f) Weight and Balance
Definition
Term
 Define index units26.28.1(g) Weight and Balance
Definition
Term
 Define basic empty weight (empty aircraft weight)26.28.1(h) Weight and Balance
Definition
Term
 Define empty weight CG position26.28.1(i) Weight and Balance
Definition
Term
 Define basic operating weight (aircraft prepared for service weight)26.28.1(j) Weight and Balance
Definition
Term
 Define payload26.28.1(k) Weight and Balance
Definition
Term
 Define zero fuel weight26.28.1(l) Weight and Balance
Definition
Term
 Define ramp weight26.28.1(m) Weight and Balance
Definition
Term
 Define gross weight26.28.1(n) Weight and Balance
Definition
Term
 Define maximum certificated take-off weight (MCTOW)26.28.1(o) Weight and Balance
Definition
Term
 Define maximum certificated landing weight (MCLW)26.28.1(p) Weight and Balance
Definition
Term
 Define specific gravity and the weight of fuel.26.28.1(q) Weight and Balance
Definition
Term
 Explain the principles of aeroplane balance, and the function of the tailplane in providing the final longitudinal balancing force26.28.2(a) Weight and Balance
Definition
Term
 Explain the significance of lateral fuel imbalance and the limitations typically26.28.2(b) Weight and Balance
Definition
Term
 Describe the effect on longitudinal stability and handling with the aeroplaneloaded with the CG26.28.3 Describe the effect on longitudinal stability and handling with the aeroplaneloaded with the CGforward26.28.3(a) Weight and Balance
Definition
Term
 Describe the effect on longitudinal stability and handling with the aeroplaneloaded with the CGoutside the forward limit.26.28.3(b) Weight and Balance
Definition
Term
 Describe the effect on longitudinal stability and handling with the aeroplaneloaded with the CGaft CG.26.28.3(c) Weight and Balance
Definition
Term
 Describe the effect on longitudinal stability and handling with the aeroplaneloaded with the CGoutside the aft limit26.28.3(d) Weight and Balance
Definition
Term
 Given weights and arms, calculate moments and establish a CG position.26.28.4 Weight and Balance
Definition
Term
 Demonstrate the use of graphs to calculate load moment.26.28.5(a) Weight and Balance
Definition
Term
 Demonstrate the use of graphs to establish CG position.26.28.5(b) Weight and Balance
Definition
Term
 Given appropriate data and using a typical weight and balance work sheet,calculate the CG position at take-off and for landing.26.28.6 Weight and Balance
Definition
Term
Definition
Term
Definition
Term
Definition
Term
 Solve the following loading problemmoving weight from one station to another and finding new CG position26.28.7(d) Weight and Balance
Definition
Term
 Solve the following loading problemestablishing payload available given a maximum zero fuel weight.26.28.7(e) Weight and Balance
Definition
Term
 Explain different types of loading which an airframe must be designed toaccept.26.31.1 Airframe Structure
Definition
Term
 Explain the effects of the application of a load to an airframe structure (stress and strain) and differentiate between bending, tensile, compression, torsional and shear loads.26.31.2 Airframe Structure
Definition
Term
 Briefly describe the various construction styles of a fuselage.26.31.3 Airframe Structure
Definition
Term
 Briefly describe the common types of wing construction.26.31.4 Airframe Structure
Definition
Term
 Briefly describe the construction of tailplane and fin, and control surfaces.26.31.5 Airframe Structure
Definition
Term
 Briefly describe the method of operation of the primary control surfaces found in a piston-engine light twin aeroplane.26.32.1 Control Systems
Definition
Term
 Distinguish between the basic types of piston aircraft engine.26.34.1 Piston Engines
Definition
Term
 State the fundamental operating principle of the reciprocating (piston) engine.26.34.2 Piston Engines
Definition
Term
 With the aid of diagrams, identify the main components of a four-stroke cyclepiston engine including: cylinders, pistons, cylinder heads, valves, spark plugs,connecting rods, crankshaft, camshaft and valve operating mechanism.26.34.3 Piston Engines
Definition
Term
 With respect to a four-stroke piston engine, state the meaning of cycle.26.34.4 Piston Engines
Definition
Term
 With respect to a four-stroke piston engine, state the meaning of stroke.26.34.4 Piston Engines
Definition
Term
