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Details

Chinese Characters
Chinese Characters w/Pronunciation and Meaning
1545
Language - Chinese
Undergraduate 1
02/25/2018

Additional Language - Chinese Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term

Definition

single, item, individual

[measure word for one invidual]

Term

Definition

hái

baby's smile

(modern): child

Term

Definition

ér

child, youth

boy, son

Term

Definition

woman, female

girl, daughter

Term

Definition

zài

to be situated, lie in, rest in

to be, exist, be present

at, in, on

(mod.: auxiliary for progressive action)

Term

Definition

child, offspring, son

person

master, sir; "viscount"

small, little; grain, kernel

(mod.: diminutive particle)

Term

Definition

kàn

look, see

(mod.: read)

Term

Definition

shū

write

writing, script

document, book

Term

Definition

1. hè

threaten

berate, yell at, shout

2. yè

weep, sob; hoarse

3. (mod.) hē

drink

Term

Definition

shuǐ

water

Term

Definition

xiě

transfer, shift

pour out, rain, exhaust

copy, imitate

(med.: draw, depict; transcribe)

(mod.: write)

Term

Definition

generate, beget, conceive, bear

foster, raise, cherish

cognomen, polite name

a character w/2+ parts

(mod.: a character, word, writing)

Term

Definition

other, another

(med.) he

Term

Definition

(mod.) she

Term

Definition

other, another

(mod.) it

Term

Definition

mén, men

(mod.: indicates the plural)

Term

Definition

bào

repay, requite; reward, recompense

retribution, revenge

report back, inform

reply, answer

(mod.: newspaper, journal)

Term

Definition

zhǐ

silk rolls, paper

Term

Definition

guǒ

fruit

achieve, realize

determined, resolute

Term

Definition

zhī

juice, sap

sauce

Term

Definition

chī

stammer, stutter

(mod.) eat

Term

Definition

fàn

eat, feed

cooked rice, food, a meal

Term

Definition

1. páo

paw the ground

2. (med.) pǎo

run

Term

Definition

a pace, 5 feet

pace, step, march

Term

Definition

zuò

(med.) make, create

undertake, act, do

Term

Definition

yóu

float, swim

= 遊

Term

Definition

yǒng

wade, immerse oneself

float, swim

Term

Definition

nǐ

(mod.) you

Term

Definition

1. hǎo

good, beautiful

excellent, fine

2. hào

like, love

Term

Definition

zài

a second time, second

again

Term

Definition

1. jiàn

see, look at

perceive

(marker of passive)

2. xiàn

appear, be seen

(inter)view, be granted an audience

Term

Definition

zhè

(med.) this

Term

Definition

1. suò

(rhythmic particle at end of verse)

2. xiē

a few, a bit, a little, somewhat

Term

Definition

chá

(med.) tea

Term

Definition

tiān

sky, heaven

weather

natural

Term

Definition

yǒu

have

there is

what is, existence

and, plus

Term

Definition

mǔ

mother

Term

Definition

liǎng

pair, both, two

Term

Definition

xià

under, below

go down, lower

Term

Definition

1. zhī

know, recognize

2. zhì

knowledge, wisdom

Term

Definition

shēng

live, alive

generate, give birth to

fresh, raw, uncooked

natural

sir

Term

Definition

1. cháng

long, tall

2. zhǎng

grow, increase

Term

Definition

duǎn

short, brief

Term

Definition

gāo

tall, high

Term

Definition

yīn

sound, voice

note, tone, tune

rumor, reputation

Term

Definition

shì

this, that

any such

affirm; true, right

(med.) is

Term

Definition

shì

matter, affair, event

be engaged in, serve

deeds, task, duty, business

Term

Definition

1. xíng

march, proceed, move

act, do, practice, effect

(marks future)

2. xìng

conduct, behave, actions

3. háng

road, walkway

column, line, row

Term

Definition

jiào

teach(ing)

Term

Definition

sān

three

Term

Definition

míng

bright; light

clear, evident, manifest

next (day, year, ...)

Term

Definition

chicken

Term

Definition

dàn

egg

Term

蘋果

Definition

píngguǒ

apple

Term

Definition

miàn

flour

Term

Definition

bāo

wrap, bundle

surround, encircle

include, contain

Term

咖啡

Definition

kāfēi

coffee

Term

Definition

niú

cow, ox

Term

Definition

nǎi

milk

breast, teat, nipple

suckle

Term

Definition

mǐ

rice (uncooked)

hulled grain

Term

Definition

zhī

one bird, one individual

[measure word for individuals]

Term

Definition

gǒu

dog

Term

Definition

māo

cat

Term

Definition

pǐ

measure of length for silks or cloth, a "bolt"

[measure word for horses]

single, individual

Term

Definition

mǎ

horse

Term

Definition

liàng

[measure word for cars, carts, ...]

Term

Definition

chē

wheeled vehicle

carriage, wagon

(mod.) car

Term

Definition

tiáo

branch, twig

long, length

[measure word for long, narrow items]

Term

Definition

fish

Term

Definition

-self

for/of oneself

spontaneously

from

except for, unless

Term

Definition

dōng

east

Term

西

Definition

west

Term

Definition

kāi

open

unfold, uncover, clear away

begin, start

Term

Definition

zǒu

run; flee

walk, amble

Term

Definition

road, path

route, course

Term

Definition

shuì

sleepy

(med.) sleep

Term

Definition

1. jué

aware of, wake up to

discover, realize

2. jiào

(mod.) sleep

Term

Definition

1. (mod.) méi

not; have not

there is not

2. mò

drown, sink

sink away, dissolve

vanish, pass away

Term

Definition

běn

tree-trunk, root

base, foundation

edition of a book, version

[mod., measure word for books]

Term

Definition

fèn

part, portion, duty

[mod., measure word for newspapers]

Term

Definition

zhī

branch, limb

support, sustain, prop up

resist, hold off

branch off, diverge

[mod., measure word for pens]

Term

Definition

writing-brush

(med.) calligraphy

(mod.) pen

Term

Definition

big

Term

Definition

shèn

too much

very, exceedingly

serious

(med., what?)

Term

Definition

1. (med.) mó

tiny

2. (med.) ma, me

[mark of question]

Term

Definition

ma

[asks yes-no question]

Term

Definition

duì

contront, to face

over against

respond, reply

match up, pair up

(mod., yes)

Term

Definition

èr

two

Term

Definition

shàng

above, on top, up, high

go up

Term

Definition

mín

folk, people

commonfolk

commoner, peasant

Term

Definition

father

Term

Definition

undertake

submit, yield

harness

clothing; don, wear

ingest

Term

Definition

néng

able (to), can

ability

Term

Definition

medicine, medic(al)

physician, healer

heal, cure

Term

Definition

what? how? why?

Term

Definition

bái

white

Term

Definition

color, hue

appearance, beauty

Term

Definition

hēi

black

Term

Definition

hóng

red

Term

Definition

lán

blue,

indigo

Term

Definition

green

Term

Definition

huáng

yellow

Term

Definition

wǎn

(med.) bowl

Term

Definition

bēi

cup

Term

Definition

qiú

gem, jade

(mod.) ball

Term

Definition

1. dì

target

bright dot of light

(med.) certainly, surely

2. de

(mod. grammatical particle)

Term

Definition

duǒ

flower-bud

(measure word for flowers)

Term

Definition

huā

(med.) flower

Term

Definition

yuè

moon, month

Term

Definition

liàng

bright

beam, glow, gleam

Term

Definition

tài

great(est)

(med.) too much

Term

Definition

yáng

sunlight

bright, warm(th)

Term

Definition

sun; day

Term

Definition

yīn

shade(d)

dim, dark

Term

Definition

cǎo

plants

grass(land)

a sketch, draft

Term

Definition

kōng

empty, void, vacant

space, sky, air

Term

Definition

niǎo

bird

Term

Definition

xiǎo

small

Term

Definition

1. shǎo

few

2. shào

young, junior

lesser

Term

Definition

hěn

disobey, defy

dispute

(mod.) very (grammatical particle)

Term

Definition

jǐng

warn, alert, notify

wary, cautious

urgent

Term

Definition

lǎo

old, aged

Term

Definition

shī

regiment, troop (of 2500 soldiers)

master, teacher

Term

Definition

xué

study, learn

imitate, mimic

Term

Definition

I

Term

Definition

nín

(mod.) you [polite]

Term

Definition

like, love, fond of

begrudge

Term

Definition

younger brother

Term

Definition

xiōng

older brother

Term

Definition

jiā

house, home

family

Term

Definition

guó

land, territory

state, kingdom

capital city

Term

Definition

each, every

Term

Definition

five

Term

Definition

hair [of head]

