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Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Great Power Rivalries And Relations
35
Political Studies
Undergraduate 1
06/14/2011

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Term
long-cycle theory
Definition
a theory that focuses on the rise and fall of the leading global power as the central political process of the modern world system.
Term
hegemon
Definition
a preponderant state capable of dominating the conduct of international political and economic relations.
Term
hegemonic stablility theory
Definition
a body of theory that maintains that the establishment of hegemony for global dominance by a single great power is a necessary condition for global order in commercial transactions and international military security.
Term
structuralism
Definition
the neorealist proposition that states' behavior is shaped primarily by changes in the properties of the global system such as shifts in the balance of power, instead of by individual heads of states or by changes in states' internal characteristics.
Term
nationalism
Definition
a mind-set glorifying a particular state and the nationality group living in it, which sees the state's interest as a supreme value.
Term
appeasement
Definition
a strategy of making concessions to another state in the hope that, satisfied, it will not make additional claims.
Term
colonialism
Definition
the rule of a region by an external sovereign power.
Term
isolationism
Definition
a policy of withdrawing from active participation with other actors in world affairs and instead concentrating state efforts on managing internal affairs.
Term
multipolarity
Definition
the distribution of global power into three or more great power centers, with most other states allied with one of the rivals.
Term
political economy
Definition
a field of study that focuses on the intersection of politics and economics in international relations.
Term
irredentism
Definition
a movement by an ethnic national group to recover control of lost territory by force so that the new state boundaries will no longer divide the group.
Term
fascism
Definition
a far-right ideology that promotes extreme nationalism and the establishment of an authoritarian society built around a single party with dictatorial leadership.
Term
ideology
Definition
a set of core philosophical principles that leaders and citizens collectively construct about politics, the interests of political actors, and the ways people ought to behave.
Term
matchpolitik
Definition
the German realist philosophy in statecraft that sees the expansion of state power and territory by use of armed force as a legitimate goal.
Term
Yalta Conference
Definition
the 1945 summit meeting of the Allied victors to resolve postwar territorial issues and voting procedures in the United Nations to collectively manage world order.
Term
bipolarity
Definition
a condition in which power is concentrated in two competing centers so that the rest of the states define their allegiances in terms of their relationships with both rivals great power superstates, or "poles".
Term
Cold War
Definition
the forty-two-year (1949-1991) rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union, as well as their competing coalitions, which sought to contain each other's expansion and win worldwide predominance.
Term
Cold War
Definition
the forty-two-year (1949-1991) rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union, as well as their competing coalitions, which sought to contain each other's expansion and win worldwide predominance.
Term
power transition
Definition
a narrowing of the ratio of military capabilities between great power rivals that is thought to increase the probability of war between them.
Term
sphere of influence
Definition
a region of the globe dominated by agreat power.
Term
domino theory
Definition
a metaphor popular during the Cold War that predicted that if one state fell to communism, its neighbors would also fall in a chain reaction, like a row of falling dominoes.
Term
Truman Doctrine
Definition
the declaration by President Harry S. Truman that U.S. foreign policy would use intervention to support peoples who allied with the United States against communist external subjugation.
Term
containment
Definition
a strategy to prevent a great power rival from using force to alter the balance of power and increase its sphere of influence.
Term
peaceful coexistence
Definition
Soviet leader Nikita Krushchev's 1956 doctrine that war between capitalist and communist states is not inevitable and that inter-bloc competition could be peaceful.
Term
d├ętente
Definition
in general, a strategy of seeking to relax tensions between adversaries to reduce the possibility of war.
Term
Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT)
Definition
two sets of agreements reached during the 1970s between the United States and the Soviet Union that established limits on strategic nuclear delivery systems.
Term
"linkage" strategy
Definition
a set of assertions claiming that leaders should take into account another country's overall behavior when deciding whether to reach agreement on any one specific issue so as to link cooperation to rewards.
Term
rapprochement
Definition
in diplomacy, a policy seeking to reestablish normal cordial relations between enemies.
Term
soft power
Definition
the capacity to co-opt through such intangible factors as the popularity of a state's values and institutions, as opposed to the "hard power" to coerce through military might.
Term
unilateralism
Definition
an approach that relies on self-help, independent strategies in foreign policy.
Term
selective engagement
Definition
a great power grand strategy using economic and military power to influence only important particular situations, countries, or global issues by striking a balance between a highly interventionist "global policeman" and an uninvolved isolationist.
Term
imperial overstretch
Definition
the historic tendency for hegemons to sap their own strength through costly imperial pursuits and military spending that weaken their economies in relation to the economies of their rivals.
Term
uni-multipolar
Definition
a global system where there is a single dominant power, but the settlement of key international issues always requires action by the dominant power in combination with that of other great powers.
Term
concert
Definition
a cooperative agreement in design and plan among great powers to manage jointly the global system.
Term
multilateralism
Definition
cooperative approaches to managing shared problems through collective and coordinated action.
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