 With respect to a four-stroke piston engine, state the meaning of top dead centre (TDC).26.34.4 Piston Engines
Definition
Term
 With respect to a four-stroke piston engine, state the meaning of bottom dead centre (BDC).26.34.4 Piston Engines
Definition
Term
 With respect to a four-stroke piston engine, state the meaning of bore.26.34.4 Piston Engines
Definition
Term
 With respect to a four-stroke piston engine, state the meaning of clearance volume.26.34.4 Piston Engines
Definition
Term
 With respect to a four-stroke piston engine, state the meaning of swept volume. 26.34.4 Piston Engines
Definition
Term
 With respect to a four-stroke piston engine, state the meaning of compression ratio.26.34.4 Piston Engines
Definition
Term
 With respect to a four-stroke piston engine, state the meaning of firing interval.26.34.4 Piston Engines
Definition
Term
 With respect to a four-stroke piston engine, state the meaning of firing order.26.34.4 Piston Engines
Definition
Term
 With respect to a four-stroke piston engine, state the meaning of manifolds.26.34.4 Piston Engines
Definition
Term
 With respect to a four-stroke piston engine, state the meaning of manifold pressure.26.34.4 Piston Engines
Definition
Term
 With respect to a four-stroke piston engine, state the meaning of crank angle.26.34.4 Piston Engines
Definition
Term
 Identify a four-stroke cycle piston engine cylinder.26.34.3 Piston Engines
Definition
 26.34.3
Term
 Identif a four-stroke cyclepiston.26.34.3 Piston Engines
Definition
 26.34.3
Term
 Identify a four-stroke cyclepiston engine cylinder head.26.34.3 Piston Engines
Definition
 26.34.3
Term
 Identify a four-stroke cyclepiston engine valve.26.34.3 Piston Engines
Definition
 26.34.3
Term
 Identify a four-stroke cyclepiston engine spark plug.26.34.3 Piston Engines
Definition
 26.34.3
Term
 Identify a four-stroke cyclepiston engine connecting rod.26.34.3 Piston Engines
Definition
 26.34.3
Term
 Identify a four-stroke cycle piston engine valve operating mechanism.26.34.3 Piston Engines
Definition
 26.34.3
Term
 Identify a four-stroke cyclepiston engine crankshaft.26.34.3 Piston Engines
Definition
 26.34.3
Term
 Identify a four-stroke cyclepiston engine camshaft.26.34.3 Piston Engines
Definition
 26.34.3
Term
 Explain the term ignition timing.26.34.5 Piston Engines
Definition
Term
 Explain the need for spark advance.26.34.5 Piston Engines
Definition
Term
 Distinguish between detonation and pre-ignition.26.34.6 Piston Engines
Definition
Term
 State the main causes of detonation and pre-ignition.26.34.6 Piston Engines
Definition
Term
 State the reasons for avoiding detonation and pre-ignition.26.34.6 Piston Engines
Definition
Term
 Discuss diesel (compression ignition) knock.26.34.7 Piston Engines
Definition
Term
 Discuss diesel (compression ignition) detonation.26.34.7 Piston Engines
Definition
Term
 Describe the use of a Ground Power Unit (GPU).26.34.8 Piston Engines
Definition
Term
 Explain the basic differences between reciprocating (piston) and gas turbine(jet) engines.26.35.1 Turbo Prop
Definition
Term
 Define the term Engine Torque.26.37.1 Engine Performance
Definition
Term
 Define the term Engine Power.26.37.1 Engine Performance
Definition
Term
 Relate horsepower to kilowatts.26.37.2 Engine Performance
Definition
Term
 Define rated power.26.37.3 Engine Performance
Definition
Term
 Define rated altitude or critical altitude.26.37.3 Engine Performance
Definition
Term
 Explain in broad terms thermal efficiency.26.37.4 Engine Performance
Definition
Term
 Explain the following in broad terms mechanical efficiency.26.37.4 Engine Performance
Definition
Term
 Explain the following in broad terms volumetric efficiency.26.37.4 Engine Performance
Definition
Term
 With the aid of a diagram, explain the power available curve.26.37.5 Engine Performance
Definition
Term
 Explain the general conditions for the most efficient engine operation.26.37.6 Engine Performance
Definition
Term
 Explain the following in relation to fuel-air mixture ratios:‘rich’ and ‘lean’.26.38.1(a) Carburation
Definition
Term
 Explain the following in relation to fuel-air mixture ratios:the ‘chemically correct’ or stoichiometric ratio.26.38.1(b) Carburation
Definition
Term
 With the aid of a diagram, describe a typical carburettor mixture setting curve.26.38.2 Carburationand show the operating area where detonation may occur.