Term

Definition

tóu

head

top, uppermost, chief

first, beginning

[measure word for animals]

Term

Definition

1. zhōng

inner(most), inside

middle, center

2. zhòng

hit the target, be on mark

Term

Definition

qīn

parents, kin

fond of, intimate

personally

Term

Definition

bǎi

one hundred

Term

Definition

four

Term

Definition

liù

six

Term

Definition

eight

Term

Definition

1.  dào

 

way, road, path;

say, speak

 

2.  dǎo

 

lead, guide

Term

Definition

 

possible, can

Term

Definition

fēi

 

not, is not

deny, negate

except for

Term

Definition

cháng

 

constant, enduring, permanent

usual, ordinary

Term

Definition

míng

 

name

Term

Definition

 

not have, lack

there is not

have nothing, nothing

Term

Definition

 

earth

land, soil

territory

ground, floor

Term

Definition

zhī

 

him, her, it, them

(possessive marker)

go

Term

Definition

shǐ

 

begin(ning), start

just now

(med.) just

Term

Definition

wàn

 

ten thousand, myriad

countless, unnumerable

absolutely

Term

Definition

 

motley, varieagated

things, phenomenon, being

properties, elements, contents

Term

Definition

 

cause, reason, purpose

therefore

 

Term

Definition

 

want, desire

 

Term

Definition

yǐ

 

use, take

with, by

because of

Term

Definition

1.  guān

 

look, observe

contemplate, consider

view, behold

 

2.  guàn

 

watchtower

Term

Definition

 

his, her, its, their

perhaps, possibly

Term

Definition

miào

 

miraculous, marvel(ous)

inscrutable, subtle

infinitesimal, fine, delicate

Term

Definition

jiào

 

make the rounds, patrol

outline, periphery, border, edge

Term

Definition

 

this

Term

Definition

zhě

 

that which, the one who

as for

generally

Term

Definition

tóng

 

share with, join

similar, like, same

together

Term

Definition

chū

 

go out, come from

emerge, issue from

 

Term

Definition

ér

 

and so, and then

yet

Term

Definition

 

differ(ent)

other, other of two

unusual, strange

Term

Definition

wèi

 

say, speak (to/of), address

call

Term

Definition

xuán

 

semi-transparent, translucent

mysterious, obscure

murky, opaque, dim

Term

Definition

yòu

 

also, in addition, again

furthermore, next

simultaneously

Term

Definition

zhòng

 

many, sundry

the majority, average

Term

Definition

mén

 

gateway, door, entrance

access

group, sect

class, category

Term

Definition

jiē

 

all

in all cases

Term

Definition

měi

 

beautiful

fine, excellent, sweet

Term

Definition

1.  wéi

 

do, make

act as, serve as

become, be

-est

if, supposing

 

2.  wèi

 

for the sake of

on account of, because of

in place of

Term

Definition

 

this, these

then

Term

Definition

1.  è

 

bad, evil, ugly

hateful, detestable

 

2.  wù

 

hate

 

3.  wū

 

how?  where?

Term

Definition

 

stop, cease

finish, complete

already, is now

very, quite

Term

Definition

shàn

 

good

Term

Definition

1.  xiāng

 

each other, one another

 

2.  xiàng

 

assist, support

Term

Definition

1.  nán

 

difficult(y)

 

2.  nàn

 

trouble, disaster

foe

object, rebut, reprove

Term

Definition

 

change, alter

easy, ease

Term

Definition

chéng

 

complete, achieve, accomplish

fulfill, realize

whole

level, layer

Term

Definition

1.  jiào

 

match, compare, juxtapose; size up

proportionate(ly), more or less, somewhat

 

2.  jué

 

handrails

contend, dispute, fight over

Term

Definition

qīng

 

lean, slant

overturn, upturn

pour out

overpower

Term

Definition

shēng

 

sound, noise, voice

tone, tune

music, song, melody

speech, talk

fame, reputation

Term

Definition

1.  hé

 

harmonious, accord with

harmony, balance, temper

pleasant, calm, peaceful

(mod.) together with, and

 

2.  hè

 

harmonize with, accompany in song

Term

Definition

qián

 

in front of, fore

before, earlier

Term

Definition

hòu

 

behind, rear, back

after, later

Term

Definition

suí

 

follow after, pursue

go along with

 

Term

Definition

shèng

 

paragon, peerless

wise, sage

Term

Definition

1.chǔ

 

pause, stop, cease

rest in, stay at, dwell in

locate, situate

 

2.  chù

 

place, spot

Term

Definition

yán

 

speak, talk

word, phrase, sentence

theory, doctrine

Term

Definition

zuò

 

rise, get up, stand up

arise, begin

make, create

undertake, act, do

Term

Definition

yān

 

where?  how?

in/to/at/for him/her/it

than it, than that

-ly, -ful

Term

Definition

 

word, phrase

explain

decline, reject, refuse

bid farewell

 

Term

Definition

shì

 

have faith in, rely on

count on, depend on

Term

Definition

gōng

 

work, labor

achievement, accomplishment

Term

Definition

 

not, not...it

Term

Definition

 

site, seat, place

dwell(ing), lodge(ment)

occupy, inhabit

sit down, rest oneself

Term

Definition

1.  fū

 

adult man

nonne, isn't it?

 

2.  fú

 

in general, however you look at it

that, those

Term

Definition

wéi

 

is, is only

only, nothing but

approve

Term

Definition

 

depart, go away, leave

gone, past

Term

Definition

zhì

 

set in order, arrange, order

govern, direct

heal, cure

Term

Definition

zhāng

 

emroidered pattern

distinctive mark, distinction

emblem, design, decoration

show, display, make clear

model, rule, standard

section, stanza, chapter

Term

Definition

shàng

 

place above, elevate, exalt

prefer

surpass

Term

Definition

xián

 

worthy, excellent

Term

使

Definition

shǐ

 

send, dispatch, commission

cause, bring about

if, supposing

Term

Definition

zhēng

 

vie, contend, compete

quarrel, dispute

Term

Definition

guì

 

expensive

valuable, precious

prize, esteem, value

Term

Definition

 

get, obtain

gain, win

get to, able to

might

Term

Definition

 

power, virtue

kindness, favor

Term

Definition

huò

 

material goods, resources

merchandise, commodities

money, cash, coin

Term

Definition

dào

 

steal, rob(ber)

loot, despoil

Term

Definition

xīn

 

heart

Term

Definition

luàn

 

disorder(ly), chaos

trouble(d), confuse(d)

rebel, revolt

Term

Definition

 

empty, void

thin, shallow

the air, sky

unreal, false

in vain

Term

Definition

shí

 

fruit, nut

full

solid, substantial

real

belongings, possessions

he, this

Term

Definition

 

stomach, belly

Term
Definition

ruò

 

weak, feeble

fragile, delicate

Term

Definition

zhì

 

will, intention

goal, aim

remember, record

Term

Definition

qiáng

 

strong

Term

Definition

 

bone

Term

Definition

gǎn

 

dare, venture

Term

Definition

 

(a) is (b)

as for

[marks progressive aspect]

Term

Definition

 

standard, norm, rule

then

Term

Definition

guān

 

bar of a gate

bar, barrier

shut, close

 

Term

雎鳩

Definition

jū jiū

 

osprey

Term

Definition

jiū

 

pigeon

Term

Definition

 

river

Term

Definition

zhōu

 

island

Term

Definition

yǎo

 

set apart, removed

secluded

Term

Definition

tiǎo

 

space/time to spare

gap, interval

insubstantial, flighty, flimsy

Term

Definition

shū

 

clear, limpid, pure

gentle, mild

fine, admirable

Term

Definition

jūn

 

lord, ruler

Term

Definition

qiú

 

gather, bring together

pair off, pair up

mate, match

Term

Definition

1.  cān

 

participate in, join in

juxtapose, arrange

refer, consult

 

2.  sān

 

triad

 

3.  shēn

 

Triaster (stars in Orion)

 

 

Term

參差

Definition

cēn cī

 

irregular, uneven

Term

Definition

1.  chā

 

differ(ence), deviate

proportion(ate), comparative(ly)

err(or)

 

2.  chāi

 

choose, select

send

 

 

Term

Definition

xìng

 

yellow floating heart

water-fringe

Term

Definition

cài

 

leaf-vegetables

edible greens

Term

Definition

zuǒ

 

left (vs. right)

Term

Definition

yòu

 

right (vs. left)

Term

Definition

liú

 

flow, drift, current

Term

Definition

qiú

 

seek, search

beseech, ask for

Term

Definition

 

awake(n)

Term

Definition

mèi

 

(a)sleep

Term

Definition

 

think (about), reflect on

long for, yearn for

Term

Definition

yōu

 

pensive, wistful

long, far

Term

Definition

zāi

 

[exclamatory particle = !]

