Shared Flashcard Set


For the final
International Studies
Undergraduate 2

Additional International Studies Flashcards




Psychologically different from early Bush years
Cold War over now
US successful in Iraq
Vietnam syndrome recedes
But, US feeling exhausted from Cold War
Americans seeking "peace dividend"
Better funded social programs
Now time for Amer to focus on economy
During Cold War - industries floundered, social problems existed, old debates re-emerged about US role in world affairs
For Clinton: For affairs less compelling than domestic concerns
"It's the economy stupid"
Initial months
Fumbling start but econ begins to recover
Housing construction and consumption up
Unemployment rate and inflation low, fed deficit lowering
Nevertheless, Foreign Policy and security issues
How to deal with Russia
Future of NATO
America's role in on-going SEE crisis
Slovenia, Yugoslavia - Slovenia gain independence from Yugoslavia, then recognize independence of Slovenia, Croatia, and Bosnia-Hungary
America's worldview and vision of the future
Pursues Russia 1st Policy
tough love, we decide on tough quick reforms - result was rapid sell of of gov firms, high unemployment, social safety net removed, Rus econ collapses 1998, severe backlash of nationalists/commies
Concerned about proliferation of nukes and materials following breakup of USSR
Clinton Admin and Congress provide 1.5B to help Russia and other countries dismantle much of former Sov nuke arsenal (aka Cooperative Threat Reduction Program - Sam Nunn)
Ratifies chemical weapons convention (all weapons gone by 2005)
Founding act on mutual relations: US role in Founding Act on Mutual Relations, Cooperation and Security between NATO and Russian Federation"
1998 Rus establishes mission at NATO
START III agreed by Clinton-Yeltsin 1997 - goal by Dec 2007 nuke stockpiles to reduce to 2000-2500 WHs
Supports a re-shaped and expanded NATO
NATO Brussels Summit, Jan 1994 - NATO extends ties to EE, 23 members, approves combined joint task force concept
Bosnia War Apr 92-Dec 95: Dayton Accords (Nov 95); IFOR, SFOR, WEU, EUFOR
NATO Washington Summit - March 1999, CZ Hungary, Poland, welcomed to NATO: problem for Russia, feel that West is taking their colonies
Believes that US must be active partner in European crisis
In Bosnia-H (war Mar 92-Dec 95): EC failed at mediation, Serbs seize over 70% of Bosnia, ethnic cleansing, pentagon advises against US military action, US brokered Dayton Accords during Carter's time, but still fighting, US provides 20 K of 60 K troops for IFOR and SFOR
In Kosovo, ethnic cleansing of Kosovar Albanians, Milosevic rejects NATO demands to halt cleansing, so NATO begins bombing in March 1999
Advance democracy in market economies
Strengthen investment in education Central Eastern Europe, Russia and expands efforts to build new community for N. Amer to C. Asia
Create new PfP Consortium of Defense Academies
Guardian of Human Rights
Major theme in US/Asian relations
Continues to pursue settlements in S. Africa, all race elections - 94; Mandela elected Pres
But avoids getting bogged down in Rwanda, Hutu vs Tutsi - about 800,000 dead in 89 days
Improve relations with former enemies, including Vietnam
In CCE, Central Asia
Vietnam: lift trade embargo 94, full diplo recognition 95
Advance Free Trade
Major issue with Japan
California bank assets: 1/2 downturn in LA
US concerned in lack of fair trading practices
But Japan's economy no longer a factor
System imploded
While New York Stock Exchange soared in mid 90s, Nikkei 1/2 levels in 80s
McDonalds largest restaurant chain in Japan-95
Apple: 2nd largest vendor of computers
Support failing economies
In West: 95 Mexico Bailout (20 of 50B loan), 98 Brasil (5B of 41.5B in loans), In Rus 96, 10.2B credit line to Yeltsin gov
Continue to build ties with friends and allies
value relations with NATO
Oslo accord
Secret meetings between Israel and PLO representatives
Israel and Jordan sign peace agreement in July 93
Syria refuses to sign
Yishak Rabin assassinated in 95
Support of Middle East peace processes
1996 Hardline Bibi Netanyahu elected PM: peace process shows
1997: Ehud Barak elected PM: Secret meetings, Israel willing to concede on 97% of issues, Arafat balks - process fails
Ottawa/Land mine Treaty
Would ban anti-personnel land mines
Does not sign it because needed to protect S. Korea from attack
Submits but does not get ratification of UN Convention in 1982 of Law of the Seas
Clinton administration and N. Korea
Clinton administration finally sealed a deal with the isolated, Communist government of North Korea to freeze its nuclear weapons projects in return for aid from the West
Advance democracy in market economies
Pursues Russia 1st Policy
US should be active partner in Euro crisis
Guardian of Human Rights
Advance free trade
Continue to build ties with allies
Support Mid East processes
Supporting users have an ad free experience!