Definition
Term
 Explain the fuel-air ratios for achieving maximum power output and besteconomy.26.38.3 Carburation
Definition
Term
 Explain the need for the following in an aero-engine carburettor:atomization and diffusion.26.38.4(a) Carburation
Definition
Term
 Explain the need for the following in an aero-engine carburettor:accelerating system.26.38.4(b) Carburation
Definition
Term
 Explain the need for the following in an aero-engine carburettor:idling system.26.38.4(c) Carburation
Definition
Term
 Explain the need for the following in an aero-engine carburettor:power enrichment (economizer) system.26.38.4(d) Carburation
Definition
Term
 Explain the need for the following in an aero-engine carburettor:mixture control and cut-off system.26.38.4(e) Carburation
Definition
Term
 Describe any disadvantages with use of a float-type carburettor in an aeroengine.26.38.5 Carburation
Definition
Term
 Explain the correct use of the mixture control.26.38.6 Carburation
Definition
Term
 Explain the consequences of operating with over-rich and over-lean mixture settings.26.38.7 Carburation
Definition
Term
 With respect to carburettor ice, explain the process and the atmosphericconditions for the formation of:refrigeration (or fuel) ice.26.38.8(a) Carburation
Definition
Term
 With respect to carburettor ice, explain the process and the atmosphericconditions for the formation of:throttle ice.26.38.8(b) Carburation
Definition
Term
 With respect to carburettor ice, explain the process and the atmosphericconditions for the formation of:impact ice.26.38.8(c) Carburation
Definition
Term
 Explain the normal symptoms of carburettor ice formation, and the correct use of the carburettor heat control.26.38.9 Carburation
Definition
Term
 26.38.10 With respect to carburettor air intakes, explain the correct use of ram air.26.38.10 Carburation
Definition
Term
 26.38.10 With respect to carburettor air intakes, explain the correct use of filtered air.26.38.10 Carburation
Definition
Term
 With respect to carburettor air intakes, explain the correct use of carburettor heat.26.38.10 Carburation
Definition
Term
 Explain the reasons for a reduction in power when carburettor heat is operated.26.38.11 Carburation
Definition
Term
 Describe the typical source of carburettor heat hot air.26.38.12 Carburation
Definition
Term
 Explain the principal differences between a fuel injection system andcarburettor systems.26.39.1 Fuel Injection
Definition
Term
 Explain the principal differences between continuous flow fuel injection, and direct fuel injection systems.26.39.2 Fuel Injection
Definition
Term
 List the advantages and disadvantages of using fuel injection systems in aeroengines.26.39.3 Fuel Injection
Definition
Term
 Explain the normal symptoms of intake ice formation, and the correct use ofalternate air sources.26.39.4 Fuel Injection
Definition
Term
 Explain the advantages of exhaust driven turbo charging and mechanically driven supercharging.26.40.1 Supercharging
Definition
Term
 Explain the limitations of exhaust driven turbo charging and mechanically driven supercharging.26.40.1 Supercharging
Definition
Term
 Explain the basic principle of operation of an exhaust-driven turbocharger.26.40.2 Supercharging
Definition
Term
 Explain the importance of proper sealing of the exhaust manifold.26.41.1 Exhaust System
Definition
Term
 Describe the possible sources and associated danger of carbon monoxide gas.26.41.2 Exhaust System
Definition
Term
 Explain the reasons for fitting independent dual ignition systems to aeroengines.26.43.1 Ignition Systems - Magnetos
Definition
Term
 List the essential components of an ignition system.26.43.2 Ignition Systems - Magnetos
Definition
Term
 Describe, in broad terms, the operation of the following:an aircraft magneto.26.43.3(a) Ignition Systems - Magnetos
Definition
Term
