# Shared Flashcard Set

## Details

Competency 16 Geometry and Measurement
TExES Generalist EC-6 Test
65
Education
Professional
10/28/2010

Term
 Tessallations
Definition
 The geometic transformation that has pattern of interlocking shapes
Term
 Reflection
Definition
 The geometic transformation that: flips or folds in half creates a line of symmetry creates a mirror image
Term
 Translation
Definition
 The geometic transformation that means to slide
Term
 Rotation
Definition
 The geometic transformation that means to turn
Term
 Dilation
Definition
 The geometric tansformation that transforms by channging the size of an object but not the shape
Term
 1 Pint
Definition
 2 cups equals this...
Term
 1 cup
Definition
 8 ounces equals this
Term
 1 gallon
Definition
 4 quarts equal
Term
 3 feet
Definition
 1 yard
Term
 1 quart
Definition
 2 pints equals
Term
 1 pound
Definition
 16 ounces equals
Term
 Speed
Definition
 Distance / Time =
Term
 Distance
Definition
 Speed x Time =
Term
 Time
Definition
 Distance / Speed
Term
 Standard Customary Unit
Definition
 inches, feet, yard, miles ounces, pounds, tons cups, pints, teaspoons, tablespoons, quarts, and gallons are all what unit of measurement?
Term
 Non-Standard Unit of Measurement
Definition
 measures length, width, weight, capacity use concret objects like paperclips, toothpicks, body parts should be taught first to student to develop meaning
Term
 Standard
Definition
 The unit of measurement that measures consistent time, length, width, capacity, money, and temperature
Term
 millimeter
Definition
 used for small amounts such as the width of an ant 1L = 1000 of these 1 drop from a dropper is equal to 1 of these...
Term
 12 inches
Definition
 1 foot equals this
Term
 Meters
Definition
 The length of a room is measured in this...
Term
 Meter
Definition
 the basic unit of length
Term
 5280 feet
Definition
 1 mile equals this
Term
 Gram
Definition
 Basic unit of mass...
Term
 Metric Unit
Definition
 millimeters, centimeters, meters, kilometers grams and kilograms liters and milliliters are all what unit of measurement?
Term
 Celsius
Definition
 When water boils at 100° and freezes at 0°, this is known as the metric unit of temperature for?
Term
 Fahrenheit
Definition
 When water boils at 212° and freezes at 32°, this is known as the metric unit of temperature for?
Term
 Diameter
Definition
 Passes through the center of the circle and has both endpoints on the circle
Term
 C = P x d
Definition
 What is the formula to find the diameter of a circle?
Term
 Circumference
Definition
 The distance aroudn a circle is known as the...
Term
Definition
 From the center point of the circle to the endpoint of the circle is known as the...
Term
 C=2Pr
Definition
 The formula for finding the radius
Term
 Area = Pr2
Definition
 This formula is used to find the area of a circle
Term
 Parallel Lines
Definition
 Lines that never cross are called
Term
 Acute Angle
Definition
 This angle measures less than 90 degrees
Term
 Obtuse Angle
Definition
 This angle measures more than 90 degrees
Term
 Right Angle
Definition
 This angle measures exactly 90 degrees
Term
 Straight Angle
Definition
 This angle measures exactly 180 degrees.  Lines are known as these...
Term
 3-D solids
Definition
 cylinders and cubes measured in 3 directions: length, width, height
Term
 2-D solids
Definition
 triangles, squares, circles, rectangles measured in 2 direction: length and width
Term
 Polygons
Definition
 Closed figures with straight sides Examples are: quadrilaterals triangles pentagons hexagons octagons
Term
Definition
 Name 5 polygons
Term
 Perimeter of a triangle
Definition
 P = a+b+c is the formula for finding the...
Term
 A = 1/2bh
Definition
 the formula for finding the area of a triangle is...
Term
 Equilateral Triangle
Definition
 A triangle in which all sides are equal is known as an
Term
 Isosceles Triangle
Definition
 When a triangle has 2 equal sides and 2 equal angles, it is known as an...
Term
 Scalene Triangle
Definition
 A triangle in which all 3 sides are unequal is known as a...
Term
 Octagon
Definition
 an 8 sided polygon is called an...
Term
 Hexagon
Definition
 a 6-sided polygon is known as a...
Term
 Pentagon
Definition
 A 5-sided polygon is known as a...
Term
 P=4s
Definition
 The formula used to find the perimeter of a square is...
Term
 P=2l + 2w or P=2(l+w)
Definition
 The formula for finding the perimeter of a rectangle is...
Term
 Area of a rectangle
Definition
 A=length x width            OR A=base x height are two formulas that can be used to find the...
Term
Definition
 A 4-sided polygon that can be either a square or a rectangle is called a...
Term
 Pythagorean Theorem
Definition
 Was named after the Greek mathematician and has a formula of a2+b2=c2
Term
 a2+b2=c2
Definition
 To find the value of a missing side for a right triangle, use this formula.
Term
 Greeks
Definition
 They discovered the pythagorem theory, geometry, and irrational numbers.
Term
 Area
Definition
 The space inside an object and is measured in square units
Term
 Perimeter
Definition
 The distance around the outside of an object To find add the lengths of a figure's sides
Term
 Volume
Definition
 The number of cubic units an object contains. The formula is v = length x width x height
Term
 Area of a square
Definition
 The formula A=s2 is used to find the...
Term
 8/12 Rectangular Pyramid has 8 edges Cube has 12 edges
Definition
 What is the ratio of edges of a retangluar pyramid to edges of a cube?
Term
 4/6 Parallelogram have 4 sides Hexagon have 6 sides
Definition
 What is the ratio of sides in a parallelogram to sides in a hexagon?
Term
 Symmetry
Definition
 Line Symmetry Point Symmetry Congruence and Similar Figures are all geometric words used to describe...
Term
 cups gallons pints
Definition
 Name 3 units of measurements used for liquids
Term
 1 ton
Definition
 2000 pounds =
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