# Shared Flashcard Set

## Details

Competency 18 Mathematical Processes
TExES EC-6 Generalist Test
26
Education
Professional
10/28/2010

Term
 Estimation
Definition
 Child must be skilled in this before using a calculator
Term
 Estimation
Definition
 Use this to decide if a final solution is reasonable
Term
 Manipulatives
Definition
 materials that can be touched or moved are called...
Term
 Geoboards
Definition
 Grids of pegs taht hold rubber bands in place Used to introcude area and perimeter
Term
 Geoblocks
Definition
 Hardwood 3-d geometric figures Used to introduce geometric concepts and formulas such as volume and surface area
Term
 Cuisenaire Rods
Definition
 10 different color rods measuring 1 to 10 cm Used to demonstrate addition and subtraction
Term
 Tangrams
Definition
 Made up of 7 distinct pieces Used to introduce fractions and area
Term
 Place Value
Definition
 Base-ten materials,decimal squares, 10-frames, cuisenaire rods, math balance, cubes, 2-color counters are all manipulatives that teaches the concept of what?
Term
 Ratio
Definition
 Pattern blocks, cuisenaire rods, Color tiles, cubes, tangrams, 2-color counters and tangrams are all manipulatives that teaches the concept of what?
Term
 Pattern Blocks
Definition
 Shapes of different colors used to teach: pattern or shape attributes fractions and geometry
Term
 Dice
Definition
 A manipulative object used to teach counting, place value, and probability
Term
 Base Ten Blocks
Definition
 Helps students understand basic algorithm cubes represent ones place rods represent the tens place Flats represent hundreds place Blocks represent thousands place
Term
 Money
Definition
 Understanding of base ten teaches this concept
Term
 Middle East
Definition
 Written calendars were first used in the...
Term
 Hindu
Definition
 Discovery of algebra and the number zero
Term
 Arabs
Definition
 Development of the numeric system, trigonometry, and quadratic equations
Term
 Babylon and Egypt
Definition
 Developed modern day math, multiplication, division, square root and cube root
Term
 Inductive Reasoning
Definition
 A rule is made after observing or seeing several examples Making a hypothese and forming a reasonable conclusion from examing a large amount of evidence Example: observing blue jays building nests
Term
 Inductive Teaching
Definition
 Learning through examples
Term
 Deductive Approach
Definition
 Learning step by step is known as what approach?
Term
 Deductive Reasoning
Definition
 Moves from assumption to conclusion Moves from general to specific Use of applying a rule to make a conclusion Example: number of pounds x cost per pound
Term
 Instructional Software
Definition
 Computer application similar to a textbook Teaches math concepts or reinforce through drill exercises
Term
 Applets
Definition
 Downloaded internet based applications that allow students to practice new concepts are called...
Term
 Seriation
Definition
 Arranging objects in order according to size, shape, color, etc.
Term
 Centration
Definition
 Focusing only on one aspect of a situation or problem Assuming objects in a tall cylinder is more than objects in a shorter/wider container
Term
 Conservation
Definition
 Thinking a nickel is worth more than a dime because the coin is larger or 5 nickels are more than a quarter
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