Term
One inch equals how many centimeters? 

Definition


Term
One mile equals how many kilometers? 

Definition


Term
How many grams in a pound? 

Definition


Term
How many pounds in a kilogram? 

Definition


Term
How many liters are in a gallon? 

Definition


Term
How many quarts equal one liter? 

Definition


Term

Definition
HCl, HNO3, H2SO4, HI, HBr, HClO4 


Term
Fill in the blank. Oxidation is ____. Reduction is ____. 

Definition
Oxidation is LOSS. Reduction is GAIN. (of electrons) 


Term
In combustion, you add ___ to a compound on the reactant side, and recieve ___ and ___ on the product side, always. 

Definition
In combustion, you add O2 to a compound on the reactant side, and recieve CO2 and H2O on the product side, always. 


Term
What is the equation for a coffee cup calorimeter problem? 

Definition
[mass x specifc heat x change in Temp.] = [mass x S.H. x change in Temp.] 


Term
What is the heat of formation? 

Definition
The amount of heat energy released or absorbed when 1.00 mol of a neutral compound or ion is formed from its elements at STP. Heat of reaction = summation of [heats of formation of products]  summation of [heats of formation of reactants] 


Term

Definition
Formal charge = the number of electrons in the valence shell  [number of bonds on atoms + number of nonbonding electrons on the atom] 


Term

Definition


Term
What do n, L, ML, and Ms mean? 

Definition
n = the principle quantam number and tells the size and amount of energy. [the higher the n the higher the energy]. L = tells the shape and type [ 0 is s, 1 is p, 2 is d, 3 is f] ML = tells the number of positions and which orbital electrons are in. Ms = tells the direction of the spin. [1/2 points up, 1/2 points down.] 


Term
Aufbau's principle states... 

Definition
All electrons will fill the energy shell with the lowest energy first. 


Term

Definition
Electrons will fill each orbital box before pairing up. 


Term
Pauli's Exclusion Principle states... 

Definition
No two electrons will have the same set of quantam numbers, and in an orbital box, electrons must be of opposite spins. 


Term
What are the standard gas measurements? 

Definition
1.0 atm = 760 torr = 760mmHg = 14.7 psi = 101.3 kPa 


Term
What are Boyle's, Charles', Gay Lussac's, Avogadro's, Combined, Dalton's, and Ideal Gas Laws? 

Definition
Boyles = P1V1 = P2V2 Charles = T1V2 = T2V1 Gay Lussacs = P1T2 = P2T1 Avogadros = V1n2 = V2n1 Combined = P1V1T2 = P2V2T1 Daltons = Ptotal = P1 + P2... and P1n2 = P2n1 Ideal = PV = nRT 


Term
A solid going directly to a gas phase is said to ______. 

Definition
A solid going directly to a gas phase is said to sublime. 


Term
Name three types of molecular bonds. 

Definition
Hydogen bonding [Strongest, Polar H + F,O,N], DipoleDipole [Polar], and London [Nonpolar]. 


Term
The formulas for Simple Cubic, Body Centered Cubic, and Face Centered Cubic are and how many atoms/cell: 

Definition
Simple = 2r = s 1 atom/cell BCC = 4r = s[square root of 3] 2 atoms/cell FCC = 4r = s[square root of 2] 4atoms/cell 


Term
What are the freezing and boiling constants for water? 

Definition
Freezing = 1.86 C Boiling = .512 C 


Term
What is the definition of osmotic pressure, and what is the formula? 

Definition
The amount of pressure that must be applied to the surface of a solution to stop osmosis. pi = MRT. 