Term

輾轉

Definition

zhǎn zhuǎn

 

toss and turn

Term

Definition

zhǎn

 

unfold, unroll

spread out, display, show

examine

Term

Definition

zhuǎn

 

turn

turn over, roll over

change, alter, shift

transport, convey

Term

Definition

fǎn

 

turn over, invert

turn back, return

opposite, contrary

Term

Definition

 

to one side, side(ways)

incline(d), slant(ed), oblique

Term

Definition

 

necessarily, certainly

must

Term

Definition

suǒ

 

place, location

that which

where, from

Term

Definition

 

get up, (a)rise

raise, lift up

heal, cure

Term

Definition

 

compare

exemplify, illustrate

Term

Definition

 

follow, comply with, defer to

according to, in light of

go to, proceed to

(be) like, siilar to, compare with

if

Term

Definition

gōng

 

attack, assail

revile

attend to, alleviate, remedy

work at, ply, apply oneself to

Term

Definition

 

illness, disease

nervous, hasty

Term

Definition

rán

 

burn, kindle

(to be) such, like

yet

Term

Definition

 

alone, solitary, sole

unique

of one's own accord

Term

Definition

chá

 

examine, investigate

Term

Definition

huà

 

transform, change

Term

Definition

wèi

 

seat, see

place, position

rank; situation

Term

Definition

1.  dāng

 

proper, appropriate, fitting

should, ought, must

confront, attend to

at, in

(med.) [marker of future tense]

 

2.  dàng

 

suitable, match, fit

Term

Definition

chén

 

servant, subject

minister

Term

Definition

xiào

 

filial piety

Term

Definition

kuī

 

diminish, deficient, abate

lack, fail, be missing

damage, loss

Term

Definition

 

sharp edge of a blade, sharpen

gain an "edge", exploit

profit(able), advantage, benefit

gain

Term

Definition

 

sequence, series

rank, grade, degree

order

[marks ordinal number]

merely, simply

Term

Definition

suī

 

although, even if

Term

Definition

 

loving kindness, tender

compassion, benevolent

parental love

Term

Definition

 

for his/her/its part

also, too

just, only

Term

Definition

zhì

 

arrive at, reach

with regard to

extreme, utmost

Term

Definition

zéi

 

outlaw, bandit, brigand

thief, robber

despoil, injure, harm

Term

Definition

shì

 

room, house

household, family

estate

Term

Definition

qiè

 

steal, rob

Term

Definition

shēn

 

torso, body

one's person, oneself

Term

Definition

zhū

 

one of, some of

the several, all of, the various

Term

Definition

hóu

 

target, mark

"marquis"

feudal lord

Term

Definition

 

provide, set out [esp. food and drink]

provisions, provender

equipment, apparatus, implements

items

completely, altogether

Term

Definition

 

(marks perfective aspect)

Term

Definition

zhòng

 

second eldest

Term

Definition

1.  ní

 

[a name]

 

2.  nì

 

stop, obstruct

Term

Definition

1.  céng

 

formerly, once

 

2.  zēng

 

increase, add to

still more, even more

after all, in fact

Term

Definition

shì

 

attend upon, wait on, assist

attendant

expostulate

Term

Definition

yuē

 

say

Term

Definition

1.  xiān

 

former, previous, before

in front of

leading, important

(med.) already

 

2.  xiàn

 

precede; place first

Term

Definition

1.  wáng

 

king

 

2.  wàng

 

reign, rule

Term

Definition

1.  yāo

 

waist

gird, restrain

need, require, demand

 

2.  yào

 

necessary, essential

(med.) [marker of the future]

Term

Definition

shùn

 

compliant, accommodating

go along with, go with the flow

amiable, agreeable

Term

Definition

yòng

 

use, employ

ply, wield

by means of

Term

Definition

 

eye

point of view

 

Term

Definition

 

tree, wood

Term

Definition

 

in concord, harmonious

Term

Definition

yuàn

 

complaint, grudge

discontent, resentment

hate, loathe

Term

Definition

 

you

Term

Definition

 

enter, go in

take in, accept; adopt

pay in, hand in

engage(d) in

Term

Definition

 

[Interrogative particle:  ?, -ne;

Exclamatory particle:  !]

in relation to; vis-à-vis

Term

Definition

 

avoid, evade, shun

move away from, get free of

abandon, forsake

be inferior to

Term

Definition

 

mat

matting; sail

Term

Definition

mǐn

 

quick-witten, keen, alert

intelligent

apt, capable

rapid, swift

diligent, devoted

big toe

Term

Definition

 

foot

sufficient, adequate, enough

 

Term

Definition

yóu

 

deriving from, following from

be means of, because, from

with regard to

make use of

Term

Definition

zuò

 

sit

seat, position, site

Term

Definition

 

go back, return

again, once more

repeat, reply to

Term

Definition

 

I

Term

Definition

1.  yǔ

 

speak, tell

speech, conversation

 

2.  yù

 

say to, tell to

Term

Definition

 

limb, member

body, person

shape

substance, content

Term

Definition

 

skin

Term

Definition

shòu

 

receive, accept

Term

Definition

shǒu

 

head

first, chief

Term

Definition

shǒu

 

hand

Term

Definition

huǐ

 

damage

Term

Definition

shāng

 

wound, harm, injure

Term

Definition

 

stand, stand straight

set up, establish

instant(ly)

Term

Definition

yáng

 

raise, lift up

winnow, scatter

arouse, agitate

display, flaunt; flourish

Term

Definition

shì

 

generation

inherit, hereditary; heir

later generations, posterity

era, epoch

the world, the realm

Term

Definition

xiǎn

 

evident, manifest

display, reveal

distinguished, illustrious

Term

Definition

zhōng

 

end, finish

Term

Definition

 

correct, proper

courtly, dignified

elegant, graceful

Term

Definition

 

tooth

bite (off)

Term

Definition

yún

 

say

Term

Definition

nián

 

year

Term

Definition

niàn

 

think of, mindful

recall, remember

(med.) love, like

Term

Definition

ěr

 

you

like this, so, -ly

Term

Definition

 

paternal grandfather

forefather

found, begin

venerate

Term

Definition

 

writing brush

freely, unrestrained

verily, indeed, just

Term

Definition

xiū

 

dried meat

cultivate, improve

Term

Definition

xiū

 

refine, cultivate, discipline

practice, improve

embellish, adorn

finest, excellent

Term

Definition

jué

 

he, his

and then

Term

Definition

 

in, at, from, to, on

than

Term

Definition

jìng

 

respect, revere

Term

Definition

màn

 

neglect(ful), lax

dilatory, slow

boast, arrogant

Term

Definition

jìn

  

use up, consume, exhaust

reach the end of, complete, consummate

wholly, completely

Term

Definition

jiā

 

place upon, confer, apply to

add to, increase

more so

Term

Definition

xìng

 

family name, surname

Term

Definition

xíng

 

deform, mutilate, punish

mould, model

form, shape

 

 

Term

Definition

hǎi

 

sea, ocean

Term

Definition

gài

 

thatch a roof, roofing

canopy, parasol

cover, lid

probably, presumably, no doubt

Term

Definition

 

sir, Mr.

for the first time, just now

large, great

Term

Definition

qìng

 

felicity, good fortune

congratulate, celebrate

Term

Definition

zhào

 

turtle-shell divination

divination, prophecy

begin, origin

million

Term

Definition

lài

 

profit, benefit (from)

rely on, depend on

(med.) renege

Term

Definition

 

(mod.) in

Term

Definition

 

village

residential compound

300 paces (~ 1/3 mile)

Term

Definition

 

trigger, latch

mechanism, contrivance, machine

key, crux

impulse, impetus

skill, dexterity

loom

Term

Definition

zhāng

 

string a bow

tune (a zither)

tense, taut

bend, draw; stretch (out)

(measure word for things w/flat & large surfaces)

Term

床, 牀

Definition

chuáng

 

bed

couch, bench

Term

Definition

1.  bǎ

 

grab, grasp

 

2.  bà

 

handle, hilt

Term

Definition

yào, yuè

 

(med.) key; lock

 

 

