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Chapter 8
Skin Disorders
45
Cosmetology
12th Grade
11/21/2021

Additional Cosmetology Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term

 

 

 

Definition

 

 

Skin disorder characterized by chronic inflammation of the sebaceous glands from retained secretions and Propionbacterium acnes (P. acnes) bacteria.

Term
Definition

 

 

Congenital leukoderma or absence of melanin pigment of the body, including the hair, skin, and eyes.

Term

 

 

Allergic Contact Dermatitis

Definition

 

  • ACD
  • allergy to ingredient or chemical
  • usually caused by repeated skin contact
Term

 

 

Definition

 

  • cannot survive in presence of oxygen
Term
Definition

 

  • Deficiency in perspiration, often a result of fever or certain skin diseases.
Term
Definition

 

 

  • Most common and least severe type of skin cancer; often characterized by light or pearly nodules.
Term
Definition

 

 

  • Foul-smelling perspiration, usually noticeable in the armpits or on the feet, that is caused by bacteria.

Term
Definition
  •  

     

    Large blister containing a watery fluid; similar to a vesicle but larger.

Term
Definition
  •  

    Large blister containing a watery fluid; similar to a vesicle but larger.

Term
Definition

 

  • Also known as liver spots; condition characterized by hyperpigmentation on the skin in spots that are not elevated.

Term
Definition

 

 

  • Also known as whitehead; hair follicle is closed and not exposed to the environment; sebum remains a white or cream color and comedone appears as small bump just under the skin surface.

Term
Definition

 

 

  • Also known as pinkeye; common bacterial infection of the eyes; extremely contagious.

Term
Definition

 

 

  • An inflammation of the skin caused by having contact with certain chemicals or substances;

    many of these substances are used in cosmetology.

Term
Definition

 

 

 

  • Dead cells that form over a wound or blemish while it is healing; an accumulation of sebum and pus, sometimes mixed with epidermal material.

Term
Definition

 

 

  • Closed, abnormally developed sac that contains fluid, pus, semifluid, or morbid matter above or below the skin.

Term
Definition

 

 

  • Inflammatory condition of the skin.

Term
Definition

 

 

 

  • Abnormal colorations of the skin that accompany many skin disorders and systemic disorders.

Term
Definition

 

 

 

  • An inflammatory, uncomfortable, and often chronic disease of the skin, characterized by moderate to severe inflammation, scaling, and sometimes severe itching.

Term
Definition

 

 

 

  • Skin sore or abrasion produced by scratching or scraping.

Term
Definition

 

  • Skin sore or abrasion produced by scratching or scraping.

Term
Definition

 

 

  • Primarily environmental factors that contribute to aging and the appearance of aging.

Term
Definition

 

 

  • A crack in the skin that penetrates the dermis. Examples are severely cracked and/or chapped hands or lips.

Term
Definition

 

 

 

  • Unstable molecules that cause biochemical aging, especially wrinkling and sagging of the skin.

Term
Definition
  •  

     

    Recurring viral infection that often presents as a fever blister or cold sore.

Term

 

 

 

  • Excessive sweating, caused by heat or general body weakness.

Definition

 

 

  • Darker than normal pigmentation, appearing as dark splotches.

Term

 

 

  • Abnormal growth of the skin.

Definition

 

 

  • Absence of pigment, resulting in light or white splotches.
Term

 

 

  • Contagious bacterial skin infection characterized by weeping lesions.

Definition

 

 

 

  • Skin-aging factors over which we have little control
Term

 

 

 

  • Abbreviated ICD; occurs when irritating substances temporarily damage the epidermis.

     

Definition

 

 

  • Thick scar resulting from excessive growth of fibrous tissue.
Term

 

 

 

 

  • Acquired, superficial, thickened patch of epidermis. A callus is a keratoma caused by continued, repeated pressure or friction on any part of the skin, especially the hands and feet.

     

Definition

 

 

 

  • Technical term for freckles; small yellow-colored to brown-colored spots on skin exposed to sunlight and air.
Term

 

 

 

  • Mark on the skin; may indicate an injury or damage that changes the structure of tissues or organs.

