Shared Flashcard Set


Chapter 10
Midterm prep
Undergraduate 2

Additional Psychology Flashcards




What percent of all cancers are related to smoking, according to the American Cancer Society?
A) 20 - 30%
B) More than 50 %
C) Almost all -- at least 80%
D) There are no reliable estimates because there so many factors involved.
Binge drinking is defined as which one of these -- for men? (Women have a slightly lower tolerance.)
A) Staying drunk for 12 hours.
B) For men, having 5 drinks in a row -- i.e., quickly.
C) For women, having 3 drinks in a row -- quickly.
D) Whatever it takes to make them pass out.
E) There's no set number. Depends on the situation.
What percentage of frequent binge drinkers admit to doing something while drunk that they regret later?
A) 20%
B) 35%
C) 60%
D) 80%
Which is the best description of fluid intelligence?
A) Ability to perceive spatial relationships.
B) Ability to think flexibly and understand the relationship between concepts.
C) What you know -- knowledge acquired through learning or experience.
D) Ability to make reflective judgments.
E) Intuition
Pick the one that is true.
A) As we age, fluid intelligence goes up, crystallized intelligence goes down.
B) As we age, crystallized intelligence goes up, fluid intelligence goes down.
C) As we age, general IQ goes down. (as measured by standard tests).
Which of the following are attributes of "post formal" thought? Pick as many as you want.
A) Recognition that there is not always one right answer.
B) Recognition that solutions must be practical and humane as well as "right."
C) Increasingly consistent use of a set moral code to solve problems. In other words, they are less flexible, more principled.
D) Acceptance of ambiguity and contradictions.
E) Flexibility
F) More reliance on logic.
G) Recognition that one's emotions or subjective feelings may affect thinking; thus, the post-formal thinker is a bit less certain that he or she is "right."
H) Piaget included this in his stages, but he added it late in life so many people ignore it.
I) The post formal thinker is increasingly tolerant of the views of others.
J) The post formal thinker will defend his intellectual position very strongly, and is invested in having others agree.
A , B , D , E , G , I
Define "stereotype threat."
A) Racial profiling
B) When you allow stereotypes about you to get in the way of your actual performance.
C) Gender based prejudice.
D) The danger that you will misjudge people based on stereotypes.
E) The probability that you will be hurt by a person a different race, religion, or ethnicity; you are justified in feeling threatened, according to statistics.
Your book is proposing a new category, "emerging adulthood," ages 18-25. Choose as many statements as you like from the list to describe this stage or explain the reasons for it.
A) In western culture, there are few set ceremonial markers that mean a person has "come of age."
B) In western cultures, "role transitions" can come at a variety of different times -- for example, the stage of completing formal education doesn't come to everyone at the same age.
C) Western young people take many different paths to adulthood.
D) The term "emerging adult" is just a polite way of describing "boomerang children" -- the ones who go back to live with their parents because of some difficulty in the adult world.
A, B, C
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