Term

Definition

1.  chí

 

spoon

 

2.  shi

 

key

Term

Definition

yǐ

 

(mod.) chair

Term

Definition

zhuō

 

 

(mod.) table

Term

Definition

diàn

 

lightning, flash

(mod.) electric(ity)

Term

Definition

huà

 

words, speech

(med.) speak, talk; tale, story

Term

Definition

duō

 

accrue, multiply

many, much

surpass

Term

Definition

 

seven

Term

Definition

jiǔ

 

nine

Term

Definition

shí

 

ten

Term

Definition

pán

 

plate

tray, pan

wind round, coil

Term

Definition

xié

 

shoe

Term

Definition

jiàn

 

(med.) divide, separate

(measure word for items, articles)

Term

Definition

chèn

 

(med.) undergarment, shirt

give alms, charity

Term

Definition

shān

 

upper garment

shirt, blouse

Term

Definition

shān

 

mountain

Term

褲, 袴

Definition

 

pants, trousers

Term

Definition

1.  yī

 

upper garment

robe, tunic

jacket, coat

 

2.  yì

 

wear, put on

Term

Definition

lián

 

link up, join with, attach

continuous(ly), in succession

Term

Definition

qún

 

skirt

kilt, apron

Term

Definition

 

rue, heartache, woe(ful)

care for

sympathy, compassion

charity, almsgiving

Term

穿

Definition

chuān

 

bore through, pierce, puncture

(med.) wear [clothing]

Term

Definition

1.  zhù

 

make visible, manifest

 

2.  zhuó

 

attach, adfix

(med.) put on, wear  [zhe]

Term

Definition

dài

 

carry/wear on the head

Term

Definition

mào

 

hat, cap

Term

Definition

dǐng

 

crown of the head

top, crest, summit, vertex

(med.) bear on head

(mod.) [measure word for hats]

Term

Definition

mǎi

 

buy, purchase

hire, engage

Term

Definition

shéi

 

who?

Term

Definition

 

(mod.) [measure word for trees]

Term

Definition

shù

 

tree

Term

Definition

jiāo

 

high-spirited

vigorous, energetic

proud, arrogant

favored, spoiled [child]

Term

Definition

wēi

 

precipitous, steep

danger(ous)

Term

Definition

zhì

 

cut to measure

make, fabricate

arrange, control, regulate

Term

Definition

jié

 

node, joint (of bamboo)

knot, joint

segment, section

measure(d), moderate, temperate

credentials, insignia

Term

Definition

jǐn

 

reticent, taciturn

circumspect, prudent, vigilant

considerate, respect(ful)

Term

Definition

 

measure, degree

rhythm, beat

lineament

pass(age), cross over

Term

滿

Definition

mǎn

 

full

Term

Definition

 

overflow, spill over

superfluity, excess

sated

Term

Definition

1.  shǒu

 

keep safe, safeguard, ward

protect, defend, maintain

keep to, abide by

 

2.  shòu

 

official post, duty, office

Term

Definition

 

wealth(y)

Term

Definition

 

leave, part from, separate

distinct, detached

Term

Definition

bǎo

 

protect(or), guard(ian)

nourish, foster

guarantee

Term

Definition

shè

 

god of the soil

 village shrine

Term

Definition

 

foxtail millet

god of millet

Term

Definition

shī

 

poetry

Term

Definition

jīng

 

warp threads

framework

norm, standard

classic, canon

Term

Definition

zhàn

 

battle, combat, fight

contend for

tremble with fright

Term

Definition

jīng

 

capital city

Term

Definition

jīng

 

strong

cautious

Term

Definition

lín

 

overlook, oversee

be on the verge of

Term

Definition

shēn

 

deep

Term

Definition

yuān

 

whirlpool, vortex

abyss

Term

Definition

 

footgear, sandal

step, tread

act, do

 

 

Term

Definition

 

underbrush, thicket

crowd, press against

thin

Term

Definition

bīng

 

ice

Term

Definition

qīng

 

minister, high official

Term

Definition

fǎ

 

law, rule

method, procedure

 

 

Term

Definition

kǒu

 

mouth

Term

Definition

 

select, choose

mark off, distinguish

Term

Definition

guò

 

pass by/through

pass over, go beyond, surpass

excessive(ly)

transgress, trespass

Term

Definition

běi

 

north

Term

Definition

bèi

 

procure, provide, prepare

complete(ly)

Term

Definition

zōng

 

ancestor(s)

kin-group, lineage

venerate, revere

prototype, exemplar

sect, school

Term

Definition

miào

 

(ancestral) temple

shrine

Term

Definition

 

early morning, dawn

formerly, long ago

Term

Definition

 

night

Term

Definition

fěi

 

not, is not

that, those

(med.) a miscreant, good-for-nothing

Term

Definition

xiè

 

indolent, lazy

slothful, negligent

Term

Definition

 

resource(s)

property, wealth

faculties, intelligence, character

supply, provide as a resource

rely, depend on

Term

Definition

qǔ

 

take, seize

get, acquire

pick, select

accept, receive

Term

Definition

jiān

 

combine(d)

doubled, together

and also

impartial

Term

Definition

1.  xīng

 

raise, lift up

foster

stimulate

active

 

2.  xìng

 

elated, exhilirated

inspiration

mood

Term

Definition

 

sacrifice

Term

Definition

tiǎn

 

dishonor, disgrace, shame

Term

Definition

shì

 

man, "knight"

gentleman

scholar

Term

Definition

shī

 

lose, forfeit

be remiss, lacking, negligent

mistake, err

Term

祿

Definition

 

favor(able), good fortune

salary, emolument

Term

Definition

 

sacrifice, oblation

Term

Definition

zhōng

 

whole-hearted

dedicated, devoted

loyal

Term

Definition

fēn

 

divide, separate, split

distinguish, discern

allot, apportion

Term

Definition

shù

 

numerous, many

(the) multitude

almost, nearly

Term

Definition

yǎng

 

nurture, foster, raise, rear

care for, support

train, educate

Term

Definition

yáng

 

sheep

goat

Term

Definition

huàn

 

cares, troubles

calamity, misfortune

malady, affliction

Term

Definition

 

reach (to), arrive

attain, succeed

up to

including, together with

Term

Definition

wèi

 

not yet, still not

not (ever)

Term

Definition

cái

 

talent, genius, gift(ed)

power, capacity, skill

Term

Definition

 

right, proper

obligation, duty

propriety

meaning, significance

appropriate(d), adopted

Term

Definition

yīn

 

follow from, in accordance with

rely on, adhere to

because, since

criterion, standard

cause

Term

Definition

 

dignified, stately, formal

solemn, grave

stern, severe

Term

Definition

zhèng

 

government, administration

rules, regulations, orderns

Term

Definition

zhèng

 

correct, proper

upright, just, impartial

normal, established

rectify, correct

exactly, precisely, just

Term

Definition

yán

 

exact(ing), severe, grave

austere, rigorous

impressive, imposing

formidable

imperative, urgent

Term

Definition

 

broad, widespread

extensive, vast

universal

wholly, completely

Term

Definition

 

no, none

in no case

not at all

Term

Definition

1.  yí

 

neglect, omit

ignore, leave undone

lose, let slip, lapse(d)

bequeath

vestige, relic

 

2.  wèi

 

turn over to, deposit with

deliver to, send

Term

Definition

chén

 

arrange, place, marshal

display, set forth

state, announce, declare

outmoded, obsolete

Term

Definition

ràng

 

defer(ence), cede, waive

decry, chide

Term

Definition

dǎo

 

lead, guide

Term

Definition

 

rites, ceremony

good form, etiquette

Term

Definition

1.  yuè

 

music, glee

 

2.  lè

 

(en)joy, gleeful

Term

Definition

shì

 

reveal numinously, revelation

manifest(ation), make seen

show, display

make known, notify

show the way, guide

Term

Definition

jìn

 

forbid, probit(ion)

inner sanctum

secrete, arcane

imprison, jail, pen

Term

Definition

 

fire-red, ruddy

vivid, manifest

fiery, angry, irascible

frightening, formidable

Term

Definition

yǐn

 

govern(or), administer

 

Term

Definition

zhān

 

look upwards, gaze forward

look up to, respect

Term

Definition

 

formerly, in the past

ago, long ago

Term

Definition

kuàng

 

compare with, be equal to

even more

how much more, let alone

Term

Definition

gōng

 

impartial, just, fair

common, public

"duke"

Term

Definition

gōng

 

work(er), labor(er)

craft, skill

Term

Definition

 

eldest, senior

"earl"

Term

懽, 歡

Definition

huān

 

glad, rejoice

Term

Definition

 

insult, offront

humiliate, disgrace

Term

Definition

guān

 

widower

bachelor of advanced age

Term

Definition

guǎ

 

few, scanty

lacking, deficient

widow(er)

alone, solitary

Term

Definition

qiè

 

concubine

handmaid, female servant

Term

Definition

qiě

 

moreover, furthermore

even

and, also

about to, going to [marks future]

Term

Definition

 

wife

Term

Definition

ān

 

firmly in place

safe, secure

calm, peace, at ease

where?  how?

