# Shared Flashcard Set

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Chapter 21: Temperature, Heat, and Expansion Vocabulary
Temperature, Heat and Expansion Vocabulary
14
Physics
07/20/2012

Term
 temperature
Definition
 The property of a material that tells how warm or cold it is relative to some standard. In an ideal gas, the molecular kinetic energy per molecule.
Term
 Celsius scale
Definition
 A temperature scale with 0 as the melt-freeze temperature for water and 100 as the boil-condense temperature of water at standard pressure (one atmosphere at sea level).
Term
 Fahrenheit scale
Definition
 The temperature scale in common use in the United States. The number 32 is assigned to the freezing point of water and the number 212 to the boiling point of water (at standard atmospheric pressure).
Term
 Kelvin scale
Definition
 A temperature scale whose zero (called absolute zero) is assigned to the lowest temperature possible. 0 K = -273 degrees C. There are no negative temperatures on the Kelvin scale.
Term
 absolute zero
Definition
 The temperature at which a substance has no kinetic energy per particle (thermal) to give up. This temperature corresponds to 0 K, or to -273 degrees C.
Term
 heat
Definition
 Energy transfer from one object to another because of a temperature difference.
Term
 thermal contact
Definition
 The state of two or more objects or substances in contact such that it is possible for heat to flow from one object or substance to another.
Term
 thermal equilibrium
Definition
 The state of two or more objects or substances in thermal contact when they have reached the same temperature.
Term
 internal energy
Definition
 The total energy stored in the atoms and molecules within a substance.
Term
 calorie
Definition
 A unit of heat. One calorie (symbol cal) is the heat required to raise the temperature of one gram of water one Celsius degree. One Calorie (with a capital C) is equal to one thousand calories and is the unit used in describing the energy available from food.
Term
 kilocalorie
Definition
 A unit of heat. One kilocalorie equals 1000 calories, or the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one kilogram of water by 1 degree Celsius.
Term
 specific heat capacity
Definition
 The quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of a unit mass of a substance by one degree Celsius. Often simply called "specific heat," or "heat capacity."
Term
 bimetallic strip
Definition
 Two strips of different metals, such as one of brass and one of iron, welded or riveted together into one strip. Because the two substances expand at different rates, when heated or cooled, the strip bends. Used in thermostats.
Term
 thermostat
Definition
 A type of valve or switch that responds to changes in temperature ant that is used to control the temperature of something.
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