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CLAR 244 EXAM 2b
Terms and Definitions
29
Archaeology
Undergraduate 2
10/27/2009

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Term
Doric Order Characteristics
Definition

  • grew from mainland Dorian areas and Corinth
  • simple shaft tapering from top to bottom with 20 flutes with sharp arrises
  • capital- consists of swelling echinus topped by block shaped slab, abacus
  • epistyle- horizontal course that is plain excpet for molding at the top decorated by rasied panels, regulae, ¬†which guttae project from
  • frieze course- consist of grooved slabs called triglyphs and black panels called metopes.
  • Above the frieze is the horizonal ¬†course and above that is the double pitched roof with triangular spaces, pediments, at each end
  • The undercourse of the roof, geison, is ornamented with mutules that also bear guttae
  • The Doric frieze looks like a translation of wooden architecture to stone
  • major drawback- difficulty of placing triglyohs exactly over each column because of aesthetic flaw of exposed slab. Probable cause of decline.

Term
Ionic order Characteristics
Definition

  • More highly decorated than the Doric
  • Column with elaborate base and 24 flutes with broad arrises.
  • Capital- two hanging volutes under a small abacus
  • epistyle- generally carved with 3 flat, undecorated bands.
  • frieze- either continuously sculpted or decorated with toothlike projections called dentils
  • upper horizontal course with roof and pediments similar to Doric

Term
peristyle
Definition
The rows of columns outside of the rectangular cella which held the cult statue
Term
cella
Definition
inside a temple, the rectangular structure that held the cult statue
Term
pronaos
Definition
the front porch in a temple formed by the extension and thickening of cella walls
Term
opisthodomus
Definition
back porch in a temple formed by the extension and thickening of cella walls
Term
naos
Definition
another name for the cella
Term
entablature
Definition
the upper horizontal portion of the temple that is supported by the columns
Term
epistyle
Definition
first course of the entablature, horizontal. rests direcly on the capital
Term
pediment
Definition
the triangular opening at each end of the temple formed by the shape of the roof. often decorated in major temples.
Term
cornice
Definition
course containing the roof. comprised of the geison which may be adorned with mutules and guttae and of the raking geison and the raking sima on top of it
Term
sima
Definition
on top of the raking geison on the cornice
Term
echinus
Definition
Doric; swelling member of the capital directly under the abacus
Term
abacus
Definition
top of the capital directly under the epistyle
Term
triglyph
Definition
Doric; the grooved slab part of the frieze
Term
metope
Definition
Doric; black panel separating the triglyphs in the frieze. 
Term
regulae
Definition
Doric; raised panels adorned on molding of the epistyle often with guttae
Term
guttae
Definition
Doric; circular projections from mutules and regulae 
Term
mutule
Definition
Doric; slabs bearing guttae under the geison
Term
volute
Definition
Ionic; part of the capital that tops th column. Closely associated with vegetal motifs
Term
frieze
Definition
course driectly above the epistyle. Doric contains triglyphs and metopes. Ionic contains either continuous decoration or dentils.
Term
skyphos
Definition
deep drinking cup the arrived with Oriental motifs
Term
arbyllos
Definition
small round vessel with a narrow mouth for perfume or precious oils. arrives with Oriental motifs and is typically Corinthian
Term
kouroi
Definition
standing nude models
Term
korai
Definition
standing draped female figures
Term
Black figure painting
Definition

  • Developed in Athens under Corinthian influence.
  •  Black from mixture of clay that is fired. 
  • Details by incisions that allow light underclay to show through.
  • Red, white, and purple were often added
  • Straight lines gave way to curves

Term
Outline technique
Definition

  • figures drawn in outline with inner details of black lines
  • inside spaces left for natural colors
  • inner marking were sometimes white or red
  • found home is East Greek painting, but rejected by Corinth and Attica

Term
Red figure painting
Definition

  • Arose shortly after 530
  • complete reverse of black figure painting
  • musculature and details are painted with relief lines by a dilute glaze that was slightly raised
  • the realism of light colored bodies against a dark background was advantageous

Term
Daedalic style 
Definition
Sculpture style emanated from Crete. Characteristics- most figures were draped women or youth. Figures meant to be seen from the front with often unworked backs. Flat heads and triangular faces and hair with the appearance of a wig. Daedalic schematization stopped movement towards round,natural figures.
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