Term

Definition

guǐ

 

ghost, spirit

Term

Definition

xiǎng

 

sacrificial feast

offer, participate in [sacrificial feast]

 

Term

Definition

píng

 

level, flat, even

equal

tranquil, calm, peace

Term

Definition

zāi

 

natural disaster

calamity, adversity

Term

Definition

hài

 

harm, hurt, damage

disaster, catastrophe

Term

Definition

huò

 

disaster, calamity

Term

Definition

wén

 

natural patterns of lines

pattern, adornment, ornament

culture, arts

writing, literature

Term

Definition

wén

 

hear

(med.) smell

Term

Definition

wèn

 

ask, inquire

Term

Definition

xìng

 

inborn, natural

nature

Term

Definition

pèi

 

match, suit, fit

coordinate, cooperate with

accompany

Term

Definition

zhōu

 

dense, thick

close, near, intimate

comform to, adapt to

encircle, surround

pervade, thorough

Term

Definition

jiāo

 

cross, intersect

interchange, exchange

transfer

mutually

successively

Term

Definition

jiāo

 

suburbs

outlying land, moor

meadow, pasturage

Term

Definition

hòu

 

ruler, sovereign

empress

Term

Definition

táng

 

hall, reception room

Term

Definition

 

high god

Term

Definition

nèi

 

inside, within

Term

Definition

lái

 

come

wheat [archaic]

Term

Definition

zhí

 

attend to, be responsible for

responsibilities, duties, obligations

tribute

Term

Definition

 

knee(l)

 

 

Term

Definition

 

connect, tie, join

continue, go on

Term

Definition

hòu

 

thick

solid, substantial

important, significant

wealthy, rich, thriving

generous, lavish

Term

Definition

zhòng

 

heavy

Term

Definition

bèi

 

contrary, recalcitrant

disobey, rebel

Term

Definition

nán

 

south

Term

Definition

 

welcome, receive

confront, stand opposite

go against, contrary

against the current, rebel

retrograde

Term

Definition

xiōng

 

ill-omened

mortal, lethal, deadly

malignant, evil

Term

Definition

xiōng

 

dread(ful), ghastly

heinous, fiendish

vicious, murderous

Term

Definition

zūn

 

goblet, wine-cup

honor, respect

Term

Definition

róng

 

countenance, appearance

accept, receive

permit, tolerate

Term

Definition

rén

 

humane(ness), kind(ness)

Term

Definition

zhǐ

 

stop, cease, halt

bearing, deportment

Term

Definition

zhǐ

 

(mod.) only, merely

just, still

Term

Definition

jìn

 

go forward, advance

Term

退

Definition

tuì

 

go backwards, step back

retire, withdraw

decline, refuse

shrink back, yield, give in

Term

Definition

wèi

 

stomach

Term

Definition

wèi

 

dread(ful), fear

awe, revere

Term

Definition

xiàng

 

elephant; ivory

image

Term

Definition

xiàng

 

image, semblance

imitate, model

resemble

Term

Definition

lìng

 

command(er), order

cause, let, allow

season, time, occasion

Term

Definition

mìng

 

bid, order

command, mandate

name, call

life-span, fate, destiny

Term

Definition

 

demeanor, deportment

ceremony, ritual

norm, standard

Term

Definition

 

change, modify, deviate

error, fault, mistake

Term

Definition

 

strand, filament, thread

unravel, disentangle

principle, standard, norm

period, cycle, era

chronicle, annals

Term

Definition

 

-self

Term

Definition

zhì

 

knowledge, wisdom

Term

Definition

zhì

 

cause to arrive, bring about

cause

Term

Definition

bìng

 

ill(ness), sick(ness), disease

fault, defect

Term

Definition

yōu

 

anxious, concern(ed)

mourn, grief

Term

Definition

1.  sàng

 

lose, fail to keep

renounce, abandon

bereft, mourn

flee, fugitive

 

2.  sāng

 

death, destruction

funeral rites

mourning

Term

Definition

āi

 

mourn, grieve

Term

Definition

chǒu

 

ugly, repulsive

shameful, loathe

similar, compare

Term

Definition

bīng

 

weapons, arms

soldier(s), army

warfare

Term

Definition

chú

 

remove, eliminate

stairs, stairway

Term

Definition

shēng

 

sacrificial animal

Term

Definition

yóu

 

similar to, nearly the same

still, yet

Term

Definition

1.  shǔ

 

attach to, connect, link up

gather, assemble, collect

just right, just now

 

2.  zhǔ

 

subordinate to, subjoin(ed)

belong to, pertain (to)

group, class, category

Term

Definition

qiān

 

thousand

Term

Definition

zuì

 

crime, misdeed

blame, accuse

guilt(y)

convict, punish(ment)

Term

Definition

guǎng

 

broad(en), wide(n)

 

Term

Definition

 

respect for older brother(s)

Term

Definition

 

move, shift

transfer, convey

dispatch

change, alter

Term

Definition

fēng

 

wind

aura, climate

manners, customs

mode, style

Term

Definition

 

customs, mores

customary, commonplace

plain, simple, vulgar

Term

,

Definition

1.  shuō

 

talk, tell, say

explain; theory, doctrine

 

2.  shuì

 

persuade, assert, argue

 

3.  yuè

 

please, pleasing

Term

Definition

yuè

 

please(d), glad

Term

Definition

kǎi

 

joy, glad

Term

Definition

shú

 

in which cases?

which?  who?

Term

Definition

 

inherent pattern

configuration, texture

structure, order

arrange, manage

Term

Definition

guān

 

office, official

Term

Definition

jiàn

 

remonstrate, admonish

advise against, protest

Term

Definition

ruò

 

(be) like, similar

agree, comply with

if

with regard to, concerning

you

Term

Definition

gōng

 

respect, esteem

Term

Definition

1.  cóng

 

follow

obey, comply with

from

 

2.  zòng

 

follower, adherent

Term

Definition

1.  yǔ

 

give, grant

join with, associate(d) with

together with, with

 

2.  yù

 

participate in, take part with

 

3.  yú

 

? [final question particle]

Term

Definition

yǒu

 

friend

Term

Definition

xiàn

 

pit, trap, ditch

fall into, get trapped

Term

Definition

1.  yīng

 

should, ought

 

2.  yìng

 

reply, respond, answer

correspond(ing) to

Term

Definition

gǎn

 

move, rouse, influence

feel, react

empathetic, feelings

Term

Definition

yòu

 

young

Term

Definition

shén

 

spirit, god

divine, sacred, holy

Term

Definition

zhāng

 

evident, manifest

splendid, decorate(d)

Term

Definition

wàng

 

forget

Term

Definition

shèn

 

attentive, vigilant

careful, cautious

in fact

be sure to, must

Term

Definition

kǒng

 

fear, afraid

perhaps, probably

Term

Definition

 

dishonor, disgrace

humiliate, insult

Term

Definition

tōng

 

pass through

penetrate, permeate

pass along, transmit

give access to

communicaate/associate with

entire(ly), pervaside

Term

Definition

guāng

 

light(ed), glow, shine

glorious, splendid

Term

Definition

 

in, at, to

Term

Definition

 

not

Term

Definition

 

mend, patch

repaire, resotre

add to

Term

Definition

1.  jiāng

 

take in hand, hold

support, protect

use, employ

escort, accompany

about to, will [marks future]

 

2.  jiàng

 

lead, be in charge of

 

Term

Definition

kuāng

 

straighten, rectify, correct

assist, aid

Term

Definition

jiù

 

help, aid, relieve

save, rescue

cure

prevent; prohibit, ban

Term

Definition

xiá

 

far-advanced, far extent

far, far away

why?

