Shared Flashcard Set

Details

Christian Life and Thought Theological Glossary
Exam 1
17
Other
Undergraduate 1
10/05/2010

Additional Other Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term

 

 

Anthropology

Definition

The section of Christian theology dealing with the doctrine of humanity. Also denotes fields of study outside of Christian theology.

Term

 

 

 

Bibliology

Definition

 

 

The section of Christian theology dealing with the character of the Bible.

Term

 

 

 

Christology

Definition

The section of Christian theology dealing with the identity of Jesus Christ, particularly the

question of the relation of his human and divine natures.

Term

 

 

Creed

Definition

A formal definition or summary of the Christian faith, held in common by all Christians. The most important are those generally known as the ‘‘Apostles’ Creed’’ and the ‘‘Nicene Creed.’’

Term

 

 

Ecclesiology

 

Definition

The section of Christian theology dealing with the character of the church.

Term

 

 

Eschatology

Definition

The section of Christian theology dealing with the ‘‘last things,’’ especially the ideas of

resurrection, hell, the Last Judgment, and eternal life.

Term

 

 

Evangelical

Definition

A term initially used to refer to reforming movements, especially in Germany and Switzerland, in the 1510s and 1520s. Since the mid-nineteenth century, the term has been used to describe Protestants in English-speaking contexts who identify with four main characteristics: crucicentrism (the centrality of Christ's work on the cross), conversionism (personal regeneration), biblicism (the supreme role of the Bible in Christian living), and activism (the notion of spreading the Good News).

Term

 

 

Exegesis

Definition

The science of textual interpretation, usually referring specifically to the Bible. The term ‘‘biblical exegesis’’ basically means ‘‘the process of interpreting the Bible.’’ The specific techniques employed in the exegesis of Scripture are usually referred to as ‘‘hermeneutics.’’

Term

 

 

Imago Dei

Definition

Latin term for “image of God.” According to Genesis 1:26, God created humanity in the image of God.

Term

 

 

Justification by Faith

Definition

The section of Christian theology dealing with how the individual sinner is able to enter into fellowship with God. The doctrine was to prove to be of major significance at the time of the Reformation. The narrow and precise notion of justification in the Old and New Testaments was developed more broadly throughout Christian history to include aspects beyond what is found in Scripture.

Term

 

 

Orthodoxy

Definition

A term used in a number of senses, of which the following are the most important: orthodoxy in the sense of ‘‘right belief,’’ as opposed to heresy; Orthodoxy in the sense of the forms of Christianity which are dominant in Russia and Greece; Orthodoxy in the sense of a movement within Protestantism, especially in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth century, which laid emphasis upon the need for doctrinal definition.

Term

 

 

Perichoresis

Definition

A term relating to the doctrine of the Trinity, often also referred to by the Latin term circumincessio. The basic notion is that all three persons of the Trinity mutually share in the life of the others, so that none is isolated or detached from the actions of the others.

Term

 

 

Pneumatology 

Definition

 

 

The section of Christian theology dealing with the doctrine of the Holy Spirit (Greek: pneuma).

Term

 

 

Revelation 

Definition

 

an unveiling or making known of what is otherwise unknown. In Jesus Christ and the Scriptures, God graciously makes himself known to humanity. The sources of revelation are typically divided into two—general and special revelation. General revelation is that knowledge which is available to all people at all times from creation, history, and the makeup of human nature. Special revelation is God’s particular revelation of Himself through specific events, especially His revelation in Jesus Christ and the Scriptures.

 

Term

 

 

Soteriology

Definition

The section of Christian theology dealing with the doctrine of salvation (Greek: sot─ôria).

Term

 

 

Theology

Definition

The study of the knowledge of God. Sources for theology include the Bible, Christian

tradition, reason, and experience, with Scripture being the supreme authority.

Term

 

 

Trinity

Definition

The distinctively Christian doctrine of God, which reflects the complexity of the Christian experience of God as Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. The doctrine is usually summarized in maxims such as ‘‘three persons, one God.’’

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