# Shared Flashcard Set

## Details

Chapter 1 & Notes
Introduction & Notes
19
Psychology
09/24/2013

Term
 Erroneous Beliefs
Definition
 Products, not of irrationality, but of flawed rationality.
Term
 Inherent Biases
Definition
 ___ in the data on which we base our beliefs.
Term
 Cognitive Determinants of Questionable Beliefs
Definition
 - The Misperception and Misinterpretation of Random Data- The Misinterpretation of Incomplete and Incomplete and Unrepresentative data.- The Biased Evaluation of Ambiguous and Inconsistent Data
Term
 Anchem's Razor, The Law of Parsimony
Definition
 Pick the explanation with the smallest number of presuppositions.
Term
 Availability Heuristic
Definition
 We use what comes to mind most readily as the basis for making a decision.
Term
 Heuristic
Definition
 shortcuts, that sometimes make mistakes, and still give us a solution
Term
 Algorithm
Definition
 procedure that always gives you a conclusion, by following a set of rules.
Term
 Myths
Definition
 __ are almost impossible to get rid of once they are in the general population.
Term
 Correlational Error
Definition
 Taking a correlational relationship and extrapolating a causal relationship.
Term
 Problems with Correlational Relationships
Definition
 - Third Variable problem- Direction Problem
Term
 Confirmation Bias
Definition
 We look for evidence that supports our hypothesis and ignore the evidence that doesn't.
Term
 Skeptic
Definition
 a person who insists on evidence.
Term
 Demand information
Definition
 Critical thinking forces people to ___.
Term
 Misunderstanding of Probability
Definition
 Probabilities are really accurate for large sample sizes, and less important for small samples.
Term
 The Clustering Illusion
Definition
 You can find clusters by how you break up the data; create patterns (order) where there are (is) none.
Term
 Statistical Regression
Definition
 High levels of accurate behavior are often followed by inaccurate behavior. (ex: grades)
Term
 Audience Effects
Definition
 You can affect a player's performance depending on the size of the audience (depending on the skill level of the athlete).
Term
 Repeated measurement
Definition
 A method to lessen the effect of regression (must be more than twice).
Term
 There is always hope when
Definition
 people are forced to listen to both sides
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