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Chapter 12
Motivation, Behavior and Social Motives, Emotions
77
Psychology
12th Grade
02/10/2011

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Term
homeostatasis
Definition
The tendency of organisms to correctt imbalances and return to a normal state is called
Term
goal
Definition
Psychologists inger motivation from _______ directed behavior.
Term
hypothalmus
Definition
The ________ regulates food intake.
Term
lateral hypothalmus
Definition
If the ________ is removed, an animal will stop eating and die of starvation.
Term
ventromedial hypothalmus
Definition
If the __________ is stimulated, an animal will slow down or stop eating.
Term
lateral hypothalmus
Definition
If your stomach is empty, the muscles will contract periodically, activating the ________
Term
temperature
Definition
The hypothalamus responds not only to blood sugar level and the amount of food in the stomach but also to _____
Term
external
Definition
Schachter demonstrated that obese people respond to ________ cues in determining when to eat.
Term
drive-reduction
Definition
One theory that accounts for motivation in terms of learning is ______ theory.
Term
Clark Hall
Definition
Drive reduction theory was formulated from the work of
Term
physiological
Definition
Hull traced motivation back to ______ needs
Term
drive
Definition
According to Hull, biological needs ______ an organism to act or behave.
Term
habitat
Definition
If a specific behavior leads to the reduction of a drive, the organism will coem to associate the behavior with the reduction of discomfort and establish a _____, so that when the drive is felt again, the organism will respond with the previous drive-reducing behavior.
Term
hunger and thirst
Definition
According to drive reduction theory, the reason for an infant's attachment to the mother is that she reduces such drives as ________
Term
harlow
Definition
__________'s study of surrogate mothers showed that feeding was not the primary reason for attachment to the mother.
Term
cloth
Definition
In Harlow's tests, the monkeys consistently preferred the _____ mothers.
Term
physical contact
Definition
Harlow found that the monkeys preferred _______ more that food or reduction of hunger.
Term
incentives
Definition
Drive reduction theory seemed to overlook the fact that some experiences are inherently pleasurable and serve as ______ or goals for behavior
Term
learned
Definition
While biological drives are innate, social motives are _____
Term
TAT
Definition
McClelland's main tool for measuring the need to acieve was a series of pictures called the ______.
Term
projective
Definition
The TAT is an example of a _______ test.
Term
greater
Definition
Horner found that the bright women exhibited a _______ fear of success than did women of average.
Term
fundamental
Definition
The basic biological drives are termed _____ needs in Maslow's hierarchy
Term
pyschological
Definition
The need to belong and give and recieve love are examples of _____ needs.
Term
outside
Definition
Maslow feels that psychological needs as well as fundamnetal needs can only be filled by a ________ source.
Term
self-actualization
Definition
The top of Maslow's hierarchy is occupied by ______ needs
Term
fundamental
Definition
According to Maslow, to feel secure and safe is an example of a _____ need.
Term
Charles Darwin
Definition
________, who developed the theory of evolution, argued that people all over the world express certain basic feelings in the same way.
Term
innate
Definition
Studies indicate that basic facial expressions are ________.
Term
learning
Definition
Studies indicate that even the most basic emotions can be changed by ___
Term
classical conditioning
Definition
Watson used _______ to create emotional responses.
Term
bodily changes
Definition
James noticed that almost every description of emotions that he read involed the factor of _____
Term
perception
Definition
James felt that emotions are the _____ of certain internal bodily changes.
Term
emotions
Definition
James argued, contrary to the opinion of his day, that bodily changes trigger _____
Term
thalmus
Definition
Cannon argued that the ______ is the seat of emotions.
Term
simulatenous
Definition
According to the Cannon-Bard Theory, emotions are the ______ burst of activity in the brain and the visceral reactions.
Term
hypothalamus
Definition
Recent evidence points to the fact that the _______, not the thalamus, is involved in emotional experience.
Term
adrenaline
Definition
In the Schachter-Singer Study, most subjects recieved injections of the hormone _____
Term
interact
Definition
According to cognitive theory, perception and arousal ______ to create emotions.
Term
James-Lange theory
Definition
Emotions cause behavior.
Term
The Cannon-Bard theory
Definition
The nervousness creates emotion. The hypothalamus is creating symptoms of nervousness
Term
The cogntive theory of emotions
Definition
The nervousness is caused by being in the play. It gives her symptoms
Term
exploratory motive
Definition
A monkey takes a puzzle apart, a young child keeps opening closet doors.
Term
extrinsic motivation
Definition
A student studies for a test because his parents have promised him $10 if he gets an A. ; A student takes a job to earn money for a new tv.
Term
intrinsic motivation
Definition
A person learns French just for the "fun of it" ; A young man does volunteer work at a hospital because it makes him feel good.
Term
achievment motive
Definition
A person tired to be more successful in buisness than others working in the same field. A student tries to be tops in her school
Term
approval motive
Definition
A young woman practices her gold so her friends will praise her. A salesperson wants all his clients to like him.
Term
drive
Definition
state of tension produced by a need that motivates an organism towarda goal
Term
incentive
Definition
external stimulus, reinforcer, or reward that motivates behavior
Term
need
Definition
biological or pyschological requirement of an organism
Term
instinct
Definition
innate tendency that determines behavior
Term
motivation
Definition
internal state that activates behavior and directs it toward a goal
Term
instinct theory
Definition
the flawed theory that simply labels rather than explains behavior is
Term
goal-directed behavior
Definition
motives can be inferred from
Term
Clark Hull
Definition
was the experimental pyschologist who traced motivation back to basic physiological needs
Term
incentive theory
Definition
the theory that stresses the role the enviornment plays in motivating behavior
Term
intrinsically
Definition
jose gets a lot of personal statisfaction out of practicing his clarinet. he is ______ motivated to practice
Term
pancreas
Definition
releases insulin to convert caolries to energy
Term
psychological needs
Definition
urge to belong, to give and recieve love, and to acquire self esteen
Term
fundamental needs
Definition
biological drives that must be satisified to maintain life
Term
ventromedial hypothalmus
Definition
tells you to stop eating
Term
lateral hypothalamus
Definition
makes you feel hungry
Term
hypothalamus
Definition
according to the glucostatic theory of hunger the ______ monitors the amount of glucose available in the blood
Term
external
Definition
pyschosocial hunger factors are _____ cues that affect one's desire to eat
Term
expectancy -value
Definition
if you are motivated because you think you can succeed and your gaol is worth a lot to you, you are illustarating the ______ theory.
Term
in neither woman or men
Definition
fear of success is found
Term
self- actualization
Definition
in Abraham's Maslow's hierarchy,______ needs involve the realization of one's unique potential.
Term
Charles Darwin
Definition
all people express basic feelings the same way.
Term
facial feedback
Definition
nonverbal expressions that signal specific feelings or emotional states
Term
emotional intelligence
Definition
ability to percieve, imagine, and understand emotions and to use that information in decision making.
Term
William James
Definition
emotions descrive visceral or "gut" reactions
Term
emotion
Definition
set of complex reactions to stimuli involving subjective feelings, physiological arousal and observable behavior.
Term
James Averill
Definition
pyschologist _____ belives that everyday emotional reactions result from social expections and consequences
Term
Cannon-Bard theory
Definition
theory of emotion that involves activation of the thalamus
Term
physical, behavioral, cognitive
Definition
three parts of all emotions
Term
interact to create emotions
Definition
The Schachter - Singer experiment foudn that perception and arousal
Term
opponent - process theory
Definition
according to the _____ when the stimulus for one emotion is removed, you feel the opposite emotion.
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