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Coal
Prepare for our Coal in PA quiz with these cards!
25
Science
7th Grade
05/15/2014

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Cards

Term
Clean Air Act
Definition
This law, passed by Congress originally in 1970 and amended in 1990, is intended to regulate air polluting emissions from industry, automobiles, private sources, and power plants.
Term
Safe Drinking Water Act
Definition
This law, originally passed in 1974 and amended in 1986 and 1996, requires many actions to protect water and its sources.
Term
particulates
Definition
Extremely tiny bits of pollution that form soot, smoke and smog are called what?
Term
Reclamation
Definition
The process of cleaning up an area and returning it to its original form after mining is called what?
Term
Greenhouse gases
Definition
Mostly carbon dioxide, methane and water vapor, these gases allow sunlight in but trap the heat and contribute greatly to global warming.
Term
Clean Coal Technologies
Definition
The process of cleaning coal and reducing harmful carbon dioxide emissions before, during, or after burning.
Term
d. all of the above
Definition
Which of the following is a toxic emission produced by the burning of coal?

a. sulfur dioxide
b. methane
c. nitrogen oxide
d. all of the above
Term
Stagnant
Definition
Still water is __________________________ water.
Term
longwall, conntinuous, retreat
Definition
Give 3 examples of deep mining.
Term
The steam engine
Definition
This invention, in the late 1700's, kickstarted the coal boom in the US.
Term
The Industrial Revolution
Definition
This period of American history began with the invention of the steam engine.
Term
1918
Definition
This was the greatest year for coal production in Pennsylvania history.
Term
The Great Depression
Definition
This event, beginning in the 1930's, contributed to the decline of the coal industry.
Term
Nuclear power, electric utilities, natural gas and oil
Definition
These technologies were beginning to become more common in the mid 1900's, and contributed to the decline of the coal industry.
Term
Anthracite coal
Definition
In 2015, PA was the only state in the US to produce this type of coal.
Term
Acid mine drainage, water pollution and soil erosion
Definition
These are 3 environmental effects of coal mining.
Term
Peat > Lignite >Bituminous > Anthracite
Definition
What is the correct order of coal formation?
Term
d. China
Definition
Which of the following countries are top 5 in coal production?

a. Mexico
b. Canada
c. Indonesia
d. China
Term
Generating electricity
Definition
The vast majority of coal mined in this country is used for what?
Term
10,000 tons
Definition
How much coal do some of our larger power plants burn each day?
Term
225 years
Definition
If we continue to use coal at the rate we use it today, we have enough reserves in the US to last how many years?
Term
True
Definition
True or False

Burning fossil fuels releases harmful greenhouse gases that contribute to global warming.
Term
Anaerobic Environments
Definition
Bacteria thrive in environments with no oxygen. What do we call these types of environments?
Term
Nonrenewables are used faster than they can be reproduced by nature.
Definition
What is the basic difference between renewable resources and nonrenewable resources?
Term
natural resource
Definition
What do we call a substance found in nature and used for human purposes?
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