Shared Flashcard Set


CLAR 244 #3
7th Cent and Archaic General Info
Undergraduate 2

Additional Archaeology Flashcards




Orientalizing Period Art

  • Geometric styles were swept away by new nature styles and motifs 
  • Corinth changes before Attica (Attica is deeply geometric)
  • Daedalic style is visible in sculpture
  • Greek balance, symmetry, lines blend with Oriental motifs to form new style seen in Archaic period

Oriental Secular Architecture

  • Private housing differed little from 8th century small and unpretentious houses
  • Used mostly perishable materials so not much evidence left
  • Remains of Stoa at Sanctuary of Hera at Samos were found

Oriental Pottery


  • Oriental motifs first appear in Corinth
  • Deep skyphos and arybollos appear 
  • Animals and vegetal motifs appear
  • Pegasos and Chimaira surface
  • 2 new techniques of painting develop- outline and black figure


Oriental Terra Cotta Figurines

  • figures began to be made by a mold
  • draped men became the rule
  • Attica shows independence from Daedalic style
  • molds used for decoration of clay storage vesssel also

Oriental Metalworking


  • Different categories and influences tough to distinguish because of similarities
  • Great caldrons are seen
  • Caldrons have Eastern handles with Greek protomes of hammered or cast bronze


Orientalizing Time periods

Protocorinthian 725-640

Corinthian 640-550


Protoattic 700-625

Archaic Art

  • a "national" art was forged in a short period of time
  • Geometric style with Bronze Age roots, combined with Oriental influence to form the unique 6th century style
  • realism was the progressive goal of the period
  • arrival of Severe style signals end of the period

Archaic Architecture

  • increased prosperity=more permanent building materials
  • 1st large all stone temple, Temple of Artemis on Corfu (580)
  • Gigantic Eastern temples were erected in the 6th century- exploited decorative qualities of Ionic order and the complicated florrplans with forests of columns show Oriental influence

Secular Archaic Architecture


  • treasuries began to appear in the form of small temples
  • there are few examples because of constant replacement of utilitarian buildings
  • the Agora is the exception


Archaic Sculpture


  • Marble statues begin to appear at end of the 7th cent
  • realistic stylization of the human body at rest proliferates
  • Kouroi- nude male models derived from Egypt
  • Korai- draped female figures derived from the East
  • their basic form was stiff upright figure with one extended leg and a fixed frontal glare.
  • figures start with a rigid disposition, clearly marked divisions of the nody and abnormal proportions
  • stance began to develop to a more natural one just before persian invasions
  • new poses were harmonious with the increasing realism
  • archaic smile and plain treatment of the hair are seen, but real emotion is attempted for at the end of the period
  • break with Archaic period seen when kore an kourai undergo simplifications
  • relief sculpture had the issue of indicating depth and avoiding monotony
  • representing the body in torsion was another difficulty


Archaic Painting and Pottery


  • Black figure style developed in athens 
  • Corinthian gorgons and vegetal ornaments were standard
  • miniature painting was popular in the first half of the century
  • Black Figure became omst prevalent in middle to 3rd quarter of the century
  • Red figure style appears shortly after 530
  • vases using both styles are seen
  • by the 5th century, Red Style high period was dominant


Archaic Coins

  • coins developed in the 6th century
  • began on coast of Anatolia or in Lydia
  • spread quickly throughout Aegan
  • earliest had symbol on one side and deep punch on the other 
  • earliest mainland coins issues by Aigina in early 6th cent and had a symbol of a sea turtle
  • famous coin with Athena and owl with olive branch appeared late 6th cent

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