Term

Definition

1.  cáng

 

store up [grain]

hoard, reserve, keep safe

hide away

 

2.  zàng

 

storehouse, treasury

bury, burial ground

Term

Definition

 

weep, cry

Term

Definition

 

sob

Term

Definition

zhǐ

 

aim, meaning

Term

Definition

zhǐ

 

finger, toe

point, gesture

Term

Definition

1.  shí

 

eat, food

accept, receive

 

2.  sì

 

feed

Term

Definition

gān

 

sweet, savory, tasty

pleasant; gladly

Term

Definition

 

battle-ax

kin, relatives

anxiety, concern, distress

Term

Definition

 

air, vapor

energy, power

mood, spirit

Term

Definition

qīng

 

blue-green

Term

Definition

qīng

 

clear, pure

Term

Definition

qīng

 

light [vs. heavy]

Term

Definition

qíng

 

disposition, property

emotion(s), feelings

Term

Definition

 

die, dead

Term

Definition

miǎn

 

avoid, shun

evade, elude

remove, rid

Term

Definition

miè

 

quench, extinguish

Term

Definition

guān

 

(inner) coffin

Term

椁, 槨

Definition

guǒ

 

(outer) coffin

Term

Definition

qīn

 

quilt, blanket

shroud

Term

Definition

 

lift, raise

undertake, begin

Term

Definition

 

square ceremonial vessel

Term

Definition

guǐ

 

round ceremonial vessel

Term

Definition

 

beat the breast

 

 

Term

Definition

yǒng

 

jump, leap

Term

Definition

yǒng

 

brave, courage

Term

Definition

 

weep (softly)

tears

Term

Definition

sòng

 

State of Song

Song dynasty

Term

Definition

sòng

 

see off, send off

escort, accompany

Term

Definition

 

prophesy by turtle-shell

divine, foretell

Term

Definition

zhái

 

dwell(ing)

residence, house

gravesite, burial place

Term

Definition

cuò

 

put, place

arrange, dispose

lay aside

deal with, manage

Term

Definition

chūn

 

spring [season]

Term

Definition

qiū

 

autumn

Term

Definition

dōng

 

winter

Term

Definition

xià

 

summer

Xia Dynasty

Term

Definition

shí

 

season, time

double-hour

opportunity, chance

fate, lot, fortune

Term

Definition

 

practice, study

habit, custom

Term

Definition

péng

 

friend, comrade

partner, associate

equal, alike

Term

Definition

yuǎn

 

far, distant

Term

Definition

jìn

 

near, close

Term

Definition

fāng

 

square

earth

proper, right

direction, quarter, region

parallel

means, method, device

just now

Term

Definition

yùn

 

resent(ment), grudge

Term

Definition

yún

 

cloud

Term

Definition

lùn

 

discuss(ion), discourse

Term

Definition

fàn

 

transgress, trespass

violate, affront, offend

invade, attack

crime

Term

Definition

1.  xiān

 

fresh fish

fresh, new

 

2.  xiǎn

 

few, rare, seldom

Term

Definition

 

apply oneself to, take as a priority

strive, exert oneself, zealous

fundamentals, necessities

occupation, pursuit

Term

Definition

 

don't  [prohibitions]

Term

Definition

 

do not, will not

Term

Definition

 

dance

Term

Definition

 

shaman

Term

Definition

qiǎo

 

skill, dexterity, craft(y)

clever, cunning

Term

Definition

1.  xǐng

 

scrutinize, examine

consider, reflect

 

2.  shěng

 

reduce, diminish

spare, save

Term

Definition

móu

 

counsel, consult, advise

plan, plot, scheme

strategy, policy

Term

Definition

xìn

 

trust(worthy), faithful

pledge, surety

evidence, proof

messenger

Term

Definition

xīn

 

new

fresh, recent

Term

Definition

1.  chuán

 

transmit, pass on, hand down

transfer, hand over

convey

 

2.  zhuàn

 

tradition

relay-station

Term

Definition

1.  chéng

 

mount, board, get on

ride

make use of

prevail over

pursue, chase

 

2.  shèng

 

vehicle, chariot

Term

Definition

fàn

 

(a)float, (a)drift

overflow

Term

Definition

fán

 

in general, overall

every, whichever, whoever, -ever

common, ordinary

Term

Definition

fàn

 

overflow, flood

float

widespread

Term

Definition

 

more than enough

surplus, excess, extra

remainder, remnant

Term

Definition

 

strength, power

Term

Definition

jié

 

dry up, run dry, parched

finish, complete(ly), utterly

Term

Definition

 

what?

how?  why?

Term

Definition

wēi

 

awe(some)

daunting, intimidating

Term

Definition

 

secure place, stronghold

solid, firm, secure

certainly, definitely

Term

Definition

 

old, ancient

Term

Definition

zhǔ

 

ruler, lord

master, rule

Term

Definition

dān

 

single, sole, alone

flimsy, weak

Term

Definition

dàn

 

shrink from, flinch

daunt(ed)

Term

Definition

gǎi

 

change, alter

Term

Definition

1.  zhuī

 

pursue, chase

 

2.  duī

 

carve, engrave

Term

Definition

guī

 

return (home)

give back; recede

Term

Definition

bāng

 

(feudal) state

country

Term

Definition

 

press down, compress

suppress, control

lower, bow

cede, withdraw

lever, lever-arm

or

Term

溫, 温

Definition

wēn

 

warm, tepid

mild, moderate

Term

Definition

liáng

 

good, noble

Term

Definition

jiǎn

 

restrain(t), prudent

moderate, frugal

Term

Definition

chǐ

 

shame, ashamed

Term

Definition

bǎo

 

eat one's fill, sate(d)

Term

Definition

jiù

 

go toward, approach

tend toward, (re)turn to

attend to

close to, near to

tendency, bent

attain, reach a goal

Term

Definition

pín

 

poor

Term

Definition

chǎn

 

flatter, fawn

Term

Definition

1.  qiē

 

cut, slice

 

2.  qiè

 

rub, chafe, scour

close, near

Term

Definition

cuō

 

polish

Term

Definition

zhuó

 

polish, grind

Term

Definition

 

grind, polish

Term

Definition

gào

 

announce, proclaim

report, inform

Term

Definition

1.  wǎng

 

go (toward), wend

be gone, bygone, past, formerly

 

2.  wàng

 

turn toward, take refuge with

Term

Definition

shì

 

look at, look upon

view, regard

look after, see to

Term

Definition

shī

 

apply to, extend to

attend to, carry out

set up, arrange, display

spread, disseminate

give, render, supply, provide

Term

Definition

quàn

 

encourage, urge, exhort

Term

Definition

 

ink

tattoo

Term

Definition

jīn

 

now

Term

Definition

cuàn

 

seize, take forcibly, wrest

usurp

Term

Definition

huì

 

kind(ness), gracious

favor, benevolent

Term

調

Definition

1.  tiáo

 

attune, harmonize

blend, regulate

tame, train

 

2.  diào

 

transfer, move, shift

tune, mode

Term

Definition

tiào

 

jump, leap

Term

Definition

 

isn't it?  [nonne]

Term

Definition

1.  xié

 

irregular, off-kilter

bias(ed)

 

2.  yé, yá

 

[nōnne]

Term

Definition

 

country(side)

open fields, wilderness

rustic, wild

Term

Definition

zhí

 

take up, grasp

clasp, clutch

take charge of, be in control of

Term

Definition

1.  áo

 

stray, ramble, saunter

squabble, bicker

 

2.  ào

 

haughty, arrogant

Term

Definition

ào

 

high-born

haughty, arrogant

scornful, disdain

Term

Definition

jiàn

 

cheap, worthless

lowly, base

Term

Definition

zhà

 

fraudulent, duplicitous

cheat, deceive

Term

Definition

 

cheat, swindle, defraud

error, fault, mistake

Term

Definition

 

ignorant, untaught

witless, dumb

Term

Definition

hèn

 

regret, remorse

rancor, malice

resent(ful)

Term

Definition

 

completely, fully, wholly

just now, now that

Term

Definition

nài

 

to be like, concerning

Term

Definition

jié

 

pillage, plunder

rob

Term

Definition

 

acclaim, praise, laud

reputation, fame

Term

Definition

chén

 

(propitious) time

star

Term

Definition

xīng

 

star

Term

Definition

1.  gòng

 

join, connect

combine, cooperate

in common, together

revere(nce), honor

 

2.  gǒng

 

supply

encircle; fold hands, salute

Term

Definition

gǒng

 

fold hands at the chest, salute

encircle, surround

Term

Definition

 

cover

conceal, protect

Term

Definition

 

even, equal, uniform

ready, complete

nimble, quick

Term

Definition

 

frame(work), structure

precedent, protocol

cabinet, chest, shelving

Term

Definition

huò

 

deceive, delude

puzzle, perplex, confuse

Term

Definition

huò

 

some

in some cases

Term

Definition

huǒ

 

fire

Term

Definition

ěr

 

ear

Term

Definition

 

pass over, climb past

exceed

Term

Definition

 

jade (nephrite)

