# Shared Flashcard Set

## Details

Chapter 2
Energy
17
Meteorology
09/12/2013

Term
 3 temperature scales
Definition
 Celsius-used by most countries;      freezing=00C     Boiling 1000C Fahrenheit- only used in the U.S.A. & some other countries;  Freezing=320F    Boiling=2120F Kelvin (273 + 0C)-used in mathematic equations;   Freezing=273    Boiling=373
Term
 Basic physical forces
Definition
 Kinetic energy-energy in motion; KE=1/2 mass x volume2   Potential energy-total amount of energy stored in any object determines how much work the object is capable of doing; PE=mass x gravity x height
Term
 Latent heat
Definition
 The heat energy required to change a substance from one form to another
Term
 Freezing
Definition
 Occurs when the molecules of a liquid slow down enough that their attractions cause them to arrange themselves into fixed positions as a solid
Term
 Sublimation
Definition
 Ice=>melting=>bypassing the liquid stage=>evaporation=>vapor
Term
 Deposition
Definition
 vapor=>condensation=>liquid=>freezing =>ice
Term
 Condensation
Definition
 Water vapor is changed into a liquid Causes cloud formation
Term
 Conduction
Definition
 Two objects must be in contact to heat up
Term
 Convection
Definition
 Vertical transfer of heat by fluid movement
Term
Definition
 Horizontal transfer to heat via mass movement of a fluid
Term
Definition
 Travels in the form of electromagnetic waves
Term
 Visible light spectrum
Definition
 Red-----------------------------------Purple Infrared-----------------------------Ultraviolet Long wavelength------------Short wavelength
Term
 Wavelength
Definition
 The distance between successive crests, troughs, or identical ports of a wave
Term
 Albedo
Definition
 The proportion of the incident light or radiation that is reflected by a surface
Term