Definition

 

 

  • Skin disorder characterized by light abnormal patches (hypopigmentation); caused by a burn or congenital disease that destroys the pigment-producing cells.

Term

 

 

  • Flat spot or discoloration on the skin, such as a freckle or a red spot left after a pimple has healed.

     

Definition

 

 

 

  • Most serious form of skin cancer; often characterized by black or dark brown patches on the skin that may appear uneven in texture, jagged, or raised.
Term

 

 

 

  • Benign, keratin-filled cysts that can appear just under the epidermis and have no visible opening.

     

Definition

 

 

  • Also known as prickly heat; an acute inflammatory disorder of the sweat glands, characterized by the eruption of small red vesicles and accompanied by burning, itching skin.
Term

 

 

  • Small, brownish spot or blemish on the skin, ranging in color from pale tan to brown or bluish black.

     

Definition

 

 

  • Also known as birthmark; small or large malformation of the skin due to abnormal pigmentation or dilated capillaries.
Term

 

 

  • A solid bump larger than .4 inches (1 centimeter) that can be easily felt. 

Definition

 

 

  • Product that has been designed and proven not to clog the follicles.
Term

 

 

  • A solid bump larger than .4 inches (1 centimeter) that can be easily felt. 

Definition

 

 

  • Product that has been designed and proven not to clog the follicles.
Term

 

  • Lesions that are a different color than the color of the skin, and/or lesions that are raised above the surface of the skin.

     

Definition

 

 

  • Skin disease characterized by red patches covered with silver-white scales; usually found on the scalp, elbows, knees, chest, and lower back.
Term

 

 

 

  • The hereditary tendency for acne-prone skin to retain dead cells in the follicle, forming an obstruction that clogs follicles and exacerbates inflammatory acne lesions such as papules and pustules.

     

Definition

 

 

 

  • Chronic condition that appears primarily on the cheeks and nose, and is characterized by flushing (redness), telangiectasis (distended or dialted surface blood vessels), and, in some cases, the formation of papules and pustules.
Term

 

 

 

  • Any thin dry or oily plate of epidermal flakes. An example is abnormal or excessive dandruff.

     

Definition

 

 

 

  • Also known as cicatrix; a lightly raised mark on the skin formed after an injury or lesion of the skin has healed
Term

 

 

 

  • Any thin dry or oily plate of epidermal flakes. An example is abnormal or excessive dandruff.

     

Definition

 

 

 

  • Also known as cicatrix; a lightly raised mark on the skin formed after an injury or lesion of the skin has healed
Term

 

 

 

  • Any thin dry or oily plate of epidermal flakes. An example is abnormal or excessive dandruff.

     

Definition

 

 

 

  • Also known as cicatrix; a lightly raised mark on the skin formed after an injury or lesion of the skin has healed
Term

 

 

 

  • Any thin dry or oily plate of epidermal flakes. An example is abnormal or excessive dandruff.

     

Definition

 

 

 

  • Also known as cicatrix; a lightly raised mark on the skin formed after an injury or lesion of the skin has healed
Term

 

 

 

  • Any thin dry or oily plate of epidermal flakes. An example is abnormal or excessive dandruff.

     

Definition

 

 

 

  • Also known as cicatrix; a lightly raised mark on the skin formed after an injury or lesion of the skin has healed
Term

 

 

 

  • Any thin dry or oily plate of epidermal flakes. An example is abnormal or excessive dandruff.

     

Definition

 

 

 

  • Also known as cicatrix; a lightly raised mark on the skin formed after an injury or lesion of the skin has healed
Term

 

 

 

  • Any thin dry or oily plate of epidermal flakes. An example is abnormal or excessive dandruff.

     

Definition

 

 

 

  • Also known as cicatrix; a lightly raised mark on the skin formed after an injury or lesion of the skin has healed
Term

 

 

 

  • Any thin dry or oily plate of epidermal flakes. An example is abnormal or excessive dandruff.

     

Definition

 

 

 

  • Also known as cicatrix; a lightly raised mark on the skin formed after an injury or lesion of the skin has healed
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