Term

Definition

 

carpenter's square, L-square

rule, norm standard

mark off, lay out

Term

Definition

 

gigantic, immense

Term

Definition

wéi

 

go away from, depart from

go against, disobey, deviate

 

Term

Definition

 

drive, steer [a chariot]

direct, govern, control

Term

Definition

zàng

 

bury

Term

Definition

quǎn

 

dog

Term

Definition

bié

 

separate, part, divide

distinguish, discern

(an)other

Term

Definition

1.  láo

 

labor, toil

 

2.  lào

 

comfort, console

Term

Definition

jiǔ

 

wine, beer

alcohol

Term

Definition

zhuàn

 

set out/provide food

Term

Definition

 

private, secret

Term

Definition

 

shoot, let fly, launch

set out, send, issue

Term

Definition

sōu

 

hide, conceal

corner, hollow

Term

Definition

 

tool, instrument

implement, utensil

vessel, container

Term

Definition

 

side-by-side, juxtapose

compare, similar

align with, accord with

repeatedly

when

near to, close to

 

Term

Definition

wǎng

 

net

not, devoid of

Term

Definition

dài

 

danger(ous)

close to, nearly; probably, likely

Term

Definition

duān

 

clue, key to

bud, prompting

tip, extremity, end; at last

aspect, facet

straight, upright, correct

 

Term

Definition

huì

 

instruct, teach

guide, counsel

Term

Definition

huì

 

come together, meet

collect, gather

suit, fit

opportunity

(med.) understand

(mod.) able to, know how to

Term

Definition

gān

 

shield

affront, offend

encroach upon, impinge on

press, importune

interfere, intervene

Term

Definition

1.  què

 

watchtower, pylon

 

2.  quē

 

deficient, lacking

fault, error

put aside, reserve

Term

Definition

 

doubt, suspicion

Term

Definition

yóu

 

fault, error

exceptional, special

Term

Definition

huǐ

 

repent(ance), remorse, regret

ill favor, misfortune

Term

Definition

zhí

 

straight, right

upright

face, confront

only, just

Term

Definition

cuò

 

inlay, adorn

grindstone; polish

intercrossed

diverse, varied

place, position; set aside

(med.) incorrect, error

Term

Definition

wǎng

 

crooked, bent

Term

Definition

zhuāng

 

serious, formal

imposing, dignified

finely dressed, adorned

Term

Definition

 

what?  

how?  why?

Term

Definition

 

curved collar-bar of large chariot

Term

Definition

yuè

 

curved collar-bar of small chariot

Term

Definition

yīn

 

full, abundant, prosper

just when

[Shang dynasty]

Term

Definition

sǔn

 

diminish, decrease

Term

Definition

 

connect, tie together

add to, extend

continue, succeed

Term

Definition

shì

 

clan

Mr.

Term

Definition

 

a line of ritual dancers

Term

Definition

1.  tīng

 

hear, listen

 

2.  tìng

 

obey, heed

Term

Definition

tíng

 

courtyard, court

Term

Definition

rěn

 

endure, bear

patience

persevere

cruel, ruthless

Term

Definition

chè

 

go all the way through

pervade, penetrate

clear away, remove

Term

Definition

wéi

 

stay(s), brace(s)

attach, tie together

support, uphold

Term

Definition

 

law, statute

crime; sentence, punishment

the nobility

Term

Definition

 

well-disposed, well-ordered

stately, dignified

generous, friendly

Term

Definition

lín

 

forest

Term

Definition

shē

 

profligate, wasteful

too much, excessive

Term

Definition

shé

 

snake

Term

Definition

shé

 

tongue

Term

寕, 

Definition

 

 nìng

 

rather, better

Term

Definition

 

barbarian [of the north-east]

even, level

balanced, calm

Term

Definition

 

barbarians

Term

Definition

 

travel(er), sojourn(er)

lodge, guest(house)

Term

Definition

tài

 

majestic, august

calm, composed

grand, arrogant

Term

Definition

 

crow, raven

how? where?

Term

嗚呼

Definition

wū hū

 

oh! alas!

Term

Definition

shè

 

shoot (at), aim (at)

propel, dart, emit, spurt out

 

Term

Definition

 

bow, salute

Term

Definition

shēng

 

rise, climb, ascend

ripen, mature

Term

Definition

yǐn

 

drink

Term

Definition

xiào

 

smile, laugh

Term

Definition

qián

 

coin, cash

money

Term

Definition

1.  qiàn

 

attractive, charming

 

2.  qìng

 

ask for [a favor]

Term

Definition

qǐng

 

ask for [a favor, permission]

(mod.) please

Term

Definition

 

[rhythmic particle]

Term

Definition

 

dusk, twilight

evening, night

Term

Definition

pàn

 

clear-set eyes

(med.) look at, gaze, glance

Term

Definition

 

plainsilk

beige, light gray

plain, simple, undyed

Term

Definition

xuàn

 

adorn, embellish

 

Term

Definition

huì

 

variegated colors

(med.) paint

Term

Definition

huí

 

turn around, rotate, revolve

vortex, whirl

deviate, irregular

(med.) go back, return

Term

Definition

1.  yú

 

I

 

2.  yǔ

 

give; commend

Term

Definition

yīng

 

necklace

wrap, encircle

suffer, sustain

baby

Term

Definition

wán

 

play, toy

Term

Definition

wài

 

outside, outer

Term

Definition

jiě

 

(med.) older sister

Term

Definition

mèi

 

younger sister

Term

Definition

 

(med.) older brother

Term

Definition

 

sing

Term

Definition

líng

 

drizzle; fall gently

(mod.) zero

Term

Definition

suì

 

year

year-star = Jupiter

year's harvest

Term

Definition

1.  jī

 

latent, invisible

sign, omen

almost, nearly

 

2.  jǐ

 

how much?  how many?

small amount, a little, few

Term

Definition

zhēng

 

summon

seek out, look for

prove, testify to

omen, sign

Term

Definition

xiàn

 

present to, offer up

show, display, exhibit

document

Term

Definition

 

grand ancestral sacrifice

Term

Definition

guàn

 

to water, irrigate

pour, libate

Term

Definition

zhǎng

 

palm of the hand

paw, hoof

hold in hand, control, manage

Term

Definition

mèi

 

fawn, flatter

charm(ing), alluring

Term

Definition

ào

 

southwest corner of a house

inner recess, nook

enigma(tic), profound, obscure

lord, master

kitchen god

pigpen

Term

Definition

zào

 

stove, kitchen

Term

Definition

huò

 

catch, capture

get, obtain, seize

hit the center of a target

Term

Definition

dǎo

 

pray

Term

Definition

dāo

 

knife, sword

Term

Definition

jiān

 

oversee, supervise

observe, inspect

Term

Definition

dài

 

in place of, instead of

replace, substitute

alternate(ly), successive(ly)

dynasty; epoch, era

Term

Definition

 

refined, cultivated

tasteful

aromatic

Term

Definition

měi

 

each time, every time

nearly always

even though, even if

Term

Definition

 

hide, pelt, skin

 

Term

Definition

 

class, category

section, division

Term

Definition

shuò

 

conjunction [astronomy]

first day of lunar month

inauguration, beginning

boreal, northern

Term

Definition

 

sacrificial victim

gift, present

Term

Definition

yín

 

prodigal, licentious

debauch(ery), lust

Term

Definition

sōng

 

pine

Term

Definition

 

cypress

Term

Definition

 

chestnut

tremble, shake from fear

Term

Definition

 

tremble, shake from fear

Term

Definition

suì

 

progress, further, advance

carry out, achieve, succeed

consequently

Term

Definition

jiù

 

calamitous, ill-omened

fault, blame

Term

Definition

shè

 

pull in, draw in

attract, absorb

catch hold of, grasp

capture, arrest

administer, manage

aid, assist

Term

Definition

1.  sāi

 

block, obstruct, plug

 

 

2.  sài

 

stronghold, fortress

Term

Definition

diàn

 

a stand, sideboard

Term

Definition

 

draw together, converge

collect, combine, merge, blend

abundant, flourishing

Term

Definition

chún

 

silk thread of a single color

pure, unmixted, taintless

genuine

completely

Term

Definition

jiǎo

 

shining white

pure, clean, clear

Term

Definition

 

reel off, unwind

unravel, disentangle

Term

Definition

fēng

 

earthen mound

enfeoff, feudal

boundary, border

Term

Definition

cháng

 

taste

try, attempt

once (before)