 Describe, in broad terms, the operation of the following:impulse couplings.26.43.3(b) Ignition Systems - Magnetos
Definition
Term
 Describe, in broad terms, the operation of the following:the distributor.26.43.3(c) Ignition Systems - Magnetos
Definition
Term
 Describe, in broad terms, the operation of the following:ignition harness (high tension leads.26.43.3(d) Ignition Systems - Magnetos
Definition
Term
 Describe, in broad terms, the operation of the following:spark plugs.26.43.3(e) Ignition Systems - Magnetos
Definition
Term
 Describe the functioning and limitations of the starter motor.26.43.4 Ignition Systems - Magnetos
Definition
Term
 Outline the correct operation of a typical starter switch.26.43.4 Ignition Systems - Magnetos
Definition
Term
 Describe the operation and components of a typical solid state ignition system.26.44.1 Ignition Systems – Solid State
Definition
Term
 Explain the purpose and a typical procedure for conducting solid state ignitionintegrity checks.26.44.2 Ignition Systems – Solid State
Definition
Term
 Explain the significance of maintaining the power supply to a solid stateignition system and describe a typical backup system.26.44.3 Ignition Systems – Solid State
Definition
Term
 Explain the main disadvantages of the fixed-pitch propeller, which theconstant-speed (variable-pitch) propeller was designed to overcome.26.46.1 Propellers
Definition
Term
 For a constant speed propeller, differentiate between the functions of thepropeller (pitch) control and the throttle control, when the propeller is:in the constant-speed range.26.46.2.(a) Propellers
Definition
Term
 For a constant speed propeller, differentiate between the functions of the propeller (pitch) control and the throttle control, when the propeller is:below the constant-speed rpm range.26.46.2.(b) Propellers
Definition
Term
 Explain how the constant-speed unit (CSU) acts to change the pitch of theblades and maintain rpm:with changes to power.26.46.3 (a) Propellers
Definition
Term
 Explain how the constant-speed unit (CSU) acts to change the pitch of theblades and maintain rpm:with changes in airspeed.26.46.3 (b) Propellers
Definition
Term
 With the aid of diagrams, explain the method of operation of typical pitchchanging mechanisms.26.46.4 Propellers
Definition
Term
 With the aid of a diagram, explain the operation of a typical CSU governor.26.46.5 Propellers
Definition
Term
 Explain the power management requirements as the propeller blades aretraveling from the normal thrust to the reverse thrust angle.26.46.6 Propellers
Definition
Term
 Describe the normal handling of the propeller pitch and power controls for atwo lever control system:when the aircraft is on the ground.26.46.7(a) Propellers
Definition
Term
 Describe the normal handling of the propeller pitch and power controls for atwo lever control system:for ‘exercising’ the CSU.26.46.7(b) Propellers
Definition
Term
 Describe the normal handling of the propeller pitch and power controls for atwo lever control system:prior to take-off and landing.26.46.7(c) Propellers
Definition
Term
 Describe the normal handling of the propeller pitch and power controls for atwo lever control system:when increasing or decreasing power in the air.26.46.7(d) Propellers
Definition
Term
 Describe the normal handling of the power control for a single lever controlsystem:when the aircraft is on the ground.26.46.8(a) Propellers
Definition
Term
 Describe the normal handling of the power control for a single lever controlsystem:for ‘exercising’ the CSU.26.46.8(b) Propellers
Definition
Term
 Describe the normal handling of the power control for a single lever controlsystem:prior to take-off and landing.26.46.8(c) Propellers
Definition
Term
 Describe the normal handling of the power control for a single lever controlsystem:when increasing or decreasing power in the air.26.46.8(d) Propellers
Definition
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