Term

Definition

jiǔ

 

long time

Term

Definition

duó

 

clapper-bell

Term

Definition

kuān

 

broad, wide

let go, release

magnanimous, tolerant

Term

Definition

yuē

 

bind, tie together, gird

bond, agreement, pact, pledge

restrain(t), moderate

sparing, few, meager

Term

Definition

gǒu

 

meager, slight, scance

careless, haphazard

if (only), if at all

Term

Definition

1.  jiān

 

interval

in between, while

 

2.  jiàn

 

interpose

use as a pretext

Term

Definition

zào

 

go to, aim for

arrive at, attain, accomplish

make, fashion, fabricate

Term

Definition

 

next in sequence, 2nd

sequence

x-times

Term

Definition

diān

 

crown of the head

top, summit

head-over-heels, upside down

out of one's head, demented

Term

Definition

pèi

 

marshy plant-cover

watery excess, flood

rapid(ly), rush(ing)

Term

Definition

dǎng

 

group, class, category

clan, kin

confederates, faction, party

partial, side with, favor, biased

Term

Definition

1.  zhāo

 

morning

 

2.  cháo

 

court, court audience

Term

Definition

 

discuss, deliberate

Term

Definition

1.  shì

 

go to, arrive at

fit(ting), suit(able)

satisfy(ing), comfort(able)

just then, exactly

 

2.  dí

 

devoted to, fixed on

show favor, be partial

Term

Definition

huái

 

bosom, chest

embrace, cherish

Term

Definition

 

earth, soil

land, territory

Term

Definition

fàng

 

let go, abandon

oust, expel, banish

release, set loose

act with no constraints

laid open, heartily

Term

Definition

guàn

 

string of coins

string together, connect

thorough, continue, unbroken

Term

Definition

shù

 

kind, compassionate

merciful, forgiving

Term

喻, 諭

Definition

 

instruct, explain

analogous, similar, resemble

Term

Definition

 

(en)joy

Term

Definition

 

afraid, timorous

fear

Term

Definition

gōng

 

human body, torso

oneself, personally

Term

Definition

dài

 

come to, reach to

measure up

when, until

nab, seize

Term

Definition

 

slow in speech

stammer, stutter

Term

Definition

 

orphan

alone, solitary

Term

Definition

lín

 

neighbor(hood)

Term

Definition

1.  shù

 

number

 

2  shǔ

 

count

blame, rebuke

 

3.  shuò

 

frequently, often

Term

Definition

shū

 

wide apart, far between, distant

sparse

estranged, alienated

Term

Definition

tào

 

cover

[classifier for books, furniture, etc.]

Term

Definition

 

lodge, reside

relocate, transfer

sojourn

Term

Definition

zuò

 

(med.) seat, throne

(mod.) [measure word for houses]

Term

Definition

fáng

 

room, chamber

house, dwelling

Term

Definition

1.  shàn

 

door, leaf of door

a fan

castrate, spay

 

2.  shān

 

to fan

Term

Definition

tái

 

eminent

terrace, platform

(mod.) [measure-word for tv's, etc.]

 

2.  yí

 

I

how? what?

agreeable, amiable

Term

Definition

shōu

 

harvest, crop

take in, collect

put away, store

restrain, close

receive, accept, capture

Term

Definition

nǎo

 

brain

Term

Definition

shì

 

model, pattern

standard, paradigm

design, diagram, formula

Term

Definition

 

retain in memory, record

write down, note, mark

Term

Definition

chuāng

 

window

Term

Definition

 

single-leaved door

doorway

opening, hole

Term

Definition

tǒng

 

bucket, pail, tub

Term

Definition

 

wash, bathe

clean

wash-basin

Term

Definition

chí

 

pool, pond, lake

moat

 

Term

Definition

 

guest, visitor

client

stranger

Term

Definition

tīng

 

(med.) audience-hall

reception hall

Term

Definition

chú

 

kitchen

the cook

Term

Definition

wèi

 

guard, defend

donkey

Term

Definition

 

lie down

lounge, rest

sleep

Term

Definition

 

(old) lady, matron

Term

Definition

nǎi

 

then, only then

given that, thereupon

so, thus

indeed, in fact

you(r)

Term

Definition

 

(med.) father, dad

(mod.) grandfather

Term

Definition

yōng

 

embrace, hug

possess, own

bunch together, close around

protect, close ranks

cover, conceal

Term

Definition

bào

 

hug, embrace

enfold, enwrap

Term

Definition

biān

 

border, edge

frontier, boundary

side, adjacent

(med.) aspect, facet

Term

Definition

zhàn

 

(mod.) stand

stop, halt

Term

Definition

1.  nuó

 

numerous, plenty

 

2.  nǎ

 

how?  what?

 

3.  nà

 

(med.) that, those

Term

Definition

 

(mod.) which?  what?

any

Term

Definition

léi

 

ropes, bonds

Term

絏, 紲

Definition

xiè

 

rope, cord

leash, chain

shackle, fetter

 

 

Term

Definition

fèi

 

discard, abandon

dismiss, discharge

abolish, remove

vitiate, invalidate

omit, neglect

waste, destroy

Term

Definition

fēi

 

to fly

Term

Definition

 

slaughter, butcher

kill, massacre

humiliate, shame

Term

Definition

 

stupid, coarse

Term

Definition

 

coral, gem

Term

Definition

liǎn

 

vessel for grain offering

 

Term

Definition

nìng

 

glib, eloquent

clever, shrewd

cauist, sophist

flatter(y)

Term

Definition

 

resist, repel

defend, guard

prevent, block

Term

Definition

1.  jǐ

 

supply, provide(d), furnish

take care of, look after

well-spoken, articulate, glib

 

2.  gěi

 

(mod.) give

Term

Definition

 

often, frequently

have one's fill of, weary of, bored with

Term

Definition

zēng

 

hate, detest

Term

Definition

shì

 

carry out an assignment

serve in office, official, officer

Term

Definition

 

float, drift

airy, flimsy, fluff

fleeting

Term

Definition

 

eave-purlin

a raft

Term

Definition

cái

 

wood

timber, lumber

natural gift(s), talent, genius

Term

Definition

 

levy taxes, corvée

contribute, bestow

spread out, display

Term

Definition

 

borough, town

fief

(med.) district, township

Term

Definition

zǎi

 

steward, majordomo

manage(r), oversee(r)

Term

Definition

shù

 

tie in a bundle, bundle

restrict, limit

Term

Definition

dài

 

belt sash

gird(le)

Term

Definition

bīn

 

guest

Term

Definition

 

ever more, increasingly

the more

surpass, excel

heal, cure

Term

Definition

wàng

 

look from afar, gaze

vista

hope, expect

look up to, admire

Term

Definition

zhòu

 

daytime

Term

Definition

qǐn

 

sleep, nap, rest

bedroom

ugly, misshapen

Term

Definition

xiǔ

 

rotten (wood)

decay(ed), molder(ing)

decrepit

Term

Definition

diāo

 

eagle

carve, engrave

embellish, adorn

Term

Definition

fèn

 

muck, filth

clear, cleanse

dung, manure, feces

Term

Definition

qiáng

 

wall

fence

Term

杇,

Definition

 

to plaster

trowel

Term

Definition

zhū

 

denounce, censure, berate

assail, attack

punish

execute, slay

demand from, exact

Term

Definition

gāng

 

rigid, unbending

firm, strong

Term

Definition

 

crave, covet

desire, lust

Term

Definition

cài

 

tortoise

wild plants, greenery, shrubs

Term

Definition

zǎo

 

pondweed

wrack, tangled mass of seaweed

ornate, elegant

embellish, adorn

Term

Definition

1.  tuō

 

wooden cane, cudgel

 

2.  zhuó

 

ceiling post, beam

Term

Definition

jiù

 

old

Term

Definition

shì

 

kill one's superior

parricide, regicide

Term

Definition

 

throw away, discard

forsake, abandon

forget, overlook

Term

Definition

kuáng

 

mad, crazy

reckless, rash

enraged, raging

wild, violent

fatuous, self-important, dogmatic

Term

Definition

jiǎn

 

bamboo-slip (for writing)

simple, uncomplicated

negligent, remiss

choose, select

inspect, examine

Term

Definition

fěi

 

colorful, variegated

oranted, adorned

Term

Definition

cái

 

tailor, fashion

trim, pare, cut out, snip off

Term